Daily Quiz (380)


A recent “Thermal Spray Coating Application” standard was issued by what organization?


A written standard for classification of concrete floor coating textures based on the height of the coating texture comes from what entity?


"Pretreatment primer" is another name for what?


Why are zinc-rich coatings sometimes applied to structural concrete?


True or false: Curing of coatings based on epoxy ester resins occurs by oxidation.


True or False: Methyl methacrylate resin-based floor coatings can be installed in the temperature range of 90 degrees Fahrenheit down to 30 degrees.


True or false: The terms “theoretical coverage” and “practical coverage” that a coating can achieve mean the same thing.


True or false: A D+D article on assuring the quality of coating work on commercial buildings argues for spot inspections of each phase of cleaning, painting and paint-related work rather than having an inspector present continuously to monitor all phases of coating work.


True or false: Typical ranges of electrostatic transfer efficiency are anywhere from 60-80%, depending on the target type and other factors, according to one estimate.


True or false: The anhydrous calcium chloride test from ASTM covers the quantitative determination of the rate of moisture vapor emitted from below-grade, on-grade and above-grade (suspended) bare concrete floors.


True or false: The calcium chloride test and the plastic sheet method are both qualitative methods for determining levels of moisture in concrete floor slabs.


True or false: Infrared radiation thermal imaging can be used to monitor coating application only if the coating being applied is thermosetting.


How many courses does SSPC offer to train applicators to apply high and 100% solids coatings?


True or false: Plural-component spray equipment can typically handle material ratios from 1:1 to 10:1.


True or false: Both cementitious and fibrous spray-applied, fire-resistant materials can contain Portland cement binders.


True or false: Solvent-resistance, as shown by a solvent rub test, means that coatings are sufficiently cured for service.


True or false: SIPP is the acronym for a robotic spray process to reline pipeline interiors.


True or false: Architectural coatings are applied by contractors; trade sales paint is applied by consumers.


True or false: According to ASTM, covering power and hiding power have the same meaning when used to describe a coating’s capability.


Examining the drip pattern from a burst of paint sprayed onto a vertical surface with an airless spray gun will reveal what possible problem?


What is considered to be the main advantage of an HVLP spray system?


True or false: The first large-scale application of polyurea coatings was on the Morgan Whyalla Pipeline in Australia.


True or false: Zinc dust is an inhibitive pigment used in coatings for corrosion control.


The “spreading rate of a coating to a completely flat surface, assuming no losses in handling” defines what term?


In dealing with coating thickness requirements, 25 microns equals approximately how many mils?


True or false: One possible cause of dry spray when using airless equipment is excessive spray pressure.


True or false: Polyaspartic and polyurea floor coating chemistries cannot cure in extremely low temperatures.


True or false: A synonym for “curing agent” is “hardener.”


What organization offers an certification program for aerospace coating applicators?


When spraying zinc-rich coatings, why is it useful to have the spray pot or container positioned at or above the level of the work?


True or false: In certain exposure conditions, sealers and/or topcoats may be required over thermal spray coatings.


True or false: A moisture content of 15%, as measured by a moisture meter, is generally considered the upper limit for successful painting of wood.


True or false: Duplex galvanizing is the name of the alloy coating comprised of tin and zinc, which is sometimes used to coat stainless steel.


True or false: Polysiloxanes are a variation on polyurethane coating chemistry that allows for faster curing times and higher film builds.


True or false: Vinyl esters are easy to apply.


True or false: The Architectural Spray Coaters Association has a specification for coatings applied to architectural aluminum.


True or false: The acronym CAS stands for both Chemical Abstract Service and Coating Application Specialist.


What organization publishes a maintenance repainting manual?


What coating specialist wrote a critique on PaintSquare of the ISO standard for assessing acceptable levels of dust on surfaces prepared for painting?


True or false: Using silicone over epoxy does not work well in a metal roof coating system, according to a JPCL article.


True or false: For spot repair of coatings, the selection of abrasive blasting as the surface preparation method is questionable.


What dry film thickness range is necessary to achieve the best retention of solar reflectivity, according to a roof coating research study reported in D+D?


What organization developed test methods that can be used to determine the various stages and rates of drying, curing and film formation of organic coatings?


True or false: In coating work, the cold wall effect is created with a liquid-applied air barrier.


True or false: SSPC has a performance standard for coating systems used on offshore structures.


True or false: A seal coat over thermal-sprayed zinc will perform better if application occurs before natural oxidation can form on the zinc.


