Daily Quiz (473)


True or false: Silver is sometimes used as a biocidal agent in coatings.


True or false: Testing of fire-resistive materials for a cellulosic fire requires a gradually increasing temperature until it reaches 2,000 F after an hour.


True or false: HUD publishes fire resistance ratings of archaic building materials.


True or false: Mixed metal oxide pigments produced at high temperatures are used for fire resistance in coatings.


True or false: The NFPA has a standard measuring the functional durability of spray-applied, fire-resistive coatings.


What coating specialist said, “I don’t know how to calibrate a nose?”


True or false: A three-year research study found that foul-release coatings were the most effective at combating macro-fouling organisms like zebra and quagga mussels.


True or false: Using silicone over epoxy does not work well in a metal roof coating system, according to a JPCL article.


True or false: The last solvent in a solvent blend to evaporate from an applied coating film is called the retarder solvent.


What causes solvent popping?


True or false: Zinc phosphate pigments, when used in primers for steel substrates, provide sacrificial protection of the metal.


True or false: Zinc-rich coatings do not work well in protecting steel substrates in predominantly wet, highly alkaline exposure environments.


True or false: Spray foam systems can act as effective air barrier systems either externally applied over structural elements or internally applied within cavity systems.


What organization has a council that deals with architectural coatings?


True or false: European authorities are studying the possibility that titanium dioxide may be a carcinogen to humans.


True or false: SSPC’s CCI certification of concrete coating inspectors applies to protective but not architectural coatings.


What is the term used to describe solvents with limited photochemical reactivity?


In discussing how to achieve success in coating concrete, a noted authority named “the culprit that’s echoed across the industry when it comes to coating failure.” What culprit did he name?


According to a PaintSquare writer, the floor coating material of choice for the food and beverage industry is which of the following?


True or false: Breathability is an important requirement for exterior wall coatings on concrete, according to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.


True or false: In ASTM’s standard definition of protective coating work, inspection is included as one of the operations required to accomplish a complete coating job.


True or false: According to an author, most cool-roof coatings today incorporate acrylic resins.


True or false: Additives based on hydrated lime are sometimes used in anti-bacterial coatings.


True or false: The Norsok M 501 standard on protective coatings was created by the Norwegian shipping industry.


True or false: When a manufacturer claims that a microbicidal coating kills 99.9% of certain infectious bacteria, the coating must be tested and registered by the EPA.


True or False: AAMA Subcommittee D01.42 deals with standards for architectural coatings.


What is the function of a fire-retardant paint, according to ASTM?


Resins combining vinyl neoesters and alkoxysilane monomers have been proposed to replace what more conventional resin systems?


True or false: The slipperiness of a wood floor finish is influenced most by the generic type of the finish material and its film formation.


True or false: UL publishes the technical manual Standard Practice for the Testing and Inspection of Intumescent Fire-Resistive Materials.


What coating type has been described as the “the king of PFP” (passive fire protection) in hot and cold climates?


True or false: Zinc pyrithione is used as a non-toxic corrosion inhibitor in protective coatings.


True or false: Silyl-terminated polyether technology is sometimes employed to create liquid-applied air barriers.


True or false: A recently described coating containing resins combining vinyl neoesters and alkoxysilane monomers is claimed to have several advantages over two-component polyurethane topcoats.


True or false: The SWRI has a performance standard for liquid-applied flashing materials used on the exterior wall openings of buildings.


True or false: Prime pigments in coatings provide colorant value and hiding power.


True or false: Aluminum silicate can be used as an extender pigment.


What is the name of the organizations in many major cities around the country, with the aim of advancing the technology of constructing the building enclosure or envelope?


True or false: ACI has a specification for pigments used to create integrally colored concrete.


Which of the following pigments is not classified as a prime pigment?


True or false: Ion exchange pigments provide antifouling properties to coatings.


True or false: Zinc phosphate is not an inhibitive pigment used in coatings for corrosion control.


What organization patented the use of a magnetic field sensor array that’s placed in a pipeline after installation via horizontal directional drilling in order to send back information that engineers can analyze to identify coating damage that may have occurred during the installation process?


True or false: ICRI has recently published a Concrete Coating Texture Standard.


True or false: According to a PaintSquare blogger in speaking about the Grenfell Tower fire, fire-resistive tests “serve as comparative, and not predictive, tools.”


Who wrote in a JPCL article about the cure time required before coating concrete, “The problem with the magic 28-day number is that there is just as much empirical evidence that 28 days isn’t necessary, as there is for its requirement for a longer cure time prior to coating."


True or false: UL publishes the technical manual, Standard Practice for the Testing and Inspection of Intumescent Fire-Resistive Materials.


True or false: Extender pigments are classified by Clive Hare as functional pigments.


True or false: A collection of 2,500 pigments can be found at the National Institute of Science and Technology.


True or false: The Department of Transportation awarded funds to an engineering company in Hawaii to develop a corrosion-resistant, non-toxic coating for retrofitting the interiors of potable water pipelines.


What is one important difference between an air barrier and a vapor barrier in terms of resistance properties?


True or false: Non-toxic, foul-release coatings for ships hulls are often based on silicone elastomers.


