Daily Quiz (409)


Fire-resistant coatings are designed:


True or false: At the end of December, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency released for public comment a proposed set of updates to the Toxic Substances Control Act’s Fees Rule.


In December, the EPA announced the final rule to lower the clearance levels for the amount of lead that can remain in dust on floors and windowsills after lead abatement. What are the correct new clearance levels?


The U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration has issued its annual reminder to specific employers to submit the required injury and illness date for 2020 by:


What alliance aims to draw attention to the need for more action on lead paint and other sources of lead exposure?


Throughout FY 2020 (Oct. 1, 2019, through Sept. 30, 2020), the U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration conducted how many inspections in response to worker complaints, injuries and fatalities, and referrals impacted by COVID-19?


According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ annual National Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries report for 2019, the construction industry saw how many fatal injuries?


In a new study by the University of Oregon’s Institute for Health in the Built Environment, a team of academics and industry partners are looking at how mass timber could be used in what type of construction?


What pigment did the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recently release a revised draft risk evaluation for?


SSPC: The Society for Protective Coatings published its “Fact Sheet: Use of Hazardous Materials including Flammables in Confined Spaces” at the request of the Chemical Safety Board after what deadly fire?


What two associations recently announced the renewal of their alliance?


What U.S. university was recently awarded a $1.8 million grant to develop a safer ladder?


Women represent what percentage of the construction labor force?


Spray painting in a shipyard environment presents which hazards?


A study found that which areas are the most impacted of an overtired worker?


True of false: HAPS stands for "health analysis protocols."


True or False: The General Duty Clause of the Occupational Safety and Health Act describes the general duties of a safety and health specialist.


True or false: A parapet clamp is for holding multiple ladders on a roof rack.


True or false: Any product that claims to kill microorganisms must be registered with the Environmental Protection Agency.


According to the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), what is the most common work-related injury in the construction industry?


True or false: Earlier this year the European Union published a regulation to classify titanium dioxide as a suspected carcinogen by inhalation.


A deadly fire in Georgetown, Colorado, killed several protective coating workers. In what kind of structure did this tragedy occur?


In an air abrasive blasting system, the blast hose ID should be at least how many times the size of the nozzle orifice to achieve productive blasting results?


Working at what height invokes OSHA's Construction Industry Fall Protection Standard?


True or false: Coatings can be a source of elevated exposure to crystalline silica.


Fumes from aluminum and other metals and their alloys generated during thermal spraying are unpleasant to smell and could cause flu-like symptoms for hours or days. What is this condition called?


True or false: 10 ppm is the maximum level of carbon monoxide allowed by OSHA in breathing air for supplied-air respirators.


True or false: Lower explosive limit is defined as the concentration at ordinary ambient temperatures of a compound in air above which an explosion will not occur if the mixture is ignited.


Silica sand particles become respirable at what diameter?


True or false: HUD publishes fire resistance ratings of archaic building materials.


What is the permissible exposure limit (PEL) for crystalline silica per cubic meter of air, averaged over an eight-hour shift?


In what region are scientists developing anti-viral surface coatings to combat COVID-19?


True or false: OSHA allows the use of only an irritant or an odor for qualitative fit testing of half mask respirators.


True or false: Abrasive blast workers are regularly exposed to noise in excess of 140 dBA.


Intumescent coatings must contain an acid source, a carbon source and what other component?


True or false: OSHA recently issued two new qualitative respirator fit testing protocols.


True or false: Countries are not required to adopt the Global Harmonized System (GHS) used to communicate the toxicological hazards of products .


True or false: Mathers Ratings are sometimes used to report the opacity of air pollution emissions.


True or false: An analysis of safety data sheets (SDS) for both polyurethane coatings and coatings classified as being non-isocyanate-containing revealed that there was no substantial difference between personal protective equipment requirements in the SDSs for the two types of coatings.


True or false: OSHA was created in a Republican presidential administration, while the EPA was established during a Democratic presidential administration.


True or false: OSHA issued two new protocols for respirator fit testing in the Fall of 2019.


True or false: Breathing grade compressed air (Grade D, as specified by the Compressed Gas Association) must contain 23.5-25% of oxygen by volume.


True or false: According to NIOSH, the hierarchy of hazard controls considers administrative controls to be the least desirable among all the available control types.


OSHA has developed regulations on abrasive blasting in how many industries?


True or false: APC is the acronym—used frequently in VOC regulations—for both architectural coatings and coatings for industrial structures.


Which of the following respirator types is classified by OSHA as an engineering control?


True or false: The OSHA Hazard Communication Standard is aligned with a UN chemical labeling system.


True or false: UL1709 is the test that provides a method of determining the flammability characteristics of exterior, non-load-bearing wall assemblies/panels.


True or false: OSHA is celebrating its 75th anniversary this year.


True or false: Tests of fire resistive materials are conducted in real fire conditions.


True or false: Paint and coating manufacturing is one of the targeted industries in OSHA’s revised National Emphasis Program for respirable crystalline silica.


What organization offers the credential, Certified Building Enclosure Commissioning Provider?


