Daily Quiz (2099)


What organization has a standard for the evaluation of degradation of coatings, including designation of quantity and size of defects and of intensity of uniform changes in appearance?


What organization describes itself as providing “the world’s leading sustainability assessment method for masterplanning projects, infrastructure and buildings. It recognises and reflects the value in higher performing assets across the built environment lifecycle, from new construction to in-use and refurbishment"?


The structural steel exoskeleton of the New York Times Building is coated with what specialty material, in addition to anticorrosive and UV-resistant layers?


Who said that “Some estimates of the root cause for less than satisfactory concrete performance place up to 50% of the blame on design and construction errors"?


True or false: MPI has a product validation program for deck coatings.


At what university is a collection of more than 2,500 pigments?


What coating consultant wrote a blog about the use of the “magic hammer” in detecting deficiencies of surface preparation?


True or false: SSPC has a performance standard for elastomeric coatings on masonry and concrete.


What organization offers an certification program for aerospace coating applicators?


What organization created a standard for measuring concrete surface profile with replica putty?


What substance was being discussed when a PaintSquare reader wrote the following: “Abrasive blasting creates inhalation hazards for the blaster as well anyone within the zone of influence no matter what kind of media you use"?


True or false: Recently, the San Francisco Board of Supervisors unanimously approved legislation that will transition private commercial buildings of 50,000 square feet and larger to 100% renewable electricity by 2030.


What do the terms “working mix” and “operating mix” refer to?


When spraying zinc-rich coatings, why is it useful to have the spray pot or container positioned at or above the level of the work?


True or false: The projected date of voting by the memberships on the merger of SSPC and NACE is April 1, 2021.


What was the original name of the organization now named the International Institute of Building Enclosure Consultants?


True or false: In certain exposure conditions, sealers and/or topcoats may be required over thermal spray coatings.


True or false: In coating work, a spark tester is used to check the flammability of coatings and linings.


True or false: Air barriers must be able to withstand greater pressures than vapor barriers can.


True or false: The U.S. test of protective materials on steel exposed to a rapid rise fire includes weathering exposure.


What is another name for the coating failure term “bleeding"?


What is the relationship between a discontinuity and a holiday in a coating?


True or false: When installing flooring materials, commercial flooring contractors are not concerned about the level of fly ash in the concrete mix.


True or false: With respirator use during abrasive blasting, the approved air hose from the respirator manufacturer must be used.


True or false: In a study of shop-applied topcoats reported in JPCL, a polyaspartic coating performed best in resisting handling damage in the shortest amount of time at lower temperatures (50°F) and higher humidity (75% RH).


True or false: There is only a visual method for determining the surface profile on a concrete substrate after surface preparation.


True or false: The Construction Specifications Institute offers a standard that gives durability grades of low, medium and high for paint systems in various environments and levels of surface preparation.


True or false: MPI 500 Series standards are designed especially to serve the AIA.


What JPCL contributor is a fellow of ASTM, ICRI and ACI, as well as a recipient of JPCL’s Clive Hare Honors?


Who said “that the third-party inspection system is fundamentally flawed in that it creates an inherent atmosphere of adversity between the contractor and inspector, rather than one of collaboration"?


True or false: A moisture content of 15%, as measured by a moisture meter, is generally considered the upper limit for successful painting of wood.


True or false: Some instruments used to test moisture in concrete or masonry walls are based on the principle of electrical impedance.


True or false: WUSI is the name of software that can be used to calculate the hygrothermal behavior of multi-layer building components exposed to natural weathering.


True or false: SSPC’s wet abrasive blast cleaning standards describe three levels of flash rust following wet blast cleaning.


What organization is advising SSPC and NACE during merger talks?


True or false: The US Green Building Council partners with AIA and CSI to develop and publish the consensus-based United States National CAD Standard.


What happens to the existing profile on steel when UHP water blasting is used to remove rust and/or coatings?


True or false: The Healthy Product Declaration Collaborative has three categories of members: users, manufacturers and ecosystem.


True or false: Duplex galvanizing is the name of the alloy coating comprised of tin and zinc, which is sometimes used to coat stainless steel.


True or false: In addition to the current effort, SSPC and NACE last had extended discussions about a merger in 1985-86.


True or false: In coating work the term "operating mix" refers to the proportioning of components in a plural component spray operation.


True or false: The breathing air of a supplied air respirator can be a potential inhalation hazard to abrasive blasters.


What organization certifies long-term guarantees on tank linings and other protective coating work?


True or false: Aggressive application of dehumidification to dry a concrete floor slab should begin immediately after placement.


True or false: Although OSHA has authorized use of drones for inspections, the agency has not confirmed their actual use.


Which of the following organizations has standards for selecting and using concrete repair materials?


True or false: Polysiloxanes are a variation on polyurethane coating chemistry that allows for faster curing times and higher film builds.


True or false: The adhesion of a coating to a steel substrate depends partially upon chemical bonding of the coating to the steel.


True or false: OSHA has stated that where the definition of a Construction Industry versus a General Industry confined space is unclear, compliance with the Construction Industry confined space standard will also be considered to be compliance with the General Industry confined space standard.


True or false: A destructive test for measuring humidity in concrete requires holes to be drilled into a floor slab to accept sleeves into which probes are inserted.


True or false: SSPC’s Fundamentals of Protective Coatings e-course is available in Mandarin Chinese.


True or false: $12 billion in infrastructure work needed by U.S. National Parks is currently under deferred maintenance.


True or false: Vinyl esters are easy to apply.


True or false: CCAS stands for Corrosion Control Application Specialist, an SSPC training program.


True or false: Conformance with specified requirements for cleanliness of steel after surface preparation, as described in SSPC standards, is carried out without the aid of instruments.


What organization produces the Trade Best Practices Series about the painting industry?


True or false: A special visual standard and guide has been developed to support SSPC-SP 17, Thorough Abrasive Blast Cleaning of Non-Ferrous Metals.


True or false: Particles of concrete dislodged from a concrete substrate by abrasive blasting do not pose any inhalation hazards.


True or false: According to MIT News, cement production makes up about 8% of all greenhouse gas emissions.


Which one of the following organizations does not train and certify paint inspectors?


True or false: Radio frequency technology is sometimes used in instruments for detection of moisture levels in concrete.


True or false: SSPC has one PCCP/QP standard that is jointly issued with NACE.


Who is the author of the book described as follows: “The author’s research into 84 failure cases provides extensive information about the causes of coating failures—from blister failures to solvent entrapment and discontinuities in coating films. The book also contains historical data and case studies from research involving coating and lining failures, materials selection and application methods for protective coatings.”


True or false: Breathing-grade compressed air (Grade D, as specified by the Compressed Gas Association) must contain at least 25% oxygen by volume.


True or false: Oak Ridge National Laboratory recently published results of a study about how cool roofs can mitigate the effect of urban heat waves.


True or false: A German environmental assessment methodology for new construction was adapted this year for use in the United States.


True or false: The skills required for fabrication, coating and maintenance of offshore oil and gas platforms are easily transferrable to the offshore wind turbine sector, according to a PaintSquare writer.


True or false: You can measure the relative humidity adjacent to bridge steel as long as you are within 100 feet of the bridge.


True or false: Power tools can be used to burnish a steel surface and thereby to improve surface profile.


True or false: Neutral colors such as beige on classroom walls benefits student performance the most, according to a PaintSquare writer.


True or false: Recent technical developments have made dry ice blasting competitive with air abrasive blasting using conventional abrasive material, according to a PaintSquare writer.


In its degree of cleaning, SSPC-SP 14 sits between what other two SSPC blast cleaning standards?


True or false: The two types of dehumidifiers are desiccant and refrigerant.


True or false: “By 2020 transparency will have permeated the world of building products,” says an article in PaintSquare Press.


What is the name of an accelerated weathering apparatus that operates on a condensation type of water exposure at elevated temperature?


True or false: The Architectural Spray Coaters Association has a specification for coatings applied to architectural aluminum.


True or false: Several methods can be used to minimize or prevent flash rusting after abrasive blast cleaning of steel.


True or false: Citric acid is not an environmentally benign material for etching concrete.


True or false: SSPC-SP 11, which requires a one-mil profile, is titled “Commercial Grade Power Tool Cleaning.”


True or false: Testing of fire-resistive materials for a cellulosic fire requires a gradually increasing temperature until it reaches 2,000 F after an hour.


True or false: NACE International held a corrosion awareness day in Aberdeen, Scotland, last month.


True or false: The acronym CAS stands for both Chemical Abstract Service and Coating Application Specialist.


What organization recently changed its name to the World Coatings Council?


What organization publishes a maintenance repainting manual?


True or false: SSPC Coatings+ is expected to attract 1,500 coatings professionals in Long Beach, California, in February 2020.


True or false: Wet abrasive blasting is best for total removal of coatings from brick without substrate damage and minimization of airborne dust, according to a D+D Online article.


True or false: Abrasive blast workers are not regularly exposed to noise in excess of 120 dBA.


The migration of asphalt from a roof to the surface of a white roof coating applied over it is called drift.


What coating specialist wrote a critique on PaintSquare of the ISO standard for assessing acceptable levels of dust on surfaces prepared for painting?


True or false: High-build coatings can protect concrete from carbonation.


Who was chairman of the task group that created the Painting Contractor Certification Program?


True or false: HUD publishes fire resistance ratings of archaic building materials.


In what state was a $2.5 million fine levied upon a gas utility for failing to provide timely repairs to deficient cathodic protection systems?


True or false: Anodizing involves depositing one metal onto another.


True or false: The joint SSPC/NACE concrete surface preparation standard has not been revised since its issuance in 2003.


SSPC and AISC jointly publish a standard on what subject?


True or false: ICRI publishes the Guide for Concrete Slabs that Receive Moisture-Sensitive Flooring Materials.


What coating specialist said, “I don’t know how to calibrate a nose?”


True or false: A mechanical rubbing machine is used to test a coating for solvent resistance.


True or false: A five-year inspection of relined water tank bases using fiberglass mat embedded in solventless epoxy showed that the lining system performed poorly, according to a JPCL article on the subject.


True or false: Using silicone over epoxy does not work well in a metal roof coating system, according to a JPCL article.


True or false: 3–6 mils is the typical range for the peak-to-valley height of surface profile created on steel by power-tool cleaning to bare metal and abrasive-blast cleaning.


True or false: For spot repair of coatings, the selection of abrasive blasting as the surface preparation method is questionable.


What dry film thickness range is necessary to achieve the best retention of solar reflectivity, according to a roof coating research study reported in D+D?


True or false: More than 60 organizations have sponsored content on PaintSquare.


True or false: Scabbling, scarifying and rotomilling can bruise concrete.


True or false: Another name for a portable stylus instrument is a roughness gage.


What organization developed test methods that can be used to determine the various stages and rates of drying, curing and film formation of organic coatings?


True or false: The ISO surface preparation standard Sa 3 resembles SSPC-SP 5/NACE No. 1.


True or false: Epoxy novolacs are not good candidates for food processing facilities.


True or false: The American Architectural Manufacturers Association is merging with the Insulating Glass Manufacturers Alliance.


What causes solvent popping?


What organization has a chemical review status tracker?


True or false: The SWR Institute validates the performance test results published by manufacturers of sealants.


True or false: In coating work, the cold wall effect is created with a liquid-applied air barrier.


True or false: The SSPC/NACE joint standard on surface preparation of concrete does not apply to masonry walls.


What was the top state for LEED certification in 2018, according to the U.S. Green Building Council?


True or false: The U.S. Green Building Council created the Energy Star program.


True or false: Zinc phosphate pigments, when used in primers for steel substrates, provide sacrificial protection of the metal.


True or false: Of the four primary standards for measuring surface profile on blast-cleaned steel, two of them also address profile generated by power tools.


True or false: Spray foam systems can act as effective air barrier systems either externally applied over structural elements or internally applied within cavity systems.


True or false: A small defect in a coating on steel reinforcement metal in concrete can cause rapid deterioration of the steel.


What organization has a council that deals with architectural coatings?


True or false: Not all the SSPC surface preparation standards are issued jointly with NACE.


True or false: The Aluminum Association publishes a specification for anodized architectural aluminum.


When was the first national organization to represent the paint industry established?


From what organization can you purchase "Research Report 912: Guidelines for Detection and Remediation of Soluble Salt Contamination Prior to Coating Steel Highway Structures"?


What organization provides a method of identifying defects and failures of coatings, including a system to establish the degree of surface degradation to help determine proper surface preparation, level of priming and appropriate paint system?


True or false: 0.0254 mm = 10 mils.


True or false: The roofing contractors association recently advocated for legal immigration in a White House meeting to help solve its workforce shortages.


True or false: SSPC has a performance standard for coating systems used on offshore structures.


True or false: SSPC has certified professional blasters, painters and inspectors.


True or false: A seal coat over thermal-sprayed zinc will perform better if application occurs before natural oxidation can form on the zinc.


What is one drawback of using low pressure water (less than 5,000 psi) at 250 F to remove coatings from brick?


True or false: SSPC’s CCI certification of concrete coating inspectors applies to protective but not architectural coatings.


True or false: While OSHA’s Construction Industry standards require that abrasive blasting respirators be worn during abrasive blasting operations, its General Industry standards do not have this requirement.


What organization has a performance standard for liquid-applied flashing used around exterior wall openings?


True or false: “Perm,” the unit of permeance, has the same value in metric and U.S. measures.


What term is used to denote “interconnected microcracks in concrete substrates caused by the use of high-impact, mechanical methods of concrete removal and surface preparation"?


In discussing how to achieve success in coating concrete, a noted authority named “the culprit that’s echoed across the industry when it comes to coating failure.” What culprit did he name?


Aside from newsletters, NACE has how many print publications?


True or false: Breathability is an important requirement for exterior wall coatings on concrete, according to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.


True or false: In ASTM’s standard definition of protective coating work, inspection is included as one of the operations required to accomplish a complete coating job.


Erosion resistance is the ability of a coating to withstand being worn away by what means?


True or false: If a paint crawls, it has a good spreading rate.


True or false: John D. Keane was the first executive director of SSPC.


What organization originally produced what is now called SSPC-VIS 1, “Guide and Reference Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Dry Abrasive Blast Cleaning"?


True or false: According to an industry expert, waterjet cleaning at 20,000 psi can remove thick elastomeric coatings at a production rate up to six times faster than traditional abrasive blasting.


True or false: Industry experts universally agree that sweep blasting is the best remedy for exceeding the coating manufacturer’s maximum recommended interval for topcoating a primer or intermediate coat.


True or false: In surface preparation operations, hackles are most likely to be formed on steel substrates when the blast abrasive is steel shot.


True or false: When a manufacturer claims that a microbicidal coating kills 99.9% of certain infectious bacteria, the coating must be tested and registered by the EPA.


True or false: NACE and SSPC publish a joint standard on qualifying and certifying architectural coating applicators.


True or false: If inorganic zinc-rich coatings are left untopcoated in atmospheric exposure, they become less porous over time.


True or false: Byproduct abrasives include nickel slag, copper slag, boiler slag and peach pits.


What organization publishes the document, “Standard Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials and Applications"?


True or false: The adhesion of a coating to a steel substrate depends entirely upon the chemical bonding of the coating to the steel.


What is the term used to describe “the formation of localized corrosion products scattered over the surface of a substrate in the form of knob-like mounds”?


True or false: In railcar interiors, baked phenolics are normally used for product purity where corrosive chemicals are not being shipped, according to a JPCL article.


True or false: Low-build coatings can meet the most rigorous air-barrier performance requirements of the International Code Council.


What is checked by a blotter test?


True or false: The qualifications of commercial painting contractors can be certified by SSPC.


True or false: In the construction of transmission towers, one of the durability-enhancing measures on structures for severe environments is to increase the film build of the zinc/iron and pure zinc layers during galvanizing and one method to reliably achieve this is by abrasive blasting the steel before galvanizing, says a JPCL author.


True or false: “Mechanical tooth” is a term used to describe the sharp points on a needle scaler power tool.


What is one thing Lloyd Smith, Bernie Appleman and Bob Kogler have in common?


True or false: According to a JPCL article, most manufacturers do not recommend special cleaners to prepare the roof surface prior to applying their coatings to single-ply membranes like ethylene propylene diene terpolymer.


True or false: Mill scale is synonymous with corrosion scale.


According to Merriam-Webster, brown bagging is “the practice of carrying one's lunch (as to school or work) usually in a brown paper bag”; also, “the practice of carrying a bottle of liquor into a restaurant or club where setups are available.” In coating work, what is brown bagging, according to MPI?


True or false: Abrasive blasting of concrete substrates can produce silica sand inhalation hazards.


A variation on polyurethane coating chemistry that allows for faster curing times and higher film builds has what name?


True or false: Infrared radiation thermal imaging has been proposed as a technology for monitoring in real-time the application of certain thick-film coatings.


Wet storage stain applies to what substrate?


True or false: Polyaspartic coatings cure more slowly than polyureas.


Corrosion of steel rebar begins to occur at what pH level of pore water near the rebar in concrete?


The United States Department of Energy recently announced $33.5 million to fund grants for advanced research with the goal of increasing the overall energy efficiency of buildings by what percentage?


SSPC’s Contractor Certification program was modeled in part on the certification program of what other organization?


True or false: Bernard Appleman was the first recipient of SSPC’s John D. Keane Award.


True or false: Air abrasive blasting with dry ice produces less debris that other air blast cleaning methods.


What general name is given to a coating that responds with corrective measures when corrosion is detected beneath the coating?


What degree of surface profile is required on concrete for the application of a penetrating sealer?


True or false: When low tensile forces, such as painters’ tape, are applied to paint over drywall with Level 4 and 5 finishes, the paint can sometimes fail due to field-thinning of joint compound.


True or false: All dust is dangerous to breathe and abrasive blasting, whether it is wet abrasive blasting or dry abrasive blasting, generates dust above the PEL recommended by NIOSH and enforced by OSHA, says a JPCL writer.


True or false: According to a JPCL article, most manufacturers recommend special cleaners to prepare the roof surface prior to applying their coatings to single-ply membranes like ethylene propylene diene terpolymer.


True or false: UL publishes the technical manual Standard Practice for the Testing and Inspection of Intumescent Fire-Resistive Materials.


True or false: In New York City’s new green roof bill, all new residential and commercial buildings must have either vegetation, solar panels, small wind turbines or a combination of these to comply.


Which of the following persons has been Director of Research at SSPC?


Early test findings from a research study have demonstrated improved mechanical properties of concrete after nano platelets of what vegetables have been added.


How are the number of OSHA’s field inspections expected to change in the next two years?


True or false: The joint SSPC/NACE standard on surface preparation of concrete lists numerous surface preparation methods together with the surface profile range achievable with each method.


True or false: One Durability + Design article asserted that polished concrete can reduce floor care costs by 98%.


What term is used to describe the implement that wets the abrasive as it exits the nozzle of a wet blast system?


Where is the international commission on illumination located?


What organization developed synthetic dirt for coatings testing?


What organization held the technical conference Greencoat China in October 2018?


True or false: ICRI recommends 6 to 9 mils of profile in its surface preparation requirements for polymer overlays on concrete.


True or false: One expert says that in pressure washing, water volume, recommended at 6-8 gpm, is more significant than water pressure in assuring successful rinsing of coating and stripper residue from a masonry substrate, especially if the masonry substrate is sensitive to damage.


Who edited the failure analysis treatise Fitz’s Atlas 2?


What organization offers the professional certification called Building Analyst?


True or false: OSHA administers the whistleblower provisions of more than 20 whistleblower statutes.


Which of the following is used for in-service inspection of CUI systems?


What is the name of the reaction in concrete that produces a gel with negative consequences?


The first U.S. patent describing abrasive blasting was issued in what year?


True or false: In an air abrasive blasting system, the blast hose ID should be at least 3-4 times the size of the nozzle orifice to achieve productive blasting results.


True or false: Bimetallic corrosion, such as that which results when two dissimilar metals are connected electrically in a water tank interior, occurs most rapidly when the two metals are far apart rather than close together in the galvanic series.


True or false: SSPC and NACE issue joint standards on abrasive blast cleaning, water and wet blast cleaning, cleaning of concrete and power tool cleaning.


What major coating event will be held this month in Atlantic City?


True or false: Zinc pyrithione is used as a non-toxic corrosion inhibitor in protective coatings.


What cities have enacted green roof mandates?


True or false: A two-part modified epoxy novolac polysulfide coating was applied successfully to aged concrete fuel storage tanks.


Who wrote the Paint Inspector’s Field Guide?


What organization asserts that it is “dedicated to the establishment of quality, performance and sustainable coatings standards"?


What organization publishes the guidance document, "Soluble Salt Testing Frequency and Locations on New Steel Surfaces"?


True or false: PDA has the Polymeric Floor Coatings Advisory Committee.


In coating work, what is PSPC?


True or false: Graphene is being used in coatings for corrosion protection as well as in architectural coatings.


True or false: The SWRI has a performance standard for liquid-applied flashing materials used on the exterior wall openings of buildings.


What type of cure is described as fusing of adjacent particles following water evaporation?


True or false: Acrylic coatings have been formulated for formaldehyde abatement.


What organization will kick-off its 2019 annual conference with the training course, Surface Preparation for Concrete and Steel?


True or false: A mil is one-millionth of an inch and equals 25.4 microns.


What trade association says it consists of “a wide cross section of stakeholders in the building enclosure industry”?


True or false: Olivine is an agricultural blasting abrasive derived from olive pits.


True or false: SSPC has a procedure to test the performance of immersion linings.


True or false: SSPC, ISO and Australian dry film thickness testing standards are remarkably similar to one another.


True or false: With electrostatic painting, waterborne coatings are conductive and tend to carry a charge that can cause issues with “grounding out” when they are sprayed.


True or false: Bristle blasting requires the use of metallic abrasives.


True or false: The NFPA publishes a test method for determining the flammability characteristics of exterior, non-load-bearing wall assemblies/panels.


True or false: The Federal Highway Administration conducts a National Transportation Product Evaluation Program.


True or false: A White Metal Blast (SSPC-SP 5) allows no rust, no mill scale, no old paint and 5 percent stains to remain on a steel surface after cleaning.


MPI 500 Series standards are designed especially to serve what organization?


True or false: The U.S. Green Building Council offers LEED recertification for all LEED-certified projects.


True or false: A worker with tree nut allergies was apparently killed by inhaling walnut shell particles from an abrasive blasting operation.


True or false: There are differences of opinion among sealant manufacturers about how to prepare weathering steel surfaces for application of new sealant after old sealant is removed.


True or false: SSPC has a procedure to test the performance of immersion linings.


In what city is an $8.5 billion airport expansion taking place?


True or false: SSPC’s Coating Application Specialist Standard is issued jointly with the American Coatings Association.


What organization has Training Validation and Product Validation programs?


True or false: There is no published research to support the view that the peak count of surface profile after blast cleaning affects coating performance.


In the Million Cool Roofs Challenge, how much money will be awarded to the winning team that has demonstrated the best sustainable and transferable model for rapid deployment of cool roofs in a developing country and best meets the judging criteria?


In protective coating work, a sieve analysis is used to determine the weight distribution of blasting abrasive.


The cliché about “location, location, location” being the three most important things in assessing the value of a house is mirrored by what similar phrase offered by a PaintSquare coating specialist on the three most important considerations in painting a bridge?


True or false: One of SSPC’s standards for hand-tool cleaning of steel before painting requires a surface profile.


What organization patented the use of a magnetic field sensor array that’s placed in a pipeline after installation via horizontal directional drilling in order to send back information that engineers can analyze to identify coating damage that may have occurred during the installation process?


True or false: A large public school system wanting to paint its buildings could specify SSPC-QP 8 in order to acquire an SSPC-certified contractor for the work.


True or false: SSPC has approved five new chapters in Latin America since 2017.


True or false: The air abrasive blast method that produces the least debris uses dry ice as the abrasive.


True or false: One mil of surface profile is required on concrete to be treated with a siloxane sealer.


What scale is sometimes used to rate the dust emissions from abrasive blasting operations?


True or false: Typical ranges of electrostatic transfer efficiency are anywhere from 85 to 95 percent, depending on the target type and other factors, according to an industry expert.


True or false: ICRI has recently published a Concrete Coating Texture Standard.


What organization produced a structural silicone glazing guide in 2018?


True or false: OSHA has used drones for inspection of worksites.