In discussing how to achieve success in coating concrete, a noted authority named “the culprit that’s echoed across the industry when it comes to coating failure.” What culprit did he name?


True or false: Breathability is an important requirement for exterior wall coatings on concrete, according to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.


True or false: If a paint crawls, it has a good spreading rate.


True or false: NACE and SSPC publish a joint standard on qualifying and certifying architectural coating applicators.


What organization publishes the document, “Standard Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials and Applications"?


True or false: The adhesion of a coating to a steel substrate depends entirely upon the chemical bonding of the coating to the steel.


True or false: The qualifications of commercial painting contractors can be certified by SSPC.


True or false: According to a JPCL article, most manufacturers do not recommend special cleaners to prepare the roof surface prior to applying their coatings to single-ply membranes like ethylene propylene diene terpolymer.


According to Merriam-Webster, brown bagging is “the practice of carrying one's lunch (as to school or work) usually in a brown paper bag”; also, “the practice of carrying a bottle of liquor into a restaurant or club where setups are available.” In coating work, what is brown bagging, according to MPI?


A variation on polyurethane coating chemistry that allows for faster curing times and higher film builds has what name?


True or false: Infrared radiation thermal imaging has been proposed as a technology for monitoring in real-time the application of certain thick-film coatings.


True or false: Polyaspartic coatings cure more slowly than polyureas.


True or false: According to a JPCL article, most manufacturers recommend special cleaners to prepare the roof surface prior to applying their coatings to single-ply membranes like ethylene propylene diene terpolymer.


True or false: A two-part modified epoxy novolac polysulfide coating was applied successfully to aged concrete fuel storage tanks.


In coating work, what is PSPC?


True or false: SSPC has a procedure to test the performance of immersion linings.


True or false: With electrostatic painting, waterborne coatings are conductive and tend to carry a charge that can cause issues with “grounding out” when they are sprayed.


The cliché about “location, location, location” being the three most important things in assessing the value of a house is mirrored by what similar phrase offered by a PaintSquare coating specialist on the three most important considerations in painting a bridge?


True or false: A large public school system wanting to paint its buildings could specify SSPC-QP 8 in order to acquire an SSPC-certified contractor for the work.


True or false: Typical ranges of electrostatic transfer efficiency are anywhere from 85 to 95 percent, depending on the target type and other factors, according to an industry expert.


Who wrote in a JPCL article about the cure time required before coating concrete, “The problem with the magic 28-day number is that there is just as much empirical evidence that 28 days isn’t necessary, as there is for its requirement for a longer cure time prior to coating."


True or false: Infrared curing of coatings can have a lower operating cost than convection curing.


True or false: One paint consultant advocates for the use of a hammer to check for compliance with SSPC-SP 6 after the paint has been applied.


True or false: According to a PaintSquare blog, when removing and replacing a sealant on a weathering steel substrate, some coating suppliers require removing both the sealant and patina, followed by application of a protective coating before application of the sealant.


While the three most important things about selling a house are location, location, location, the three most important things about painting a bridge are access, access, access, according to what coating specialist?


True or false: Air and airless spray produce about the same amount of overspray.


True or false: PDCA created a standard definition of “coating work.”


What paint application method produces the most overspray?


True or false: In a state highway department test, reported in JPCL, a two-coat elastomeric acrylic system and a zinc-rich moisture cure urethane/polyaspartic system both outperformed a conventional organic zinc/epoxy/polyurethane system.


True or false: At very high temperatures (higher than 90 degrees Fahrenheit), the top of applied coatings may skin over or cure too quickly, trapping air or solvent bubbles.


In paint application by conventional air spraying, what causes dry spray?


True or false: In spray-applying zinc-rich paints, the zinc dust particles will not separate from the binder once they have been mixed together thoroughly.


True or false: When the relative humidity is high, curing times for waterborne coatings will be shorter than what is stated as normal on the application data sheet.


True or false: HVLP spraying is used to apply thermoplastic powder.


True or false: NACE publishes a standard that gives durability grades of low, medium and high for paint systems in various environments and levels of surface preparation.


What organization in the list shown offers a certification for shop painting of bridge and highway steel?


True or false: A drawdown bar is used to apply gold leaf to a metal substrate.


What term describes the degree of drying of paint “when no loosening, detachment, wrinkling or other distortion of the film occurs when the thumb is borne downward while simultaneously turning the thumb through an angle of 90 degrees in the plane of the film ... and maximum pressure is exerted by the arm”?