True or false: The EPA recently proposed an amendment to the Lead and Copper Rule, aimed at improving how communities test for lead in drinking water, as well as spurring quicker response times if problems become evident.


The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health is a unit of what larger organization?


True or false: OSHA cannot issue a citation unless one of its regulations has not been violated.


What substance was being discussed when a PaintSquare reader wrote the following: “Abrasive blasting creates inhalation hazards for the blaster as well anyone within the zone of influence no matter what kind of media you use"?


True or false: According to the EPA, the national level of inhalable particles in the air, based upon monitoring at 121 sites, has decreased 26% between 1990 and 2018.


True or false: According to NIOSH, engineering controls include the use of personal protective equipment.


True or false: With respirator use during abrasive blasting, the approved air hose from the respirator manufacturer must be used.


True or false: For work in hazardous environments, OSHA requires work practice and engineering controls to mitigate the hazards before respiratory protection is employed.


What organization offers the Spanish-language manual, Manual De Seguridad Y Campo De Salud?


True or false: The breathing air of a supplied air respirator can be a potential inhalation hazard to abrasive blasters.


True or false: Although OSHA has authorized use of drones for inspections, the agency has not confirmed their actual use.


True or false: Recently, the European Commission officially decided to classify titanium dioxide in its powder form as not suspected of causing cancer to humans.


True or false: OSHA has stated that where the definition of a Construction Industry versus a General Industry confined space is unclear, compliance with the Construction Industry confined space standard will also be considered to be compliance with the General Industry confined space standard.


True or false: Particles of concrete dislodged from a concrete substrate by abrasive blasting do not pose any inhalation hazards.


True or false: Breathing-grade compressed air (Grade D, as specified by the Compressed Gas Association) must contain at least 25% oxygen by volume.


Among these workplace hazards, which one is not one of OSHA’s “Fatal Four?”


Of 8,400 classrooms for 3-K through first grade in New York City, how many were found to be contaminated with lead paint during inspections in 2019?


What organization conducts research on safety and health issues and provides technical assistance to OSHA?


True or false: In fiscal year 2018, OSHA investigations of whistleblower complaints decreased from complaints investigated in the previous year.


True or false: A manufacturer’s claims that a microbicidal coating kills 99.9% of certain infectious bacteria does not require verification testing by the EPA.


True or false: Some of the toxic health effects of methylene chloride can occur after a very short, acute exposure.


True or false: Abrasive blast workers are not regularly exposed to noise in excess of 120 dBA.


True or false: Bitrex can be used for respirator fit testing.


In a private survey of architects and hospital administrators, what was the least important attribute of wall coatings for hospitals?


Who said: “There was some pining for the old, forgiving lead-based paints, but the data clearly shows that modern coatings outclass the old technology and certainly have achieved and even exceeded environmental and worker-safety goals that initially seemed so challenging.”?


True or false: European authorities are studying the possibility that titanium dioxide may be a carcinogen to humans.


Opacity observations of air pollution emissions are sometimes reported using what rating system?


True or false: While OSHA’s Construction Industry standards require that abrasive blasting respirators be worn during abrasive blasting operations, its General Industry standards do not have this requirement.


In a recently published guidance document, the American Industrial Hygiene Association named and described four, often chronic, construction site health hazards: high temperatures, air contaminants, noise and what fourth hazard?


True or false: NIOSH is the organization that defines the content of Grade D breathing air, required in CFR 1910.134 for supplied air respirators.


True or false: Saccharin is not accepted by OSHA as an agent for qualitative fit testing of respirators.


True or false: Abrasive blasting of concrete substrates can produce silica sand inhalation hazards.


True or false: OSHA's Construction Industry Fall Protection Standard requiring controls for fall hazards is not invoked until work is conducted at a height of 10 feet or higher.


True or false: All dust is dangerous to breathe and abrasive blasting, whether it is wet abrasive blasting or dry abrasive blasting, generates dust above the PEL recommended by NIOSH and enforced by OSHA, says a JPCL writer.


True or false: Contractors who ignore OSHA fines can be put in jail.


How are the number of OSHA’s field inspections expected to change in the next two years?


True or false: OSHA administers the whistleblower provisions of more than 20 whistleblower statutes.


What special regulatory treatment is given to solvents with negligible photochemical reactivity?


Ventilation is what form of control to mitigate the hazard of air pollutants in the workplace, according to NIOSH?


Among the top 10 violation types in 2018, where on the list did "personal protective and lifesaving equipment—eye and face protection” place, according to an OSHA announcement?


True or false: OSHA has an unlimited look-back window in determining if a company has committed a repeat violation.


According to NIOSH, the hierarchy of hazard controls considers which one of the following to be the least desirable?


True or false: According to a PaintSquare blogger, respiratory protection plans are usually properly implemented.


True or false: A worker with tree nut allergies was apparently killed by inhaling walnut shell particles from an abrasive blasting operation.


True or false: The EPA, after banning the sale of methylene chloride paint strippers to consumers, has established a training, certification and limited access program for contractors who wish to continue to use the stripper.


True or false: According to OSHA, the “Fatal Four” leading causes of construction industry fatalities are falls, electrocution, being struck by an object and crushing.


True or false: OSHA has used drones for inspection of worksites.