True or false: Steel for the recently completed Hålogaland Bridge, located in Narvik, Norway, was coated in a U.S. fabricating shop.


True or false: According to OSHA, inhalation hazards that can be derived from a concrete substrate when abrasive blasting include asbestos and silicates but not silica sand.


Publication of JPCL was launched in what year?


Who wrote in a JPCL article about the cure time required before coating concrete, “The problem with the magic 28-day number is that there is just as much empirical evidence that 28 days isn’t necessary, as there is for its requirement for a longer cure time prior to coating."


True or false: A portable centrifugal wheel blast machine typically uses steel grit abrasive to clean and profile concrete floors.


True or false: SSPC Technical Proceedings papers from SSPC conferences, 2010 through 2019, are available at sspc.org.


True or false: The US Green Building Council awards a certification for conforming with the requirements in the Green Guide for Health Care.


Tuesday: True or false: SSPC-SP 18 is often specified for the surface preparation of newly galvanized steel.


True or false: UL publishes the technical manual, Standard Practice for the Testing and Inspection of Intumescent Fire-Resistive Materials.


True or false: Light etching to produce a surface profile is required on concrete before it is treated with a siloxane sealer.


True or false: Abrasive blast cleaning workers are regularly exposed to noise in excess of 120 dBA.


True or false: A Dutch study found that use of biodiesel as a component in diesel fuel blends could be leading to increased corrosion in underground storage tanks that hold the fuel.


What state was number one for LEED certification in 2018, according to the US Green Building Council?


What organization offers a “streamlined process for pre-approving prefabricated modular classroom models that meet a criteria rating system for healthy, high-performance schools"?


True or false: Infrared curing of coatings can have a lower operating cost than convection curing.


True or false: The Heat Island Group is part of the U.S. Green Building Council.


True or false: Fred Goodwin says that “crazing” is the term used to describe the creation of microcracks in a concrete substrate after surface preparation by impact, pulverizing or other mechanical surface preparation methods.


True or false: One paint consultant advocates for the use of a hammer to check for compliance with SSPC-SP 6 after the paint has been applied.


True or false: One course being offered at SSPC 2019 Coatings+ is Project Management for the Industrial Painting Contractor.


True or false: Sodium bicarbonate can be used in both wet blast and dry blast operations.


What is one important difference between an air barrier and a vapor barrier in terms of resistance properties?


Which of the following organizations does not certify the performance of coating materials?


True or false: A main session of the technical program at SSPC 2019 is “Coating Types.”


What organization offers certification programs called Decorative Concrete Flatwork Finisher and Decorative Concrete Flatwork Associate?


True or false: Testing blasting abrasive by placing it in a clean glass jar containing clean water and shaking the jar with the lid on is a test for salt contamination.


True or false: According to a PaintSquare blogger, the cost to repair a protective coating system failure offshore can be 100 times greater than the cost of applying the coating system in the shop.


True or false: UL (Underwriters Laboratories) publishes inspection manuals dealing with spray-applied, fire-resistive coating materials.


True or false: SSPC’s CCI certification of concrete coating inspectors applies to protective coatings for industrial structures but not architectural coatings.


What is the basis for the U.S. Green Building Council’s planned new building certification, LEED Positive?


True or false: A metallized substrate provides cathodic protection and develops an oxide film that adds barrier protection of the underlying steel.


True or false: SSPC has a qualification and certification program for independent specification writers.


True or false: ASTM publishes a solvent rub tests for inorganic but not organic coatings.


True or false: One expert says that the water volume is more significant than the water pressure in achieving success when a pressure washer is used to rinse off coating and stripper residue after coatings are exposed to chemical strippers for the appropriate time on masonry substrates.


True or false: The 2019 World of Concrete includes a three-hour seminar on concrete polishing.


True or false: In an air abrasive blast system that utilizes a venturi nozzle, a typical particle speed is 450 mph.


True or false: The U.S. and Russia have conducted joint research on cost-effective air barrier systems.


True or false: The American Iron and Steel Institute publishes a test method for measuring the slip coefficient of coatings used on the faying surfaces of bolted joints.


True or false: Inhibitive pigments are typically used in coatings for concrete substrates.


True or false: According to one PaintSquare blogger, dry ice can leave a surface profile.


What is the name of the abrasive blast nozzle with internal restriction at the center to increase abrasive speed and produce a more uniform blast pattern?


True or false: According to a concrete coating specialist in a JPCL article, failure of flooring materials is usually due to a combination of factors rather than a single, simple cause that led to below-expectation performance.


True or false: According to a PaintSquare blog, when removing and replacing a sealant on a weathering steel substrate, some coating suppliers require removing both the sealant and patina, followed by application of a protective coating before application of the sealant.


True or false: One NACE CORROSION Conference was held in Buffalo, New York.


True or false: Cavern Clay is an extender pigment with anti-corrosion properties.


What is the consensus among coating specialists about the percentage of deterioration that is acceptable at a one-year warranty inspection of water tank linings before a contractor must repair the coating job?


When assessing the moisture content of wood with an electronic moisture meter, what moisture level is generally considered the upper limit for successful painting?


True or false: In a laboratory study of marine-environment performance of zinc-rich primers, applied over surface preparation by UHP waterjetting, the primers achieved performance equivalent to, or better than, that achieved over surface preparation by abrasive blasting.


True or false: One color specialist has stated that “LEDs could replace paint as the future of color in architecture.”


While the three most important things about selling a house are location, location, location, the three most important things about painting a bridge are access, access, access, according to what coating specialist?


True or false: A PaintSquare blogger recently stated that “Concrete, on average, takes one month per inch of thickness to dry enough to receive most flooring products.”


True or false: Hypodermic pressure gauges are used to check abrasive flow rates in a blast hose.


True or false: The cost to repair a premature failure of the protective coating system on an offshore wind turbine can be over 100 times the cost per square meter for the coating when originally applied in the paint shop.


True or false: Air and airless spray produce about the same amount of overspray.


True or false: PDCA created a standard definition of “coating work.”


True or false: The adhesion of a coating to a steel substrate depends entirely upon the mechanical attachment or hooking of the coating to the profile of the steel.


True or false: Anodized finishes have excellent corrosion resistance in coastal settings.


True or false: The Federal Highway Administration is engaged in performance testing of bridge coatings for state highway departments.


What organization acquired the Master Painters Institute?


True or false: According to a study by German researchers, specifying a particular edge geometry is not the most significant factor in controlling corrosion of steel edges in sea-water environments.


A prominent PaintSquare blogger blames inadequate surface preparation for what percentage of coating failures?


True or false: Mushroom sausages have been used as building materials.


In coating work, what is PLURAL?


True or false: SSPC has a holiday detection standard.


What is another name for the Tooke Gauge?


True or false: Dry film thickness measurement standards used around the world are quite similar to one another.


What does the blotter test determine?


True or false: A research study by Roper, Weaver and Brandon indicated that the number of peaks in a steel surface profile created by abrasive blasting has an effect on performance of coatings applied to the steel.


True or false: It is harder to remove coal tar epoxy than coal tar enamel from a steel substrate.


True or false: If coatings were removed before abrading a concrete floor slab to conduct the ASTM anhydrous calcium chloride test, four hours must elapse between grinding and conducting the test.


True or false: The SSPC standard for hand-tool cleaning of steel before painting does not requires a surface profile.


True or false: “Working mix” and “operating mix” denote the same thing.


True or false: Sulfate-reducing bacteria contribute to corrosion by reacting with water to produce hydrogen sulfide.


True or false: In concrete polishing, the term “Tool Completion” is used to describe the condition when a diamond tool has refined a concrete surface to the point when it no longer cuts the surface, or cuts very little.


SSPC-SP 10, Near White Metal Blast Cleaning, allows stains of rust, stains of mill scale, or stains from previous coatings to remain on what percent of a blast-cleaned surface?


True or false: In North America, there are three hand- and power-tool cleaning standards.


True or false: SSPC publishes a standard procedure for describing the size and density of the blisters so that comparisons of severity can be made.


In addition to having a standard on determining the degree of rusting, ASTM also has what other standard for conducting condition surveys?


What is one thing FROSIO has in common with NACE International?


True or false: According to a Durability + Design “Solve It” answer, solvent is not useful for removing graffiti from the historic stone masonry on a church.


Who said: “It is widely held that 60 to 85 percent of all premature coating failures can be attributed directly to inadequate surface preparation"?


True or false: In anti-corrosion barrier coatings, the chemical nature of the binder and the thickness of the coating typically provide the greatest functional contributions, according to a Durability + Design blog.


True or false: ASTM has a quantitative test method for evaluating the adhesion of a coating by cutting and probing it with a utility knife.


True or false: The ISO blast cleaning standard Sa3, Blast Cleaning to Visually Clean Steel, is equivalent to SSPC-SP 6, Commercial Blast.


True or false: Citric acid is not strong enough to etch concrete before painting.


What was the topic of a coating conference held in Antwerp, Belgium, in June this year?


True or false: It takes 25.4 mils to make 1 micron.


True or false: Some instruments used to detect moisture levels in concrete employ electrical impedance technology.


True or false: When you have an execessively deep surface profile and you re-blast clean the surface with a smaller abrasive, you can reduce the surface profile, but your peak count and peak density suffer considerably, compared to using the “correctly sized” abrasive from the start, according to research reported in PaintSquare Daily News.


What is another name for the coating failure term “bleeding"?


True or false: Synthetic dirt was developed by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for accelerated testing of pavement markings.


True or false: A recent Durability + Design poll found that 90 percent of respondents said the painting industry is properly educated on the potential of hearing loss caused by solvent exposure, as described by OSHA.


What organization has two standards for measuring surface profile?


What paint application method produces the most overspray?


True or false: In a state highway department test, reported in JPCL, a two-coat elastomeric acrylic system and a zinc-rich moisture cure urethane/polyaspartic system both outperformed a conventional organic zinc/epoxy/polyurethane system.


True or false: Flash rusting and rust back are two names for the same phenomenon, according to an industry expert.


True or false: At very high temperatures (higher than 90 degrees Fahrenheit), the top of applied coatings may skin over or cure too quickly, trapping air or solvent bubbles.


True or false: ASTM is the sole representative of the United States to the International Organization for Standardization.


In paint application by conventional air spraying, what causes dry spray?


True or false: In spray-applying zinc-rich paints, the zinc dust particles will not separate from the binder once they have been mixed together thoroughly.


True or false: The American Concrete Institute publishes a guide for selecting concrete repair materials.


According to a surface preparation study reported in JPCL, abrasive size was not found to be a primary driver in the resultant surface profile depth and peak density of blasted steel surfaces.


True or false: When the relative humidity is high, curing times for waterborne coatings will be shorter than what is stated as normal on the application data sheet.


True or false: SSPC has a committee on salt contamination measurement.


What organization publishes The Applicator?


True or false: OSHA recently announced the awarding of funds to the Finishing Trades Institute, Mid-Atlantic Region, for fall-protection training for 300 youth and apprentices in the finishing trades.


True or false: Zinc-rich coatings do not work well in protecting steel substrates in predominantly wet, highly alkaline exposure environments.


True or false: In surface preparation work, the term “fines” is often used to denote blasting abrasive residue that has been broken down into a powder.


True or false: The anhydrous calcium chloride test for measuring moisture in concrete slabs is a quantitative rather than a qualitative test.


True or false: The rectangular metal tool used to deposit a specified thickness of wet coating on a test panel or other substrate is called a notch bar.


True or false: The Brierly Method is the name for measuring soluble salt conductivity on steel before painting by applying a special patch to the substrate, injecting deionized water beneath it and then extracting the water to assess its conductivity.


True or false: A polyurea coating material showed excellent performance in a five-year inspection of a lining system on a potable water tank bottom that had suffered significant soil-side corrosion in Melbourne, Australia.


What organization published a white paper to help all architects understand the need for materials transparency?


True or false: The American Coatings Association was called the National Paint and Coatings Association before it acquired its current name.


According to an industry study reported in Durability + Design, in what time frame does the biggest drop in a roof coating’s solar reflectance occur?


True or false: The EIFS Industry Members Association (EIMA) grants the EIFSmart Contractor Seal to contractors that install Exterior Insulating and Finishing Systems.


True or false: HVLP spraying is used to apply thermoplastic powder.


Which of the following objects can be used to check the soundness of concrete before the application of a thick-film coating?


True or false: The more friable an abrasive, the greater the tendency for the abrasive to break down upon impact.


True or false: Venturi blast nozzles create a narrower blast pattern than straight bore nozzles.


What organization now offers guidance on the amount and locations of soluble salt testing on new steel?


What government agency mandated in May this year that solar panels be installed on most new homes?


True or false: Non-sparking tools can produce sparks.


True or false: The SSPC Visual Standard photos in SSPC-VIS 6 show steel cleaned by UHP water jetting.


What organization describes itself as “an international association of building envelope consultants”?


True or false: According to Clive Hare, the threat of mudcracking in thick, heavily pigmented coatings is more likely with platey than with spherical pigments.


Which of the following types of qualification procedures is not offered by SSPC?


True or false: NACE publishes a standard that gives durability grades of low, medium and high for paint systems in various environments and levels of surface preparation.


True or false: Single-ply roofing membranes can be restored by the application of liquid-applied coating systems.


If you need to answer a question about the surface profile requirements for blasted surfaces on a job, what document would you consult?


How many power tool cleaning standards do SPPC and NACE publish jointly?


True or false: Either galvanic or impressed current is used to create cathodic protection of steel.


True or false: The EIFS Industry Member Association (EIMA) collaborated with the National Institute of Building Science to study how EIFS performs in terms of energy and moisture.


True or false: Zinc dust is an inhibitive pigment used in coatings for corrosion control.


True or false: The Federal Highway Administration maintains a database describing the results of performance testing of bridge coatings.


When abrasive is recycled without sufficient new abrasive being added to the operating mix, what happens to the surface profile of steel being cleaned?


True or false: The recent cable failure on the James B. Edwards Bridge, in Charleston, South Carolina, was not caused by corrosion, according to the South Carolina Department of Transportation.


True or false: In a ruling earlier this year, the California Supreme Court agreed to review the lead-liability judgment against a paint company, a gas company and a raw material supplier.


True or false: Pitting corrosion is caused by the formation and collapse of bubbles.


True or false: SSPC publishes a standard procedure for describing the size and density of the blisters so that comparisons of severity can be made.


What organization publishes the Guide for Concrete Slabs that Receive Moisture-Sensitive Flooring Materials?


True or false: One inspector’s guide says that ground egg shells are used as a blasting abrasive.


True or false: Level 4 drywall finish requires a skim coat of joint compound or similar material to cover the entire drywall surface after multiple layers of joint compound have been applied to taped joints and fasteners.


True or false: Olivine is classified as an agricultural blasting abrasive.


True or false: The surface preparation standards for the most thorough level of blast cleaning are SSPC-SP 5, NACE No. 3 and ISO Sa 1.


True or false: Fitz’s Atlas details corrosion rates around the world.


True or false: California has set a policy goal that all homes constructed in 2040 or after must be energy-neutral.


True or false: Australia has a painting contractor certification program similar to the one overseen by the SSPC in the U.S.


True or false: The EPA recently refused to follow a court order to revise its dust-lead standards.


Researchers in Australia recently published a paper on advances in robotic abrasive blast cleaning. What was the main subject of the paper?


In what country was a project to build five 3D-printed houses recently announced?


True or false: Eddy current gages are used to measure dry film thickness of coatings on concrete.


True or false: All the ASTM test methods for measuring moisture in concrete are non-destructive.


True or false: The Cool Roof Rating Council’s SRI measurements, which combine solar reflectance and thermal emittance into one value, are usually between 0 and 100, with particularly cool materials exceeding 100.


What organization in the list shown offers a certification for shop painting of bridge and highway steel?


True or false: SSPC’s written surface preparation standards describing degrees of cleaning of steel take precedence over the photographs of cleaned steel shown in SSPC-VIS 1.


True or false: SSPC has a test method for determining the size of abrasives.


True or false: A drawdown bar is used to apply gold leaf to a metal substrate.


Which method of blasting produces the least blast debris, presuming the same substrate in the same condition is being cleaned by each method?


True or false: UHP technology has been modified to create specialized firefighting equipment.


What organization provides visual profile standards for concrete?


OSHA has developed regulations on abrasive blasting in the marine and construction industries, and in one other. What is it?


True or false: When brush-off abrasive blast cleaning is used to prepare architectural aluminum for recoating, the blast pressure should be the same as the pressure used for brush-off blast cleaning of carbon steel.


True or false: Epoxies are sometimes hybridized with silicones to achieve both anti-corrosive properties and UV resistance.


In corrosion control materials, what does a “duplex system” normally refer to?


Which one of the following agricultural materials is typically not used to create abrasives for blasting?


True or false: The anhydrous calcium chloride test for measuring moisture in concrete slabs is a quantitative rather than a qualitative test.


True or false: Filiform corrosion is characterized by a definite thread-like structure and directional growth under coatings on steel.


What is another term for Venetian mosaic?


True or false: There is no quantitative test method for measuring the surface profile of concrete.


Among the surface preparation methods below, which makes the most sense for removing coatings from brick while minimizing substrate damage and airborne dust?


What is the common name for the coating “defect in which the wet film recedes from localized areas of the substrate (usually caused by insufficient wetting) leaving those areas uncoated”?


What is the typical reason for using citric rather than another acid to etch concrete?


True or false: If a school system wanted to require an SSPC-certified contractor for a maintenance painting job, it would specify certification according to SSPC-QP 1.


True or false: An EPA study in 2016 showed that 83 percent of underground storage tanks containing diesel fuel showed moderate to severe corrosion.


What organization provides research grants to fund projects that will advance the future of architectural design and practice?


What is the mechanism of corrosion protection afforded by zinc-rich primers, according to a JPCL article on the subject?


True or false: The AIA maintains coating standards for architectural aluminum extrusions and panels.


White corrosion products are typically found on what type of substrate?


What term describes the degree of drying of paint “when no loosening, detachment, wrinkling or other distortion of the film occurs when the thumb is borne downward while simultaneously turning the thumb through an angle of 90 degrees in the plane of the film ... and maximum pressure is exerted by the arm”?


True or false: Tests determined that the cladding panels—aluminum sheets with a polyethylene core—were the only possible cause of the rapid flame spread during the Grenfell Tower fire in London.


True or false: In coating thickness measurements, it takes 50 microns to make 1 mil.


True or false: Only abrasive blast-cleaning standards from SSPC require a surface profile on steel.


True or false: In SSPC’s organizational structure, APAC is an advisory council set up to lobby Congress.


What organization’s members “specialize in design, investigation, repair and management of roofing, exterior wall and waterproofing systems”?


True or false: SSPC-VIS 1, Guide and Reference Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Dry Abrasive Blast Cleaning, was derived from the visual standards of the Institute of Corrosion in the UK.


True or false: A bristle blaster is another term for a roto peen power tool.


What type of product is listed in the Cool Roof Rating Council’s Rated Products Directory?


True or false: The migration of asphalt from a roof to the surface of a white roof coating applied over it is called drift.


True or false: The peak-to-valley height of the surface profile on steel created by abrasive blasting or power tool cleaning typically ranges from 1 to 8 mils.


True or false: In determining the type and color of original finishes on historical structures, sophisticated techniques of chemical analysis are not effective.


What organization recently announced formation of the Corrosion Consortia to foster research on corrosion control?


True or false: Exposure to solvents used in paints can cause hearing loss.


True or false: SHAPP is the abbreviation for the emission standard set by the EPA to cover exposure to hazardous air pollutants in steel fabrication and paint shops, among other facilities.


True or false: What organization defines seven levels of gloss?


SSPC classifies non-metallic abrasive into three kinds, two of which are mineral and slag and other by-products. What is the third class?


What organization has a specification for pigments used to create integrally colored concrete?


True or false: In its recently revised SSPC-PA 7, Applying Thin Film Coatings to Concrete, “thin film” is defined as being 10 mils thick or less.


Which of the following is not the subject of an SSPC Qualification Procedure for application contractors?


True or false: SSPC has a chapter in France.


What organization acquired the Master Painters Institute?


True or false: SSPC power tool cleaning standards are issued jointly with NACE International.


True or false: For a supplied-air respirator, OSHA requires Grade D air with an oxygen content of 82-88 percent.


True or false: “Angle of attack” in coating work applies to the pattern of application of thermal spray materials.


What U.S. company partnered in 2016 with ITECH Engineering School in Lyon, France, to help sponsor the first chemical engineering master’s degree program dedicated to paints and coatings in Europe?


According to Fred Goodwin in a JPCL article, the three Ds negatively affecting the durability of concrete are deterioration, damage and what else?


What organization recently issued a publication that offers guidance on where and how frequently to test for salts on steel that is either previously uncoated or was shop-coated and requires further coating in the field?


True or false: A wet blast system always uses water pressure as the cleaning force.


True or false: Because dyes react chemically with concrete, they are not true to their color charts.


In addition to China, Japan and the Philippines, in what other Asia-Pacific country does SSPC have a chapter?


What is the name of the European conference on building envelope technology being held this year in October, with 800 registrants expected from 40 countries?


The mandate to include solar panels on new homes in California starting in 2020 will add how much to the cost of construction, according to a California Energy Commission estimate?


What organization recently announced the creation of an Exterior Facade Fire Evaluation Comparison Tool to determine risk in high-rise buildings with combustible facades?


What is the subject of an SSPC/NACE standard that describes a “body of knowledge?”


True or false: Both hogs and badgers produce material used in paint brushes.


True or false: An Atlas Test Cell is normally used to test the performance of liquid-applied air barriers.


True or false: SSPC-SP 10 is the abrasive blast cleaning standard requiring the most rigorous degree of cleaning of steel.


According to transmission tower coating specialist Curt Hickcox, about how many energized steel transmission towers are there in North America?


In the first six months of enforcement of OSHA’s new silica rule (through April 17, 2018), how many companies have been cited for violating the rule?


True or false: ASTM publishes performance standards for coatings over aluminum extrusions and panels.


True or false: A coating’s resistance to fading is tested in an instrument called a light resistance chamber.


True or false: President Lyndon Johnson signed the Occupational Safety and Health Act, establishing OSHA.


What organization is developing a pinhole standard for concrete and masonry coatings?


What shipping exhibition will be held in June this year?


True or false: The US Green Building Council developed SmartSite, a leading construction site performance tool.


True or false: A limpet cell is a corrosion cell in a steel pit that contains soluble salts.


True or false: There are no gages for field use that can accurately judge the dry-film thickness of coatings on steel edges.


True or false: A PaintSquare blogger recently wrote the following: "Strong adhesion is the key to coating performance and long life.”


True or false: According to an EPA risk assessment, the dangers of methylene chloride exposure include death; certain cancers; and liver, kidney and reproductive toxicities as a result of both short, acute exposure and years of occupational exposure.


What was the first organization to initiate painter competitions, in which teams of three painters competed against one another in demonstrating their craft by coating a large steel panel with attached angles and pipe sections?


True or false: Wet-dry cyclic tests of a coating’s corrosion resistance, conducted in the laboratory, have the same correlation to field performance as steady-state salt spray (fog) corrosion tests, such as ASTM B117 and ISO 9227.


True or false: One possible reason for a paint film to remain tacky or soft for lengthy periods is low drying and curing temperatures.


True or false: High alkalinity on the surfaces of concrete and galvanizing can cause saponification of some coating types.


What organization published the Architectural Painting Specification Manual?


True or false: When assessing the moisture content of wood with an electronic moisture meter, a moisture level of 30 percent is generally considered the upper limit for successful painting.


True or false: When a primer coating is loaded with zinc dust to protect steel, the zinc acts as an inhibitive pigment.


True or false: ASTM has a test method for measuring the surface profile of concrete.


What does the “GA” stand for in the name of the document, "GA-214, Recommended Levels of Gypsum Board Finish?"


Which of the following is an organization for paint chemists in the U.K.?


How long can bare wood be exposed to the outdoor atmosphere before it requires special surface preparation, according to the USDA Forest Products Laboratory (FPL)?


True or false: Test fences are often faced at a 45-degree angle toward the south to maximize sunlight exposure on coated test panels.


What organization published guidelines for selecting materials to assure the sustainability of transit terminals?


True or false: Polar solvents can be used to make paint sufficiently conductive for electrostatic spraying.


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, “freckles”—which pinpoint areas of corrosion consisting of spots of black iron oxide—appeared after accelerated corrosion testing of steel coated after reblasting to reduce an excessively high profile.