What is the pigment being discussed in the following quote? “The researchers say that, in addition to being an effective choice for cooling roofs and facades, the pigment also has potential for producing solar energy, and could be used to tint windows or photovoltaic cells.”


True or false: UL (Underwriters Laboratories) publishes inspection manuals dealing with spray-applied, fire-resistive coating materials.


True or false: SSPC’s CCI certification of concrete coating inspectors applies to protective coatings for industrial structures but not architectural coatings.


True or false: Talc is a widely used extender pigment in coatings.


True or false: The 2019 World of Concrete includes a three-hour seminar on concrete polishing.


True or false: The U.S. and Russia have conducted joint research on cost-effective air barrier systems.


True or false: The structural steel exoskeleton of the New York Times Building is protected with an intumescent coating.


True or false: In a solvent blend, the last solvent to evaporate from a coating is called a retarding solvent.


True or false: Cavern Clay is an extender pigment with anti-corrosion properties.


True or false: The Air Barrier Association of America has evaluated and listed the fluid-applied air barriers for walls from 52 companies.


True or false: The cost to repair a premature failure of the protective coating system on an offshore wind turbine can be over 100 times the cost per square meter for the coating when originally applied in the paint shop.


True or false: Mixed metal oxide pigments produced at high temperatures are used to improve the corrosion resistance of coatings.


For what main reason are penetrating sealers avoided by conservators on the masonry substrates of historic structures?


True or false: There is an intumescent coating for application over SPF insulation.


True or false: Silicone, liquid-applied air barriers—particularly those that are water-based—offer primerless adhesion to most construction substrates, says a Durability + Design article.


True or false: Ion exchange pigments would most likely be used in high-heat coatings.


True or false: Additives based on hydrated lime are sometimes used in anti-bacterial coatings.


Which of the following is not a lead- and chromate-free inhibitive pigment?


What is the name given to the zinc ammonium chloride solution that cleans and deposits a protective layer on steel before it is immersed in molten zinc to achieve galvanizing?


True or false: Forest Products Laboratories validates the results of performance tests published by manufacturers of deck coatings.


True or false: Titanium dioxide pigment is manufactured by either the American or the French process.


Sealers and thin-film floor coatings typically require a profile in what CSP range, according to a recent Durability + Design In Depth article?


True or false: Cashew nut shells are used to create color pigments.


What government agency mandated in May this year that solar panels be installed on most new homes?


True or false: The exoskeleton of the New York Times building was coated with a system that included an intumescent coating.


What organization describes itself as “an international association of building envelope consultants”?


True or false: Red iron oxide pigments are stable at high temperatures (above 500°F).


True or false: Preservationists always prefer penetrating sealers over coatings on masonry substrates in work to preserve historic structures.


True or false: Studies have shown that foul-release coatings are the most effective types in combating macro-fouling organisms like zebra and quagga mussels.


True or false: Zinc dust is an inhibitive pigment used in coatings for corrosion control.


True or false: Gold, silver, copper and aluminum are all applied as thin leaf for decorative purposes.


True or false: FRCMs is the acronym for gypsum-based or cementitious fire-resistant materials.


What organization publishes the Guide for Concrete Slabs that Receive Moisture-Sensitive Flooring Materials?


True or false: California has set a policy goal that all homes constructed in 2040 or after must be energy-neutral.


True or false: High levels of cross-link density in coatings is achieved by pigment loading.


True or false: A drawdown bar is used to apply gold leaf to a metal substrate.


True or false: Shotcrete can be used to create an intumescent coating over steel in building interiors.


What do aluminum, mica and stainless steel pigments have in common?


True or false: Ammonium polyphosphate is typically found in antifouling coatings.


One of the two main forms of titanium dioxide has what name?


True or false: Walnut shells are used in some non-slip, textured coatings.


Barrier and sacrificial protection are two forms of corrosion control that can be formulated into a coating. What is a third?


Which of the pigments below provide additional barrier protection to a coating by overlapping and causing moisture to follow a long, roundabout path before reaching the substrate?


True or false: Some types of fire-resistant intumescent coatings for steel have required as many as six coats to meet standards.


True or false: Exposure to solvents used in paints can cause hearing loss.


What is another name for natural calcium silicate pigment?


What organization has a specification for pigments used to create integrally colored concrete?


What organization publishes a guide that addresses the structural performance of the most commonly used composite thermal barrier framing systems?


What organization recently announced the creation of an Exterior Facade Fire Evaluation Comparison Tool to determine risk in high-rise buildings with combustible facades?


True or false: According to ABAA, “A water resistive barrier is a thin membrane, typically 5 to 15 mils thick (.005 to 0.015 in. or 0.13 to .38 mm), which is intended to resist liquid water that has penetrated behind the exterior cladding” of a building.


True or false: Coatings created with silicone resins have strong resistance to oxidation.


True or false: A convertible coating after film formation and drying can be re-dissolved in the solvent from which it was originally deposited.


True or false: Polar solvents can be used to make paint sufficiently conductive for electrostatic spraying.


True or false: There are significant differences between the AISC and SSPC certification standards for shop application of protective systems.


What is another name for a polyurethane characterized as Type I by ASTM?


True or false: A solvent with a low boiling point evaporates more slowly than one with a higher boiling point.