True or false: According to OSHA, inhalation hazards that can be derived from a concrete substrate when abrasive blasting include asbestos and silicates but not silica sand.


True or false: OSHA has been petitioned to create a standard on worker exposure to high heat.


True or false: Abrasive blast cleaning workers are regularly exposed to noise in excess of 120 dBA.


True or false: OSHA can issue a citation even if one of its regulations has not been violated.


True or false: Workplace fatalities increased slightly in 2017.


True or false: Neither the irritant smoke test nor the banana oil test are quantitative fit test methods for air-purifying and supplied-air respirators.


True or false: OSHA requires the use of personal protective equipment before an employer can use administrative or engineering controls to eliminate or reduce the workplace hazard of contaminated air.


True or false: According to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, “occupational skin diseases are the second most common type of occupational disease.”


True or false: The maximum level of carbon monoxide allowed by OSHA for breathing air used in air-supplied respirators is 10 ppm.


The threshold limit value of a chemical substance is set by what organization?


Which of the following causes of construction worker fatalities is not among the top four, according to OSHA statistics for 2014?


True or false: According to a write-up on PaintSquare, failure to ensure that Grade D breathing air is supplying a blast hood is the top failing in implementing a respiratory protection plan.


True or false: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has indicated that male construction industry workers are the least likely to commit suicide among all industries.


True or false: Manufacturers of supplied air respirators must acquire approval for these products from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.


What is an example of an engineering control, according to OSHA, during cleaning or painting operations in an enclosed space?


True or false: For a supplied-air respirator, OSHA requires Grade D air with an oxygen content of 19.5 to 23.5 percent.


True or false: OSHA cannot propose monetary penalties against another federal agency for failure to comply with its standards.


True or false: A recent Durability + Design poll found that 90 percent of respondents said the painting industry is properly educated on the potential of hearing loss caused by solvent exposure, as described by OSHA.


True or false: Threshold limit values on exposure to chemical substances are legally binding limits.


True or false: HAPS is an acronym for hazardous air particulates.


True or false: OSHA recently announced the awarding of funds to the Finishing Trades Institute, Mid-Atlantic Region, for fall-protection training for 300 youth and apprentices in the finishing trades.


True or false: ANSI/NSF 61 addresses the health effects of coatings for potable water tanks but not coatings performance issues.


True or false: The anhydrous calcium chloride test for measuring moisture in concrete slabs is a quantitative rather than a qualitative test.


True or false: NIOSH announced on Aug. 22 that it posted on its website FAQs and training videos offering guidance on OSHA’s new silica rule.


True or false: Lyndon Johnson signed the Occupational Safety and Health Act, establishing OSHA.


True or false: Non-sparking tools can produce sparks.


A high-efficiency particulate air filter removes over 99 percent of particles larger than what size?


True or false: NIOSH conducts research on health and safety and provides assistance to OSHA.


True or false: The recent cable failure on the James B. Edwards Bridge, in Charleston, South Carolina, was not caused by corrosion, according to the South Carolina Department of Transportation.


True or false: FRCMs is the acronym for gypsum-based or cementitious fire-resistant materials.


True or false: OSHA’s Respirable Crystalline Silica Standard, adopted in 2016, reduces the permissible exposure limit for respirable crystalline silica to 50 micrograms per cubic meter of air as an eight-hour time-weighted average.


True or false: UHP technology has been modified to create specialized firefighting equipment.


OSHA has developed regulations on abrasive blasting in the marine and construction industries, and in one other. What is it?


True or false: Opacity observations of air pollution emissions are sometimes reported using the Kasmirsky Scale.


True or false: According to OSHA regulations, Threshold Limit Values are required limits on exposure to airborne contaminants.


True or false: NIOSH created the PM10 standard.


True or false: Tests determined that the cladding panels—aluminum sheets with a polyethylene core—were the only possible cause of the rapid flame spread during the Grenfell Tower fire in London.


True or false: According to NIOSH, hearing loss is the most common work-related injury in the construction industry.


True or false: Exposure to solvents used in paints can cause hearing loss.


True or false: The maximum level of carbon monoxide allowed by OSHA in breathing air for supplied-air respirators is 50 ppm.


True or false: SHAPP is the abbreviation for the emission standard set by the EPA to cover exposure to hazardous air pollutants in steel fabrication and paint shops, among other facilities.


True or false: The number of worker fatalities declined by more than half from 1971, when OSHA was established, to 2016.


True or false: Of the 10 OSHA violations cited most often in 2017, four involved climbing, rigging and fall protection.


In the first six months of enforcement of OSHA’s new silica rule (through April 17, 2018), how many companies have been cited for violating the rule?


True or false: President Lyndon Johnson signed the Occupational Safety and Health Act, establishing OSHA.


True or false: According to an EPA risk assessment, the dangers of methylene chloride exposure include death; certain cancers; and liver, kidney and reproductive toxicities as a result of both short, acute exposure and years of occupational exposure.


True or false: A recent NIOSH study concluded there is a definitive correlation between occupational noise exposure and heart disease.


True or false: In abrasive blasting work, 100-micron-sized dust particles are respirable and therefore dangerous to health.