A needle gauge is used to check what process?


True or false: Standards for surface preparation of steel require solvent cleaning only after abrasive blasting.


True or false: SSPC-SP 10/NACE No. 2 requires that staining caused by rust, mill scale or previously applied coating must be limited to no more than 10 percent of each unit area of surface.


True or false: In a galvanic cell consisting of two dissimilar metals or alloys in the presence of an electrolyte, the more active of the metals corrodes at a greater rate, while the corrosion rate of the less active metal is greatly reduced.


True or false: Waterjetting is another name for power washing.


True or false: ICRI has published changes to the Concrete Aggregate Exposure Chart, eliminating the medium aggregate surface exposure and the approximate surface cut depths for all classes.


True or false: Coal slag abrasive is mainly aluminum silicate.


True or false: The greater the permeability of a coating on concrete, the more effectively it will perform.


True or false: Polyesters modified with fatty acids and other components are used to create acrylic binders.


True or false: A rapid rise fire test is typically used to evaluate the performance of thin-film intumescents on commercial buildings.


True or false: In a recent article, Lydia Frenzel said that both the waterjetting industry and the paint and coatings industry have been very supportive of waterjetting as a surface preparation activity.


True or false: Venetian mosaic is a form of Venetian plaster.


True or false: The terms “wet storage stain” and “white rust” denote two different phenomena.


True or false: NACE and SSPC were started in the same year.


The Building Enclosure Science & Technology conference will be presented this year by what organization?


True or false: A large school system that wanted to utilize certified painting contractors would invoke SSPC-QP 1 in its specifications.


What organization will offer a two-day, hands-on WUFI software workshop in May this year?


What noted coating specialist famously said, “I do not advocate the specification of 'sniff tests' because I don’t know how to calibrate a nose”?


True or false: The SSPC standard for ferrous metal abrasive is intended to be used for both new and recycled abrasive.


True or false: SSPC has a guide for determining the moisture content of concrete and masonry walls and ceilings.


An SSPC protective coating specialist should be familiar with what topic area?


What organization partnered with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to create an energy savings calculator?


True or false: There are several possible causes of non-osmotic blistering of coatings.


True or false: According to a D+D article, in cooler climates where heating dominates, it may be desirable to leave a metal roof unpainted, due to its low thermal emittance.


True or false: Size used on plaster and metal has the same composition.


What method was used to remove more recent coatings and reveal the original finish in the living room of a major historic residence in New England?


True or false: Aluminum oxide and garnet are sometimes recommended as appropriate abrasives for blast cleaning stainless steel.


What term is defined as the percentage of coating solids actually applied to the substrate by spray application?


What award winner at the recent SSPC conference in New Orleans on Jan. 15 said, “SSPC is my competitive advantage?"


True or false: Polymeric membranes for both plaza and green roof waterproofing often employ the same materials.


True or false: According to protective coating specialist Lee Wilson, increasing topcoat thickness when intermediate coat thickness is too low in order to achieve the specified total system thickness is not acceptable as good painting practice.


What organization publishes fire resistance ratings of archaic building materials?


True or false: Crevice corrosion may occur between individual sheets of metal during shipment and storage of stacks or bundles.


True or false: Fisheyes, or small quasi-circular areas of substrate exposed through a coating immediately after application, are usually caused by an excessively hot substrate.


True or false: Citric acid is sometimes used to etch concrete before application of coatings.


True or false: Wood can degrade when ultraviolet light passes through clear, ultraviolet-transparent varnishes.


True or false: According to noted coating authorities, wet adhesion is not one of the primary criteria for good corrosion resistance.


True or false: Test kits that contain small containers of pre-weighed, unhydrated calcium chloride are used to determine the corrosion resistance of coatings applied over soluble salts on steel substrates.


What is another term for the paint defect of crawling?


What causes crazing of a coating?


True or false: A Schmidt hammer is a rotary impact scarifier.


What organization does not produce standards for the surface preparation of concrete?


True or false: The source of soluble salts migrating to the surface of a coating to create efflorescence can be either the coating itself or the substrate.


When a relatively inflexible coating is applied too thickly, it is likely to manifest what failure type?


True or false: Modified salt spray testing is described in an ASTM standard.


True or false: Heterogeneities in steel, such as in grain structure and composition, do not contribute to corrosion.


The ASTM standard for moisture mitigation systems on concrete slabs for use under resilient flooring requires what level of permeance?


True or false: The SSPC CAS Interim Written Exam is now available in Spanish and Greek.


True or false: ISO offers a standard that gives durability grades of low, medium and high for paint systems in various environments and levels of surface preparation.


True or false: Samples of the liquid inside a blister on a coating often contain evidence regarding the cause of the coating failure.


What is the term used to describe blistering of paint films immersed in sea water caused by the force of an electrical potential gradient?


True or false: After a wood substrate has been painted, there is no danger of damage to the wood substrate from UV exposure where paint has failed and bare wood is exposed.


True or false: Most coating specialists say that stripe coating the edges of steel substrates is necessary even when edge-retention primers are used.


True or false: Highly scented oils and spices used in perfumery are sometimes added to paints for odor control.


What coating properties are assessed in a bend test?


True or false: The banana oil test is recognized as a quantitative fit test of an air-purifying respirator.


True or false: When two dissimilar metals are in contact in the presence of an electrolyte, the more noble metal will experience galvanic corrosion.


According to a recent PaintSquare Daily News article, what two states lead the nation in the number of deficient bridges needing repair?


The Concrete Polishing Council, a specialty council of the American Society of Concrete Contractors, has recently revised the Polished Concrete Aggregate Exposure Chart and the Polished Concrete Appearance Chart. What organization created the original versions of these charts?


What British organization recently launched a green building assessment system in the US?


True or false: According to Lydia Frenzel, the well-known industry expert on waterjetting, there is no distinction between flash rust and rust back.


What coating component controls corrosion by modifying anode and/or cathode reactions on steel substrates, driving the steel potential into its passive region?


True or false: Thermoplastic powder can be applied by thermal spray.


What is the term used to describe the development of small, knob-like mounds of corrosion products on the surface of a substrate?


True or false: A seal coat should not be applied over a thermal-sprayed zinc coating until oxidation occurs on the surface.


What force drives water through a coating film on metal to produce blisters?


True or false: A pencil hardness test is sometimes recommended to evaluate the cure of a coating.


Which one of the following agricultural materials is typically not used to create abrasives for blasting?


True or false: ASTM D3359, “Standard Test Method for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test,” measures the shear adhesion of a coating.


True or false: In judging the conformance of abrasive blast cleaning of steel with SSPC standards, such as SSPC-SP 10, the photos in SSPC-VIS 1 depicting levels of cleanliness take precedence over the written descriptions of required levels of cleanliness.


True or false: Another name for aluminum silicate abrasive is coal slag.


True or false: Penetrating sealers prevent moisture from entering and exiting concrete substrates.


True or false: The Department of Commerce sets standards for the treatment of historic structures.


True or false: Crevice corrosion is characterized by a definite thread-like structure and directional growth under coatings on steel.


True or false: Zinc phosphate provides galvanic corrosion protection to coatings.


True or false: Inorganic zinc-rich coatings and potassium silicate paints both provide sacrificial protection to steel substrates.


True or false: A recent JPCL research article concludes that thin-film coatings are effective in preventing corrosion of steel-reinforced concrete bridge components.


True or false: According to a recent statement in D+D magazine, full-refinement concrete polishing is being challenged by methods that shortcut the process.


What organization offers training and certification as a thermal spray coatings inspector?


True or false: Acid etching does not produce a surface profile on concrete.


True or false: As abrasives for blast cleaning, glass beads are classified as byproduct abrasives.


True or false: A surface layer of concrete weakened by interconnected microcracks is called laitance.


True or false: Burnished polished concrete requires less maintenance than bonded-abrasive polished concrete.


True or false: Opacity observations of dust emissions from blasting operations are sometimes reported using the Smoke Density Scale.


In what discipline is the term “maximum refinement” used?


True or false: Lithium silicate can be used to densify concrete.


True or false: Whether you are wet blasting or dry blasting, you must use a Type CE supplied-air respirator.


True or false: When a concrete floor slab is scarified in preparation for coating, bruising of the surface is not likely.


What can make concrete difficult to protect with coatings?


True or false: One way to remove graffiti from a stone wall without damaging the stone is to use high-pressure washing with hot water, according to a D+D “Solve It” answer.


What organizations participated with SSPC in a joint task force that addressed corrosion control planning?


True or false: A recent JPCL article made the point that accelerated corrosion testing as a means to predict what occurs in the real world today must be deemed irrelevant.


True or false: A National Institute of Standards and Technology study of roofing performance following Hurricane Katrina found buildings with spray foam roofs performed rather poorly.


The first SSPC Conference and Exhibition was held in what city?


How do you list these SSPC blast cleaning standards in order of the degree of rigor, from most to least rigorous?


ICRI and what other organization certify moisture-testing inspectors?


True or false: The minimum surface profile required to meet SSPC’s specification, "Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal," is 1.5 mils.


True or false: Level 6 gypsum board finish requires a thin skim coat of joint compound (or a material manufactured especially for this purpose) over the entire surface of the board.


True or false: Exposed structural steel in San Diego and Los Angeles airport construction projects completed in 2013 was coated with zinc-rich/epoxy/fluoropolymer coating systems.


A chain, a golf ball and a hammer can all be used to check for what condition, according to the “Solve It” forum in Durability + Design News?


True or false: NACE International has a performance standard for coatings on concrete in waste treatment facilities.


True or false: SSPC-AB 3 is meant to be used as a standard for both newly manufactured abrasive media and recycled media.


What demographic category constitutes nearly half of SSPC’s individual members?


True or false: According to a recent D+D article, seamless terrazzo floors, when treated using the recommended simple cleaning and maintenance routine, can last in excess of 30 years.


A recent JPCL article proposes what type of new test method to better qualify bridge coating systems?


True or false: An ultrasonic dry film thickness gage can measure dry film coating thickness only on cementitious substrates.


True or false: Extensive testing shows that the dynamic coefficient of friction of polished concrete floors exceeds requirements, even at very high gloss levels, according to a polishing industry trade group.


True or false: Replica putty can can be used to create a quantitative method for measuring the surface profile on concrete.


True or false: SSPC has a procedure to certify that contractors can successfully install floor coatings.


True or false: NFPA 33, the Standard for Spray Application Using Flammable or Combustible Materials, does not provide ventilation guidelines for containment structures used on bridges during painting operations.


True or false: Coatings applied over spray foam roofing provide a waterproofing membrane to prevent it from absorbing water.


True or false: A recent JPCL writer asserted that more than 75 percent of coating failure cases are due to poor or incorrect surface preparation.


The last solvent in a solvent blend to evaporate from an applied coating film is called what?


Which of the following organizations provides information about good practice in the selection and use of sealants in expansion joints?


True or false: OSHA requires every supplied-air respirator user to understand the hazards the respirator protects him or her from, but it does not require the user to understand how to maintain the respirator.


What organization offers a standard that gives durability grades of low, medium and high for paint systems in various environments and levels of surface preparation?


What organization says it “is charged with encouraging optimum energy use of buildings through a better understanding of how overall, complex building components interact with each other and with the environment.”


True or false: ISO has pictorial standards and other means of evaluating the degree of coating defects, such as blistering, rusting, cracking, flaking and chalking.


True or false: SSPC has a guide for determining moisture content of EIFS and stucco, among other substrate types.


In abrasive blasting work, how small do dust particles have to be to make them respirable and therefore dangerous to health?


What term is used to describe the migration of asphalt from a roof to the surface of a white roof coating?


What test produces blue spots on test paper when soluble salts are present?


What is the name of the analytical method that compares the composition of a particular batch of coating against a known standard for that coating?


True or false: Some departments of transportation and other owners continue to list design containment ventilation air flow rates of 60 fpm down-draft and 100 fpm cross-draft in their specifications.


What kind of binder is used with thermal spray aluminum?


What is the subject of an SSPC/NACE standard that describes a “body of knowledge"?


True or false: Both SSPC and ICRI offer training in moisture testing of concrete slabs.


True or false: There are now clear distinctions between “waterproof” and “water-resistant,” according to a recent D+D article.


True or false: Spidering is the name given to the creation of microcracks in a concrete surface through use of impact, pulverizing or other mechanical surface preparation methods.


True or false: Type X Gypsum Board is fire-rated.


True or false: Marmorino, a veneer decorative plaster, is not recommended for humid environments such as bathrooms.


True or false: The knife test used to determine the adhesion of coatings can be performed only in the laboratory.


True or false: The ASTM solvent rub test to determine cure of inorganic zinc-rich coatings allows both MEK and toluene to be used as the solvent.


True or false: Conventional air spray application of coatings causes more overspray than airless spray.


True or false: White rust develops on all non-ferrous metals.


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, the acidity of rainfall east of the Mississippi is at a pH level sufficiently low to promote a corrosion rate on zinc substrates, such as galvanizing, that is less than ideal.


True or false: A recent D+D article asserts that, generally speaking, once lead paint has been removed from residential houses, the EPA allows for the waste to be handled as household waste.


True or false: The results of the solvent rub test for cure of ethyl silicate inorganic zinc-rich coatings, ASTM D4752, can be ambiguous, according to JPCL writers.


True or false: The threat of mud cracking in highly pigmented paints applied at high film builds is likely to be diminished in coating films that employ platey pigments.


True or false: According to a PaintSquare News account of research on reducing excessive blast profile by re-blasting with a smaller abrasive, there is no adverse effect on peak count and peak density from this corrective action.


What organization worked with the Roof Coating Manufacturers Association to create a Product Category Rule for roof coatings?


True or false: According to the American Architectural Manufacturers Association in speaking about its performance specification for liquid-applied flashing, heat exposure is perhaps the most meaningful test in the specification.


True or false: SSPC has a committee for developing a classification scheme and standard for texture of floor coatings.


True or false: A D+D blogger points out that a building’s structural steel will begin to lose strength in a fire when it is heated to just over 570 degrees Fahrenheit.


True or false: Moisture meters based on electrical impedance testing indicate the presence of moisture only on the surface of CMU walls.


True or false: Suppliers of manufactured stone veneer are represented by the National Concrete Masonry Association.


True or false: A mandrel is used to test the crack resistance of coatings.


True or False: Silica sand and coal slag abrasive with the same particle size distribution will produce the same profile depth ranges on blast-cleaned steel.


True or false: When dissimilar metals are in contact in the presence of an electrolyte, the less noble metal will experience galvanic corrosion.


True or false: Inhibitive, platey or sacrificial pigments can be used in coatings on steel for corrosion prevention.


True or false: SSPC/NACE standards on surface preparation by waterjetting are now published on five levels of cleanliness.


True or false: The Cool Roof Rating Council is recognized by the EPA to certify roofing products for the ENERGY STAR program.


True or false: “One of the most prominent disadvantages found with dry abrasive blasting is that the blasting process can press contaminants into the surface,” according to PaintSquare blogger Warren Brand.


What organization publishes fire-resistance data on archaic building materials?


True or false: Respirable hazardous materials may be produced in some thermal spraying operations.


True or false: Service centers for steel rail tank cars are not well suited to conducting repairs on interior linings, according to a JPCL article.


True or false: A recent JPCL article reported results of a study indicating that inadequate surface preparation accounts for more than 75 percent of coating failures, while other studies indicate that inadequate engineering and specifying account for as much as half of coating failures.


According to the ICRI, how is dampproofing of concrete achieved?


True or false: SSPC’s new Industrial Coating Safety Management Training course is an advanced level course.


True or false: Corn cobs are sometimes used to create abrasive for blast cleaning.


True or false: In one test method, pencils are used to determine the hardness of coatings.


What is another name for induction time?


True or false: A hot work permit must be acquired from OSHA to conduct work in confined spaces when the temperature in the space is or is anticipated to exceed 100 degrees Fahrenheit.


Surface opalescence is a coating defect usually associated with what generic type of coating?


True or false: Anodizing is not sufficiently hard to be specified as a finish for aluminum in high traffic areas where resistance properties are important.


What type of blasting abrasive consists mainly of aluminum silicate?


What type of surface preparation is most likely to clean a metal surface but leave contaminants in pits?


True or false: Visual standard photos are an integral part of ISO hand- and power-tool cleaning standards, and the written standards recommend that use of the visual standards be made mandatory in the project specification.


Who is the organizer of the Concrete Décor Show, expected to attract 3,000 participants at Palm Harbor, Florida, on Nov. 6-10?


True or false: According to recent Department of Energy calculations, 40 percent of all energy used in the United States is consumed by buildings.


True or false: The American Water Works Association tests for health effects and certifies coatings for use in contact with potable water.


True or false: A drawdown bar is used to apply wallpaper.


Which of the following answers organizes four SSPC abrasive blasting standards from least to most rigorous?


True or false: SSPC publishes four standards for waterjetting and four standards for wet abrasive blasting.


The International Concrete Repair Association (ICRI) is the only organization in the U.S. to publish a guide on selecting materials to repair concrete.


True or false: “International Orange” is the official name for the color of paint used on the Golden Gate Bridge.


According to a Durability + Design article on the subject, to totally remove coatings from brick and at the same time to minimize substrate damage and avoid generation of airborne dust, which of the following surface preparation methods makes the most sense?


True or false: In ASTM’s standard on test methods for field measurement of surface profile, the use of a comparator is described.


What is one difference between polished concrete and terrazzo?


True or false: The Sealant, Waterproofing & Restoration Institute has approximately 500 individual members.


SSPC has one PCCP/QP standard that is jointly issued with what other organization?


In a corrosion cell, where does the corrosion occur?


True or false: Photographic standards from the International Concrete Repair Institute (ICRI) can be used to judge the degree of surface profile on concrete.


True or false: Tack-free and dry-to-touch times after coating application are not the same.


Concrete can be bruised by what surface preparation method?


True or false: SSPC does not have a standard for hand-tool cleaning of steel that requires a surface profile.


True or false: ASTM has one test method to determine the pull-off adhesion of coatings for both steel and concrete substrates.


True or false: There are industry standard categories distinguishing among sealers, stain blockers and primers.


What organization defines 6 types of urethane coatings?


In a recent D+D In Depth article, what name is given to coatings that do one or more of the following: work to maintain surface quality, provide signals about a surface condition, change sensory perception of the surrounding environment or interact with or change the surrounding environment?


True or false: A wash primer is a conversion coating.


True or false: The Shipbuilding Group in the U.S. is comprised of the Shipbuilders Council of America and the Naval Research Laboratory.


A contact stylus profilometer was used to create what standard?


True or false: The anhydrous calcium chloride test can measure the level of salt contamination on concrete substrates.


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, freshly applied thermal spray aluminum is close in appearance to steel newly blasted to white metal.


True or false: A NIST report on hurricane damage to buildings concluded that SPF roofing kept roofs intact, prevented moisture intrusion into buildings and protected structures from hail and debris.


What is another term sometimes used for underfilm corrosion?


True or false: The Building Research Establishment in Australia has developed an environmental assessment method with the acronym STREAM for buildings and new communities.


True or false: According to a recent D+D In Depth article, there are no standards for durable color performance of field-applied coatings with bright colors, such as Safety Red.


True or false: Soluble salts on blast-cleaned steel are an example of deleterious non-visible contaminants.


True or false: In a sieve analysis of abrasives, the sieve number describes the number of openings in a linear inch of sieve mesh.


According to many coating manufacturers, what is the recommended upper limit of moisture content in a wood substrate before it can be painted?


When specifying epoxies for green concrete, what attributes are important?


True or false: Unheated material introduced into a plural component spray system can shock the system, creating cold patches in the pumps and hoses and potentially throwing the system off ratio.


True or false: The use of copper in antifouling coatings has been approved in Europe through 2026.


What topcoat technology is most noted for its high degree of thermal stability and heat-resistance?


How do SSPC wet abrasive blasting standards determine the degree of flash rusting after wet abrasive blasting?


True or false: The architecture firm Perkins + Will and the non-profit Health Building Network published a paper recently confirming the effectiveness of antimicrobial building products, including antimicrobial paints.


True or false: As of 2016, hazard communication lapses dominated the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's annual list of the most frequently cited federal workplace safety violations in the U.S. for five years in a row.


“Simply put, we aim to decipher the fundamental mechanisms that cause corrosion so that we can combat it more effectively in the future.” So said a researcher at the University of Manchester about a new project partially funded by what oil company?


True or false: Inhibitive pigments contribute to increasing the permeability of masonry coatings.


What generic coating type has been tested by the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory and shown to resist corrosion while at the same time improving ballistic protection of armored amphibious assault vehicles?


True or false: Application of silver leaf to a prepared surface is called gilding.


OSHA has developed how many sets of regulations on abrasive blasting?


Which of the following is not the subject of an SSPC Qualification Procedure (QP)?


True or false: Silicone coatings for flat roofs have strong resistance to ponding water and UV exposure.


True or False: Ion exchange pigments are typically used in anti-corrosion coatings.


True or false: The addition of mica flakes to fluoropolymer coatings can create a pearlescent sheen that mutes the color slightly and provides a softer visual aesthetic than metallic-flake fluoropolymer coatings.


True or false: Australia has a painting contractor certification program similar to the one overseen by the SSPC in the U.S.


What organization has a test for determining the flammability characteristics of exterior, non-load-bearing wall assemblies/panels?


Which of the following organizations has standards for selecting and using concrete repair materials?


When one coating specialist wrote in a JPCL article, “I do not advocate the specification of 'sniff tests' because I don’t know how to calibrate a nose,” he was discussing what coating failure phenomenon?


What type of respiratory protection is required for air abrasive blasting?


True or false: The terms “weatherproof” and “water repellent” typically denote resistance to the passage of water not subjected to hydrostatic pressure.


True or false: A European coating supplier has bristle blasting standards that are said to be equivalent to power tool cleaning standards.


True or false: Use of replica putty, as described in an ASTM standard, provides only a visual assessment of surface profile on concrete.


What recent acquisition gives the NACE International Institute the capability to conduct training, certification and standards development in the area of commercial coatings?


True or false: Lydia Frenzel says that flash rust and rust back are two terms for the same phenomenon.


In coating work, what is “crackle"?


True or false: EPA has recently proposed to prohibit the manufacture (including import), processing and distribution in commerce of the paint strippers methylene chloride and N-methylpyrrolidone.


In its degree of cleaning, SSPC-SP 14 sits between what other two SSPC blast cleaning standards?


True or false: SSPC has a surface preparation standard for flame cleaning of new steel.


ASTM D7234, Standard Test Method for Pull-Off Adhesion Strength of Coatings on Concrete Using Portable Pull-Off Adhesion Testers, can also be used to measure the surface strength of uncoated concrete.


ICRI recommends how much profile in its surface preparation requirements for polymer overlays on concrete?


True or false: Gunnar Ackx from SCICON Worldwide will complete his term as SSPC president at the end of 2017.


True or false: Cleaning of stainless steel is covered in SSPC-SP 17.


True or false: You can become a registered waterproofing consultant through the Sealant, Waterproofing & Restoration Institute.


Which of the following alternatives is an engineering control for an air-contaminant workplace hazard?


What is the leading cause of workers’ compensation claims, according to a safety association cited in a D+D article?


True or false: A Maryland State Highway Administration study of coatings’ field performance confirmed that two-coat bridge painting systems are more cost-effective than the standard three-coat, zinc-epoxy-urethane system.


True or false: Silyl-terminated polyether technology is now used to create sprayable air barriers.


True or false: A conductivity meter is normally used to check for oil contaminants on blast abrasives.


According to ASTM terminology, what is the name given to the problem caused by the greater shear of a brush used around the perimeter of a wall or ceiling compared to the lower shear of a roller used on the rest of the wall or ceiling?


True or false: According to a recent D+D In Depth article, the term “waterproof” can be used interchangeably with “wind-driven rain resistance.”


In what SSPC standard can you find requirements for frequency and location of instrument readings and evaluation criteria to ensure that the surface profile over the entire prepared surface complies with project requirements are included?


True or false: When UHP is used to describe water jetting for surface preparation, it stands for “Upper High Pressure.”


True or false: Power tools called bristle blasters are classified as impact tools by SSPC.


The Concrete Polishing Association of America is now part of what other organization?


True or false: The standards for testing coatings adhesion, ASTM D4541 for metal and ASTM D7234 for concrete, are based on imposing a shear stress on the coating.