True or false: In coating thickness measurements, it takes 50 microns to make 1 mil.


True or false: In its recently revised SSPC-PA 7, Applying Thin Film Coatings to Concrete, “thin film” is defined as being 10 mils thick or less.


Which of the following is not the subject of an SSPC Qualification Procedure for application contractors?


True or false: Both hogs and badgers produce material used in paint brushes.


What was the first organization to initiate painter competitions, in which teams of three painters competed against one another in demonstrating their craft by coating a large steel panel with attached angles and pipe sections?


True or false: When assessing the moisture content of wood with an electronic moisture meter, a moisture level of 30 percent is generally considered the upper limit for successful painting.


True or false: Polar solvents can be used to make paint sufficiently conductive for electrostatic spraying.


True or false: Size used on plaster and metal has the same composition.


What term is defined as the percentage of coating solids actually applied to the substrate by spray application?


True or false: According to protective coating specialist Lee Wilson, increasing topcoat thickness when intermediate coat thickness is too low in order to achieve the specified total system thickness is not acceptable as good painting practice.


True or false: Most coating specialists say that stripe coating the edges of steel substrates is necessary even when edge-retention primers are used.


True or false: Thermoplastic powder can be applied by thermal spray.


What organization offers training and certification as a thermal spray coatings inspector?


What kind of binder is used with thermal spray aluminum?


True or false: Conventional air spray application of coatings causes more overspray than airless spray.


True or false: Respirable hazardous materials may be produced in some thermal spraying operations.


True or false: Service centers for steel rail tank cars are not well suited to conducting repairs on interior linings, according to a JPCL article.


What is another name for induction time?


True or false: A drawdown bar is used to apply wallpaper.


True or false: Tack-free and dry-to-touch times after coating application are not the same.


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, freshly applied thermal spray aluminum is close in appearance to steel newly blasted to white metal.


True or false: Unheated material introduced into a plural component spray system can shock the system, creating cold patches in the pumps and hoses and potentially throwing the system off ratio.


True or false: A Maryland State Highway Administration study of coatings’ field performance confirmed that two-coat bridge painting systems are more cost-effective than the standard three-coat, zinc-epoxy-urethane system.


True or false: The standards for testing coatings adhesion, ASTM D4541 for metal and ASTM D7234 for concrete, are based on imposing a shear stress on the coating.


True or false: Electroplating and anodizing are two terms used to describe the same process.


What is the name used for the period of time when a coating remains workable as it is applied to smooth the film and avoid excessive build at laps.


According to ASTM, what application method produces edge-tracking?


What is an alternative to hot potting?


In a study of shop-applied topcoats reported in JPCL, which generic type achieved a hardened film that resisted handling damage at lower temperatures (50 degrees Fahrenheit) and higher humidity (75 percent RH) in the shortest amount of time?


True or false: Some intumescent coating types may require up to five coats and 25 days from initial application to completion of the finish coat at 50 degrees Fahrenheit.


In protective coatings work the word “embedment” refers to what, according to SSPC?


What is the name of the process that causes a metal to become inert or unreactive?


True or false: The adhesion of a coating to a steel substrate can be achieved by both mechanical attachment and chemical bonding.


True or false: An adhesive failure of a coating layer occurs at the bottom of the layer; a cohesive failure occurs at the top of the layer.


True or false: A D+D In Depth article argues that the risks of moisture-related, single-wythe CMU wall problems based on the initial selection of the coating and number of repaints cannot be predicted.


True or false: When a cold-weather coating is used to coat steel in temperatures below freezing, it is not necessary for the surface temperature of the steel to be at least 5 degrees Fahrenheit above the dew point temperature.


What is the name usually given to the contacting surfaces of joints in steel structures formed with the use of high-strength bolts?


MPCAC and PLURAL have what in common?


True or false: Thermoplastic powders can be applied by thermal spraying.


In a study of shop-applied topcoats reported in JPCL, which generic type achieved a hardened film that resisted handling damage at lower temperatures (50 degrees Fahrenheit) and higher humidity (75 percent RH) in the shortest amount of time?


What organization publishes a joint standard with SSPC on shop application of coatings?


True or false: The AISC certification program for steel fabricators contains a component on shop painting.


According to a recent JPCL article, the most common timing for applying paint onto a newly galvanized surface is between two days and six months after galvanizing.