Which of the following entities has filed a lawsuit against OSHA over the issuance of its beryllium rule?


True or false: The banana oil test is recognized as a quantitative fit test of an air-purifying respirator.


True or false: NIOSH conducts research on safety and health issues and provides technical assistance to OSHA.


True or false: OSHA’s Construction Industry Fall Protection Standard is invoked when a worker operates at a height of 10 feet or greater.


True or false: Whether you are wet blasting or dry blasting, you must use a Type CE supplied-air respirator.


True or false: Of seven problems with air-fed respirator usage, the one listed first in a recent PaintSquare blog is not ensuring that the respirator is being supplied with Grade D breathing air.


What organization publishes the Supervisor’s Safety Manual for painting contractors?


True or false: There are three broad sources of potential inhalation hazards from abrasive blasting, according to a JPCL article.


True or false: OSHA requires every supplied-air respirator user to understand the hazards the respirator protects him or her from, but it does not require the user to understand how to maintain the respirator.


In abrasive blasting work, how small do dust particles have to be to make them respirable and therefore dangerous to health?


True or false: According to a published study, elevated exposure to crystalline silica does not result when it is present in coating materials being removed by blast cleaning.


True or false: A respiratory protection program administrator in a company does not need to be certified by OSHA as a program administrator.


True or false: OSHA has developed four sets of regulations on abrasive blasting in four primary industries: general industry, maritime, transportation and construction.


True or false: Replacement parts for air-supplied respirators, if they are not from the original manufacturer, must be approved by NIOSH.


The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration is an agency of what U.S. cabinet department?


Which of the following alternatives is an engineering control for an air-contaminant workplace hazard?


The Toxic Substances Control Act, enacted in 1976, was updated in what year?


True or false: The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration is now enforcing the Respirable Crystalline Silica in Construction Standard, but will not require compliance with the general industry and maritime version of the standard until June 2018.


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, over 350 workers die each year as a result of falls when working at heights.


True or false: Respirable hazardous materials may be produced in some thermal spraying operations.


True or false: SSPC’s new Industrial Coating Safety Management Training course is an advanced level course.


True or false: A hot work permit must be acquired from OSHA to conduct work in confined spaces when the temperature in the space is or is anticipated to exceed 100 degrees Fahrenheit.


True or false: OSHA has extended the date of enforcement of its respirable silica exposure rule by six months.


What is an example of an engineering control, according to OSHA, during cleaning or painting operations in an enclosed space?


In how many countries, not including the U.S., does SSPC have chapters?


Respirators must be approved by what agency?


True or False: According to NIOSH, use of personal protective equipment is the least desirable in the hierarchy of hazard controls.


Where do many toxic and oxygen-displacing gases accumulate in confined spaces?


True or false: According to a recent D+D In Depth article, there are no standards for durable color performance of field-applied coatings with bright colors, such as Safety Red.


True or false: A recent decision by a state supreme court has established that companies are not liable if members of an employee’s household are sickened by secondhand asbestos exposure.


True or false: As of 2016, hazard communication lapses dominated the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's annual list of the most frequently cited federal workplace safety violations in the U.S. for five years in a row.


OSHA has developed how many sets of regulations on abrasive blasting?


What type of respiratory protection is required for air abrasive blasting?


True or false: The EPA’s definition of a VOC is an “air pollutant known or suspected to cause cancer or other serious health effects, such as reproductive effects or birth defects, or adverse environmental effects.”


Which of the following types of contaminants, introduced in the vicinity of a person wearing a half-mask respirator to determine if it fits properly, are allowed by OSHA for quantitative fit testing?


Which of the following alternatives is an engineering control for an air-contaminant workplace hazard?


What is the leading cause of workers’ compensation claims, according to a safety association cited in a D+D article?


True or false: A conductivity meter is normally used to check for oil contaminants on blast abrasives.


True or false: The health effects of exposure to titanium dioxide (TiO2) have recently come into question in a study carried out by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


True or false: Sick building syndrome is the same as “building-related illness.”


According to the ASTM definition, what is the function of a fire-retardant?


True or false: Accelerated testing of exterior coatings containing nanoparticles, conducted by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, has produced data about the release of nanoparticles into the environment that may help in assessing the health and environmental impacts from these releases.


True or false: A study published in The Lancet estimated that 4,600 deaths worldwide were caused by silicosis in 2013.


According to the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the hierarchy of hazard controls considers which one of the following to be the least desirable?


According to the EPA, what is the diameter of particles that are respirable?


True or false: Permissible exposure limits and threshold limit values are legally binding limits.


True or false: Abrasive blast workers are regularly exposed to noise levels of 90-100 decibels.


True or false: OSHA’s work practice controls to minimize exposure to hazardous materials, such as toxic dust, include good housekeeping.


True or False: The California Supreme Court has established that companies are liable if members of an employee’s household are sickened by secondhand asbestos exposure.


What instrument would you use to measure a floor's traction?


True or false: OSHA cannot propose monetary penalties against another federal agency for failure to comply with its standards.


True or false: The new OSHA action level for exposure to crystalline silica has been reduced from 100 micrograms per cubic meter to 25 micrograms per cubic meter, time-weighted average in an 8-hour period.