What pigment type provides color, opacity and UV resistance to coatings?


True or false: Architectural coatings are sometimes called “Trade Sales Coatings.”


What organization publishes fire resistance ratings of archaic building materials?


True or false: Acrylic resin is sometimes used to make polymer cement and polymer mortars and concretes.


Solvents with negligible photochemical reactivity have what status?


True or false: Building envelope forensic consultants state that transitions from openings in the substrate to the air barrier is the biggest identified point of failure in air barrier systems, according to a recent D+D article.


What is the conventional coating term used to describe flake pigments aligning with or floating near the surface of a coating?


True or false: Two-component polyurethanes used as protective coatings are thermosetting coatings.


Which of the following resin systems can be used to create an elastomeric coating?


Victor Charles Nightingall is noted for his work developing what protective coating technology?


True or false: Penetrating sealers prevent moisture from entering and exiting concrete substrates.


True or false: According to a recent statement in D+D magazine, full-refinement concrete polishing is being challenged by methods that shortcut the process.


What organization offers the credential of Registered Building Envelope Consultant?


According to ASTM, what is the function of a fire-retardant coating?


True or false: NACE International has a performance standard for coatings on concrete in waste treatment facilities.


The fire-resistance ratings of intumescent coatings are expressed in what terms?


The last solvent in a solvent blend to evaporate from an applied coating film is called what?


What polymer concrete resin is based on an alcohol derived from agricultural wastes such as rice and oat hulls and corn cobs?


What pigment is made by both a French process and an American process?


True or false: Once flocculation has occurred with pigment particles, the condition is irreversible.


True or false: Solvent cleaning of steel is recommended to be used after other surface preparation methods such as abrasive blast cleaning.


True or false: There are now clear distinctions between “waterproof” and “water-resistant,” according to a recent D+D article.


What type of pigments can provide corrosion resistance, mildew and bacterial resistance, fire retardance and anti-fouling properties?


In a recent JPCL article, service conditions for concrete floor coatings include mechanical, compositional and what other factor?


True or false: Calcium borosilicate has been used as an anti-corrosive pigment in protective coatings.


True or false: A recent D+D article classifies silicones and polysiloxanes as permanent anti-graffiti coatings.


What organization publishes fire-resistance data on archaic building materials?


True or false: Alkyd and acrylic resins are both classified as synthetic resins.


True or false: Ammonium polyphosphate is used as a blowing agent in intumescent coatings.


True or false: SSPC has a Paint Application standard for applying intumescent coatings to steel.


True or false: The non-volatile vehicle of a coating includes resin or binder and pigment.


According to an industry glossary, a microtopping over concrete is generally how thick?


True or false: Hydrated lime-based additives are sometimes used in antibacterial coatings.


True or false: If a local building code requires compliance with ASHRAE 90.1, then a complete air barrier system must be part of the building enclosure.


True or false: Carbon blacks are prime pigments.


True or false: Sprayed fire-resistive materials are intumescent coatings.


An oil-modified polyurethane is sometimes called by what name?


True or false: Polyester resins are sometimes used as binders for mortars and concretes.


According to ASTM, what is the function of a fire-retardant coating?


True or false: Some intumescent coatings can require up to 100 days to apply.


When you add exempt solvents as thinners to a high solids coating, what happens to the VOC content?


True or false: The use of copper in antifouling coatings has been approved in Europe through 2026.


What topcoat technology is most noted for its high degree of thermal stability and heat-resistance?


Underwriters Laboratories (UL) tests and approves what two categories of intumescent coatings?


The Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) developed what single-component coating type to replace silicone alkyds used on ships’ topsides to achieve significant performance upgrades?


True or false: Generally speaking, chlorinated hydrocarbon solvents are toxic.


Which of the following is a prime pigment?


According to ASTM nomenclature, what is the name of the synthetic resin made from polyhydric alcohols and polybasic acids; generally modified with resins, fatty oils or fatty acids?


True or false: Walnut shells are sometimes used in non-slip, textured coatings.


According to the ASTM definition, what is the function of a fire-retardant?


The International Maritime Organization developed the Performance Standard for Protective Coatings for Dedicated Seawater Ballast Tanks (PSPC) as an amendment to SOLAS.


True or false: MEK is specified for use in the ASTM solvent rub test for organic zinc-rich coatings.


Which of the following machines would be used to measure the coefficient of friction of a polished concrete floor?


True or false: In a laboratory study of zinc-rich primers for marine environments, recently reported in JPCL, coatings applied over surface preparation by UHP waterjetting, even though it produced no roughness, achieved performance equivalent to, or better than, that achieved by abrasive blasting.


Methyl methacrylate, used in liquid-applied waterproofing and traffic-marking paints, is the primary raw material in what well-known product?


True or false: A contractor with no experience in industrial or marine painting projects can apply for contractor certification.


True or false: Inhibitive pigments provide cathodic protection to steel.


True or false: Some intumescent coating types may require up to five coats and 25 days from initial application to completion of the finish coat at 50 degrees Fahrenheit.


True or false: CICP (Complex Inorganic Color Pigments) combines extremely durable colorfastness with IR-reflective capability but cannot produce vivid colors.


SSPC is seeking nominations for a Board position in the category, “other product suppliers.” How is this supplier category defined?