True or false: The health effects of exposure to titanium dioxide (TiO2) have recently come into question in a study carried out by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


True or false: SSPC-SP 11, Bare Metal Power Tool Cleaning, requires Method C, replica tape, of ASTM D4417 to be used to measure the surface profile after cleaning.


True or false: Electroplating and anodizing are two terms used to describe the same process.


TDI and MDI are used to make what coating type?


In the ASTM test methods on drying of coatings, what level of drying is achieved when maximum pressure is applied with the thumb and then the thumb exerts a twisting motion, resulting in no deformation or detachment of the film?


The failure mode called “scaling” applies to what material type?


According to a Durability + Design article, to achieve total coating removal from brick with minimal substrate damage and no airborne dust generation, what removal method makes the most sense?


True or false: Among SSPC’s dry abrasive blasting standards, only SSPC-SP 5 disallows the presence of all stains after cleaning.


True or false: Among SSPC power tool cleaning standards, only SSPC-SP 11, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal, requires a surface profile.


True or false: Conformance with specified requirements for cleanliness of steel after surface preparation, as described in SSPC standards, is carried out without the aid of instruments.


True or false: Efflorescence can be easily removed from brick substrates by water washing and scrubbing, even after it has been on the brick for a long time.


In a concrete polishing specification, which of the following is a prescriptive rather than a performance requirement?


True or false: Wet adhesion is the ability of a dry coating to adhere to a substrate under wet conditions such as immersion or high humidity.


How many regular member companies belong to the Roof Coatings Manufacturers Association?


True or false: SSPC publishes its disciplinary actions against PCCP-certified contractors.


What organization publishes grade standards, guide specifications, floor care recommendations and specifications for athletic wood flooring sealers and finishes?


What is a typical speed that abrasive reaches after leaving the nozzle in an air abrasive blast-cleaning system?


True or false: Both wet polishing and dry polishing are used to create polished concrete.


What is the name used for the period of time when a coating remains workable as it is applied to smooth the film and avoid excessive build at laps.


True or false: Descaling is the removal of mill scale by either mechanical or chemical means.


According to ASTM, what application method produces edge-tracking?


True or false: SSPC has a standard for hand-tool cleaning of steel before painting that requires a surface profile.


The International Maritime Organization developed the Performance Standard for Protective Coatings for Dedicated Seawater Ballast Tanks (PSPC) as an amendment to SOLAS.


Which one of the following agricultural materials is typically not used to create abrasives for blasting?


True or false: A recently published study in JPCL determined that wet surface preparation methods are less effective and result in higher remaining chloride levels than dry methods when cleaning corroded, chloride-contaminated steel surfaces.


One coating failure type manifests itself by stickiness and discoloration of the paint and in severe cases by complete liquefaction. What is the failure?


True or false: With periodic field maintenance, a coating system for steel bridges with a zinc-rich primer and typically used midcoats and topcoats can exceed a service life of 100 years, according to a JPCL article on the subject.


In what country are these coatings and coatings-related associations headquartered: OCCA, BCF, PRA, ICORR?


What organization validated the Wall Coating Applicator Training Program produced by BASF?


According to the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the hierarchy of hazard controls considers which one of the following to be the least desirable?


In what geographic regions has SSPC recently set up Advisory Councils?


The first mammal cloned from an adult somatic cell, using the process of nuclear transfer, has the same name as an implement used in quality control testing of coatings. What is it?


What type of corrosion is characterized by a definite thread-like structure and directional growth under coatings on steel?


A White Metal Blast, SSPC-SP 5, allows what to remain on the surface after blast cleaning?


True or false: The word “bloom” is sometimes used to denote a surface condition, both on bare steel and on coatings.


Which of these four organizations fits least well with the other three?


True or false: sodium bicarbonate is sometimes used as an abrasive in a blast-cleaning system.


True or false: In SSPC’s rust grade scale, a rust grade of 10 indicates that greater than 50 percent of the steel surface is rusted.


True or false: Hackles are protrusions on a coated surface created by abrasive or other particles not removed before the coating was applied.


According to the EPA, what is the diameter of particles that are respirable?


True or false: If the temperature is below 40 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit, it is generally not advisable to install most SPF systems, according to a recent D+D In Depth article.


What is an alternative to hot potting?


True or false: SSPC photos in Vis 1 showing degrees of cleaning of steel take precedence over the descriptions of required cleanliness in SSPC's written surface preparation standards.


True or false: MEK is specified for use in the ASTM solvent rub test for organic zinc-rich coatings.


True or false: Abrasive blast workers are regularly exposed to noise levels of 90-100 decibels.


Where are centrifugal wheels used in coatings work?


What is the name of a machine used to test the air tightness of a building?


In coating work, how is a portable stylus instrument used?


Which of the following machines would be used to measure the coefficient of friction of a polished concrete floor?


True or false: In a laboratory study of zinc-rich primers for marine environments, recently reported in JPCL, coatings applied over surface preparation by UHP waterjetting, even though it produced no roughness, achieved performance equivalent to, or better than, that achieved by abrasive blasting.


In a study of shop-applied topcoats reported in JPCL, which generic type achieved a hardened film that resisted handling damage at lower temperatures (50 degrees Fahrenheit) and higher humidity (75 percent RH) in the shortest amount of time?


Which of the following surface preparation methods produces the lowest surface profile range on concrete, according to ICRI 310.2?


True or false: SSPC has a performance standard for coatings on steel in waste treatment facilities.


What is the name of an accelerated weathering apparatus that operates on a condensation type of water exposure at elevated temperature?


True or false: Ryan Zinke is in charge of the cabinet department that sets standards for the preservation, rehabilitation, restoration and reconstruction of historic structures.


True or false: In measurements of coating thickness, it takes 25.4 mils to make one micron.


What organization sets the highest performance standard for coatings over aluminum extrusions and panels?


True or false: If inorganic zinc-rich coatings are left untopcoated in atmospheric exposure, they become more porous over time.


How many of SSPC's surface preparation standards describe the results of power tool cleaning of steel?


True or false: When using steel abrasive for blast cleaning, the initial condition of steel has no effect on the end condition after cleaning.


True or false: A contractor with no experience in industrial or marine painting projects can apply for contractor certification.


True or false: Wet storage stain forms on uncoated stainless steel in tropical climates.


In what country is the organization that offers “the world's leading environmental assessment method for buildings and new communities”?


SSPC has what degree of rigor in its standard for the blast cleaning of stainless steel?


What effect, often detrimental to linings, is created by the Atlas cell test?


True or false: Thermal spray aluminum has a silicate binder.


True or false: During the whole time John Keane was executive director of SSPC, Tenny Hull was executive director of NACE.


About how many air barrier contractors have been accredited by the Air Barrier Association of America?


True or false: SSPC has a quantitative method for measuring the surface profile of concrete.


True or false: In addition to issuance of joint standards on air abrasive blast cleaning, SSPC and NACE issue other kinds of joint surface preparations standards.


True or false: Some intumescent coating types may require up to five coats and 25 days from initial application to completion of the finish coat at 50 degrees Fahrenheit.


True or false: The Japan Ship Technology Research Technical Association produces standards on surface preparation of steel.


What is the subject of the latest joint publication of a standard by SSPC and NACE?


True or false: While there are certified industrial painting contractors, there are no certified commercial painting contractors.


What are rogue peaks?


True or false: Cast steel grit abrasive is produced by crushing steel shot.


When dust particles escape a containment structure during abrasive blasting, what are they likely to be called?


What instrument would you use to measure a floor's traction?


What is the name for the temperature range within which an amorphous polymer changes from a flexible to a brittle state?


In protective coatings work the word “embedment” refers to what, according to SSPC?


True or false: SSPC has more licensees outside the U.S. that offer SSPC training than inside the U.S.


What organization partnered with the Roof Coatings Manufacturers Association to create the Roof Coatings Category Rule?


True or false: A wet blasting system requires water pressure to provide a cleaning force.


Who was the original author of the NACE publication, Corrosion Prevention by Protective Coatings?


What is the name of the process that causes a metal to become inert or unreactive?


What is the difference between vapor barriers and an air barriers in terms of their resistance requirements?


True or false: ASTM standards come up for review every 15 years.


ISO/TC 35/SC 14 is in charge of a standard on what topic?


True or false: The adhesion of a coating to a steel substrate can be achieved by both mechanical attachment and chemical bonding.


True or false: Rubber replica templates from the Portland Cement Association can be used to judge the degree of profile on concrete substrates after surface preparation.


True or false: SSPC-SP 13 describes the commercial power tool cleaning of steel.


True or false: An adhesive failure of a coating layer occurs at the bottom of the layer; a cohesive failure occurs at the top of the layer.


True or false: The Birch Flooring Manufacturers Association produces standards on sports flooring and calls itself “the sports flooring authority.”


Where is silica found in the coatings industry?


True or false: The ISO/IEC 17020 accreditation recently achieved by SSPC applies to the SSPC–QP 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 programs.


In abrasive blasting work, how small do dust particles have to be to make them respirable?


True or false: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, a branch of the Department of Health and Human Services, is responsible for developing and enforcing mandatory job safety and health standards.


What type of specification describes what needs to be done to achieve durability?


What is the name of the term used to denote the failure of solvent to completely evaporate from a paint film due to inadequate drying conditions and/or recoating too soon?


Which of the following is a test used to evaluate and select internal linings for vessels and tanks?


At what level of permeability is a coating general considered to be breathable?


True or False: The AAMA issues performance standards for topcoats over EIFS.


True or false: Amine blush on an epoxy can be readily painted over without fear of failure.


What is the acronym for Japanese surface preparation standards?


What is the name of a machine used to measure the coefficient of friction of polish-coated floors?


SSPC has what in common with FROSIO?


What is another name for “wet storage stain”?


True or false: Abrasive blast workers are regularly exposed to noise in excess of 120 dBA.


True or false: Guard products or stain protectors for polished concrete floors are not breathable.


The composition of the SSPC Board of Governors includes all but which one of the categories below?


According to a JPCL article, which of these statements about Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) is not true?


True or False: According to a recent D+D article, WUFI modeling and analysis can help to answer the question about how many times a building can be successfully repainted.


The standard ISO8501, the international standard for dry abrasive blasting, describes results of four degrees of blast cleaning, Sa 1, Sa 2, Sa 21/2 and Sa 3. What does the Sa stand for, according to a PaintSquare blog?


What do John Keane, Joe Bigos, and Bernie Appleman have in common?


Which of the following ISO 8501-1 standards is equivalent to SSPC-SP 6, Commercial Blast?


SSPC publishes visual standards for what cleaning method?


True or false: A D+D In Depth article argues that the risks of moisture-related, single-wythe CMU wall problems based on the initial selection of the coating and number of repaints cannot be predicted.


True or false: A discontinuity and a holiday both describe the same type of application error.


True or false: When a cold-weather coating is used to coat steel in temperatures below freezing, it is not necessary for the surface temperature of the steel to be at least 5 degrees Fahrenheit above the dew point temperature.


What is it called when a coating controls corrosion by preventing the passage of soluble ions to the underlying steel?


True or false: Microcracking of concrete due to mechanical surface preparation methods is sometimes called spidering.


True or false: Wet film thickness gages are inadequate for measuring thickness of fast-set polyurea coatings.


What organization is developing a guide for assessment of pinholes in coatings?


True or false: Use of a digital profile gage according to ASTM 4417-14 requires each area to receive 10 profile readings, and the highest measurement is recorded as the profile of the area being measured.


True or false: According to a JPCL article on achieving peak performance from abrasives, the easiest way to adjust profile height in the field is by changing the velocity of the abrasive.


True or false: An SSPC guide document states that dye color from lubricants remaining on the galvanized nuts of bolted bridge connections after required cleaning or weathering is not believed to be detrimental to coatings applied over it.


True or false: In an air abrasive blasting operation, if you change from a sand abrasive with a specific gravity of 2 to a garnet abrasive with a specific gravity of 4, you should expect an increase in cleaning rate.


True or false: At specified thicknesses in differing climate zones, closed-cell spray polyurethane foam (SPF) qualifies as a vapor retarder, according to the International Building Code.


True or False: ASTM D3359, “Standard Test Method for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test,” measures the tensile adhesion of a coating.


What is the name usually given to the contacting surfaces of joints in steel structures formed with the use of high-strength bolts?


True or false: SSPC recently signed a partnership agreement with a publisher who will create the primary media communication channel for SSPC in the Asia-Pacific region.


What organization offers a professional registration as a roof coating consultant?


True or false: During abrasive blasting operations inside containment in cold weather, dust collection may pull heat out of the containment structure as fast as it is being put in by heating equipment.


What can cause oil-alkyd coatings to saponify on new galvanizing?


True or false: A Durability + Design article says that wet abrasive blasting is the best method for totally removing coatings from brick while at the same time minimizing substrate damage and airborne dust.


What is the name of the test instrument used to determine a coating’s resistance to fading through accelerated exposure to light?


What kind of blasting abrasive is composed of aluminum silicate?


Which of the following organizations provides information about good practice in the selection and use of sealants in expansion joints?


True or false: On all SSPC technical committees, no stakeholder category, such as coating suppliers, can have more than 33 percent representation.


MPCAC and PLURAL have what in common?


According to a recent JPCL article, the zinc carbonate that forms on weathered galvanizing can remain on the surface and is favorable to subsequent coating adhesion.


True or false: According to a recent D+D In Depth article, sealers and thin-film floor coatings typically require a profile in the CSP 3-5 range.


What is a vernacular term for a wet film thickness gage?


The presence of water in new versions of wet abrasive blasting systems increases abrasive breakdown rates, according to a recent JPCL article.


A drawdown bar and a dolly have what in common?


What organization offers a one-day course on “Exterior Wall Quality Assurance”?


What is the name for an abrasive’s resistance to breakdown on impact?


The so-called “Swedish Standards” preceded what notable SSPC publication?


True or false: SSPC has a performance standard for coatings on concrete in waste treatment facilities.


True or false: The photographic guides developed by SSPC to aid in the assessment of surface cleanliness were designed to be used with a hand-held magnifying glass when examining blast-cleaned steel and comparing it with the VIS-1 photos?


Where would you find sulfate-reducing bacteria?


The diffusion of colored matter from a substrate through a paint film causing discoloration is called what?


True or false: Aggregate exposure on a concrete floor designated as “cream” by the Concrete Polishing Association (CPAA) is defined as “fine aggregate exposure with little or no medium aggregate exposure at random locations.”


True or false: Though the standard ASTM F2170 requires 72 hours to achieve results, one-day results of relative humidity testing of concrete floors with in-situ probes is typically accurate enough to judge if it is acceptable to apply materials that can tolerate higher moisture content.


True or false: Some causes of blistering of concrete floor coatings are air entrapment in pores of the concrete, osmotic pressure and insufficient cleaning of the concrete surface.


True or false: Hackles are a coating failure type associated with resin-rich areas on a substrate where the coating was applied in excessive thickness.


What is the order of SSPC power-tool cleaning standards, from most to least rigorous?


An ultrasonic dry film thickness gage can measure dry film coating thickness on what substrate(s)?


If SSPC-SP 16 is specified to prepare architectural aluminum for recoating, what blast pressure should be used?


True or false: Thermoplastic powders can be applied by thermal spraying.


True or false: Hand-tool and power-tool surface preparation standards in the U.S. are jointly issued by SSPC and NACE.


True or false: The calcium chloride moisture test for concrete, ASTM F1869, measures the amount of moisture emission in only about the top inch of a slab’s depth.


True or false: The conformance of blast-cleaned steel with surface preparation specifications, such as SSPC-SP 10, is assessed visually without the aid of instrumentation.


What organization offers a certification in moisture testing of concrete slabs?


In a study of shop-applied topcoats reported in JPCL, which generic type achieved a hardened film that resisted handling damage at lower temperatures (50 degrees Fahrenheit) and higher humidity (75 percent RH) in the shortest amount of time?


What organization is developing a decorative concrete flatwork certification program?


What organization offers a Concrete Coating Inspector program?


True or false: Most fluoropolymer coatings applied to aluminum extrusions have a film thickness of about 1.2 mils, according to a recent D+D In Depth article.


True or false: Abrasive fines are debris found in blasting abrasive.


Abrasive blast cleaning to remove lead-based paint is governed by what EPA regulation?


True or false: Polyurea coatings require use of low-voltage holiday detectors for continuity testing.


What is another name for surface profile on steel?


True or false: SSPC has several standards for surface preparation of concrete.


What organization publishes a joint standard with SSPC on shop application of coatings?


In general, when is it better to use impact power tools rather than rotary power tools?


True or false: ASTM has a test method for measuring surface profile that is appropriate for profile produced by power tools.


True or false: When mill scale is removed from steel by abrasive blasting, the steel begins to rust.


True or false: Cementitious fireproofing provides both fire resistance and good aesthetics.


True or false: The AISC certification program for steel fabricators contains a component on shop painting.


True or false: ASTM 4541, describing a test method for assessing the pull-off strength of coatings using portable adhesion testers, is designed for metal substrates but may also be used on wood and plastic but not concrete.


True or false: An entire session of the SSPC 2017 Conference in Tampa is devoted to surface profile.


True or false: Some moisture meters based on conductivity readings can be used on both wood and concrete substrates.


True or false: Shotcreting produces a surface profile too rough for thin coatings.


True or false: SSPC visual standards showing degrees of cleaning of steel take precedence over the descriptions of required cleanliness in SSPC's written surface preparation standards.


According to a recent JPCL article, the most common timing for applying paint onto a newly galvanized surface is between two days and six months after galvanizing.


Examining the drip pattern from a burst of paint sprayed onto a vertical surface with an airless spray gun will reveal what possible problem?


True or false: Ultra-high-pressure water jetting at 30,000 psi typically produces a greater volume of water in removing coatings from a masonry substrate than does pressure washing at 5,000 psi.


By what process is steel covered with an impervious oxide to inhibit chemical or electrochemical reactions on the surface?


Which of the following statements about SSPC-SP 11, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal, is correct?


In the Masterspec section on fluid-applied air barriers, which category of coating meets the most rigorous air-barrier performance requirements of the International Code Council?


True or false: RH and surface cleanliness are both critical factors in flash rusting.


What is another name for a dolly used in coating testing?


What is the term for the destructive reaction that occurs in concrete between cement paste and amorphous silica found in certain aggregates in the presence of moisture?


True or false: ASTM offers only a visual method for determining the surface profile of concrete.


What inspection instrument uses a wet bulb and a dry bulb?


True or false: For non-conductive coatings up to 20 mils thick applied to conductive substrates, a low-voltage holiday detector is normally used to detect pinholes and other discontinuities.


Philippe Le Calve is known for having written articles published in JPCL on what subject?


What is the acronym for an instrument used to conduct the ASTM 4541 test, Standard Test Method for Pull-Off Strength of Coatings Using Portable Adhesion Testers?


True or false: Airless spraying produces less overspray than conventional air spraying.


What is the name of a rigid cell used to collect soluble salts from a contaminated surface to determine the concentration of the salt?


True or false: Laitance, sealers and other surface contaminants do not have to be removed prior to performing a moisture test on a concrete floor slab, according to a recent JPCL article.


True or false: The water vapor transmission of a coating is not a linear function of a coating’s film thickness.


What type of gages are used to measure the dry film thickness of coatings on concrete?


What do MPCAC and PLURAL have in common?


What organization offers the training, “Exterior Envelope—Doing It Right”?


True or false: ASTM D4417 describes three methods for measuring surface profile of blast-cleaned steel using either a digital profile gage or a surface profile comparator or a portable stylus instrument.


True or false: When a specification requires that a concrete surface be dry before painting, the word “dry” could be interpreted to mean visibly dry, dry to touch, dry when using moisture meters on the surface, or dry by instrumentation or test methods that examine moisture in the substrate below the paint.


What organization produces rubber replica templates to judge the degree of surface profile on concrete?


Who said, “There are three keys to preserving wood: (1) keep wood dry, (2) keep wood from getting wet and (3) keep water away from wood”?


What organization has a standard measuring the functional durability of spray-applied, fire-resistive coatings?


True or false: NACE and SSPC are the only organizations that certify coating inspectors.


Which of the following formulating or application strategies can increase the hiding of a coating?


True or false: Products for exterior wood are sometimes formulated with high pigment concentrations to provide hiding power and to help seal the exposed wood microstructure.


True or false: Photographic standards are sometimes used to assess the degree of cracking of exterior coatings.


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, the threshold values in ASTM standards for deeming concrete suitable to be coated are neither achievable nor realistic for below-grade structures.


What organization has validated a Wall Coating Applicator Training Program?


True or false: No more than 30 percent of SSPC technical committee members may represent a single stakeholder interest category (e.g, contractors, coating manufacturers, consultants, equipment manufacturers).


Which of the following is not a strength of anodizing aluminum substrates?


True or false: Atlas Test Cells are sometimes used to test the performance of immersion linings.


True or false: Negative-side waterproofing applied to dry interior surfaces has to have some water-vapor permeability.


True or False: ASTM D3359, “Standard Test Method for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test,” measures the tensile adhesion of a coating.


How is profile measured in ASTM D4417?


True or false: Abrasive used for abrasive blast cleaning to remove rust and mill scale should have a Mohs hardness of 1.


True or false: The Performance Standard for Protective Coatings (PSPC) was created by ISO.


What makes crushed glass a “green” abrasive, according to the JPCL article, “What is a Green Abrasive?”


True or false: Spraying of in-place pipeline interiors with lining materials can be commercially completed by robotic systems on both straight runs and 45- and 90-degree radius bends.


What elastomeric coating type is listed as acceptable by the International Code Council (ICC) for application over spray polyurethane foam roofing?


True or false: Germany has a painting contractor certification program modeled after the one overseen by SSPC in the U.S.


What organization jointly publishes a QP (Qualification Procedure) standard with SSPC?


True or false: Prior to being used for measurements, all thermometers should be exposed to the environment they will be used in for sufficient time to allow them to stabilize, according to a recent JPCL article.


What organization produces standards for the surface preparation of concrete?


Where does a cohesive coating failure occur?


True or false: It is possible to write performance-based specifications for surface preparation prior to painting.


True or false: All of the SSPC mechanical surface preparation standards require solvent cleaning to SSPC-SP 1 prior to performing any additional cleaning required by the project specification.


In a centrifugal wheel blast machine, what is another name for “operating mix?"


True or false: According to a JPCL article, one year is a good starting interval between calibrations of a magnetic dry film thickness gage.


True or false: A recent Naval Research Laboratory study determined that coating performance is not adversely affected by chloride contamination.


One mil of coating thickness equals approximately how many microns?


A test that requires rubbing a clean black fabric across a painted surface evaluates what attribute of the paint?


True or false: Air abrasive blast workers are regularly exposed to noise in excess of 120 dBA.


True or false: SSPC has a program to certify residential painting contractors.


True or false: SSPC certifies contractors that apply polymeric coatings and surfacings to concrete and other cementitious substrates.


True or false: SSPC-SP 10 is the most rigorous degree of cleaning steel by abrasive blasting.


True or false: In coating work, a jeep test is a quantitative fit test for a respirator.


True or false: Crawling is a dewetting paint failure phenomenon.


What organization developed a standard for measuring concrete surface profile with replica putty?


True or false: Non-skid coatings with aggressive abrasives such as aluminum oxide can be spray-applied with airless equipment.


In surface preparation work, what is a jobsite standard?


True or false: MPCAC and PLURAL are two kinds of plural spray equipment.


True or false: Calcium borosilicate pigments have been used as inhibitive pigments in anti-corrosion coatings.


True or false: Research has shown that weathering of wood for five days can improve the adhesion of coatings applied to it.


True or false: Corn cobs, walnut shells, and olivine are used to make blast abrasives classified as agricultural.


True or false: Sponge jetting requires ultra-high pressure (UHP) water.


Which of the following implements is used in an ASTM test method to determine the hardness of coatings?


The list of corrosion control technologies, as described by NACE, includes cathodic protection, chemical inhibitors, coatings and what fourth technology?


True or false: According to SSPC-SP 16, “Brush-Off Blast Cleaning of Coated and Uncoated Galvanized Steel, Stainless Steels, and Non-Ferrous Metals,” blast cleaning of architectural aluminum should be conducted at pressures lower than the pressure normally used to clean carbon steel (90 to 100 psi).


True or false: A discontinuity in a coating is a more serious flaw than a holiday.


True or false: There is no quantifiable test method for determining the surface profile on concrete substrates.