In abrasive blasting work, how small do dust particles have to be to make them respirable?


True or false: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, a branch of the Department of Health and Human Services, is responsible for developing and enforcing mandatory job safety and health standards.


In 2017 what is likely to be ”the most challenging and impactful regulatory change affecting the industrial coatings industry since the OSHA Lead Standard,” according to a JPCL article?


True or false: Abrasive blast workers are regularly exposed to noise in excess of 120 dBA.


True or false: Common HAPs include xylene, styrene and toluene.


True or False: According to the EPA, HAPS stands for hazardous abrasive pollutants.


Recommendations in SSPC-Guide 12 on lighting of industrial coating projects, formerly derived from the now defunct ANSI/IES, Practice for Industrial Lighting, have been replaced with recommendations from what state’s specification on bridge construction?


What is the abbreviation for the emission standard set by EPA to cover exposure to hazardous air pollutants in steel fabrication and paint shops, among other facilities?


Abrasive blast cleaning to remove lead-based paint is governed by what EPA regulation?


In OSHA’s hierarchy of hazard controls, which one is the least effective?


OSHA estimates there are approximately how many ladder injuries each year?


True or false: In the NIOSH hierarchy of hazard controls, administrative controls are preferred over use of personal protective equipment.


What is the name of the provision in OSHA standards that is used in inspections where there are no specific standards applicable to the particular hazard involved?


True or false: OSHA estimates that its new “Respirable Crystalline Silica in Construction” standard will save over 600 lives and prevent 900 new cases of silicosis each year.


With regard to coating regulations, LADCO and OTC have what in common?


True or false: Air abrasive blast workers are regularly exposed to noise in excess of 120 dBA.


True or false: OSHA’s new Construction Industry Standard on exposure to crystalline silica establishes a PEL of 100 micrograms of silica per-cubic-meter of air at an eight-hour time weighted average (TWA).


True or false: Both General Industry and Construction Industry standards promulgated by OSHA require that abrasive blasting respirators be worn during abrasive blasting operations.


Opacity observations of air pollution emissions are sometimes reported using what rating system?


True or false: A body belt with a lifeline connected to a secure anchorage is accepted as a safe personal fall arrest system by OSHA.


True or false: OSHA can issue a citation even when one of its regulations has not been violated.


According to NIOSH, the hierarchy of hazard controls considers which one of the following to be the least desirable?


Which of the following alternatives is an engineering control for an air-contaminant workplace hazard?


What is the new permissible exposure limit for crystalline silica, in micrograms per cubic meter of air, averaged over an 8-hour shift?


True or false: A person hanging in a harness after a fall can die from suspension trauma if the rescue is delayed.


True or false: OSHA can’t issue a citation unless one of its regulations has been violated.


What organization conducts an annual assessment of structurally deficient bridges in the U.S.?


True or false: OSHA and NIOSH are divisions of the U.S. Department of Labor.


True or false: A recent PaintSquare blog suggested that OSHA’s confined space rules should by applied voluntarily to blasting and painting containment structures.


According to NIOSH, the hierarchy of hazard controls considers which one of the following to be the least desirable?


Five painters died and three were injured in a 2007 confined space accident in what type of facility?


True or false: OSHA stated that where the definition of a Construction Industry versus a General Industry confined space is unclear, compliance with the new Construction Industry confined space standard will also be considered to be compliance with the General Industry confined space standard.


True or false: OSHA is expected to ban the use of silica sand as a blasting abrasive in 2016.


True or False: Jet fire tests are used to determine the heat-insulating capabilities of intumescent coatings in hydrocarbon fires.


True or false: A respiratory protection program administrator in a company must be certified by OSHA as a program administrator.


What is the source of the specification for Grade D breathing air?


True or false: Respirator types suitable for use in Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH) atmospheres do not include a combination full-facepiece pressure-demand supplied-air respirator (SAR) with auxiliary self-contained air supply.


What organization requested that SSPC issue guidance addressing hazards in confined spaces as a result of the Xcel Energy Penstock fire in Georgetown, CO?


According to OSHA's recent announcement, what was the most cited safety violation to date in 2015?


True or false: OSHA’s proposed “Occupational Exposure to Beryllium and Beryllium Compounds,” which has been long awaited, will not cover the construction or maritime industries.


Ventilation is classified by OSHA as what kind of hazard control?


OSHA requires controls for fall hazards when workers are working at what height or higher?


True or False: Passive fire protection materials are sometimes evaluated in a jet fire test.


True or False: Federal agencies are not required to comply with the same health and safety standards as private-sector employers.


True or false: According to OSHA, inhalation hazards that can be derived from a concrete substrate when abrasive blasting include asbestos, silicates, silica sand and Portland cement.


True or false: According to NIOSH, hearing loss is the most common work-related injury.


True or false: OSHA cannot issue a citation unless one of its regulations has been violated.


What agency tests and approves respirators for use in the workplace?


The National Floor Safety Institute makes what claim about slips and falls in the workplace?


With respect to coatings, what are HAPS?


True or false: SSPC’s environmental exposure zones are listed and described in Volume 1, Good Painting Practice, of the Steel Structures Painting Manual.