Examining the drip pattern from a burst of paint sprayed onto a vertical surface with an airless spray gun will reveal what possible problem?


In the Masterspec section on fluid-applied air barriers, which category of coating meets the most rigorous air-barrier performance requirements of the International Code Council?


Philippe Le Calve is known for having written articles published in JPCL on what subject?


True or false: Airless spraying produces less overspray than conventional air spraying.


What do MPCAC and PLURAL have in common?


True or false: When a specification requires that a concrete surface be dry before painting, the word “dry” could be interpreted to mean visibly dry, dry to touch, dry when using moisture meters on the surface, or dry by instrumentation or test methods that examine moisture in the substrate below the paint.


Which of the following formulating or application strategies can increase the hiding of a coating?


True or false: Products for exterior wood are sometimes formulated with high pigment concentrations to provide hiding power and to help seal the exposed wood microstructure.


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, the threshold values in ASTM standards for deeming concrete suitable to be coated are neither achievable nor realistic for below-grade structures.


What organization has validated a Wall Coating Applicator Training Program?


True or false: Spraying of in-place pipeline interiors with lining materials can be commercially completed by robotic systems on both straight runs and 45- and 90-degree radius bends.


True or false: Germany has a painting contractor certification program modeled after the one overseen by SSPC in the U.S.


True or false: Non-skid coatings with aggressive abrasives such as aluminum oxide can be spray-applied with airless equipment.


True or false: The words “hardening” and “curing” of coatings have the same meaning, according to a recent JPCL article.


Which of the following is bad advice about spraying zinc-rich coatings?


True or false: The painting of the interior surfaces of bolt holes in bolted connections of structural steel is required in SSPC guide specifications.


What is the name of a rectangular metal tool used to deposit a specified thickness of wet coating on a test panel or other substrate?


True or false: Among the performance properties of polyureas, according to a JPCL article by Mike O’Donoghue and Vijay Datta, tolerance of low-temperature application is the weakest.


True or false: Waterborne coatings require special spray guns when applied by electrostatic spray.


In addition to trisodium phosphate, used for cleaning in painting operations, what other material has the acronym TSP?


SSPC recently entered into an agreement with what organization to provide global applicator training?


What is the association focused on the global thick film high performance elastomer industry?


Which of the following is not a term used for application of metallic wire, metallic powder or thermoplastic powder?


True or false: In hot-dip galvanizing, the coating forms four distinct layers.


What organization is engaged in performance testing of bridge coatings for state highway departments?


What is the acronym of the organization that provides technical advocacy of engineered rainscreen products that results in improved moisture management in building enclosures?


True or false: SSPC recently issued a performance-based acrylic coating standard for commercial masonry and concrete structures.


A pigment with a lamellar structure would tend to provide what function in a coating on steel?


True or false: Siloxane sealers are typically applied at 1-2 mils dry film thickness on concrete substrates.


The most important requirements for exterior wall coatings on concrete include all but which one of the following, according to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers?


What is the relationship between curing agents and densifiers?


Which of the following attributes is not normally considered an advantage of vinyl ester coatings?


How is film build normally achieved during the thermal spray process?


What is the name for units of viscosity of paint as determined by testing with a Krebs-Stormer viscometer?


What is the name of a small, bowl-shaped depression in a coating at a point of contamination on the surface?


True or false: Conventional air spraying tends to cause more overspray than airless spraying.


True or false: Thermoplastic powders cannot be applied by thermal spraying.


What two organizations worked cooperatively in the last few years to revise their standards on measuring dry film thickness of coatings?


True or false: Calcium sulfonate alkyds are non-toxic, inhibitive primers.


In coating work, what is transfer efficiency?


True or false: A hypodermic pressure gage is used to check abrasive flow rates in a blast hose.


What general name is given to a coating that responds with corrective measures when corrosion is detected beneath the coating?


A paper being given at SSPC 2016 on Jan. 18-21 in San Antonio describes more than a decade of performance by what coating system on a steel bridge?


True or false: Bimetallic corrosion, such as that which results when two dissimilar metals are connected electrically in a water tank interior, occurs most rapidly when the two metals are close together rather than far apart in the galvanic series.


What type of corrosion is characterized by a definite thread-like structure and directional growth under coatings on steel?


Which of the following is most likely to be a disadvantage rather than an advantage of shop painting?


True or false: An Atlas Cell Test is normally used to test the performance of concrete floor coatings.


True or false: According to a recent Basic Training column in JPCL, heat is the operator’s best friend in spraying with plural component spray equipment.