What is the name of the process that causes a metal to become inert or unreactive?


ISO/TC 35/SC 14 is in charge of a standard on what topic?


True or false: Guard products or stain protectors for polished concrete floors are not breathable.


A recent D+D In Depth article on floor coatings recommended what action to combat high alkalinity at the surface of a concrete slab?


True or false: Lamellar pigments are valuable in increasing the permeability of coatings.


Cementitious, fire-resistive coatings for unexposed structural steel in buildings often contain which of these materials?


True or false: Intumescent fire-resistive coatings are classified as active rather than passive fireproofing materials.


True or false: For high-performance protective coatings, polysiloxanes that combine silicone with acrylic or epoxy have demonstrated the greatest benefit.


How does an intumescent coating function?


True or false: “Solvent pop” occurs because of hackles in a steel substrate.


True or false: SSPC has a performance standard for coatings on concrete in waste treatment facilities.


True or false: The overlapping of platey pigments in a coating creates crevices that diminish the coating’s barrier properties.


True or false: Some causes of blistering of concrete floor coatings are air entrapment in pores of the concrete, osmotic pressure and insufficient cleaning of the concrete surface.


True or false: In a broad sense, any polymer used as a basic material for coatings is called a resin.


True or false: The technology used today for the majority of non-toxic, foul-release systems on ships is based on silicone elastomers, according to a JPCL article on the subject.


In a study of shop-applied topcoats reported in JPCL, which generic type achieved a hardened film that resisted handling damage at lower temperatures (50 degrees Fahrenheit) and higher humidity (75 percent RH) in the shortest amount of time?


What organization offers a Concrete Coating Inspector program?


True or false: Hare classifies pigments into four types according to their roles in coatings: functional pigments, extender pigments, prime pigments and pigmentary additives.


What organization publishes a joint standard with SSPC on shop application of coatings?


True or false: Cementitious fireproofing provides both fire resistance and good aesthetics.


True or false: The AISC certification program for steel fabricators contains a component on shop painting.


Ion exchange pigments would most likely be used in what application?


In the Masterspec section on fluid-applied air barriers, which category of coating meets the most rigorous air-barrier performance requirements of the International Code Council?


What organization is presenting a paper describing a template for a biofouling management plan at an upcoming IMO committee meeting?


What is the name of the test that provides a method of determining the flammability characteristics of exterior, non-load-bearing wall assemblies/panels?


True or false: Laitance, sealers and other surface contaminants do not have to be removed prior to performing a moisture test on a concrete floor slab, according to a recent JPCL article.


Which of the following is an oxygenated solvent?


What organization has a standard measuring the functional durability of spray-applied, fire-resistive coatings?


What performance property of epoxy resins makes them useful as wood repair products?


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, the threshold values in ASTM standards for deeming concrete suitable to be coated are neither achievable nor realistic for below-grade structures.


What is the acronym for gypsum-based or cementitious fire-resistant materials?


PVDF is an essential component of what generic coating type?


True or false: Thermoplastic is another name for thermoset resins.


True or false: Fire-resistive, intumescent coatings sometimes have epoxy and sometimes acrylic resin systems.


True or false: The Performance Standard for Protective Coatings (PSPC) was created by ISO.


True or false: Red iron oxide pigment is stable at temperatures of 500 degrees Fahrenheit.


True or false: Spraying of in-place pipeline interiors with lining materials can be commercially completed by robotic systems on both straight runs and 45- and 90-degree radius bends.


Which of the following pigment types are sometimes used as extenders?


What is the coating term used to describe the action of flake metallic pigments, such as aluminum, and certain other pigments aligning with or floating near or at the coating surface when mixed with a suitable vehicle?


True or false: Fire-resistive and fire-retardant paints perform the same function.


True or false: SSPC is developing a quantitative coatings texture guide as an aid in specifying flooring systems that will improve traction on floors expected to be wet or covered with contaminants.


Which of the following is not a platey pigment?


In what type of coating would you be most likely to find ammonium polyphosphate?


True or false: Sugar beets, soybeans, flaxseed, and sunflower seeds have been used to develop bio-based resins for coatings.


True or false: The French organization Cefracor offers long-term guarantees on tank lining and other protective coatings work.


True or false: UL will not approve an intumescent, fire-resistive coating material if it is topcoated.


True or false: The installed cost of thick-film resinous coating systems, such as high-build epoxies and polyureas, on concrete floors ranges from $3.50 to $7.00 per square foot, according to a recent D+D In Depth article.


True or false: ICRI recommends a profile of 10 mils to 1/4 inch in its surface preparation requirements for polymer overlays on concrete.


Which of the following is not classified as an additive in a coating formulation?


True or false: A clear polyurethane used to seal a coated concrete surface should exhibit maximum turbidity.


What is the content of the non-mandatory appendix of SSPC-SP 1, Solvent Cleaning, added during the 2015 revision of the standard?


True or false? Inorganic zinc pre-construction primers for shipbuilding normally have more zinc content than inorganic zinc primers applied after fabrication.


True or false: Inorganic zinc-rich coatings are very resistant to solvents and oils.


True or false: Siloxane penetrating sealers fill the pores of concrete and prevent moisture from exiting the concrete substrate.