True or false: OSHA’s new rule on working in confined spaces in construction will take effect on August 3, 2015.


True or false: Permissible exposure limits and threshold limit values are legally binding limits.


True or false: According to the National Floor Safety Institute (NFSI), slips and falls are the leading cause of workers’ compensation claims.


According to a recent JPCL article, why is respiratory protection one of the violations most cited by OSHA?


True or false: The American Industrial Hygiene Association conducts research on safety and health issues and provides technical assistance to OSHA.


What is the term used to describe particulate mass (dust) less than 10 micrometers in diameter?


True or false: Non-sparking tools can produce sparks.


In what waters did an offshore platform disaster occur, resulting in the death of 167 men?


True or false: OSHA requires federal agencies to comply with its regulations.


True or false: Architectural floor coatings have a VOC limit of 50 g/l in the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD).


True or false: It is likely that the VOC level for the same coating, as reported on product data sheets, will be different in Europe from the one reported in the United States.


True or false: Short-term exposure limits (STELs) to hazardous chemicals are measured as a time-weighted average exposure over 8 hours.


According to a study published in The Lancet, how many deaths worldwide were caused by silicosis in 2013?


The Occupational Safety and Health Act was passed in what year?


True or false: Persons designated as Program Administrators of a company’s respiratory protection program must be trained and certified by OSHA.


Why does the EPA make some solvents exempt from VOC calculations?


What is the name of the provision in OSHA standards that is used in inspections where there are no specific standards applicable to the particular hazard involved?


The International Maritime Organization developed the Performance Standard for Protective Coatings for Dedicated Seawater Ballast Tanks (PSPC) as an amendment to what regulation?


True or false: OSHA’s General Duty Clause requires employees to comply with safety standards and regulations.


True or false: According to the American Chemistry Council, OSHA is regulating the permissible exposure limits of 99% of the 8,300 chemicals used in significant amounts in the workplace.


What agency created the PM-10 standard?


True or false: More than 95 percent of OSHA’s Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs) on hazardous chemicals in the workplace were updated in 2013-2014.


True or false: In the lexicon of the EPA, HAPs stands for hazardous air particulates.


What is an example of an engineering control, according to OSHA, during cleaning or painting operations in an enclosed space?


True or false: OSHA was established during a Republican administration.


True or false: OSHA’s Fall Protection Standard is invoked when workers are at heights of 6 feet or greater.


True or false: Most of OSHA’s Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs) on hazardous materials have been updated since their inception.


What occurred on the Piper Alpha?


True or false: OSHA requires that replacement parts for air-supplied respirators must come from the original manufacturer.


True or false: NFPA 33, Standard for Spray Application Using Flammable or Combustible Materials, provides ventilation guidelines for containment structures used on bridges during painting operations.


True or false: If a coating has 50 grams per liter or less of VOCs, it is said to be HAPS-free.


Breathing grade compressed air (Grade D, as specified by the Compressed Gas Association) must contain what percentage of oxygen by volume?


What organization publishes the “Rapid Rise Fire Tests of Protection Materials for Structural Steel”?


In what area of safety did OSHA issue the most citations in fiscal year 2014?


True or false: The EPA has decided to abandon its development of a lead-safe Renovation, Repair, and Painting Rule for public and commercial projects.


Which of the following types of contaminants, introduced in the vicinity of a person wearing a half-mask respirator to determine if it fits properly, are allowed by OSHA for qualitative fit testing?


True or false: Ethanol is corrosive and highly water soluble, according to the EPA.


All respiratory protection equipment used in the workplace must be approved by what organization?


In what U.S. Cabinet-level department is transmission pipeline safety regulated?


True or false: OSHA’s work practice controls to minimize exposure to hazardous materials, such as toxic dust, can include, in most instances, job rotation.


True or false: According to a recent Applicator Training Bulletin in JPCL, the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 lists and describes the responsibilities of both employers and employees for safety in the workplace.


True or false: Passive fire protection materials are sometimes evaluated in a jet fire test.


True or false: If ventilation is used on a worksite to mitigate safety hazards, it is classified by OSHA as personal protective equipment.


The approval of what agency is required for supplied-air respirators?


OSHA requires controls for fall hazards when workers are at what height or higher above the ground or lower level?


What U.S. President signed into law the Environmental Protection Act, establishing the EPA?


True or false: OSHA has developed three sets of regulations on abrasive blasting in three primary industries: general industry, maritime, and construction.


True or false: Many toxic and oxygen-displacing gases are heavier than air and accumulate at the bottom of confined spaces.


High-pressure, supplied-air respirators are given an Assigned Protection Factor of 25 by NIOSH. What does this 25 mean?


True or false: OSHA can issue a citation even when one of its regulations has not been violated.


Before a worker enters a permit-required confined space, OSHA requires testing of the atmosphere in the space to determine which of the following?


True or false: OSHA’s Construction Industry Fall Protection Standard is invoked when a worker operates at a height of 10 feet or greater.


True or false: OSHA now forbids the use of silica sand as a blasting abrasive.


What is the maximum level of carbon monoxide allowed by OSHA in breathing air for supplied-air respirators?