Darkside Scientific LLC is noted for what kind of coating product?


True or False: Weldability is very significant to the formulation of inorganic zinc preconstruction primers used in ship building.


True or false: According to a study by German researchers, specifying a particular edge geometry is not the most significant factor in controlling corrosion of steel edges in seawater environments.


True or false: SSPC has a committee to qualify contractors to install polished concrete floors.


True or false: The first salt spray test for evaluating coating performance in the lab was called a Prohesion Test.


True or false: Adhesive and cohesive coating failures present identical physical results.


SSPC and what other organization offer a certification for shop application of coatings to structural steel?


True or False: Fusion bond epoxy coatings are typically cured with UV light.


How is film build normally achieved during the thermal spray process?


According to the JPCL article, “The Six Essential Elements of Successful Concrete Repair,” flexible, 100-percent-solids acrylic coatings applied over repaired concrete have a great track record in preventing further carbonation of the concrete.


What does HVLP stand for?


True or false: “Curing agent” is another name for “hardener.”


True or false: SSPC has a technical committee on fluoropolymer coatings.


What is the acronym for a robotic spray process to reline pipeline interiors?


True or false: To be effective, a seal coat over a thermal-sprayed zinc coating must be applied after a significant amount of natural oxidation has occurred.


What do Brookfield and Stormer have in common?


True or false: SSPC-SP 16 is often specified as part of the surface preparation of new galvanized steel before overcoating.


What generic coating type is most likely to be found on the faying surfaces of slip-critical joints?


What epoxy curing agent is made with the oil derived from a nut shell?


True or false: Recent work has shown that the use of robotic systems can significantly improve the uniformity of bridge deck membranes and increase the speed of installation.


The Commission Internationale d’Eclairage deals with what kinds of issues related to coatings?


True or false: There is currently no complete industry-wide performance standard for bridge deck waterproofing work in North America.


True or false: Vinyl ester coatings are easy to apply.


True or false: White rust is an iron oxide that forms naturally on ferrous metals in response to normal weathering.


True or false: ASTM has a quantitative test method for evaluating the adhesion of a coating by cutting and probing it with a utility knife.


What generic coating type was tested on the Morgan-Wyalla pipeline in the 1940s?


True or false: One way to passivate steel is to remove its oxide layer.


True or false: SSPC published a new technology update this month on polysiloxane coatings.


True or false: The high alkalinity of concrete causes corrosion of rebar.


True or false: The opposite of hydrophobic is hydrophilic.


True or false: SSPC has a guide to maintenance painting of concrete structures.


True or false: Carbamation is a form of concrete deterioration.


How many concrete surface profile (CSP) chips are available with ICRI Guideline 310.2R-2013?


What kind of coating test employs a mandrel?


True or false: SSPC Guide 15 details how to test for the presence of chlorides on concrete substrates.


What organization created a standard definition of “coating work”?


True or false: A drop-in liner is typically not attached to the walls and floor of a tank.


In addition to the American Architectural Manufacturers Association, what other organization has a specification for coatings on architectural aluminum?


True or false: The SWR Institute validates the performance test results published by manufacturers of deck coatings.


True or false: Arc-spray application of thermal-sprayed metal coatings is conducted only in the shop.


True or false: Wet storage stain need not be removed from galvanizing before coatings are applied.


What is the subject of the paint application guide recently amended and reissued by SSPC, together with AASHTO and the National Steel Bridge Alliance?


What may be the result of excessive pressure in airless spray painting?


True or false: Some silicone aluminum coatings are claimed to have heat resistance above 1000 degrees F.


The accumulation of fats, oils and greases (FOG) can have what negative impact on sewer systems?


True or false: Some coatings become solvent-resistant, as shown by a solvent rub test, before they are sufficiently cured for service.


True or false: Resistance to dirt pick-up is important to the performance cool roof coatings.


An Atlas test cell is normally used to test the performance of what type of coating material?


True or false: The adhesion of a coating to a steel substrate depends entirely upon the mechanical attachment or hooking of the coating to the profile of the steel.


What qualifies a metal to be used in a sacrificial coating?


True or false: Where insulation is required to maintain hot service in tanks and piping, thermal insulative coatings are now sometimes used in place of insulating wraps covered with metallic jackets.


True or false: Most of OSHA’s Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs) on hazardous materials have been updated since their inception.


What organization published the document, “Preparing and Using Protective Coating Specifications”?