What organization offers a standard that gives durability grades of low, medium, and high for paint systems in various environments and levels of surface preparation?


True or false: The French organization Cefracor offers long-term guarantees on tank lining and other protective coatings work.


True or false: Both General Industry and Construction Industry standards promulgated by OSHA require that abrasive blasting respirators be worn during abrasive blasting operations.


What organization has the Polymeric Floor Coatings Advisory Committee?


True or false: In creating the best appearance on a concrete polished floor, it is more important to achieve a higher specular gloss value than it is to achieve a high distinctness of image value.


True or false: The American Concrete Institute (ACI) has a guide to selecting concrete repair materials.


True or false: MPI publishes performance standards for coatings over aluminum extrusions and panels.


True or false: A White Metal Blast, SSPC-SP 5, allows stains to remain on 5 percent of the surface after blast cleaning.


True or false: Zinc dust is the only sacrificial pigment commonly used in anti-corrosive coatings.


True or false: A D+D article on assuring the quality of coating work on commercial buildings argues for a full-time inspector to be present during all phases of coating work.


True or false: An ultrasonic dry film thickness gage can accurately measure film thickness on steel edges.


True or false: The words “hardening” and “curing” of coatings have the same meaning, according to a recent JPCL article.


Which of the following is bad advice about spraying zinc-rich coatings?


Sulfate-reducing bacteria that cause corrosion of steel and concrete are likely to be found in what media?


Which of the following terms is another name for wet abrasive blasting?


True or false: The painting of the interior surfaces of bolt holes in bolted connections of structural steel is required in SSPC guide specifications.


Joint sealant application training programs are validated by what organization?


What is the name of a rectangular metal tool used to deposit a specified thickness of wet coating on a test panel or other substrate?


True or false: ICRI recommends a profile of 10 mils to 1/4 inch in its surface preparation requirements for polymer overlays on concrete.


Which of the following coating adhesion tests is the least quantitative?


True or false: In air abrasive blasting operations, the same particle size mix of silica sand and coal slag yield the same profile ranges on steel.


True or false: Among the performance properties of polyureas, according to a JPCL article by Mike O’Donoghue and Vijay Datta, tolerance of low-temperature application is the weakest.


What association in the U.S. now deals with the science and technology of formulating and making paint?


True or false: Waterborne coatings require special spray guns when applied by electrostatic spray.


True or false: OSHA can issue a citation even when one of its regulations has not been violated.


How many inspector programs and certificates does SSPC offer?


In addition to trisodium phosphate, used for cleaning in painting operations, what other material has the acronym TSP?


True or false: It is better to use a pull stub than a dolly on pull-off adhesion testing.


Cutter bundles are used on what devices?


What was the name of the American Coatings Association before its merger with the Federation of Societies for Coatings Technology?


What is the content of the non-mandatory appendix of SSPC-SP 1, Solvent Cleaning, added during the 2015 revision of the standard?


Meters for determining moisture content of concrete slabs are based on what principle of operation?


True or false: A Tooke gauge can sometimes be used to measure the thickness of individual coats of paint within a multicoat system.


True or false: Seismic retrofits of bridge piers can be carried out with Bresle patch fabric.


True or false: Written descriptions of end conditions of steel after blast cleaning take precedence over visual photos in judging conformance with SSPC blast cleaning standards.


How many coating inspection companies are certified to SSPC-QP 5, Certification for Coating and Lining Inspection Companies?


Micaceous iron oxide provides what type of anti-corrosion protection to coatings?


SSPC recently entered into an agreement with what organization to provide global applicator training?


True or false: CHPS is the California High Performance Schools initiative.


True or false: One kind of wet blast system uses air rather than water pressure as the cleaning force.


True or False: Anodizing provides excellent corrosion resistance in coastal settings.


True or false: SSPC-VIS 1, Visual Standards for Blast Cleaned Steel, was initially produced by the Institute of Corrosion in the U.K.


SSPC’s new wet abrasive blast cleaning standards describe how many levels of flash rust following wet blast cleaning?


What organization recently issued a guide to materials transparency that details opportunities and risks?


Which of the following alternatives is an engineering control for an air-contaminant workplace hazard?


True or false: Rubber replica templates from the American Concrete Institute can be used to judge the degree of surface profile on concrete.


What is the association focused on the global thick film high performance elastomer industry?


Which of the following is not a term used for application of metallic wire, metallic powder or thermoplastic powder?


What is the relationship between a discontinuity and a holiday in a coating?


What organization validates the performance test results published by manufacturers of deck coatings?


The organizers of the American Coatings Show are the American Coatings Association and what other organization?


True or false: SSPC has a standard for brush-off blast cleaning of steel and a second one for concrete.


True or false: SSPC has an active chapter in Russia.


True or false: In a JPCL article describing a study about surface preparation of repair mortars in wastewater treatment plants, the authors concluded that broom finishing was inferior to abrasive blasting in producing surfaces for the successful application of protective coatings.


What is the topic of the five new standards SSPC just released?


What organization offers a one-and-a-half day educational program on stucco and exterior finish cladding systems?


True or false: In hot-dip galvanizing, the coating forms four distinct layers.


Which of the following organizations maintains defined, standard categories distinguishing among sealers, stain blockers, and primers?


True or false: One cause of rebar corrosion is carbonation of the concrete around the rebar.


SSPC technical committees are organized under Interest Categories, including coating materials; surface preparation; application, inspection, and quality control; and coatings for cementitious substrates. Which Interest Category is missing from this list?


True or false: In the five joint SSPC/NACE Wet Abrasive Blast-Cleaning Standards completed in 2015, the definitions of cleanliness for the steel surface immediately following wet abrasive blast-cleaning are identical to the definitions in the five dry abrasive blast-cleaning standards.


True or false: SSPC has surface preparation standards for concrete that are equivalent to its abrasive blasting surface preparation standards for steel–SSPC-SP 5, SP 6, SP 7, and SP 10.


What organization is engaged in performance testing of bridge coatings for state highway departments?


SSPC technical committees must achieve a balance of interests among suppliers, end users and what other constituency?


True or false: To be eligible for an SSPC college scholarship, an applicant must be an SSPC member or the son or daughter of an SSPC member.


Pencil hardness is sometimes recommended to evaluate what characteristic of a coating?


What is the acronym of the organization that provides technical advocacy of engineered rainscreen products that results in improved moisture management in building enclosures?


The presentation, “Adding Air Barrier and Thermal Improvements to Existing Facilities,” was given yesterday, March 14, 2016 at what event?


True or false: SSPC recently issued a performance-based acrylic coating standard for commercial masonry and concrete structures.


True or false: Most sling psychrometers are less accurate than most electronic pyschrometers.


True or false: A specific number of double rubs with sandpaper is used in a test method to determine the abrasion resistance of coatings.


Sulfate-reducing bacteria contribute to corrosion by what mechanism?


According to a surface preparation study reported recently in JPCL, abrasive size was found to be a primary driver in the resultant surface profile depth and peak density of blasted steel surfaces.


Five joint SSPC/NACE cleaning standards were created in 2015 on what subject?


What happens to the existing profile on steel when UHP water blasting is used to remove rust and/or coatings?


A pigment with a lamellar structure would tend to provide what function in a coating on steel?


What organization developed the blast cleaning standards in Japan?


In the list of actions below, which one precedes all the others in development of a maintenance painting program?


True or false: SSPC’s Board of Directors has no provision for international representation on the Board.


The precursor of SSPC-VIS 1 was produced by what standards-writing body?


True or false: OSHA and NIOSH are divisions of the U.S. Department of Labor.


True or false: The amount of water condensing from an air leak in a wall is much greater than the amount that occurs with water vapor diffusion through the wall.


What is the name given to the mixture of abrasive sizes in a blast recycling system or centrifugal wheel blast machine that will achieve the appropriate productivity and profile?


True or false: Siloxane sealers are typically applied at 1-2 mils dry film thickness on concrete substrates.


The most important requirements for exterior wall coatings on concrete include all but which one of the following, according to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers?


How is a James Machine used?


What is the relationship between curing agents and densifiers?


Which instrument below is used for continuity testing of coatings on steel?


About how many companies are exhibiting at the World of Concrete this week?


True or false: Organic media such as corncobs and walnut shells are sometimes recommended for brush-off blasting of galvanized steel.


True or False: Finishing of gypsum wallboard is covered by ASTM and AAMA standards.


What is a name sometimes given to the creation of microcracks in a concrete surface through use of impact, pulverizing, or other mechanical surface preparation methods?


True or false: SSPC surface preparation standard SSPC-SP 10 requires an end condition of blast-cleaned steel that is approximately twice as clean as the end condition of SSPC-SP 5.


Which of the following attributes is not normally considered an advantage of vinyl ester coatings?


True or false: The ASTM test method for determining the pull-off strength of coatings using portable adhesion testers is applicable to both steel and concrete substrates.


True or false: All wet abrasive blast systems use water pressure as the cleaning force.


True or false: ASTM publishes performance standards for coatings applied over aluminum extrusions.


True or false: In a water tank, galvanic corrosion is the major suspect when attack at the junction between two dissimilar alloys is limited to only one of the two metals.


How is film build normally achieved during the thermal spray process?


True or false: ISO Sa2.5, describing very thorough abrasive blast cleaning, gives a less comprehensive written description of the end condition of the steel after blasting than does SSPC-SP 10/NACE No. 2, Near white metal, which requires a similar end condition.


What is the name for units of viscosity of paint as determined by testing with a Krebs-Stormer viscometer?


What is the name of a small, bowl-shaped depression in a coating at a point of contamination on the surface?


True or false: Conventional air spraying tends to cause more overspray than airless spraying.


True or false: Lydia Frenzel, a noted authority on waterjetting of steel as a surface preparation method, says there is no distinction between flash rusting and rust back.


True or false: Thermoplastic powders cannot be applied by thermal spraying.


What is one drawback of using low pressure water (less than 5,000 psi) at 250 F to remove coatings from brick?


What new technology has been used recently in coating work on the Sydney Harbour Bridge?


What is the process called when steel shot is used to improve the fatigue properties of steel?


A White Metal Blast, SSPC-SP 5, allows what to remain on the surface of steel after blast cleaning?


True or false: OSHA is expected to ban the use of silica sand as a blasting abrasive in 2016.


True or false: The Transportation Research Board (TRB) has commenced a study on detection and remediation methods used to guard against the tendency of retained soluble salts to reduce the life of protective coatings on steel highway structures, including bridges and tunnels.


What two organizations worked cooperatively in the last few years to revise their standards on measuring dry film thickness of coatings?


True or false: Calcium sulfonate alkyds are non-toxic, inhibitive primers.


What organization provides education and certification for concrete slab moisture testing technicians?


True or false: SSPC visual standards showing degrees of cleaning of steel take precedence over the descriptions of required cleanliness in SSPC’s written surface preparation standards.


True or false: An ultrasonic dry film thickness gage can measure coating thickness on concrete, but not on wood substrates.


In coating work, what is transfer efficiency?


What is a typical particle speed for abrasive in an air abrasive blast system that utilizes a venturi nozzle?


True or false: A hypodermic pressure gage is used to check abrasive flow rates in a blast hose.


True or false: A mandrel is used to test the hardness of a coating.


What general name is given to a coating that responds with corrective measures when corrosion is detected beneath the coating?


A paper being given at SSPC 2016 on Jan. 18-21 in San Antonio describes more than a decade of performance by what coating system on a steel bridge?


What is the minimum surface profile required to meet SSPC’s specification, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal?


True or false: All wet blast systems use water pressure as the cleaning force.


True or false: SSPC’s power-tool surface preparation standards are issued jointly with NACE International.


Which of the following materials is used to densify concrete?


True or false: Bimetallic corrosion, such as that which results when two dissimilar metals are connected electrically in a water tank interior, occurs most rapidly when the two metals are close together rather than far apart in the galvanic series.


True or false: The Norwegian organization offering coating inspector training and certification is called BLESIO.


True or false: The appearance of Aliphatic polyurethanes tends to degrade in sunlight.


How does terrazzo differ from polished concrete?


What type of corrosion is characterized by a definite thread-like structure and directional growth under coatings on steel?


True or false: The scraping, abrading and brushing methods are typically used to retrieve soluble salts from a steel substrate.


Replica tape increases in transparency where it is compressed. What feature of surface profile does this reveal?


What SSPC certification program deals with a broad range of topics with which the experienced coatings consultant, inspector, manager, specifier and project manager should be familiar?


Which of the following is most likely to be a disadvantage rather than an advantage of shop painting?


How is the Taber Abraser used?


True or false: An Atlas Cell Test is normally used to test the performance of concrete floor coatings.


What topcoat technology is most noted for its high degree of thermal stability and heat-resistance?


True or false: According to a recent Basic Training column in JPCL, heat is the operator’s best friend in spraying with plural component spray equipment.


True or false: SSPC’s CCI certification of concrete coating inspectors applies to architectural coatings as well as protective coatings.


Darkside Scientific LLC is noted for what kind of coating product?


True or false: Zirconium silicate is crushed, dried and screened to produce the blast cleaning abrasive aluminum oxide.


What organization has published a 5th edition of a manual on test sieving methods?


How is a mandrel used in testing of coatings?


What happens to carbon steel when it loses its oxide layer, millscale, in the abrasive blasting process?


True or false: In an air abrasive blasting system, the blast hose ID should be at least 3-4 times the size of the nozzle orifice to achieve productive blasting results.


What causes the corrosion of rebar in concrete?


True or false: Plastic shrinkage cracking of concrete tends to occur during the first few hours after placement.


True or false: According to a D+D article, moisture intrusion is the single biggest problem with performance of paint on single-wythe CMU.


Among SSPC’s visual reference guides and photos, which one does not contain photos of steel after cleaning?


For what type of surface preparation of steel does SSPC publish reference photographs?


What is the process called when steel shot is used to improve the fatigue properties of steel?


True or False: Weldability is very significant to the formulation of inorganic zinc preconstruction primers used in ship building.


According to OSHA's recent announcement, what was the most cited safety violation to date in 2015?


The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge was just recognized as the 2015 Outstanding Structure Award from what industry association?


True or false: Fire ratings of building materials and construction are expressed in hours.


Which SSPC Board member has a PhD in corrosion engineering?


What is another name for micro-cracking of concrete floor slabs during surface preparation?


True or false: According to a study by German researchers, specifying a particular edge geometry is not the most significant factor in controlling corrosion of steel edges in seawater environments.


True or false: Soiling and weathering of reflective roofing materials is the subject of a recently published standard.


What organization published a voluntary standard in 2015 on reactive coatings for fire protection of metallic substrates?


True or false: SSPC has a committee to qualify contractors to install polished concrete floors.


True or false: The first salt spray test for evaluating coating performance in the lab was called a Prohesion Test.


True or false: Adhesive and cohesive coating failures present identical physical results.


Who wrote the definitive book, Protective Coatings: Fundamentals of Chemistry and Composition?


True or false: The application of a coating to stainless steel that is electrically connected to carbon steel in immersion service can reduce but cannot completely eliminate the effects of galvanic corrosion, according to a recent JPCL article.


What is the ideal pressure at the nozzle of an air abrasive blast system to achieve maximum productivity in the cleaning of steel?


SSPC and what other organization offer a certification for shop application of coatings to structural steel?


SSPC-SP 5/NACE No. 1 is most closely aligned with what ISO surface preparation standard?


OSHA requires controls for fall hazards when workers are working at what height or higher?


True or false: A highly friable abrasive is good for recycling.


True or False: Fusion bond epoxy coatings are typically cured with UV light.


What organization recently published a technology update on fluoropolymer coatings?


Abrasive blast cleaning to remove lead-based paint is governed by what EPA regulation?


What kind of instrument is used for continuity testing of coatings?


What organization conducts a National Transportation Product Evaluation Program?


How is film build normally achieved during the thermal spray process?


According to the JPCL article, “The Six Essential Elements of Successful Concrete Repair,” flexible, 100-percent-solids acrylic coatings applied over repaired concrete have a great track record in preventing further carbonation of the concrete.


In general, when is it better to use impact rather than rotary power tools?


True or false: One kind of wet blasting system uses air pressure rather than water pressure as the cleaning force.


True or False: Unlike other roofing systems, spray polyurethane foam (SPF) can be applied in inclement weather, including high and low temperatures, very high humidity, and in high winds.


What does HVLP stand for?


True or false: Carbon dioxide and chloride ions are two of the most aggressive materials in the environment that can cause deterioration of concrete.


True or false: “Curing agent” is another name for “hardener.”


True or false: According to OSHA, inhalation hazards that can be derived from a concrete substrate when abrasive blasting include asbestos, silicates, silica sand and Portland cement.


True or false: SSPC has a technical committee on fluoropolymer coatings.


True or false: Ultra-high-pressure water jetting at 30,000 psi requires more water to remove coatings from a masonry substrate than does water blasting at 5,000 psi.


True or false: The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has developed replacement coatings that exceed the performance of high-VOC vinyls for locks and dams.


True or false: The SWR Institute issues performance standards for coatings over aluminum extrusions and panels.


What is the common name for aluminum silicate abrasive?


According to a D+D article, to achieve total coating removal from brick with minimal substrate damage and no airborne dust generation, what removal method makes the most sense?


What claims are made in a recent JPCL article for using waterjetting and surface-tolerant coatings in newbuilding of ships?


Which of the following coating adhesion tests is the least quantitative?


What is the acronym for a robotic spray process to reline pipeline interiors?


What agency tests and approves respirators for use in the workplace?


Non-metallic abrasives are derived from what source?


The National Floor Safety Institute makes what claim about slips and falls in the workplace?


True or false: The various dry film thickness testing standards used around the world are significantly different from one another.


Among the forces that can contribute to water leaks through holes in building envelope materials are mechanical loads from heating and cooling equipment and the stack effect of conditioned air rising or settling. What is a third force?


True or false: SSPC Guide 15 describes methods to analyze soluble salt content on steel and concrete.


True or false: Angular rather than round abrasives are best for removing soft pliable coatings, according to a JPCL Maintenance Tip.


What is one thing that John Peart, Bob Kogler, and Bernie Appleman have in common?


What is the acronym, used frequently in VOC regulations, for architectural and protective coatings?


Which of the following organizations is an Alliance Partner of SWR Institute?


What is a term used to describe the accelerated oxidation of galvanized steel caused by exposure to relatively high concentrations of moisture and oxygen trapped between pieces or sheets of steel that are closely stacked?


What organization publishes a standard procedure for describing the size and density of the blisters so that comparisons of severity can be made?


True or false: A wet sponge holiday detector is a spark tester.


True or false: Permissible exposure limits and threshold limit values are legally binding limits.


True or false: ISO Sa2.5, describing very thorough abrasive blast cleaning, gives a less comprehensive written description of the end condition of the steel after blasting than SSPC SP 10/NACE No. 2, Near white metal, which requires a similar end condition.


True or false: To be effective, a seal coat over a thermal-sprayed zinc coating must be applied after a significant amount of natural oxidation has occurred.


What do Brookfield and Stormer have in common?


True or false: According to SSPC, wet blasting and water jetting are synonyms.


True or false: SSPC-SP 16 is often specified as part of the surface preparation of new galvanized steel before overcoating.


What generic coating type is most likely to be found on the faying surfaces of slip-critical joints?


In the list of actions below, which one precedes all the others in development of a maintenance painting program?


True or false: SSPC has a test method for evaluating the degree of blistering on painted steel substrates.


True or false: When soluble alkali ions react with chemically active forms of silica in concrete, the concrete deteriorates.


True or false: In North America, SSPC is the sole publisher of hand- and power-tool cleaning standards.


What epoxy curing agent is made with the oil derived from a nut shell?


True or false: NORSOK offers a standard that gives durability grades of low, medium, and high for paint systems in various environments and levels of surface preparation.


True or false: SSPC recently issued a standard on measuring slip resistance of flooring materials.


True or false: Recent work has shown that the use of robotic systems can significantly improve the uniformity of bridge deck membranes and increase the speed of installation.


The Commission Internationale d’Eclairage deals with what kinds of issues related to coatings?


True or false: Cohesive and adhesive paint failures are identical in their manifestations.


True or false: There is currently no complete industry-wide performance standard for bridge deck waterproofing work in North America.


A drawdown bar and a dolly have what in common?


True or false: Vinyl ester coatings are easy to apply.


True or false: White rust is an iron oxide that forms naturally on ferrous metals in response to normal weathering.


True or false: Stripe coating of the edges of steel substrates is not necessary when edge retention primers are used, according to most coating specialists.


True or false: ASTM has a quantitative test method for evaluating the adhesion of a coating by cutting and probing it with a utility knife.


What test produces blue spots on test paper when soluble salts are present?


What ASTM committee focuses on coating work for the power industry?


True or false: A bug hole is an irregular cavity in a wood substrate.


True or false: Abrasive particles in an efficient air abrasive blast system typically travel at a speed of 100 miles per hour.


SP 3 is a shorthand version of SSPC-SP 3, Power Tool Cleaning, but it can also refer to what research program important to the coatings industry?


What is the alphanumeric designation for the ASTM committee that deals with coatings and related topics?


True or false: SSPC has a standard describing test methods for measuring surface profile.


A chain, a golf ball, and a hammer can all be used to check for what condition, according to a recent “Solve It” column in Durability + Design?


What generic coating type was tested on the Morgan-Wyalla pipeline in the 1940s?


True or false: One way to passivate steel is to remove its oxide layer.


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, ISO’s Sa 2 “thorough” blast cleaning standard is equivalent to SSPC-SP 14, NACE No. 8 Industrial Blast Cleaning.


True or false: SSPC published a new technology update this month on polysiloxane coatings.


After 35 years, OSHA has issued a final rule regarding which of these issues?


True or false: The high alkalinity of concrete causes corrosion of rebar.


True or false: “Discontinuity” and “holiday” mean the same thing in terms of application defects.


True or false: The opposite of hydrophobic is hydrophilic.


True or false: SSPC has a guide to maintenance painting of concrete structures.


True or false: OSHA requires federal agencies to comply with its regulations.


True or false: Carbamation is a form of concrete deterioration.


True or false: Architectural floor coatings have a VOC limit of 50 g/l in the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD).


What is the name of a rigid cell used to determine soluble salt concentrations on steel?


What state transportation department has a test procedure, titled “Determining the Graffiti Resistance of Anti-Graffiti Coatings”?


What organization recently held its 24th annual painters’ competition?


True or false: Bending and forming of aluminum can be accomplished without harming its anodized finish.


How many concrete surface profile (CSP) chips are available with ICRI Guideline 310.2R-2013?


SSPC classifies non-metallic abrasive into three kinds, two of which are mineral and manufactured. What is the third class?


True or false: While there are some quantitative requirements for levels of cleanliness in SSPC/NACE abrasive blasting standards (less than 5% stains allowed in Near-White blast cleaning), qualitative rather than quantitative assessments must be made to determine compliance with these requirements.


Instruments used to detect moisture levels in concrete employ what technology?


“Grading,” “sizing,” and “screening” are terms used to describe what process?


What kind of coating test employs a mandrel?


True or false: Australia has a painting contractor certification program similar to SSPC’s PCCP in the U.S.


True or false: SSPC Guide 15 details how to test for the presence of chlorides on concrete substrates.


True or false: ASTM has one pull-off adhesion test of coatings on concrete, and a separate one for coatings on metal substrates.


What is another name for a tensile adhesion test of coatings?


True or false: Elastomeric coatings are easier to remove by blast cleaning than brittle coatings.


What is the name of the Norwegian standards on coating and surface preparation?


What organization created a standard definition of “coating work”?


True or false: A drop-in liner is typically not attached to the walls and floor of a tank.


True or false: An impermeable barrier coating works best on a masonry wall.


What is the name of the provision in OSHA standards that is used in inspections where there are no specific standards applicable to the particular hazard involved?


A broom finish on concrete translates to approximately what level of ICRI’s Concrete Surface Preparation (CSP) standards?


What type of corrosion is caused by the contact of dissimilar metals immersed or buried in an electrolyte?


True or false: With the ISO blast cleaning standards, the visual standards are an integral part of the written standard; that is, the reference to the applicable pictures is part of the written description.


True or false: The cure of an inorganic zinc-rich coating can be determined definitively by the MEK rub test (ASTM D4752).


SSPC-SP 10 allows staining to remain on how much of each unit area of the steel surface being cleaned?


What percentage of respondents voted “yes” to the D+D poll question last year, “Do we still need construction trade unions”?