The revised OSHA Hazard Communication Standard, which went into effect in May 2012, requires training of employees on new label elements and safety data sheet formats by what date?


The IMO ban on use of tributyltin in antifouling systems for ships was adopted in 2001. In what year did the ban go into force in the United States?


Which of the following was not cited by SSPC as a reason for developing Paint 44, Coatings for Concrete Wastewater Structures?


Respirators must be approved for use by what organization?


What is the source of potential inhalation hazards that blasters face in air abrasive blasting operations?


True or False: Polished concrete, when properly processed, will meet or exceed the slip-coefficient of friction requirements of ANSI/NFSI.


True or False: In August this year, OSHA issued a proposed rule banning use of crystalline silica as a blasting abrasive.


True or False: OSHA classifies supplied-air respirators as engineering controls.


What is the name of the collection of northeastern states and the District of Columbia working together to reduce ground-level ozone?


LEED v4 makes its official debut at the Greenbuild Show in November. What was the previous version of LEED called?


Why is crystalline silica sand more likely to cause silicosis when it is used for abrasive blasting, as opposed to when it blows around on a beach?


The worker blood lead level established for triggering an OSHA inspection was reduced in 2012 to what?


True or false: Federal contractors are facing new hiring rules regarding women and people with disabilities.


True or false: OSHA’s 2008 National Emphasis Program on Crystalline Silica explicitly identified abrasive blast cleaning as a high-exposure activity.


True or False: OSHA has lowered the permissible exposure limits on crystalline silica.


Which of the following agents is not accepted by OSHA for respirator fit testing?


What is the abbreviation for the emission standard set by EPA to cover exposure to hazardous air pollutants in steel fabrication and paint shops, among other facilities?


True or false: OSHA recently announced a National Emphasis Program on isocyanates.


True or False? Threshold Limit Values (TLVs), representing the maximum levels of airborne contaminant that can be inhaled for a working lifetime by almost all workers without injury, are recommended rather than required limits.


Inside a confined space, where do solvent vapors normally collect?


True or False? In abrasive blasting work, a dosimeter is used to measure exposure to blasting dust.


True or false? For a supplied-air respirator, OSHA requires Grade D air with an oxygen content of 15 percent to 19.5 percent.


What U.S. president signed the Occupational Safety and Health Act, establishing OSHA?


According to NIOSH, the hierarchy of hazard controls considers which one of the following to be the least desirable?


What organization recently issued recommended exposure limits to carbon nanotubes and nanofibers?


True or False: In the lexicon of the EPA, HAPS stands for hazardous abrasive particles.


True or false: According to an OSHA study of painting contractor violations conducted in 2006-2007, the OSHA Required Fall Protection Rule (1926.0501) was the one most often violated.


True or false: In the International Building Code, air and vapor barriers are not required to pass NFPA 285 fire test of wall assemblies containing combustible materials.


True or false: Some fire-resistant, intumescent coatings are used on wood substrates.


What is the acronym, used frequently in VOC regulations, for architectural and protective coatings?


What is the name of the provision in OSHA standards that is used in inspections where there are no specific standards applicable to the particular hazard involved?


True or false: According to OSHA, permissible exposure limits (PELs) and Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) are both required limits on exposure to airborne contaminants.


Which of the following alternatives is an engineering control for an air-contaminant workplace hazard?


What agency is in charge of testing and certifying respirators?


True or false: One main reason for OSHA’s 2012 revision to the Hazard Communication Standard was to harmonize it with global hazard communication standards.


True or false: The EPA has initiated action to reconsider expansion of its RRP Rule (Renovation, Repair and Painting) into commercial in addition to residential buildings, in order to limit the dangers of exposure to lead-based paint.


True or false: Working at a height of 6 feet invokes OSHA’s Construction Industry Fall Protection Standard (29 CFR 1926 Subpart L).


When did, or will, OSHA’s latest rules for residential fall protection (approved in 2010) take effect?


What is the main reason OSHA revised its Hazard Communication Standard this year?


True or false: SSPC published a surface preparation standard, now discontinued, describing flame cleaning of steel.


What organization tests for the health effects of coatings in contact with potable water?


What organization conducts research on safety and health issues and provides technical assistance to OSHA?


According to OSHA’s revised Hazard Communication Standard, when are employers required to have trained employees on new labeling and safety data sheet formats?


What is the main subject of the EPA’s RRP rule?


EPA estimates that coal- and oil-fired power plants produce what percent of acid gas emissions in the United States?


Now that the United States has taken official action to adopt the International Maritime Association’s treaty banning tributyltin antifoulings, what percentage of the world’s shipping tonnage is covered by the treaty?


Abrasive blast workers are regularly exposed to noise in excess of what level?


True or False: Federal agencies must comply with the same health and safety standards as private-sector employers.


True or false: The California Supreme Court recently upheld the South Coast Air Quality Management District’s authority to enact air-quality rules on architectural coatings, even if compliance with the rules requires technology not yet developed.


What organization defines the content of Grade D breathing air, required in CFR 1910.134 for supplied air respirators?


What is the name of the test that provides a method of determining the flammability characteristics of exterior, non-load-bearing wall assemblies/panels?