True or false: One proprietary system for preparing factory-applied finishes on metal to accept maintenance paints utilizes low-impact, low-pressure abrasive blasting with a blend of stauralite and walnut shells.


True or false: According to a JPCL article, trowel-applied mortar systems for concrete floors can include walnut shell aggregates.


True or false: Based on a study of coatings for offshore platforms reported in JPCL, fluoropolymer topcoats replaced polyurethanes in an oil company’s specification.


What type of corrosion is characterized by a definite thread-like structure and directional growth under coatings on steel?


True or false: Thick-film, epoxy novolac coatings are sometimes recommended for railroad tank cars carrying crude oil.


Sulfate-reducing bacteria contribute to corrosion by what mechanism?


White rust appears on which of the following substrates?


When the recently deceased Mark Schilling wrote in a JPCL article, “I do not advocate the specification of 'sniff tests' because I don’t know how to calibrate a nose,” he was discussing what coating failure phenomenon?


True or false: Oil contamination of the atomizing air in an air spray system can cause fish eyes in the coating film.


High ratio calcium sulfonate alkyds are recommended by some coating specialists for what kind of service?


In coatings work, what is a limpet cell?


The last solvent in a solvent blend to evaporate from an applied coating film is called what?


A chopper gun would most likely be used for what application?


What is an alternative to hot potting?


True or false: The Norsok M 501 standard on protective coatings was created by the Norwegian petroleum industry.


True or false: A dilatant paint is said to be thixotropic.


SSPC’s specification for the application of thermal spray coatings is issued jointly with what other organization(s)?


True or false: Osmotic blisters are likely to be filled with liquids that contain solvents or salts.


In what country was the first large-scale application of zinc-rich coatings?


Which of the following organizations maintains coating standards for architectural aluminum extrusions and panels?


True or false: Siloxane sealers are normally applied to concrete substrates in film thicknesses of two to three mils.


True or false: Coatings that form a film by coalescence are two-component materials.


True or false: SSPC’s technology update on overcoating says that failure by delamination is a minor risk.


If a coating cures by coalescence, what phrase below best describes the mechanism of cure?


True or false: To be effective, a seal coat over a thermal-sprayed zinc coating must be applied after a significant amount of natural oxidation has occurred.


True or false: Some moisture meters for concrete are based on AC impedance.


True or false: An inorganic zinc-rich primer can be topcoated as soon as it is dry.


What kind of corrosion is caused by the formation and collapse of bubbles?


True or False: Common factory-applied finishes over hot-dipped galvanized steel include polyester, acrylic, fluoropolymer, plastisol, and polyurethane.


Certain machine guns, like the old Thompson sub-machine gun, are called chopper guns. What is a chopper gun in coatings work?


True or false: Inorganic zinc-rich primers should be topcoated as soon as they appear to be dry.


True or false: Non-osmotic blisters can develop in coatings on concrete floors.


True or false: The greater the permeability of a coating on concrete, the more effectively it will perform.


True or false: Ethanol is corrosive and highly water soluble, according to the EPA.


Why is a gel coat consisting of paraffin wax in styrene often used over newly applied polyester and vinyl ester linings?


True or false: Plastic shrinkage cracking of concrete can occur during the first few hours after placement.


What is a common term for osmotic blistering of coatings due to thermal gradients?


True or false: Certain coating types can saponify on galvanized surfaces with elevated alkalinity.


What type of coating material was described as the most appropriate for overcoating lead-based paint on steel penstocks in a 2009 JPCL article?


What is the relationship between a discontinuity and a holiday in a coating?


True or false: A Maryland State Highway Administration test of bridge coatings systems, supported by the Federal Highway Administration and recently reported in JPCL, found that two-coat systems performed equally as well as a conventional, three-coat high-performance system.


True or false: HVLP stands for high volume low particulate.


According to a May 2014 JPCL article, the per-vehicle cost for overspray removal on automobiles is typically in what range?


SSPC and AISC jointly publish a standard on what subject?


True or false: The American Iron and Steel Institute publishes the “Standard for Shop Application of Complex Protective Coating Systems.”


Which of the following implements are used in an ASTM test method to determine the hardness of coatings?


True or false: A seal coat should be applied over a thermal-sprayed zinc coating before oxidation occurs on the surface.


True or false: One system used to repair cracked concrete in a secondary containment structure was a geotextile coated with polyurea.


What Cabinet department sets standards for the treatment of historic structures?