FEVE is used in what resin technology?


True or false: Ion exchange pigments are normally used in intumescent coatings.


True or false: Coatings with inhibitive pigments are effective in protecting concrete substrates.


What paint pigment is manufactured either by the French process or by the American process?


Nanoparticles of what pigment can be incorporated into outdoor building materials, such as paint or concrete, to reduce smog?


A pigment with a lamellar structure would tend to provide what function in a coating on steel?


True or false: Non-film-forming coatings used as sealers on concrete and masonry cannot be pigmented to alter the appearance properties of substrates.


True or false: Siloxane sealers are typically applied at 1-2 mils dry film thickness on concrete substrates.


An additive based on hydrated lime would likely be found in what type of functional coating?


True or false: Zinc phosphate pigments, when used in primers for steel substrates, do not provide sacrificial protection of the metal.


An alkyd is a modified form of what other resin?


Cementitious, fire-resistive coatings for unexposed structural steel in buildings often contain which of these materials?


True or false: Foul-release antifouling coating types include those based on silicones, fluoropolymers, and glass-flake-filled vinyl ester resins.


True or false: The threat of mud cracking in highly pigmented paints applied at high film builds is likely to be diminished in coating films that employ spherical pigments.


What polymer concrete resin is based on an alcohol derived from agricultural wastes such as rice and oat hulls and corn cobs?


Anatase and rutile are mineral forms of what pigment?


Which of the following materials is used to densify concrete?


Which of the following is most likely to be a disadvantage rather than an advantage of shop painting?


True or false: SSPC’s CCI certification of concrete coating inspectors applies to architectural coatings as well as protective coatings.


What organization published a voluntary standard in 2015 on reactive coatings for fire protection of metallic substrates?


SSPC and what other organization offer a certification for shop application of coatings to structural steel?


True or false: Coatings based on silicone resins have little resistance to chalking.


True or False: Passive fire protection materials are sometimes evaluated in a jet fire test.


What does the IR stand for in IR pigments.


True or false: Storage of vinyl ester resin in hot conditions can cause the material to harden in the can.


Coatings with “formaldehyde-abatement technology,” described recently in a D+D article, are based on what generic resin?


True or false: Titanium dioxide is used mainly as an anti-corrosive pigment.


Acicular, fibrous, and nodular are terms that describe what pigment property?


True or false: Intumescent coatings are formulated for wood substrates as well as for steel.


Additives based on hydrated lime would find use in what type of coating?


What paint pigment is manufactured by the American and the French process?


True or false: According to a recent D+D article, maintenance procedures and costs for polished concrete floors can be up to 70% lower than for other floor coverings.


What is the term for the formation of clusters of pigment particles in a coating after dispersion has been carried out?


True or false: Extender pigments are used only to reduce the cost of manufacturing paint.


Leafing and non-leafing are descriptions of what paint pigment?


Which of the following resins can be produced from a by-product of the coke oven process?


True or false: Thixotropes are added to paint to make it thicker.


Which of the pigments below provide additional barrier protection to a coating by overlapping and causing moisture to follow a long, roundabout path before reaching the substrate?


True or false: The higher the refractive index of a pigment, the lower is its hiding power in a coating.


Why does the EPA make some solvents exempt from VOC calculations?


True or false: Leafing aluminum pigments are completely wetted by the binder and thus spread evenly throughout the coating film.


True or false: Methyl methacrylate resins are sometimes used to formulate floor coatings.


True or false: Some coatings become solvent-resistant, as shown by a solvent rub test, before they are sufficiently cured for service.


What is the term used to describe solvents with limited photochemical reactivity?


True or false: Where insulation is required to maintain hot service in tanks and piping, thermal insulative coatings are now sometimes used in place of insulating wraps covered with metallic jackets.


True or false: Thick-film intumescent coatings are used only to resist the impact of cellulosic fires on structural steel.


Alkyds are a specific type of what broader class of resins?


True or false: According to a JPCL article, trowel-applied mortar systems for concrete floors can include walnut shell aggregates.


True or false: “Solvent pop” occurs because of hackles in a steel substrate.


True or false: Breathable coatings often incorporate platey pigments.


Mixed metal oxide pigments produced at high temperatures are used for what purpose in coatings?


Which of the following is not an inhibitive pigment used in coatings for corrosion control?


An alkyd is a modified form of what other resin?


True or false: Gold is an important biocide in coatings.


The last solvent in a solvent blend to evaporate from an applied coating film is called what?


What coating type is used to penetrate and line the pores of concrete to achieve water repellency?


True or false: Acrylic binders are sometimes used in intumescent coatings for building interiors.


True or false: Siloxane sealers will not keep pressure-driven water from penetrating concrete pores.


Acicular, fibrous, and nodular are terms used to describe what property of pigments?


What coating company was awarded a research grant in 2014 by the Department of Energy to study cool pigment technology in collaboration with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory?


What kind of concrete sealers penetrate the pores of the concrete and form little, if any, film build?


Which of the following has been banned as an ingredient in antifouling coatings on ocean-going vessels?


True or false: Some moisture meters for concrete are based on AC impedance.