What type of product is Emmaqua?


The International Maritime Organization developed the Performance Standard for Protective Coatings for Dedicated Seawater Ballast Tanks (PSPC) as an amendment to what regulation?


In addition to the American Architectural Manufacturers Association, what other organization has a specification for coatings on architectural aluminum?


True or false: Four SSPC abrasive blasting standards, organized from most to least rigorous, are SP 10, SP 7, SP 6, and SP 5.


True or false: The SWR Institute validates the performance test results published by manufacturers of deck coatings.


What organization offers education and certification of EIFS mechanics, inspectors, and industry professionals?


What organization maintains a data mine showing the results of performance testing of bridge coatings?


True or false: Arc-spray application of thermal-sprayed metal coatings is conducted only in the shop.


True or false: One cause of rebar corrosion is carbonation of the concrete around the rebar.


True or false: Australia has a Painting Contractor Certification Program (PCCP).


True or false: Wet storage stain need not be removed from galvanizing before coatings are applied.


True or false: According to a JPCL article in 2013, resinous linings used for manhole rehabilitation do not need to be spark-tested.


True or false: A spark test is another name for a low-voltage holiday detector test.


What is the subject of the paint application guide recently amended and reissued by SSPC, together with AASHTO and the National Steel Bridge Alliance?


True or false: Some portable shot blast machines utilize a centrifugal wheel blasting apparatus.


What may be the result of excessive pressure in airless spray painting?


How do you determine the particle size distribution of abrasive material used for blast cleaning?


True or false: Some silicone aluminum coatings are claimed to have heat resistance above 1000 degrees F.


What organization offers a standard that gives durability grades of low, medium and high for paint systems in various environments and levels of surface preparation?


True or false: In addition to SSPC-PA 17, there are two ASTM standards on measuring surface profile of blast-cleaned steel.


How is a water ring used?


What is the acronym of the association for the EIFS industry?


True or false: Osmotic blistering of coatings on steel substrates can be caused by chloride contamination on the steel prior to painting.


The accumulation of fats, oils and greases (FOG) can have what negative impact on sewer systems?


True or false: Some coatings become solvent-resistant, as shown by a solvent rub test, before they are sufficiently cured for service.


True or false: Resistance to dirt pick-up is important to the performance cool roof coatings.


An Atlas test cell is normally used to test the performance of what type of coating material?


True or false: The adhesion of a coating to a steel substrate depends entirely upon the mechanical attachment or hooking of the coating to the profile of the steel.


True or false: If there are non-burst blisters in a tank lining, the lining must be immediately replaced.


True or false: A needle gage is used to measure water pressure in a UHP water jetting system.


What qualifies a metal to be used in a sacrificial coating?


True or false: OSHA was established during a Republican administration.


True or false: OSHA’s Fall Protection Standard is invoked when workers are at heights of 6 feet or greater.


True or false: Where insulation is required to maintain hot service in tanks and piping, thermal insulative coatings are now sometimes used in place of insulating wraps covered with metallic jackets.


True or false: Most of OSHA’s Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs) on hazardous materials have been updated since their inception.


True or false: The appearance of steel after blast cleaning is affected by the type of abrasive used, among other factors.


Pressurized pots are used for what type of spray painting?


Which of the following is not currently the subject of standards development by the SSPC Commercial Coatings Committee?


What organization published the document, “Preparing and Using Protective Coating Specifications”?


True or false: One proprietary system for preparing factory-applied finishes on metal to accept maintenance paints utilizes low-impact, low-pressure abrasive blasting with a blend of stauralite and walnut shells.


True or false: According to a JPCL article, trowel-applied mortar systems for concrete floors can include walnut shell aggregates.


True or false: Based on a study of coatings for offshore platforms reported in JPCL, fluoropolymer topcoats replaced polyurethanes in an oil company’s specification.


What type of corrosion is characterized by a definite thread-like structure and directional growth under coatings on steel?


True or false: Thick-film, epoxy novolac coatings are sometimes recommended for railroad tank cars carrying crude oil.


Sulfate-reducing bacteria contribute to corrosion by what mechanism?


White rust appears on which of the following substrates?


When the recently deceased Mark Schilling wrote in a JPCL article, “I do not advocate the specification of 'sniff tests' because I don’t know how to calibrate a nose,” he was discussing what coating failure phenomenon?


What name is given to the faux painting effect created by using glazes and brushes to create a look like textured fabric?


At what dry film thickness is a high voltage rather than a low-voltage holiday detector required?


True or false: “Solvent pop” occurs because of hackles in a steel substrate.


True or false: Dry ice pellets used as abrasive cannot produce a profile on steel.


True or false: OSHA requires that replacement parts for air-supplied respirators must come from the original manufacturer.


True or false: Sponge jetting requires ultra-high pressure (UHP) water.


True or false: In air abrasive blast systems, the bull hose carries pressurized air and abrasive to the blast nozzle.


True or false: The National Sanitation Foundation produces standards that impact the protective coatings industry.


What organization offers the LEED Green Associate credential?


With what organization did the National Paint and Coatings Association merge to create the American Coatings Association?


True or false: SSPC has a blast cleaning standard for non-ferrous metals such as architectural aluminum.


True or false: Oil contamination of the atomizing air in an air spray system can cause fish eyes in the coating film.


High ratio calcium sulfonate alkyds are recommended by some coating specialists for what kind of service?


What is the subject of SSPC-Vis 7?


True or false: If a coating has 50 grams per liter or less of VOCs, it is said to be HAPS-free.


True or false: SSPC has a program to train and certify inspectors of coatings on concrete.


Which one of the following organizations does not train and certify paint inspectors?


Among the choices below, which one presented a paper at D+D 2014 and was elected mayor of a northern California city on Tuesday (Nov. 4)?


In coatings work, what is a limpet cell?


The last solvent in a solvent blend to evaporate from an applied coating film is called what?


True or false: Sacrificial protection of steel can be achieved only with metallic coatings, such as galvanizing or zinc-rich paints.


True or false: In paint failure analysis, gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy is normally used to detect and identify volatile or semi-volatile materials.


A chopper gun would most likely be used for what application?


What is an alternative to hot potting?


True or false: The ASTM standard for moisture mitigation systems on concrete slabs for use under resilient flooring requires that the coating system have a permeance of 6 perms or less.


True or false: The SSPC Committee on Commercial Coatings is developing guides for laboratory testing, selecting, and assuring the quality of thick-film coatings on CMU assemblies.


What organization published a revised standard in 2012 on measuring dry film coating thickness that focuses on frequency of measurements and acceptablility of acquired results?


True or false: When dissimilar metals are in contact in the presence of an electrolyte, the more noble metal will experience galvanic corrosion.


Which of the following is not the subject of an SSPC Qualification Procedure (QP)?


True or false: The adhesion of coatings to weathered TPO roofing membranes can be significantly increased by using aqueous cleaners, followed by power washing.


According to Fred Goodwin, one of JPCL’s Top Thinkers, the three Ds negatively affecting the durability of concrete are deterioration, damage and ... what else?


True or false: The Norsok M 501 standard on protective coatings was created by the Norwegian petroleum industry.


Breathing grade compressed air (Grade D, as specified by the Compressed Gas Association) must contain what percentage of oxygen by volume?


True or false: A dilatant paint is said to be thixotropic.


SSPC’s specification for the application of thermal spray coatings is issued jointly with what other organization(s)?


True or false: Solvent entrapment within a coating can cause the formation of blisters.


True or false: Siloxane sealers will not keep pressure-driven water from penetrating concrete pores.


True or false: Surface profile on steel can be measured in the field.


True or false: There are no quantitative methods for measuring the surface profile of concrete.


What organization has a surface preparation standard for brush-off blast cleaning of non-ferrous metals?


True or false: Osmotic blisters are likely to be filled with liquids that contain solvents or salts.


In what country was the first large-scale application of zinc-rich coatings?


True or false: The U.S. coatings industry is experiencing a large net trade surplus in 2014.


True or false: SSPC-SP 10 is typically specified as the level of surface preparation for the application of an inorganic zinc-rich coating.


Which of the following organizations maintains coating standards for architectural aluminum extrusions and panels?


What level of voltage does a wet sponge holiday detector employ?


What organization publishes the “Rapid Rise Fire Tests of Protection Materials for Structural Steel”?


True or false: Power tool cleaning is effective in removing soluble salts from a steel substrate.


True or false: Siloxane sealers are normally applied to concrete substrates in film thicknesses of two to three mils.


True or false: RCI, Inc. is the Roof Consultants Institute.


What is a main difference between SSPC’s Commercial Grade Power Tool Cleaning and Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal?


True or false: Coatings that form a film by coalescence are two-component materials.


True or false: Contact between dissimilar metals can cause galvanic corrosion.


What coating company was awarded a research grant in 2014 by the Department of Energy to study cool pigment technology in collaboration with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory?


True or false: SSPC’s technology update on overcoating says that failure by delamination is a minor risk.


True or false: ASTM has separate test methods for steel and concrete substrates in determining the pull-off adhesion of coatings.


If a coating cures by coalescence, what phrase below best describes the mechanism of cure?


What organization offers a standard that gives durability grades of low, medium, and high for paint systems in various environments and levels of surface preparation?


Which of the following statements about SSPC-SP 11, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal, is correct?


True or false: To be effective, a seal coat over a thermal-sprayed zinc coating must be applied after a significant amount of natural oxidation has occurred.


Some types of spray painting equipment achieve higher transfer efficiency than others. What is transfer efficiency?


In a corrosion cell, where does the corrosion occur?


True or false: Some moisture meters for concrete are based on AC impedance.


True or false: An inorganic zinc-rich primer can be topcoated as soon as it is dry.


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, application of silicone foul-release coatings presents numerous problems that need to be overcome.


True or false: Destructive testing for measuring humidity in concrete flooring requires the use of jack hammers.


What do the terms “working mix” and “operating mix” refer to?


What kind of corrosion is caused by the formation and collapse of bubbles?


True or False: Common factory-applied finishes over hot-dipped galvanized steel include polyester, acrylic, fluoropolymer, plastisol, and polyurethane.


True or false: A coating system description in a specification may include surface preparation and quality control requirements.


While the first documented weathering test for paint occurred in Fargo, ND, where are outdoor weathering exposure tests likely to occur today?


True or false: A black light test can detect certain oil films on a bare steel substrate.


What organization maintains a database describing the results of performance testing of bridge coatings?


True or false: There are both pneumatic and electric remote controls for air abrasive blast systems.


Certain machine guns, like the old Thompson sub-machine gun, are called chopper guns. What is a chopper gun in coatings work?


True or false: Inorganic zinc-rich primers should be topcoated as soon as they appear to be dry.


What is normally meant by the phrase, “hold the blast?”


True or false: Non-osmotic blisters can develop in coatings on concrete floors.


True or false: The greater the permeability of a coating on concrete, the more effectively it will perform.


What mechanism of corrosion protection does zinc phosphate provide to coatings?


True or false: Ethanol is corrosive and highly water soluble, according to the EPA.


True or false: In the document "GA-214, Recommended Levels of Gypsum Board Finish," GA stands for “Gypsum Appearance.”


True or false: A wet blast system can use air pressure, rather than water pressure, as the cleaning force.


According to a JPCL article in July, how can flash rusting of newly abrasive-blasted steel be prevented or minimized?


Why is a gel coat consisting of paraffin wax in styrene often used over newly applied polyester and vinyl ester linings?


True or false: SSPC publishes a surface preparation standard for power tool cleaning that requires establishment of a profile on steel.


True or false: Plastic shrinkage cracking of concrete can occur during the first few hours after placement.


True or false: Both wet and dry ice have been used as abrasives in abrasive blasting operations.


In a laboratory test of metalized coatings reported recently in JPCL, which metal or alloy provided the best combination of corrosion protection and service life in immersion and intermittent immersion conditions simulating Bureau of Reclamation exposures?


Who awards certification for conforming with the requirements in the Green Guide for Health Care?


True or false: The Maritime Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) is a committee of the United Nations.


Retained water-soluble solvents within a coating film in immersion or continuous high moisture service will, most likely, lead to what kind of failure?


What is a common term for osmotic blistering of coatings due to thermal gradients?


True or false: According to a published study, elevated exposure to crystalline silica can result when it is present in coating materials being removed by blast cleaning.


True or false: Certain coating types can saponify on galvanized surfaces with elevated alkalinity.


True or false: The Performance Standard for Protective Coatings (PSPC) was created by ISO.


What type of coating material was described as the most appropriate for overcoating lead-based paint on steel penstocks in a 2009 JPCL article?


If coatings were removed before abrading a concrete floor slab to conduct the ASTM anhydrous calcium chloride test, how much time must elapse between grinding and conducting the test?


True or false: SSPC’s CAS (Coating Application Specialist) training and certification is based upon a joint SSPC/IUPAT standard.


What organization has a wall coating validation program?


True or false: Abrasive particle size, shape, and hardness all have an impact on the creation of surface profile.


What do HUNKOR and CEFRACOR have in common?


Which one of the following organizations does not train and certify coating inspectors?


What is a common name for the safety cut-out device at the blast nozzle of an abrasive blast system, which is connected to a pressure-relief valve on the blast pot?


True or false: An ASTM subcommittee is working on a test method to measure the dirt pick-up resistance of architectural paints and stains.


True or false: An ASTM subcommittee is working on a proposed standard to test the slip-coefficient properties of coatings used in slip-critical bolted connections.


True or false: Abrasive blast particles in an air abrasive blast system using a venture nozzle can achieve speeds of 450 mph or higher.


What organization developed a standard for measuring concrete surface profile with replica putty?


What organization publishes the Standard for the Preparation of Steel Substrates for PSPC?


True or false: In coating and surfacing work, bug holes are small cavities in wood substrate caused by insects.


What is the relationship between a discontinuity and a holiday in a coating?


True or false: A Maryland State Highway Administration test of bridge coatings systems, supported by the Federal Highway Administration and recently reported in JPCL, found that two-coat systems performed equally as well as a conventional, three-coat high-performance system.


True or false: Coating maintenance options after condition assessment can include spot repair, spot repair with full overcoat, and complete removal and replacement of the coating.


What is the name of a work site safety precaution that is also the term used when an employer prevents workers from entering a facility in a labor dispute?


Which method of blasting produces the least blast debris, presuming the same substrate in the same condition is being cleaned by each method?


What kind of test was developed by Frederick Knoop and colleagues?


True or false: According to a recent Applicator Training Bulletin in JPCL, the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 lists and describes the responsibilities of both employers and employees for safety in the workplace.


True or false: A nozzle orifice gage is used to measure the opening in a airless spray tip.


What SSPC/NACE blast cleaning standard is equivalent to Sa 2, Thorough Blast Cleaning, in ISO 8501-1?


True or false: Portable pull-off adhesion testers include ones that operate by application of mechanical or hydraulic or pneumatic force.


Which of the following statements about SSPC-SP 11, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal, is true?


True or false: HVLP stands for high volume low particulate.


True or false: The U.S. Bureau of Reclamation provides water and power to 17 western states.


True or false: CEN produces European standards.


True or false: In versions of SSPC-PA 2 published before the 2012 version, the standard addressed the measurement of dry film thickness of coatings on both ferrous and non-ferrous metals.


True or false: Scabbling produces a rougher profile on concrete than does air-abrasive blasting with sand.


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, planing is more effective than shotblasting in removing asphalt, latex, adhesives and other materials that are thicker than 2 mm from concrete floors.


According to a May 2014 JPCL article, the per-vehicle cost for overspray removal on automobiles is typically in what range?


What is the name of the method for measuring soluble salt conductivity on steel before painting by applying a special patch to the substrate, injecting deionized water beneath it, and then extracting the water to assess its conductivity?


True or false: A Schmidt Hammer is used for hand-tool cleaning of steel.


The scratch hardness of coatings, as described in ASTM D 3363, is determined with the aid of what implement?


SSPC and AISC jointly publish a standard on what subject?


True or false: Coatings specified to be used on the faying surfaces of slip-critical bolted connections on steel structures must be tested and classified for their slip-coefficient properties.


True or false: ASTM D 4541, Standard Test Method for Pull-Off Strength of Coatings Using Portable Adhesion Testers, requires a score around the loading fixture when the film thickness of the coating exceeds 20 mils.


True or false: The American Iron and Steel Institute publishes the “Standard for Shop Application of Complex Protective Coating Systems.”


What organization conducts a National Transportation Product Evaluation Program?


True or false: Conformance with specified requirements for cleanliness of steel after surface preparation, as described in SSPC standards, is carried out without the aid of instruments.


True or false: Research by Roper, Weaver, and Brandon has shown that the peak count of surface profile after blast cleaning has no bearing on coating performance.


Which of the following implements are used in an ASTM test method to determine the hardness of coatings?


True or false: A seal coat should be applied over a thermal-sprayed zinc coating before oxidation occurs on the surface.


True or false: Passive fire protection materials are sometimes evaluated in a jet fire test.


True or false: Centrifugal blast cleaning can be both portable and stationary.


Among these choices, what is the ideal air pressure at the nozzle for a blaster to achieve optimum productivity from an air abrasive blast system employed to clean and profile carbon steel?


True or false: One system used to repair cracked concrete in a secondary containment structure was a geotextile coated with polyurea.


True or false: LEED for Schools Credit IEQ 4.2 requires that paint be compliant with a California Department of Public Health standard for testing and evaluating emissions.


The approval of what agency is required for supplied-air respirators?


What Cabinet department sets standards for the treatment of historic structures?


What is a Tooke gauge?


True or false: SSPC has a standard for a single-coat zinc-rich painting system.


True or false: Steel cleaned by abrasive blasting to a condition of SSPC-SP 5, White Metal Blast Cleaning, can look different from job to job.


True or false: No stains of rust, mill scale, or old coatings are allowed after abrasive blast cleaning to SSPC-SP 5.


What organization is the sole representative of the United States to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)?


True or false: SSPC-VIS 1 photographs, depicting the appearance of steel before and after blast cleaning, can be used as substitutes for the written blast cleaning standards when blasted steel is being inspected for compliance with a specific standard.


True or false: SSPC has a paint application standard describing materials and preparation requirements for steel test panels used to evaluate coatings performance.


What organization issued the 2006 publication Abrasive Blasting Hazards in Shipyard Employment?


OSHA requires controls for fall hazards when workers are at what height or higher above the ground or lower level?


True or false: Carbon steel railroad tank cars carrying crude oil may now require tank linings, where in the past, they went unlined.


True or false: Agricultural blast cleaning abrasives are made from walnut shells, corn cobs, and peach pits, among others.


True or false: There is a quantitative test method for measuring surface profile of concrete.


What organization provides education and certification of concrete slab moisture testing technicians?


What is the process called when steel shot is used to improve the fatigue properties of steel?


True or false: ASTM has performance standards for the scrub resistance of coatings.


True or false: One ASTM Test Method for measuring profile on blast-cleaned steel describes the use of a portable stylus instrument.


True or false: SSPC has a standard for hand-tool cleaning of steel before painting that requires a surface profile.


What is the name given to the practice of overcoating lead-based paint on structures such as bridges rather than removing it and repainting?


True or false: Staurolite sand can be considered a “green” abrasive because it is an industrial byproduct.


Most coatings applied to concrete substrates provide what type of protection?


True or false: Air barrier installers are certified by the Building Enclosure Technology and Environment Council (BETEC).


True or false: ASTM has a test method for determining the size of abrasives.


What organization published the manual Metal Panels and SPF Roof Systems - 2012?


If an abrasive fractures easily, it is said to be which of the following?


Olivine is what type of blasting abrasive?


Where will you find the body of knowledge an applicator must master to become a certified industrial applicator?


True or false: OSHA has developed three sets of regulations on abrasive blasting in three primary industries: general industry, maritime, and construction.


SSPC and NACE have how many joint standards on waterjet cleaning of metals?


Which of the following features of a corrosion-control coating contribute to barrier protection?


How does one surface preparation industry expert, Dr. Lydia Frenzel, differentiate between flash rust and rust back?


True or false: The International Maritime Organization has developed a Performance Standard for Protective Coatings (PSPC) designed specifically for crude oil tankers.


How is a mandrel used in testing of coatings?


In coating work, what is the LMCI?


What organization did the National Paint and Coatings Association merge with to form the American Coatings Association?


True or false: The only ways to combine abrasive and water in a wet blast system are to inject water into a pressurized abrasive stream or to inject abrasive into a pressurized water stream.


True or false: When two dissimilar metals are in contact in the presence of an electrolyte, the more noble metal will experience galvanic corrosion.


True or false: The conventional wisdom is that coating of newly poured concrete should not occur until 15 days have elapsed.


True or false: A hypodermic pressure gauge is normally used to measure the working pressure of a plural-component spray system.


True or false: According to one study reported in JPCL, the ability to resist permeation of sewer gases is a very significant performance attribute of coatings used in the headspaces of sewage collection systems.


What name is usually given to blasting abrasive residue that has been broken down into a powder?


Which of the following organizations trains and certifies coating inspectors?


What is the name of a rectangular metal tool used to deposit a specified thickness of wet coating on a test panel or other substrate?


What is the name of a blast cleaning abrasive manufactured by fusing the mineral bauxite at high temperature?


What organization is creating a training and certification program for commercial painters?


True or false: Fusion-bonded epoxies have been used for more than 50 years to protect transmission pipeline.


True or false: The Painting and Decorating Contractors of America was one of five industry associations involved with the development of recommended levels of gypsum board finish.


True or false: A Bresle patch is used to treat dynamic cracks in concrete, especially in secondary containment structures around tanks.


True or false: Spray techniques for closed-cell SPF normally differ from those for open-cell SPF.


What happens to the condition of a steel substrate when waterjet cleaning is used to remove rust or existing coatings?


True or false: Continuity testing of a 10-mil coating on a pipeline is normally conducted with a high-voltage holiday detector.


True or false: The International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) does not recognize foam plastic insulating sheathing as an air barrier material.


What organization publishes a test method for measuring the slip coefficient of coatings used on the faying surfaces of bolted joints?


True or false: Though not described in a standard, one check for oil contamination of abrasives involves putting abrasive in a clean glass jar with clean water, putting a lid on the jar and shaking it, and then checking for an oil film on the surface of the water or coloration or cloudiness of the water itself.


What organization publishes a Whole Building Design Guide, in which “Air Barrier Systems in Buildings” is found?


True or false: Among SSPC's qualifications procedures used to certify industrial painting contractors is one that applies to contractors with less than 6 months of industrial painting experience.


True or False: SSPC and NACE jointly publish a standard on applicator training and certification for commercial painters.


What organization has a product validation program for deck coatings?


In coating work, what is a jeep test?


What is another name for the ASTM test to check for oil and water in compressed air?


What organization is developing a qualification and certification program for architectural coating applicators?


What is the subject of an SSPC/NACE standard that describes a “body of knowledge?”


What type of respiratory protection is required for air abrasive blasting?


Wind can cause or contribute to what problem of paint application?


In measuring coating thickness, one mil equals approximately how many microns?


True or false: Some of SSPC’s surface preparation standards are not published jointly with NACE.


How many sets of visual reference guides supplementing written surface preparation standards are published by SSPC?


True or false: The threat of mudcracking in thick, heavily pigmented coatings is more likely with spherical than with platey pigments.


True Or False: ASTM D 7091 and SSPC-PA 2 deal with measurement of dry film coating thickness on both ferrous and non-ferrous metals.


What SSPC standard covers cleaning of stainless steel?


True or false: Many coating manufacturers recommend that wood should have a moisture content of 15% or less before painting it.


True or false: In a JPCL article describing a study about surface preparation of repair mortars in wastewater treatment plants, the authors concluded that broom finishing was superior to abrasive blasting in producing surfaces for the successful application of protective coatings.


True or false: The ASTM Plastic Sheet Method (D 4263) for detecting moisture in concrete substrates can be used both on concrete floor slabs and on vertical walls.


According to the Department of Energy, buildings are responsible for how much of the nation’s energy use?


True or false: ISO 12944, Part 5 lists 9 factors that are important for the durability of a protective coating system.


In abrasive blasting work, how small do dust particles have to be to make them respirable?


What surface preparation method for concrete produces the largest profile?


True or false: The speed of abrasive exiting a venture nozzle in an efficient air abrasive blasting system is typically about 200 mph.


Ultra high pressure (UHP) waterjetting, using water alone at pressures of 35,000-40,000 psi, is sometimes used for what purpose in coating work?