True or false: SSPC has a standard for a single-coat zinc-rich painting system.


True or false: SSPC has a paint application standard describing materials and preparation requirements for steel test panels used to evaluate coatings performance.


True or false: Carbon steel railroad tank cars carrying crude oil may now require tank linings, where in the past, they went unlined.


What organization provides education and certification of concrete slab moisture testing technicians?


Most coatings applied to concrete substrates provide what type of protection?


Where will you find the body of knowledge an applicator must master to become a certified industrial applicator?


True or false: The International Maritime Organization has developed a Performance Standard for Protective Coatings (PSPC) designed specifically for crude oil tankers.


How is a mandrel used in testing of coatings?


True or false: According to one study reported in JPCL, the ability to resist permeation of sewer gases is a very significant performance attribute of coatings used in the headspaces of sewage collection systems.


What is the name of a rectangular metal tool used to deposit a specified thickness of wet coating on a test panel or other substrate?


True or false: Fusion-bonded epoxies have been used for more than 50 years to protect transmission pipeline.


True or false: A Bresle patch is used to treat dynamic cracks in concrete, especially in secondary containment structures around tanks.


True or false: Continuity testing of a 10-mil coating on a pipeline is normally conducted with a high-voltage holiday detector.


What organization publishes a test method for measuring the slip coefficient of coatings used on the faying surfaces of bolted joints?


True or False: SSPC and NACE jointly publish a standard on applicator training and certification for commercial painters.


What organization has a product validation program for deck coatings?


What is the subject of an SSPC/NACE standard that describes a “body of knowledge?”


Wind can cause or contribute to what problem of paint application?


In measuring coating thickness, one mil equals approximately how many microns?


True or false: The threat of mudcracking in thick, heavily pigmented coatings is more likely with spherical than with platey pigments.


True Or False: ASTM D 7091 and SSPC-PA 2 deal with measurement of dry film coating thickness on both ferrous and non-ferrous metals.


What SSPC standard covers cleaning of stainless steel?


True or false: ISO 12944, Part 5 lists 9 factors that are important for the durability of a protective coating system.


In a study of shop-applied topcoats reported in JPCL, which generic type achieved a hardened film that resisted handling damage at lower temperatures (50°F) and higher humidity (75% RH) in the shortest amount of time?


What organization validates the performance test results published by manufacturers of deck coatings?


True or False: Moisture-cure polyurethanes are single-component coatings.


Which of the following terms is generally considered synonymous with the term “trade sales paint”?


True or False: Dry-sprayed paint films, as occurs in high wind conditions, are rough, low in gloss, and cohesively inadequate.


True or False: High-ratio calcium sulfonate alkyd coatings have been recommended as overcoating materials when it is impractical to remove lead-based paint from steel structures.


True or False: Relative humidity at the surface of bridge steel may be different from the relative humidity in the atmosphere away from the steel surface.


True or False: It is important to keep the spray pot or container below the level of the work when applying zinc-rich paint.


True or False: SSPC has a standard on using plural-component spray equipment.


True or False: When measuring dry film coating thickness in accordance with SSPC-PA 2, the required number of “area measurements” is based on the size of the structure.


True or False: Field-applied fluoropolymers cannot meet VOC levels of 100 grams per liter.


True or False: A seal coat over thermal-sprayed zinc will perform better if application is delayed until at least 30 days have elapsed so that natural oxidation can form on the zinc.


What is the relationship between a fog coat and a mist coat of paint?


True or False? Powder coatings are not used on architectural aluminum.


Windy conditions are most likely to cause which of the following paint defects?


True or false? Among all spray application techniques, plural-component spraying produces the most paint overspray.


What does HVLP stand for?


Why do some product data sheets for coatings require that the substrate surface temperature be at least 5° F higher than the dew point temperature?


Which of the following is bad advice about spraying zinc-rich coatings?


True or False? To be effective, a seal coat over a thermal-sprayed zinc coating must be applied after a significant amount of natural oxidation has occurred.


What does “theoretical coverage” mean?


What is the relationship between the terms “curing agent” and “hardener?”


Which of the following is most likely to be a disadvantage rather than an advantage of shop painting?


Why should the surface temperature of steel be at least 5 degrees higher than the dew point temperature before you blast-clean or paint?


What kind of spray application of a liquid coating to a metallic substrate is most commonly associated with the “wrap-around effect”?


What is the alpha-numeric designation of the recently published SSPC standard describing recommended best practice in applying plural component polyureas and polyurethanes?