True or false: Complex inorganic color pigments (CICP) contribute to vivid and durable colors in coatings but lack the IR reflectivity needed for reflective roof coatings.


True or false: Destructive testing for measuring humidity in concrete flooring requires the use of jack hammers.


How is talc normally classified as a pigment in coatings?


What is an exempt solvent?


What is the function of an inhibitive pigment?


True or false: Silane and siloxane sealers prevent both water ingress into concrete and moisture vapor from escaping the concrete.


For high-heat applications (above 1,000 degrees F), you would select a coating from among which of the following generic types?


True or false: Non-osmotic blisters can develop in coatings on concrete floors.


True or false: Antimicrobial agents used in coatings are similar in most ways to antibiotics.


True or false: The greater the permeability of a coating on concrete, the more effectively it will perform.


True or false: Intumescent coatings are rated according to flame spread and smoke development.


In coatings, “American process” and “French process” refer to the creation of what material?


Retained water-soluble solvents within a coating film in immersion or continuous high moisture service will, most likely, lead to what kind of failure?


What organization published in 2013 the “Repair Code Requirements for Evaluation, Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Buildings and Commentary?”


True or false: Both fire-retardant and fire-resistant coatings are classified as passive fire protection materials.


What extender pigment is also known as calcite, marble flour, and whiting?


True or false: Penetrating sealers such as siloxanes do not allow moisture to escape from masonry and concrete.


Among the various types of anti-foulings for ships, what are foul-release coatings?


True or false: The mix design of concrete will affect its moisture content.


According to a May 2014 JPCL article, the per-vehicle cost for overspray removal on automobiles is typically in what range?


True or false: Coatings specified to be used on the faying surfaces of slip-critical bolted connections on steel structures must be tested and classified for their slip-coefficient properties.


True or false: The American Iron and Steel Institute publishes the “Standard for Shop Application of Complex Protective Coating Systems.”


What organization conducts a National Transportation Product Evaluation Program?


True or false: Passive fire protection materials are sometimes evaluated in a jet fire test.


True or false: A thixotrope is the type of additive that allows paint to have a lower viscosity when it is stirred or shaken.


True or false: Titanium dioxide is a highly opaque pigment.


A solvent rub test is used on coatings for what main purpose?


What material is necessary to create an intumescent coating?


Most coatings applied to concrete substrates provide what type of protection?


Epoxy coatings formulated for application over green concrete (less than 28 days of cure) must withstand what special substrate conditions?


True or false: Inhibitive pigments provide solar reflectance to roof coatings.


True or false: The conventional wisdom is that coating of newly poured concrete should not occur until 15 days have elapsed.


True or false: The resin furan employs di- and tri-functional silanes as its primary building blocks.


True or false: The overlapping of platey pigments in a coating creates crevices that diminish the coating’s barrier properties.


FEVE and PVDF are what kind of resin technologies?


True or false: Some concrete floor finishes are more tolerant to moisture than others.


True or false: The threat of mudcracking in thick, heavily pigmented coatings is more likely with spherical than with platey pigments.


What solvent is used in the solvent rub test for cure of inorganic zinc coatings?


True or False: There is an ISO performance standard for coating systems used on offshore structures.


True or False: Jet fire tests are used to determine the heat-insulating capabilities of intumescent coatings in cellulosic fires.


What type of a coating contains an acid source, a carbon source, and a blowing agent?


What is the function of zinc pyrithione in paint?


What resin chemistry is suitable for development of coatings that can be successfully applied to stucco?


What polymer concrete resin is based on an alcohol derived from agricultural wastes such as rice and oat hulls and corn cobs?


The IMO ban on use of tributyltin in antifouling systems for ships was adopted in 2001. In what year did the ban go into force in the United States?


A polyaspartic coating is a version of what larger generic class?


Leafing action is characteristic of what paint constituent?


ISO 12944 on corrosion protection of steel with protective coatings lists how many environmental exposure classes?


What pigment is made by both a French process and an American process?


True or False: Pigments used to make coatings must be spherical in shape.


True or False: Both zinc and aluminum are used as thermal spray materials for corrosion protection of steel.


True or False: Clear, penetrating silane and siloxane sealers have a strongly limiting effect on the ability of water vapor to exit concrete and masonry.


True or False: Fire resistance ratings of materials protected with intumescent coatings are expressed in the (degrees Fahrenheit) temperature that the coating can withstand before it fails.


In what organization is the Heat Island Group?


Which of the following pigments is most stable at high temperatures (above 500°F)?


What is solvent popping?


True or False: Flocculation increases pigment distribution within a paint material.


What organization recently issued a performance standard for coatings on concrete in waste treatment facilities?


True or False? Many coating manufacturers recommend a maximum relative humidity of 40% within a concrete slab before their flooring products are applied.


IR pigments are most likely to be used in what type of coating?


What type of gages are used to measure the dry film thickness of coatings on concrete?


True or False? Coatings resistant to high heat (above 450° F) are typically based on organic resins.


What degree of surface profile is required on concrete to be treated with a siloxane sealer?


What function does an intumescent coating perform?


True or false: UL will not approve an intumescent, fire-resistive coating material if it is topcoated.


True or False? According to the SSPC’s Protective Coatings Glossary, “industrial finishes” and “industrial maintenance paint” are synonymous.