In a study of shop-applied topcoats reported in JPCL, which generic type achieved a hardened film that resisted handling damage at lower temperatures (50°F) and higher humidity (75% RH) in the shortest amount of time?


True or false: OSHA’s Construction Industry Fall Protection Standard is invoked when a worker operates at a height of 10 feet or greater.


What organization maintains a publicly accessible directory of reflective roofing products with ratings based on its testing protocol for solar reflectance and thermal emittance?


True or false: The main reason for using citric acid to etch concrete is to create a profile coarser than that created by other etching agents.


What instrument or device is used to determine steel profile roughness/peak count requirements as required in SSPC-SP 17 and described in ASTM D4417?


True or false: Odor control ventilation systems in wastewater treatment plants stop biogenic sulfide corrosion.


What organization validates the performance test results published by manufacturers of deck coatings?


True or false: OSHA now forbids the use of silica sand as a blasting abrasive.


When replica putty is used to determine the surface profile of concrete according to ASTM D7682, Method A (visual comparison), what is the replica putty compared to in order to assess the profile depth?


True or False: Like their counterparts for steel, there are four SSPC surface preparation standards describing the end condition of concrete after cleaning.


How can a hygro thermometer be useful in coating work?


True or False: SSPC-SP 11, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal, has no requirement for surface profile.


High cross-link density contributes the most to what type of corrosion protection?


In addition to the American Architectural Manufacturers Association (AAMA), what other organization has a specification for coatings on architectural aluminum?


Press-O-Film is the name of what type of product?


True or False: In judging the conformance of abrasive blast cleaning of steel with SSPC standards, such as SSPC-SP 10, the photos in SSPC-VIS 1 depicting levels of cleanliness take precedence over the written descriptions of required levels of cleanliness.


SSPC-VIS 1, now called Guide and Reference Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Dry Abrasive Blast Cleaning, was originally produced by what other standards organization?


What is the subject of NAVSEA Standard Item 009-32?


Continuity testing of non-conductive coatings applied to a steel substrate is carried out with what type of instrument?


True or False: Silica sand and coal slag abrasive with the same particle size distribution will produce different profile depth ranges on blast-cleaned steel.


True or False: The more turbid a liquid, the more clear it is.


ISO 12944 on corrosion protection of steel with protective coatings lists how many environmental exposure classes?


True or False: Moisture-cure polyurethanes are single-component coatings.


What is the name for an abrasive’s resistance to breakdown on impact?


What is another name for wet storage stain?


What pigment is made by both a French process and an American process?


What kind of blasting abrasive is comprised of aluminum silicate?


Which of the following terms is generally considered synonymous with the term “trade sales paint”?


Centrifugal wheels are used in what kind of equipment?


Which of the following methods for measuring surface profile is not described in ASTM D4417, “Standard Test Method for Field Measurement of Surface Profile of Blast Cleaned Steel”?


In general, when is it better to use impact power tools (needle gun, roto peen) rather than rotary tools (wire brush, etc.)?


What is another name for the portable stylus instrument used to measure surface roughness of blast-cleaned steel?


SSPC/NACE standards for waterjet cleaning describe how many levels of cleanliness?


True or False: Airless spray application of coatings causes more overspray than conventional air spray because of the higher pressures used.


What quality control device has the names Keane and Tator connected to it?


True or False: Peeling, flaking, and delamination are examples of cohesive paint failures.


True or False: ASTM D3359, “Standard Test Method for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test,” measures the tensile adhesion of a coating.


True or False: Dry-sprayed paint films, as occurs in high wind conditions, are rough, low in gloss, and cohesively inadequate.


Respirators must be approved for use by what organization?


Oil contamination on the substrate or in the atomizing air of conventional spray equipment is most likely to cause what type of coating defect?


What is the name of the test for measuring soluble salt concentrations on steel surfaces prior to painting by applying a special patch to the substrate, injecting deionized water beneath it, and then extracting the water to measure its conductivity?


The earliest, large-scale application of what coating type was conducted on the Morgan-Whyalla pipeline in Australia?


In what kind of work do you hear the term, “operating mix?”


True or False: High-ratio calcium sulfonate alkyd coatings have been recommended as overcoating materials when it is impractical to remove lead-based paint from steel structures.


True or False: The plastic sheet method is a quantitative test for determining the extent of moisture in a concrete slab.


True or False: Both zinc and aluminum are used as thermal spray materials for corrosion protection of steel.


What organization has developed a method for measuring and replicating concrete surface profile using replica putty?


What organization created and sells rubber replica templates for determining the surface profile of concrete?


What is the source of potential inhalation hazards that blasters face in air abrasive blasting operations?


True or False: Relative humidity at the surface of bridge steel may be different from the relative humidity in the atmosphere away from the steel surface.


True or False: A low-pressure, low-impact abrasive blasting process using a blend of walnut shells and staurolite sand has been developed for cleaning architectural sheet metals and other substrates.


A recent 5-year inspection of a lining system on a potable water tank bottom that had suffered significant soil-side corrosion in Melbourne, Australia, showed excellent performance from what lining type?


What generic type of topcoat is often claimed to enable a two-coat system rather than a conventional 3-coat system (zinc, epoxy, polyurethane) for corrosion protection of steel?


What is another name for “work mix?”


In the vernacular of painting, what is another name for “vacation?”


True or False: It is important to keep the spray pot or container below the level of the work when applying zinc-rich paint.


True or False: In August this year, OSHA issued a proposed rule banning use of crystalline silica as a blasting abrasive.


What does the anhydrous calcium chloride test measure?


True or False: Wire bristle tools were recently classified as impact power tools in SSPC power tool cleaning standards.


True or False: Some cementitious liners for repairing manholes contain chemical additives to kill bacteria that cause microbiologically induced corrosion.


True or False: Finishing of gypsum wallboard is covered by ASTM and AAMA standards.


What is a name sometimes given to the creation of microcracks in a concrete surface through use of impact, pulverizing, or other mechanical surface preparation methods?


Pascal Verbiest, in his recent JPCL article, “Developments in Zinc Primers for Corrosion Protection,” describes four mechanisms of corrosion resistance provided by zinc primers.


What is the subject of Fitz’s Atlas?


What organization developed a standard practice for building enclosure commissioning?


Rotating flaps with hard metallic tips are components of what piece of surface preparation equipment?


What instrument would you use to analyze soluble salt contamination on abrasives?


Why is crystalline silica sand more likely to cause silicosis when it is used for abrasive blasting, as opposed to when it blows around on a beach?


True or False: SSPC has a standard on using plural-component spray equipment.


True or False: When measuring dry film coating thickness in accordance with SSPC-PA 2, the required number of “area measurements” is based on the size of the structure.


Which of the following ISO 8501-1 standards is equivalent to SSPC-SP 6, Commercial blast?


About how many gallons of paint did Oregonians recycle in their third year of the PaintCare program?


Which of the following cleaning standards is SSPC in the process of revising?


True or False: Maximum levels of soluble salts that can remain on a steel substrate after surface preparation are mandated in SSPC-Guide 15 and ISO 8502.


ISO standard 8502, in Parts 5, 6, 9, and 12, is similar in content to what SSPC Guide?


What is the typical range for the peak-to-valley height of surface profile created on steel by power-tool cleaning to bare metal or abrasive-blast cleaning?


Surface roughness and peak count of abrasive-blasted steel are the subject of what SSPC standard?


True or false: Federal contractors are facing new hiring rules regarding women and people with disabilities.


True or false: OSHA’s 2008 National Emphasis Program on Crystalline Silica explicitly identified abrasive blast cleaning as a high-exposure activity.


What description fits Initial Condition D of steel before blasting?


True or False: OSHA has lowered the permissible exposure limits on crystalline silica.


True or False: Field-applied fluoropolymers cannot meet VOC levels of 100 grams per liter.


True or False: An ultrasonic dry film thickness gage can successfully measure coating thickness on steel edges when an edge-retention primer is used.


Which of the following characteristics of a conventional, thin-film coating is easily tested in the field?


True or False: A seal coat over thermal-sprayed zinc will perform better if application is delayed until at least 30 days have elapsed so that natural oxidation can form on the zinc.


Which of the following organizations provides information about good practice in the selection and use of sealants in expansion joints?


What is solvent popping?


True or False: A study reported in JPCL indicated that broom finishes on repair mortars for wastewater service, when compared with abrasive blasting, provided better adhesion of linings applied over them.


What does the coating failure term “crazing” mean?


With what concrete finish method are you likely to see such problems as fins, protrusions and form release agents?


What concrete finishing method produces a surface with very low porosity?


What is the relationship between a fog coat and a mist coat of paint?


True or false: The number of peaks in a steel surface profile created by abrasive blast cleaning has no effect on coating performance.


True or False? Many coating manufacturers recommend a maximum relative humidity of 40% within a concrete slab before their flooring products are applied.


True or False? ASTM D7234, “Standard Test Method for Pull-Off Adhesion Strength of Coatings on Concrete Using Portable Pull-Off Adhesion Testers,” can also be used to measure the surface strength of uncoated concrete.


What organization offers a professional registration for waterproofing consultants?


True or False? The higher the water pressure of a pressure washer, the more effective will be the rinsing step after coatings are exposed to chemical strippers for the appropriate time on masonry substrates.


True or False? SSPC-PA 2 (2012) addresses the use of two types of gages for measuring dry film coating thickness.


True or False? Air and vapor barriers on the exterior walls of a building of Type I, II, III or IV construction, 40 feet or higher, are exempted from having to undergo the NFPA 285 burn test that the wall assemblies have to undergo in the 2012 version of the International Building Code.


In what country was a college for mural arts established this year?


What is Corrodere?


A pencil hardness test is sometimes recommended to evaluate what characteristic of a coating?


What type of gages are used to measure the dry film thickness of coatings on concrete?


What are the most commonly used materials for thermal spraying when it is used for corrosion protection?


True or False? Powder coatings are not used on architectural aluminum.


Which abrasive type is most likely to be used in a portable wheel blast machine for surface preparation of concrete floors?


What is the name of the industrial form of hydrochloric acid that is used to clean concrete and masonry?


Where does a cohesive failure of a coating occur?


Which of the following coating failure types is an instance of a vertical cohesive failure?


Windy conditions are most likely to cause which of the following paint defects?


What coating defect is caused by exceeding the recoat interval recommended by the manufacturer for an epoxy coating?


True or false? Among all spray application techniques, plural-component spraying produces the most paint overspray.


What does HVLP stand for?


Why do some product data sheets for coatings require that the substrate surface temperature be at least 5° F higher than the dew point temperature?


ICRI recommends how much profile in its surface preparation requirements for polymer overlays on concrete?


True or False? Fines are the most productive particles in the working mix of blast abrasive.


What organization developed the Guide for Planning Coatings Inspection?


Which of the following is bad advice about spraying zinc-rich coatings?


True or False? To be effective, a seal coat over a thermal-sprayed zinc coating must be applied after a significant amount of natural oxidation has occurred.


What organization publishes the technical manual Standard Practice for the Testing and Inspection of Intumescent Fire-Resistive Materials?


What does “theoretical coverage” mean?


True or False? In abrasive blasting work, a dosimeter is used to measure exposure to blasting dust.


Reference photographs for surface preparation of steel by waterjetting are found in what document?


True or false? According to a study by German researchers, specifying a particular edge geometry is the most significant factor in controlling corrosion of steel edges in sea-water environments.


If a university dormitory were being painted and an SSPC-certified contractor was required, what QP standard would be invoked?


What is another name for the induction time required after mixing and before a two-component coating can be applied?


What is another term for surface profile on steel?


True or false? The contractor is responsible for field testing for oil and soluble salt contamination of new mineral and slag abrasive media before use.


Patti is the name of a girl, but in coating work, it also functions as an acronym. For what?


What does the abbreviation CFR most commonly refer to, as related to coating work?


What type of corrosion is characterized by a definite thread-like structure and directional growth under coatings on steel?


What is the first step in measuring dry film thickness?


What is the alphanumeric designation for the ASTM committee on coating and lining work for the power industry?


True or false: An ultrasonic dry film thickness gage can measure coating thickness on concrete, but not on wood substrates.


In 2012, what organization issued the document, “Voluntary Specification for Anodized Architectural Aluminum?”


When assessing the moisture content of wood with a suitable moisture meter, what level of moisture is generally considered the upper limit for successful painting?


According to JPCL author David Dorrow, what makes an abrasive “green?”


What is the relationship between the terms “curing agent” and “hardener?”


What organization, in addition to SSPC, offers a certification for shop painting or bridge and highway steel?


Plastic shims are used with what quality-control instruments in coating work?


True or False: Sponge blasting employs particles of sponge as abrasive.


How many levels of drywall finish are described in GA 214-10?


True or false: A large school system that wanted to utilize certified painting contractors would invoke SSPC-QP 1 in its specifications.


The Norwegian association FROSIO has what in common with NACE and SSPC?


The standards-writing organization, ASTM International, had another name before 2001. What was it?


True or false: SSPC visual standards showing degrees of cleaning of steel take precedence over the descriptions of required cleanliness in SSPC’s written surface preparation standards.


True or false: All the SSPC surface preparation standards are issued jointly with NACE.


What organization offers training and certification in architectural coatings at the levels of technologist, specialist, and inspector?


What pressure range would you want to see on a needle gage inserted behind the nozzle of a blast hose?


Which of the following is most likely to be a disadvantage rather than an advantage of shop painting?


What is the subject of SSPC standard AB 4?


In what SSPC document do you find environmental exposure zones classified and described?


What is the term normally used to designate a stoppage of coating work for inspection before moving on to the next step?


What is the acronym, used frequently in VOC regulations, for architectural and protective coatings?


Which of the following SSPC abrasive blast cleaning standards requires the most rigorous degree of cleaning of steel?


What is the name of the provision in OSHA standards that is used in inspections where there are no specific standards applicable to the particular hazard involved?


What organization tests and certifies coatings for use in contact with potable water?


Why should the surface temperature of steel be at least 5 degrees higher than the dew point temperature before you blast-clean or paint?


How is a James Machine used?


What kind of spray application of a liquid coating to a metallic substrate is most commonly associated with the “wrap-around effect”?


Which of the following answers organizes SSPC abrasive blasting standards from least to most rigorous?


What is the alpha-numeric designation of the recently published SSPC standard describing recommended best practice in applying plural component polyureas and polyurethanes?


What organization partners with Orr & Boss, the coatings consulting and market research firm, to develop and publish the Global Paint and Coatings Industry Market Analysis Report?


What characteristic of organic coatings is tested with a mandrel?


Which of the following alternatives is an engineering control for an air-contaminant workplace hazard?


How are pencils used in the testing of coatings?


True or false: The Painting & Decorating Contractors of America is one of several organizations that developed the recommended levels of drywall finish.


Determining the particle size distribution of blast abrasive is achieved by what method?


Which of the following organizations provides information about good practice in the selection and use of sealants in expansion joints?


If a facility owner wanted to require an SSPC-certified contractor for painting a school building, he/she would specify certification according to what standard?


Where does a cohesive coating failure occur?


What is ICORR?


By what mechanism does an acrylic latex cure?


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, the internal surfaces of more than 160 new and existing pipelines have been coated in situ during the last 30 years.


True or false: Ultra-high-pressure (UHP) water jetting is generally ineffective in removing soluble salts from steel substrates.


Holiday detectors rely on what functionality to detect voids in coating films?


True or false: The Sealant Waterproofing and Restoration Institute (SWRI) has a Wall Coating Validation Program “to provide specifiers and end-users of wall coating products an unbiased method to judge whether wall coating products will perform at the levels of the manufacturer’s published data sheet for that particular product.”


What can be detected with a smoke tracer test?


Which of the following statements about SSPC-SP 11, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal, is correct?


The Commercial Coatings Committee of what organization is drafting a guide for measuring moisture content in concrete masonry walls?


True or false: The number of surface profile peaks in abrasive-blast-cleaned steel has no effect on coating performance.


How much South Florida outdoor exposure time is required by AAMA 2605, Voluntary Specification, Performance Requirements and Test Procedures for Superior Performing Organic Coatings on Aluminum Extrusions and Panels?


What organization does not produce standards for the surface preparation of concrete?


True or false: In air abrasive blast cleaning of steel, a venture nozzle generates a deeper blast profile than a straight bore nozzle with the same diameter opening.


How are the zinc particles in a zinc-rich coating kept in suspension during spray application?


True or false: In abrasive blasting work, a dosimeter is used to measure exposure to abrasive blasting dust.


True or false: An SSPC standard was recently published to provide a standard set of acceptance criteria to determine compliance with surface profile requirements in project specifications.


True or false: Some experts recommend that a weathered TPO roof be prepared for coating by cleaning with an aqueous cleaner followed by power washing.


What organization has teamed up with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in a large research study to quantify the performance and cost-effectiveness of air barriers?


True or false: SSPC was the first organization to initiate painter competitions, in which teams of 3 painters competed against one another in demonstrating their craft by coating a large steel panel with attached angles and pipe sections.


True or false: Some state highway departments have banned the use of silica sand for abrasive blasting.


What organization issued an updated manual in 2012 on the application of spray polyurethane foam (SPF) roof systems?


SPC-VIS 1, Visual Standards for Blast Cleaned Steel, was initially the product of another standards-writing body. Which one?


True or false: Comparative data on the performance of various proprietary bridge coatings systems are developed and maintained by the International Bridge, Tunnel, and Turnpike Association.


What organization has a standard for the surface preparation of concrete?


True or false: The Society for Protective Coatings (SSPC) has a performance standard for coatings on architectural aluminum.


True or false: Dry ice blasting produces a lesser volume of debris than the amount produced by air abrasive blasting using slag abrasive.


True or false: Rubber replica templates from the American Concrete Institute can be used to judge the degree of surface profile on concrete.


What is the subject of the JSRA SPSS standard?


True or False: The International Standards Organization published the International Green Construction Code in 2012.


What is the alphanumeric designation of the SSPC Paint Application Standard for measuring the thickness of dry coatings on concrete?


What organization is engaged in performance testing of bridge coatings for state highway departments?


What is the subject of the most recently issued SSPC standard?


The Deutsches Institut für Normung produces what group of standards?


True or false: The ASTM standard test method for measuring pull-off adhesion of coatings on concrete is the same one used for measuring pull-off adhesion of coatings on steel.


True or false: The EPA has initiated action to reconsider expansion of its RRP Rule (Renovation, Repair and Painting) into commercial in addition to residential buildings, in order to limit the dangers of exposure to lead-based paint.


True or false: To hold the blast (prevent re-rusting of blasted steel) inside a tank, one effective measure is to use dehumidification to keep relative humidity below 50%.


True or false: The USDA Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) recommends special surface preparation prior to painting if bare wood is exposed to the atmosphere for more than three to four weeks.


True or false: A broom finish produces a coarse to very coarse finish on concrete.


Which of the following cleaning techniques is most likely to remove soluble salts from a heavily pitted steel surface?


True or false: There is an SSPC power tool cleaning surface preparation standard describing a degree of cleanliness that falls between Power Tool Cleaning, SSPC-SP 3, and Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal, SSPC-SP 11.


What organization has a “Wall Coating Validation Program?”


True or false: Working at a height of 6 feet invokes OSHA’s Construction Industry Fall Protection Standard (29 CFR 1926 Subpart L).


True or false: A research study by Roper, Weaver, and Brandon indicated that the number of peaks in a steel surface profile created by abrasive blasting has no effect on performance of coatings applied to the steel.


True or false: SSPC is developing standards for the selection and testing of commercial coating systems used on and in buildings.


In what country are NORSOK Standards created?


When did, or will, OSHA’s latest rules for residential fall protection (approved in 2010) take effect?


True or false: Acid etching does not produce a surface profile on concrete.


True or false: Magnetic gages can be used for the non-destructive measurement of dry film thickness of coatings on concrete substrates.


What ASTM committee deals with performance of buildings as its main subject?


How are water and abrasive combined in wet abrasive blasting?


True or false: SSPC published a surface preparation standard, now discontinued, describing flame cleaning of steel.


Which of the following organizations provides information about good practice in the selection and use of sealants in expansion joints?


True or false: UHP waterjetting at 35,000 to 40,000 psi is typically used for surface preparation of stucco before painting.


How would you use a hypodermic pressure gage?


What is revealed by ASTM’s “Anhydrous Calcium Chloride (ASTM F1869-11)-Floors?”


What is the minimum surface profile required to meet SSPC’s specification, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal?


The smoothest drywall finish, as described by the Gypsum Association, has what designation?


True or false: Baking soda can be used as an abrasive in both wet and dry abrasive blast systems.


Which surface defect is normally associated with concrete?


Which of the following is an environmentally benign material sometimes used to etch concrete before application of coatings?


If a coating failed prematurely because it was formulated improperly, what kind of record would help an applicator defend himself?


In the list of following actions, which one precedes all the others in development of a maintenance painting program?


SSPC’s Coating Application Specialist Standard, ACS-1, is issued jointly with what other organization?


According to David Dorrow in a recent JPCL article, what constitutes a “green” abrasive?


What is the main subject of the EPA’s RRP rule?


When production is stopped for inspection of coating work prior to moving on to the next step, what is this quality control step called?


What country has a painting contractor certification program similar to the one overseen by the SSPC in the U.S.?


What is the main subject of ISO 12944?


True or false: Fire-resistant, intumescent coatings for steel are applied in one to three coats.


When water under pressures of 30,000-40,000 psi is used to clean steel before painting, what is this form of cleaning called?


Platey pigments contribute to what mechanism of corrosion protection?


If you’re a contractor concerned with meeting the end condition appearance requirements for steel after blast cleaning, what precaution might you take?


A pull stub or dolly is used with what kind of coating test in the field?


Where do you find the “body of knowledge” applicators must have in order to become certified industrial applicators?


What organization provides visual profile standards for concrete?


True or false: An SSPC Committee is working on a standard for qualifying and certifying commercial coating applicators.


Which of the following application methods achieves the greatest transfer efficiency?


Who was Executive Director of NACE International from 1952-1987?


Which of the following factors is a cause of dry spray in conventional air spray operations?


Which of the following statements does not describe an advantage of a plural-component spray system?


What is the conventional wisdom on the length of time concrete should cure before it is coated?


Why are inhibitors used in wet blast systems?


A conductivity meter is normally used to check for what contaminants on abrasive for blasting?


Power tools such as power wire brushes can burnish or polish a steel surface. Why is this a problem?


True or false: One kind of wet blast system uses air rather than water pressure as the cleaning force.


The IMO’s Performance Standard for Protective Coatings for corrosion protection of cargo tanks in crude oil carriers requires that coatings applied to new tanks must have a useful life of how many years in good condition?


According to SSPC's Surface Preparation Commentary for Steel and Concrete Substrates (SSPC-SP COM), final dry blast cleaning should not be conducted when the steel surface is less than how many Fahrenheit degrees above the dew point?


What structure was let for cleaning and painting in 2003 where the winning bid was $167.7 million?


True or false: Use of banana oil to test the fit of a respirator is called a “qualitative fit test.”


What organization publishes performance standards for coatings over aluminum extrusions and panels?


ASTM has a “plastic sheet method.” What is its purpose?


In which one of the following QC applications is a holiday detector (high or low voltage) normally not used?


Abrasive blast workers are regularly exposed to noise in excess of what level?


True or False: SSPC’s recent revisions to SSPC-SP 11 and SSPC-SP 15 changed the standards’ requirements for surface cleanliness and minimum surface profile.


Which group did not participate in the development of GA-214-90, Recommended Levels of Gypsum Board Finish?


The direct cost of corrosion in the United States is nearly:


About how many total gallons of paint did Oregonians recycle in the first two years of the state’s PaintCare program?


Which one of the following agricultural materials is typically not used to create abrasives for blasting?


What state will be the next to adopt a PaintCare program?


Why is back rolling often required following airless spraying of coatings over concrete blocks (CMUs)?


What two organizations recently worked cooperatively to revise their standards on measuring dry film thickness of coatings?


True or false: Thermal spray coatings of aluminum, zinc, and their alloys for corrosion protection of steel are very surface-tolerant.


What kind of abrasive was used to remove the failing baked-on gold enamel from 30,000 square feet of clay tiles on the New York Life building in preparation for applying gold leaf?


True or false: Painting over weld spatter on steel is an accepted practice.


What is the name of a thin, weak layer of aggregate fines and unreacted constituents at the surface of recently poured concrete?


Which of the following is an abrasive media used in a blasting system on delicate substrates?