Five painters died and three were injured in a 2007 confined space accident in what type of facility?


What agency produced the first VOC limits on colorants for architectural and industrial maintenance coatings?


True or False: OSHA revised its Hazard Communication Standard 29CFR1910.1200 in March 2012 to align it with the United Nations’ Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals.


True or false: A federal appeals court recently ruled that EPA must reinstate the provision for families without young children or pregnant women to “opt out” of the requirement in the lead paint Renovation, Repair, and Painting rule.


What is the “opt-out” provision of the EPA’s Lead Paint Renovation, Repair, and Painting Rule, now being debated in Congress?


True or False: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the research division of OSHA.


What gives OSHA the authority to impose sanctions and fines for workplace hazards not described in OSHA regulations?


Breathing grade compressed air (Grade D, as specified by the Compressed Gas Association) must contain what percentage of oxygen by volume?


The most common category of OSHA citations issued against fabrication, galvanizing, abrasive blasting, and coating application facilities involves:


What is included in OSHA's General Duty Clause of the Occupational Safety and Health Act?


The “opt-out” provision that the EPA removed from the lead-paint Renovation, Repair and Painting (RRP) rule allowed which of the following?


True or false: A body belt with a lifeline connected to a secure anchorage is accepted as a safe personal fall arrest system by OSHA.


Which of the following are dangers that can be encountered when working in a confined space?


True or false: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, a branch of the Department of Health and Human Services, is responsible for developing and enforcing mandatory job safety and health standards.


High pressure, supplied-air respirators used for abrasive blasting normally have an Assigned Protection Factor of 25. What does this NIOSH rating mean?


What is the most important reason for a lanyard to be flexible when it is used with a lifeline and safety harness?


Manufacturers of supplied air respirators must acquire approval for these products from what agency?


Inside a confined space, where do solvent vapors normally collect?


Where are you most likely to find oxygen-deficient air?


True or false: The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health prepares and publishes standards on safety in the workplace.


Which US President signed the Occupational Safety and Health Act, establishing OSHA?


True or False: All nuclear plants must follow the same training protocols for in-house and contract painters.


According to OSHA, what is the primary problem with this marine scaffolding assembly?


When does OSHA require that an aerial lift operator undergo retraining?


Which US President signed the Environmental Protection Act, establishing the now-controversial EPA?


In abrasive blasting work, how small do dust particles have to be to make them respirable and therefore dangerous to health?


What is the source of the specification for Grade D breathing air?


Which of the following statements about Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for coatings is true?


True or false: The EPA's Renovation, Repair and Painting (RRP) Rule now requires third-party clearance testing after painting or remodeling to assure dangerous levels of lead have been eliminated.


True or false: Respirators suitable for use in Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH) atmospheres can include a combination full facepiece pressure demand supplied-air respirator (SAR) with auxiliary self-contained air supply.


If you are using a supplied-air respirator for protection during abrasive blast cleaning, when is it OK to take it off?


True or false: The EPA's Renovation, Repair, and Painting (RRP) Rule dealing with lead paint removal applies only to residential structures constructed before 1968.


True or false: Federal law requires that Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS), also know as a Product Safety Data Sheet, be published by coating manufacturers for their products, and that employers have these data sheets on hand in the workplace.


Among the choices below, what is the best tactic for ventilating a confined space containing paint solvents?


What is the minimum oxygen content of air suitable for breathing?


Who produces product and application data sheets?


True or false: OSHA can cite an employer only if workplace hazards violate specific OSHA regulations.


What are the South Coast Air Quality Management District's VOC limits on industrial maintenance coatings?


Abrasive blast cleaning to remove lead-based paint is governed by what EPA regulation?


Skylights on roofs that do not meet OSHA regulatory requirements for hole covers need to have what OSHA-mandated safeguard?


What organization conducts research on safety and health issues and provides technical assistance to OSHA?


What safety precautions does OSHA require when work is conducted from swing stages 10 feet or more above the ground?


Working at what height invokes OSHA's Construction Industry Fall Protection Standard (29 CFR 1926 Subpart L), requiring controls for fall hazards?


An individual using power tools to remove lead-containing paint is wearing a full face respirator with P100 (HEPA) filters and has been fit-tested using the banana oil method. What is the allowable lead exposure level for this worker, according to OSHA Standards?

Arnold Ferguson, CIH, CSP


What does OSHA's General Duty Clause require?


True or false: ANSI/NSF 61 addresses coatings performance issues as well as the health effects of coatings for potable water tanks.


True or false: This scaffold is compliant with OSHA requirements.


True or false: OSHA classifies respirators as engineering controls.


Which of the following imposes the most stringent VOC rules on architectural and industrial maintenance coatings?


Why are fireproofing materials such as intumescent or cementitious coatings used on structural steel in buildings?


Safety hazards of a permit-required confined space, according to OSHA, include one or more of the following conditions.


True or false: New rules recently issued by the EPA on lead paint removal involve residential and some institutional structures.


True or False: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the enforcement division of OSHA.


Which of the following types of coatings is not subject to a VOC limit of 50 grams per liter under Rule 1113 of the South Coast Air Quality Management District?


 
 
   

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