ICRI recommends how much profile in its surface preparation requirements for polymer overlays on concrete?


What organization publishes the technical manual Standard Practice for the Testing and Inspection of Intumescent Fire-Resistive Materials?


True or False? Ground mica is used in both joint compound for finishing drywall and as a pigment in paints.


What is the function of fireproofing materials such as intumescent or cementitious coatings on structural steel in buildings?


In a D+D News story about research at North Dakota State University on bio-based materials for coating resins, which of the following materials is not listed as a source of resin development?


True or false? Inorganic zinc pre-construction primers for shipbuilding normally have more zinc content than inorganic zinc primers applied after fabrication.


The acronym TSP stands for “Total Suspended Particulate,” as well as for what well-known material in coating work?


Anatase and rutile are types of what paint component?


What organization recently published “Efficacy Evaluation of Antifouling Products?”


True or False: Exempt solvents are highly photochemically reactive.


True or false: Some fire-resistant, intumescent coatings are used on wood substrates.


True or false: The amount of chalking of a paint film can be affected by the choice of both pigment and binding medium.


Which of the following is most likely to be a disadvantage rather than an advantage of shop painting?


True or false: Zinc phosphate pigments, when used in primers for steel substrates, provide sacrificial protection of the metal.


What is the acronym, used frequently in VOC regulations, for architectural and protective coatings?


Which of the following materials is not used to make a biocidal additive for coatings?


An alkyd is a modified form of what other resin?


FEVE is used in what resin technology?


True or false: Opaque stains produce color on a concrete floor by reacting chemically with the concrete.


To achieve color and gloss retention at very high heat exposure (500-600 F), what type of resin base would be used to formulate a coating?


True or false: A three-year study by Oak Ridge National Laboratory found that EIFS performed better in resisting moisture and acting as a thermal barrier than other wall assemblies, such as stucco, brick, concrete block, and cement board.


Anatase and rutile are mineral forms of what pigment?


What organization is engaged in performance testing of bridge coatings for state highway departments?


What paint ingredient can make a dark-colored roof coating reflective?


Which of the following pigments is not classified as a prime pigment?


What kind of concrete sealers penetrate the pores of the concrete and form little if any film build?


Cashew nut shell liquid is the source for what type of coating raw material?


Adopted in 2001 by the International Maritime Organization, the International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships prohibits the use of tributyltin (TBT) antifouling coatings. When did the Convention go into effect in the United States?


How many coating and lining systems are called out in JPCL’s 2012 Coating Systems Buying Guide?


True or false: Primers and topcoats used with intumescent, fire-resistant coatings, as well as the intumescent coatings themselves, require UL approval.


True or false: Fire-resistant, intumescent coatings for steel are applied in one to three coats.


Additives based on hydrated lime would find use in what type of coating?


Platey pigments contribute to what mechanism of corrosion protection?


The IMO’s Performance Standard for Protective Coatings for corrosion protection of cargo tanks in crude oil carriers requires that coatings applied to new tanks must have a useful life of how many years in good condition?


Which of the following statements about intumescent, fire-resistive coatings is not true?


True or false: soybeans are sometimes used to make raw materials for spray polyurethane foam.


Nanoparticles of what pigment can be incorporated into outdoor building materials, such as paint or concrete, to reduce smog?


Cementitious, fire-resistive coatings for unexposed structural steel in buildings often contain which of these materials?


True or false: Intumescent, fire-resistive coatings cannot be applied with plural-component spray equipment.


Among the various types of anti-foulings for ships, what are foul-release coatings?


In addition to standing for the Chemical Abstracts Service, how is the acronym CAS used today in the protective coatings industry?


True or false: Henry Ford’s high gloss Japan black enamel used on early mass-produced Ford cars and trucks, relied on high levels of lampblack pigment for coloration.


True or false: There are no quantitative methods for determining levels of moisture in concrete floor slabs.


Which of the following are platey pigments?


At age 75, the Golden Gate Bridge still sports its original signature hue. What is the official name of that color?


True or false: Tributyltin is the main biocide used in formulating antifouling coatings.


Acicular, fibrous, and nodular are terms used to describe what pigment property?


True or false: Even in dark colors, IR-pigmented coatings on metal roofs can meet Energy Star requirements for solar reflectance.


Which resin type has the greatest heat resistance?


What pigment below gives the best hiding power to a coating?


In reporting sales volumes, the Department of Commerce classifies protective and marine coatings under what larger heading?


Which of these is not among the Navy’s new “Quick Win” recommendations to improve efficiency in ship painting?


Which pigment used in paints is white?


Among the chemistry types commonly used for reflective roof coatings, which has the most heat resistance, according to a recent D+D article?


Ion exchange pigments would most likely be used in what application?


The structural steel exoskeleton of the New York Times Building, completed in 2008, is coated with what specialty material, in addition to anticorrosive and UV-resistant layers?


True or false: Intumescent coatings for building interiors are available only in solvent-borne formulations.


True or false: The addition of pigments is required to match the color of concrete repair materials with the color of the concrete matrix being repaired.


A recent study by the American Bureau of Shipping showed that close to 90% of bulk carrier casualties occurred on ships of what age?