By what mechanism does an acrylic latex cure?


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, the internal surfaces of more than 160 new and existing pipelines have been coated in situ during the last 30 years.


How are the zinc particles in a zinc-rich coating kept in suspension during spray application?


True or false: SSPC was the first organization to initiate painter competitions, in which teams of 3 painters competed against one another in demonstrating their craft by coating a large steel panel with attached angles and pipe sections.


What is the alphanumeric designation of the SSPC Paint Application Standard for measuring the thickness of dry coatings on concrete?


Which of the following is an environmentally benign material sometimes used to etch concrete before application of coatings?


SSPC’s Coating Application Specialist Standard, ACS-1, is issued jointly with what other organization?


True or false: Fire-resistant, intumescent coatings for steel are applied in one to three coats.


True or false: An SSPC Committee is working on a standard for qualifying and certifying commercial coating applicators.


Which of the following application methods achieves the greatest transfer efficiency?


Which of the following factors is a cause of dry spray in conventional air spray operations?


Which of the following statements does not describe an advantage of a plural-component spray system?


What is the conventional wisdom on the length of time concrete should cure before it is coated?


True or false: Painting over weld spatter on steel is an accepted practice.


True or false: To assure successful adhesion, more paint has to be applied to weathered wood so that it penetrates the soft, damaged layer and adheres to the sound substrate beneath.


Which of the following is not a term used for application of metallic wire, metallic powder, or thermoplastic powder?


True or false: Methyl methacrylate (MMA) resinous flooring systems offer both rapid and very low temperature cure.


What is the likely result of applying a relatively inflexible coating at a film thickness much higher than recommended by the manufacturer?


True or false: Because a coating is “dry” or hard does not necessarily mean that it is cured.


In dealing with coating thickness requirements, 25 microns equals approximately how many mils?


If a coating cures by coalescence, what phrase below best describes the mechanism of cure?


True or false: Conventional air spraying produces less overspray than airless spraying.


A variation on polyurethane coating chemistry that allows for faster curing times and higher film builds has what name?


For electrostatic spraying to work effectively, the item to be coated must be in what condition?


True or false: Back brushing and back rolling are application techniques with the opposite effects.


True or false: Conventional air spraying creates more overspray than airless spraying does.


The epoxy curing agent phenalkamine is derived from what source?


When spraying zinc rich coatings, why is it useful to have the spray pot or container positioned at or above the level of the work?


What is one typical duty of an inspector prior to the application of a primer?


Two-component epoxy coatings cure by what mechanism?


Sharp edges on steel present special challenges to the coating applicator for what reason?


What application technique is likely to cause the most overspray?


What is involved in “zone painting” of a structure?


Windy conditions during spray application of coatings would be most likely to cause which of the following paint defects?


What check should you make first to find the cause of fish eyes in a coating film applied by air spray?


What hazard is unique to airless spray systems?


How is film build normally achieved during the thermal spray process?


When airless spray painting, use a tip with a larger orifice for:


In conventional air spraying, which of the following spray techniques is wrong?


Which one of the following application methods has the highest range of transfer efficiency?


Who publishes the Specification for the Application of Thermal Spray Coatings (Metallizing) of Aluminum, Zinc, and their Alloys and Composites for the Corrosion Protection of Steel?


What is another name for a curing agent that aids and participates in the cure of a coating film by chemical reaction?


True or false: It is sometimes useful to stripe coat steel edges and irregular surfaces after the full primer coat is applied.


True or false: To be effective, a seal coat over a thermal-sprayed zinc coating must be applied after a significant amount of natural oxidation has occurred.


True or false: Coatings with a high degree of internal stress should be used for overcoating an existing coating to extend its lifetime.


Which of the following is most likely to be a disadvantage rather than an advantage of shop painting?


True or false: ASTM publishes descriptions of solvent rub tests for both inorganic and organic coatings, which are sometimes used to assess degree of cure.


True or false: Siloxane sealers are typically applied at 1-2 mils dry film thickness on concrete substrates.


How are water and abrasive combined in wet abrasive blasting?


In protective coatings work, which of the following might be called a dolly?


In what kind of spray application do the coating particles tend to wrap around edges of the substrate?


True or false: On lattice-type electric transmission towers, airless sprayers are often the main paint application tool.


True or false: Coating materials used to overcoat existing coatings should have a high degree of internal stress.


What advantage does a high-volume, low-pressure spray system have?


 
 
   

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