What happens to carbon steel when it loses its oxide layer, millscale, in the abrasive blasting process?


True or false: The California Supreme Court recently upheld the South Coast Air Quality Management District’s authority to enact air-quality rules on architectural coatings, even if compliance with the rules requires technology not yet developed.


SSPC 2013 will be held January 14-17, 2013 in what city?


What level of drywall finish requires a skim coat of joint compound or similar material to cover the entire drywall surface after multiple layers of joint compound have been applied to taped joints and fasteners?


What organization recently published the International Green Construction Code?


A pull stub used in what kind of coating test?


True or False: California is about to launch the first statewide paint recycling program in the United States.


“Surface Preparation and Cleaning of Metals by Waterjetting Prior to Coating” is a newly revised standard by:


Which of the following statements about SSPC-SP 11, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal, is true?


The photographic guides developed by SSPC to aid in the assessment of surface cleanliness were designed to be used with what visual aid when examining blast-cleaned steel and comparing it with the VIS-1 photos?


What organization grants the EIFSmart Contractor Seal to contractors that install Exterior Insulating and Finishing Systems (EIFS)?


If a specification requires one of the following–brush-off blasting (SSPC-SP 7), commercial blasting (SSPC-SP 6), or near-white blasting (SSPC-SP 10), what other cleaning standard is invoked?


What is the name of the test that provides a method of determining the flammability characteristics of exterior, non-load-bearing wall assemblies/panels?


What organization recently issued a standard for measuring the profile of concrete after surface preparation?


What coating property is evaluated with the tape test?


In air abrasive blasting, why is it sometimes useful to adjust the angle of attack (angle of the nozzle in relation to the workpiece)?


Why must laitance and efflorescence be removed before coating concrete?


What organization has presented Concrete Coatings Conferences at the World of Concrete show?


When abrasive is recycled without sufficient new abrasive being added to the operating mix, what happens to the surface profile of steel being cleaned?


True or false: Uncoated western red cedar siding should be weathered for several weeks before application of a primer to improve adhesion.


What agency produced the first VOC limits on colorants for architectural and industrial maintenance coatings?


Rust Grade 1, as depicted in SSPC VIS-2, represents what degree of rusting over painted steel?


True or False: The Australasian Corrosion Association is licensed to teach SSPC’s C7 Abrasive Blasting course.


True or False: Outside conditions can contribute to coating failure inside a structure.


True or false: A federal appeals court recently ruled that EPA must reinstate the provision for families without young children or pregnant women to “opt out” of the requirement in the lead paint Renovation, Repair, and Painting rule.


Which of these strategies can improve the corrosion protection performance of organic coatings on edges?


After many years, the U.S. military wants to phase out the use of liquid-applied chemical agent resistant coatings (CARC). How long has the Army required the use of CARC?


Complete this quote: “Many of the coatings on ____________ were applied at least 30 years ago.”


True or False: Internal corrosion is often a problem for above-ground storage tanks used to contain potable water.


Which of the following coating adhesion tests is the least quantitative?


What kind of instrument is used for continuity testing of coatings?


True or false: Studies about coating failures universally agree that mistakes in contractors’ workmanship cause the majority of failures.


Who is the organizer of the Mega Rust Conference, which focuses on naval corrosion issues?


What was the first state to adopt PaintCare, the paint product stewardship “take-back” program?


Which of the following answers organizes SSPC abrasive blasting standards from most to least rigorous?


When dissimilar metals are in contact with one another, what kind of corrosion is likely to occur?


True or false: There is no quantifiable method for determining the surface profile on concrete substrates.


ACI 301 requires how much concrete thickness to be poured over reinforcing steel?


True or false: A combination of chemical stripping and (frozen) ice blasting has been used to remove lead-based paint from bridge steel.


Under what condition is weathering steel most likely to suffer accelerated corrosion?


What type of coating combats corrosion mainly by preventing moisture and oxygen from reaching the steel surface?


True or false: To assure successful adhesion, more paint has to be applied to weathered wood so that it penetrates the soft, damaged layer and adheres to the sound substrate beneath.


True or false: Cyclic corrosion testing of protective coatings in the laboratory is now considered a better indicator of field performance than the traditional salt fog test, ASTM B 117.


True or False: Dehumidification equipment is sometimes used to “hold the blast” after surface preparation of the interior of a storage tank.


What organization has a Wall Coating Validation Program “to provide specifiers and end-users of wall coating products an unbiased method to judge whether wall coating products will perform at the levels of the manufacturer’s published data sheet for that particular product?”


If SSPC-SP 16, “Brush-Off Blast Cleaning of Coated and Uncoated Galvanized Steel, Stainless Steels, and Non-Ferrous Metals,” is used to prepare architectural aluminum for recoating, what blast pressure should be used?


Which of the following is not a term used for application of metallic wire, metallic powder, or thermoplastic powder?


What is the most important factor to consider in ensuring the success of a coating on an offshore platform?


True or False: Generally speaking, a high-density abrasive will not clean as fast as a less-dense abrasive.


Which of these is not among the Navy’s new “Quick Win” recommendations to improve efficiency in ship painting?


Among the options below, which is the most important in achieving the specified surface profile on steel when you are air abrasive blast cleaning?


Which of the following characteristics of paint is easily tested in the field?


What effect does the high alkalinity of concrete have on corrosion of rebar within the concrete?


True or false: Parking decks are always sealed with penetrating sealers like silanes.


What is the critical corrosion temperature range for carbon steel under insulation that a coating must withstand, according to NACE?


True or false: For non-conductive coatings up to 20 mils thick applied to conductive substrates, a high-voltage holiday detector is normally used to detect pinholes and other discontinuities.


What is a typical particle speed for abrasive in an air abrasive blast system that utilizes a venturi nozzle?


What type of gage can be used in the field to accurately judge the dry film thickness of coatings on steel edges?


Which of the following conditions affect the efficiency of an air abrasive blasting system?


True or false: In air abrasive blasting operations, the same particle size mix of silica sand and coal slag yield different profile ranges on steel.


What is another name for dissimilar metal corrosion?


True or false: If you are removing a soft, pliable coating from a steel surface, a rounded abrasive will be more productive than an angular one.


An Atlas Test Cell is normally used to test the performance of what kind of coating material?


True or false: Methyl methacrylate (MMA) resinous flooring systems offer both rapid and very low temperature cure.


In a field test of 47 different maintenance coating systems on the Mathis Bridge (Route 37) in New Jersey, which generic type of coating system performed the best after 20 years?


The SSPC/NACE/AWS specification for thermal-sprayed zinc in a marine service environment requires what degree of blast cleaning?


With what type of instrument would you conduct continuity testing on a tank lining?


What publication was created by the Center for Maximum Potential Building Systems and Health Care Without Harm?


What is a common term used to describe the survey of coatings and substrates in an industrial plant to create a maintenance painting plan and budget?


How can sponge blasting produce a profile on steel?


What happens to the existing profile on steel when UHP water blasting is used to remove rust and/or coatings?


According to the World Corrosion Organization, the global cost of corrosion in 2011 was what amount in US dollars?


Photographic guides developed by SSPC (VIS-1 through VIS-5) to aid in the visual assessment of surface cleanliness were designed to be used in what way?


What is the likely result of applying a relatively inflexible coating at a film thickness much higher than recommended by the manufacturer?


True or false: One cause of rebar corrosion in concrete is carbonation of the concrete surrounding the rebar.


SSPC is developing a revised version of its standard on measuring dry film thickness. What is the alphanumeric name of this standard?


What general name is given to a coating that responds with corrective measures when corrosion is detected beneath it?


True or false: SSPC has 3 different standards describing the end condition of steel after power tool cleaning.


What is the name usually given to a robotic surface preparation machine used in the field on ship and tank exteriors?


True or false: Because a coating is “dry” or hard does not necessarily mean that it is cured.


True or false: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, a branch of the Department of Health and Human Services, is responsible for developing and enforcing mandatory job safety and health standards.


In dealing with coating thickness requirements, 25 microns equals approximately how many mils?


When acid etching is used to create a profile on concrete in preparation for painting, why is it important to rinse the concrete thoroughly after the etching is completed?


What are abrasive fines?


True or false: Metal in direct summer sunlight will never be too hot to paint when the ambient temperature is 90 F.


Which of the following elements of design of steel structures is most likely to promote corrosion?


Why is crystalline silica sand more likely to cause silicosis when used as an air abrasive blasting material than it is in its natural state, for instance, as beach or river sand?


True or false: Interior coatings for schools must be certified by an independent lab as meeting specified VOC and toxicity levels in order to comply with California's green building rating program for schools.


If a coating cures by coalescence, what phrase below best describes the mechanism of cure?


A reduction in air abrasive blast nozzle pressure from 100 psi to 80 psi has what effect on the productivity of the blasting operation?


What information is necessary to compute dry film thickness from a wet film thickness reading?


What is the most widely used method to prevent corrosion of carbon steel?


True or false: Use of crystalline silica sand has now been banned from use as a blasting abrasive in the United States.


High pressure, supplied-air respirators used for abrasive blasting normally have an Assigned Protection Factor of 25. What does this NIOSH rating mean?


What ASTM Committee deals with nuclear coatings?


True or false: SSPC has participated in development of an Aerospace Coating Applicator certification and training program.


What is the main reason for backrolling a concrete masonry substrate after the initial paint application by spray?


True or false: Ultra-high-pressure water jetting at 30,000 psi typically produces a lower volume of water in removing coatings from a masonry substrate than does pressure washing at 5,000 psi.


Which of the following organizations has standards for selecting and using concrete repair materials?


True or false: Conventional air spraying produces less overspray than airless spraying.


What agency recently adopted VOC limits on colorants in architectural coatings?


True or false: One study found that engineer/specifiers were as much to blame as painting contractors for coating failures.


True or false: Abrasive blasting and other scarification techniques increase the surface area of a steel substrate and provide additional reactive sites for molecular association between paint and metal.


Why is it necessary to remove grease from a metallic surface before you clean it by abrasive blasting?


What instrument is used for non-destructive measurement of the dry film thickness of coatings on concrete?


True or false: All the SSPC surface preparation standards are issued jointly with NACE.


True or false: Potable water without additional treatment is often used successfully for UHP water jetting prior to painting.


Exceeding a recoat window would most likely lead to what type of coating failure?


A variation on polyurethane coating chemistry that allows for faster curing times and higher film builds has what name?


Which technique would be least likely to remove soluble salts from a steel substrate?


For electrostatic spraying to work effectively, the item to be coated must be in what condition?


Which of the following is most likely to be the result of excessive profile depth on steel after blast cleaning?


What organization has a “Wall Coating Validation Program?”


Why is a black light test used on a bare steel substrate?


True or false: From a wet film thickness measurement of an applied coating with a notch gage, it is possible to calculate what the dry film thickness will be.


Which of the following is a possible cause for delamination of a coating?


What country, in addition to the United States, has a Painting Contractor Certification Program (PCCP) for protective and marine coating contractors?


Prior to surface preparation and coating work, the most important relationship to assess while measuring and recording ambient conditions is which of the following?


What are the conditions necessary for corrosion of steel to occur?


If you need to answer a question about the surface profile requirements for blasted surfaces on a job, what document would you consult?


A stationary centrifugal wheel blast machine typically uses what type of abrasive?


True or false: SSPC has surface preparation standards for concrete that are equivalent to their abrasive blasting surface preparation standards for steel–SSPC-SP 5, SP 6, SP 7, and SP 10.


What type of gages are used to measure the dry film thickness of coatings on concrete?


True or false: Both SSPC and NACE have standards that describe how to measure dry film thickness of coatings on concrete.


True or false: SSPC has never revoked the certification of a contractor in its Painting Contractor Certification Program.


True or false: ISO Sa2.5, describing very thorough abrasive blast cleaning, gives a more comprehensive written description of the end condition of the steel after blasting than SSPC SP 10/NACE No. 2, Near white metal, which requires a similar end condition.


Which of the following factors influences the appearance of steel after blast cleaning?


True or false: To achieve good esthetics and fire resistance on exposed structural steel in building interiors, cementitious spray-applied fire resistant materials should be used.


With SSPC abrasive blasting standards, if a Near White Blast Cleaning (SSPC-SP 10) is required, the following additional standard is invoked:


In general, which of the following coating types or conditions is easiest to remove by blast cleaning?


True or false: The AAMA specification 2605 for coatings over aluminum panels and extrusions requires a specific level of appearance durability after 10 years of outdoor exposure at a South Florida test site.


What company owns the copyright to the content of the Paint Quality Institute?


Which one of the following organizations does not train and certify paint inspectors?


The ISO surface preparation standard Sa 3 most closely resembles what SSPC/NACE surface preparation standard?


True or false: Back brushing and back rolling are application techniques with the opposite effects.


True or False: All nuclear plants must follow the same training protocols for in-house and contract painters.


ASTM International’s Committee D-1 is developing its first-ever standard for what?


SSPC recently announced the launch of a new "interest group" that will focus on development of standards and guides for which of the following?


True or false: SSPC has a standard for measuring dry film thickness of paint over concrete substrates.


On a coating job, what is the normal meaning of the term "hold point"?


True or false: Conventional air spraying creates more overspray than airless spraying does.


Performance specifications for coatings applied to curtain wall aluminum are published by what organization?


In abrasive blasting work, how small do dust particles have to be to make them respirable and therefore dangerous to health?


True or false: When a coating is applied to a wood surface degraded by exposure to sunlight, the coating can fail because of the weakness in the surface layer.


Which of the following range of readings would you most likely see on a needle pressure gage inserted behind the nozzle of a blast hose?


The type of information included in the product data sheet for a paint or coating is controlled by whom?


What is the most commonly used material for thermal spraying when it is used for corrosion protection?


True or false: The American Concrete Institute (ACI) has a guide to selecting concrete repair materials.


True or false: Wet sponge holiday detectors are used when coatings are 20 mils thick or thicker.


Power tools, such as power wire brushes, can burnish or polish a steel surface. What is the main problem with this?


Why should the surface temperature of steel be at least 5 degrees higher than the dew point temperature before you blast-clean or paint?


The epoxy curing agent phenalkamine is derived from what source?


When spraying zinc rich coatings, why is it useful to have the spray pot or container positioned at or above the level of the work?


True or false: The EPA's Renovation, Repair and Painting (RRP) Rule now requires third-party clearance testing after painting or remodeling to assure dangerous levels of lead have been eliminated.


Which of the following cleaning techniques is least likely to remove soluble salts from a steel surface?


What is one typical duty of an inspector prior to the application of a primer?


Two-component epoxy coatings cure by what mechanism?


Sharp edges on steel present special challenges to the coating applicator for what reason?


True or false: In abrasive blasting, the harder the abrasive, the deeper the profile it is likely to generate.


What application technique is likely to cause the most overspray?


Which of the following statements about SSPC-SP 11, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal, is correct?


A White Metal Blast, SSPC-SP 5, allows what to remain on the surface after blast cleaning?


When there is a conflict between requirements on a product data sheet and the specification, such as film thickness requirements, which is the governing document?


True or false: The banana oil test is recognized as a quantitative fit test of an air-purifying respirator.


True or false: ASTM has separate test methods for steel and concrete substrates in determining the pull off adhesion of coatings.


What would be the most likely result of excessive profile on a steel substrate after abrasive blasting?


In general, when is it better to use impact (needle gun, roto peen) rather than rotary (wire brush, coated abrasive) power tools?


True or false: Potable water in a UHP water jetting system is normally of sufficient cleanliness that it will not deposit detrimental contaminants on a steel surface.


What is likely to be the result of oil in the compressed air used for abrasive blast cleaning?


What is involved in “zone painting” of a structure?


True or false: Among SSPC's qualifications procedures used to certify industrial painting contractors is one that applies to contractors with less than 6 months of industrial painting experience.


Which of the following persons has conducted research and published articles in JPCL and elsewhere on flash rusting after water jetting?


True or false: The EPA's Renovation, Repair, and Painting (RRP) Rule dealing with lead paint removal applies only to residential structures constructed before 1968.


True or false: Both the International Concrete Repair Institute (ICRI) and the American Concrete Institute (ACI) have guides for selecting concrete repair materials.


Why is it sometimes useful to adjust the angle of attack (angle of the nozzle in relation to the work piece) when conducting air abrasive blasting?


Windy conditions during spray application of coatings would be most likely to cause which of the following paint defects?


In air abrasive blasting operations, how is a moisture separator or filter used?


SSPC's photographic guides for visual assessment of surface cleanliness after blast cleaning are designed to be used in what way?


True or false: Federal law requires that Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS), also know as a Product Safety Data Sheet, be published by coating manufacturers for their products, and that employers have these data sheets on hand in the workplace.


What check should you make first to find the cause of fish eyes in a coating film applied by air spray?


Corrosion of rebar is likely to cause which of the following conditions in concrete?


In a corrosion cell, where does the corrosion occur?


What is the purpose of inhibitors used in wet blast systems?


What hazard is unique to airless spray systems?


To totally remove coatings from brick and at the same time to minimize substrate damage and avoid generation of airborne dust, which of the following surface preparation methods makes the most sense?


Power tools such as power wire brushes can burnish or polish a steel surface. Why is this sometimes a problem?


What is most likely to help you achieve the specified profile on the steel you are blast cleaning?


A conductivity meter can be used to check for what contaminant on abrasive?


How is film build normally achieved during the thermal spray process?


When airless spray painting, use a tip with a larger orifice for:


In conventional air spraying, which of the following spray techniques is wrong?


What is the conventional wisdom about the amount of time required for concrete to cure before it can be coated?


Which one of the following application methods has the highest range of transfer efficiency?


What special mixing equipment is required for zinc-rich paints?


SSPC has how many surface preparation standards for various degrees of power tool cleaning?


True or false: Any kind of metal can be used in coatings for sacrificial protection of steel.


True or false: A research study by Roper, Weaver and Brandon indicated that the number of peaks in a steel surface profile created by abrasive blast cleaning affects coating performance.


What is the subject of SSPC Visual Standard photos in SSPC-VIS 6?


What is the name of the thin, weak surface layer of concrete that forms during pouring or finishing?


Who publishes the Specification for the Application of Thermal Spray Coatings (Metallizing) of Aluminum, Zinc, and their Alloys and Composites for the Corrosion Protection of Steel?


True or false: ASTM has a test method for evaluating the adhesion of a coating by cutting and probing it with a penknife.


True or false: CO2 blasting can produce a profile on steel.


True or false: Wood exposed in sunlight for more than three to four weeks should be lightly sanded or power washed to remove the thin, degraded surface layer before applying paint.


Which of the following is not used for measuring the surface profile of cleaned steel?


Which of the following surface preparation methods for concrete produces the largest surface profile?


True or false: There is an ASTM test method for comparing relative performance of concrete repair mortars in their resistance to cracking.


Some types of spray painting equipment achieve higher transfer efficiency than others. What is transfer efficiency?


True or false: ASTM has a test method to determine the relative performance of repair mortars in their resistance to cracking.


What is the highest level of LEED certification offered by the U.S. Green Building Council?


SSPC-VIS 1, Visual Standards for Blast Cleaned Steel, was initially the product of another standards-writing body. Which one?


What is another name for a curing agent that aids and participates in the cure of a coating film by chemical reaction?


What is the main reason for a sieve analysis of abrasive?


Who awards certification for conforming with the requirements in The Green Guide for Health Care?


What organization offers a standard that gives durability grades of low, medium, and high for paint systems in various environments and levels of surface preparation?


Sulfate-reducing bacteria contribute to corrosion by what mechanism?


True or false: It is sometimes useful to stripe coat steel edges and irregular surfaces after the full primer coat is applied.


Surface profile on steel, measured as peak-to-valley height of the roughness, has several other names, including which of the following.


Which of the following abrasive types is normally the hardest?


Skylights on roofs that do not meet OSHA regulatory requirements for hole covers need to have what OSHA-mandated safeguard?


In the list of actions below, which one precedes all the others in development of a maintenance painting program?


What organization produces standards for the surface preparation of concrete?


ASTM C 840 describes what type of finishing?


True or false: To be effective, a seal coat over a thermal-sprayed zinc coating must be applied after a significant amount of natural oxidation has occurred.


What safety precautions does OSHA require when work is conducted from swing stages 10 feet or more above the ground?


Working at what height invokes OSHA's Construction Industry Fall Protection Standard (29 CFR 1926 Subpart L), requiring controls for fall hazards?


True or false: Coatings with a high degree of internal stress should be used for overcoating an existing coating to extend its lifetime.


In addition to the American Architectural Manufacturers' Association, what other organization has a specification for coatings on architectural aluminum?


What does the coating failure term "crazing" mean?


What is abrasive friability?


If a hospital system wanted to require an SSPC-certified contractor for a job, it would specify certification according to what standard?


Mud-cracking is most likely to be a coating defect with what type of coating?


In its Technology Update on retrieving soluble salts from a steel substrate in the field, SSPC describes two methods. One is swabbing; what is the other?


Which of the following is most likely to be a disadvantage rather than an advantage of shop painting?


Cross-link density, use of platey pigments, and thick films contribute to what mechanism of corrosion protection in a coating?


How many of SSPC's surface preparation standards describe the results of power tool cleaning of steel?


True or false: ANSI/NSF 61 addresses coatings performance issues as well as the health effects of coatings for potable water tanks.


Which of the following is a destructive film-thickness measurement instrument?


True or false: It is useful to expose exterior wood to the weather for a few weeks before painting it.


A needle scaler is what type of power tool?


True or false: ASTM publishes descriptions of solvent rub tests for both inorganic and organic coatings, which are sometimes used to assess degree of cure.


True or false: Green Seal publishes standards on low-emitting paints.


True or false: Rubber replica templates from the American Concrete Institute can be used to judge the degree of profile on concrete substrates after surface preparation.


True or false: Preservationists always prefer penetrating sealers over coatings on masonry substrates in work to preserve historic structures.


True or false: Siloxane sealers are typically applied at 1-2 mils dry film thickness on concrete substrates.


Which of the following organizations provides information about good practice in the selection and use of sealants in expansion joints?


True or false: SSPC visual standards showing degrees of cleaning of steel take precedence over the descriptions of required cleanliness in SSPC's written surface preparation standards.


Pencil hardness (ASTM D 3363) is sometimes recommended to evaluate what characteristic of a coating?


Which of the following can cause excessive surface profile?


True or false: In protective coatings work, "smut" refers to the metallic fines that cling to a steel substrate after it is cleaned with metallic abrasive.


How are water and abrasive combined in wet abrasive blasting?


In protective coatings work, which of the following might be called a dolly?


True or false: The results of salt spray accelerated testing of coating performance in accordance with ASTM B 117 correlates well with results from exposure in atmospheric service.


Which of the following is bad advice about spraying zinc-rich coatings.


True or false: The SSPC surface preparation standards were numbered according to the chronological order in which they were adopted, not according to their degree of thoroughness.


Which of the following organizations is dedicated to the advancement of concrete polishing?


True or false: In surface preparation operations, hackles are most likely to be formed on steel substrates when the blast abrasive is steel shot.


True or false: An abrasive metering valve should feed abrasive at 90 degrees into the air stream of an abrasive blasting system.


What is the main reason why zinc coatings are sometimes applied to structural concrete?


In what kind of spray application do the coating particles tend to wrap around edges of the substrate?


Rotating flaps with hard metallic tips is a component of what piece of surface preparation equipment?


What is the "conventional wisdom" regarding the amount of time that should elapse before newly poured concrete can be painted?


Embedment of abrasive grit is a problem often encountered in surface preparation of stainless steel.


Where would you expect to find an air wash separator?


What is one main purpose of a deadman switch on a blasting system?

(Question submitted by KVG, a PaintSquare News subscriber)


True or False: SSPC has a qualification procedure and certification program for companies that manufacture inspection instruments.


Burnishing, polishing, and abrasive blasting are examples of what?


True or false: On lattice-type electric transmission towers, airless sprayers are often the main paint application tool.


True or false: Coating materials used to overcoat existing coatings should have a high degree of internal stress.


Which of the following parameters affects the depth of the surface profile when steel is cleaned by abrasive blasting?


Common surface imperfections, as opposed to contaminants, in newly placed concrete that deserve attention in surface preparation operations include all but which one of the following?


Which of the following is an advantage of using steel shot rather than steel grit in a blasting system?


What advantage does a high-volume, low-pressure spray system have?


Which of the following is a likely cause of blistering of coatings?


 
 
   

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