True or false: For high heat exposure and resistance to chemicals, except fluorine, potassium silicate polymer concretes are a good choice.


What is one main component of the coating work strategy called “beneficial procrastination?”


What is a common term used to describe the survey of coatings and substrates in an industrial plant to create a maintenance painting plan and budget?


True or false: Using dyes on concrete floors eliminates the non-uniformity of color that is a trademark of acid stains.


What is the name usually given to a robotic surface preparation machine used in the field on ship and tank exteriors?


What is an exempt solvent?


True or false: Inorganic zinc pre-construction primers for shipbuilding normally have more zinc content than inorganic zinc primers applied after fabrication.


What raw material supplier recently announced an agreement with a biotechnology firm to develop an industrial-scale process for producing acrylic acid from sugar?


Why are chlorinated rubber and vinyl coatings no longer widely used in the U.S. as protective coatings?


What is meant by the word “exempt” in the phrase “exempt solvent?”


Inside a confined space, where do solvent vapors normally collect?


What instrument is used for non-destructive measurement of the dry film thickness of coatings on concrete?


True or false: Mobile UV-cure machines are now used to achieve rapid return to service after coating of concrete floors.


Which of the following has been banned as an ingredient in antifouling coatings on ocean-going vessels?


Accordiing to UL's Fire Resistance Directory, how is a coating categorized when its purpose is to reduce flame spread?


What standard classifies the durability of anti-corrosion paint systems as low, medium, and high?


Prior to the widespread understanding of their negative health effects, what is the main reason that lead pigments were widely used in protective coatings?


What type of gages are used to measure the dry film thickness of coatings on concrete?


True or false: The threat of mud cracking in highly pigmented paints applied at high film builds is likely to be diminished in coating films that employ spherical pigments.


Micaceous iron oxide is a pigment providing what kind of properties to protective coatings among the choices listed?


True or false: To achieve good esthetics and fire resistance on exposed structural steel in building interiors, cementitious spray-applied fire resistant materials should be used.


Which of the following is not an exclusively marine exhibition?


Which of the following solvents is not a hydrocarbon type?


What polymer concrete resin is based on an alcohol derived from agricultural wastes such as rice and oat hulls and corn cobs?


What organization presents an annual coatings for concrete conference in January each year?


When you add non-exempt solvents as thinners to a high solids coating, what happens to the VOC content?


Why is back rolling often required following airless spraying of coatings over concrete blocks (CMUs)?


True or false: Hydrated lime is used as an antimicrobial agent in some coatings.


What is the conventional wisdom about the amount of time required for concrete to cure before it can be coated?


True or false: Titanium dioxide is mainly an anti-corrosive pigment.


The most important requirements for exterior wall coatings on concrete include all but which one of the following, according to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers?


Among fire-protective coatings, how are intumescents classified?


True or false: UL will not approve an intumescent, fire-resistive coating material if it is topcoated.


Which of the following resin systems can be used to create an elastomeric coating?


What organization publishes inspection manuals dealing with spray-applied, fire-resistive coating materials?


How are antimicrobial biocides used in paint?


Which of the following is most likely to be a disadvantage rather than an advantage of shop painting?


Lumiflon(R), Kynar(R), and Hylar(R) are brand names for what kind of resin used in coatings for architectural metal?


Slip resistance of wood-floor finishes are influenced most by what characteristic?


In protective coatings work, which of the following might be called a dolly?


True or false: Antimicrobial biocides are used for both in-can preservation of liquid paint and prevention of the growth of microorganisms on applied paint films.


Which of the following are lead- and chromate-free inhibitive pigments?


True or false: Primers and topcoats used with intumescent, fire-resistant coatings, as well as the intumescent coatings themselves, require the approval of Underwriters Laboratories.


What is the "conventional wisdom" regarding the amount of time that should elapse before newly poured concrete can be painted?


True or false: A clear polyurethane used to seal a coated concrete surface should exhibit maximum turbidity.


Which of the following is not classified as an additive in a coating formulation?


What is a prime pigment?


Which of the following pigments is used as an extender for paints?


True or false: To assess the cure and recoatability of a multi-coat, thin-film intumescent coating, manufacturers sometimes specify use of a Durometer test.


Commonly specified concrete floor coatings include all but which of the following choices?


How is a sieve analysis used in protective coating work?


True or false: The fire-resistance ratings of intumescent coatings are expressed in terms of hours, indicating how long the coating can adequately protect the substrate in a fire.


Which of the following is not an oxygenated solvent?


What is the main reason that thin-film intumescent fire-resistant coatings are preferred in clean-room environments rather than cementitious fireproofing?


Which of the following would not be considered an extender pigment in a coating?


Which of the coatings below would you recommend for high heat service to 1000° F?


True or false: Biocides are used for in-can preservation of solvent-borne coatings.


Aluminum, mica, and glass flake are what type of pigments?


Bisphenol A is combined with which of the following to produce epoxy resins?


Methyl methacrylate, used in liquid-applied waterproofing and traffic-marking paints, is the primary raw material in what well-known product?


It is considered important for a concrete floor coating to be "breathable." What does this mean?


Which of the following is a recently developed technology for antibacterial coatings?


Which of the following pigment classes is normally not used as an extender pigment?


 
 
   

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