Daily Quiz (228)


True or false: A sacrificial pigment is likely to be used as a midcoat.


True or false: The term "exempt solvents" refers to solvents that not included in the Toxic Substances Control Act.


What type of pigments possess colorant value and hiding power?


True or false: Prime pigments have lower refractive indexes than extender pigments.


True or false: A coalescing solvent has a low boiling point.


True or false: Micaceous iron oxide pigment improves the barrier properties of a coating.


True or false: Complex Inorganic Color Pigments (CICP) combine extremely durable colorfastness, IR-reflective capability and vivid colors.


True or false: Solvent-resistance, as shown by a solvent rub test, means that coatings are sufficiently cured for service.


True or false: Methyl ethyl ketone is an oxygenated solvent.


Ion exchange pigments would most likely be found in what type of coating?


Which of the following materials is not an important biocidal additive for coatings?


In coating work, what are fines?


IR pigments are most likely to be used in what type of coating?


True or false: Acrylic, silicone and polyurethane resin systems can be used to create elastomeric coatings.


True or false: The polymer concrete resin furan is based on an alcohol derived from cashew nut oil.


What do PVDF and FEVE have in common?


True or false: The last solvent in a solvent blend to evaporate from an applied coating film is called a retarder.


At what university is a collection of more than 2,500 pigments?


True or false: Epoxy coatings formulated for application over green concrete (less than 28 days of cure) must contain inhibitive pigments.


Pigments that overlap one another in a coating film and thereby create a tortuous path for the migration of moisture to the substrate beneath the coating have what name?


Which of the following words describing a characteristic of pigments does not fit with the other three?


Extender pigments are often classified into four groups: sulfates, carbonates, oxides and what other group?


True or false: Recently, the European Commission officially decided to classify titanium dioxide in its powder form as not suspected of causing cancer to humans.


True or false: Mixed metal oxide pigments produced at high temperatures are used for fire resistance in coatings.


True or false: The last solvent in a solvent blend to evaporate from an applied coating film is called the retarder solvent.


What causes solvent popping?


True or false: Zinc phosphate pigments, when used in primers for steel substrates, provide sacrificial protection of the metal.


True or false: European authorities are studying the possibility that titanium dioxide may be a carcinogen to humans.


What is the term used to describe solvents with limited photochemical reactivity?


True or false: According to an author, most cool-roof coatings today incorporate acrylic resins.


True or false: Additives based on hydrated lime are sometimes used in anti-bacterial coatings.


Resins combining vinyl neoesters and alkoxysilane monomers have been proposed to replace what more conventional resin systems?


True or false: A recently described coating containing resins combining vinyl neoesters and alkoxysilane monomers is claimed to have several advantages over two-component polyurethane topcoats.


True or false: Prime pigments in coatings provide colorant value and hiding power.


True or false: Aluminum silicate can be used as an extender pigment.


True or false: ACI has a specification for pigments used to create integrally colored concrete.


Which of the following pigments is not classified as a prime pigment?


True or false: Extender pigments are classified by Clive Hare as functional pigments.


True or false: A collection of 2,500 pigments can be found at the National Institute of Science and Technology.


What is the pigment being discussed in the following quote? “The researchers say that, in addition to being an effective choice for cooling roofs and facades, the pigment also has potential for producing solar energy, and could be used to tint windows or photovoltaic cells.”


True or false: Talc is a widely used extender pigment in coatings.


True or false: In a solvent blend, the last solvent to evaporate from a coating is called a retarding solvent.


True or false: Cavern Clay is an extender pigment with anti-corrosion properties.


True or false: Mixed metal oxide pigments produced at high temperatures are used to improve the corrosion resistance of coatings.


True or false: Ion exchange pigments would most likely be used in high-heat coatings.


True or false: Additives based on hydrated lime are sometimes used in anti-bacterial coatings.


Which of the following is not a lead- and chromate-free inhibitive pigment?


True or false: Titanium dioxide pigment is manufactured by either the American or the French process.


True or false: Cashew nut shells are used to create color pigments.


True or false: Red iron oxide pigments are stable at high temperatures (above 500°F).


True or false: High levels of cross-link density in coatings is achieved by pigment loading.


What do aluminum, mica and stainless steel pigments have in common?


One of the two main forms of titanium dioxide has what name?


Which of the pigments below provide additional barrier protection to a coating by overlapping and causing moisture to follow a long, roundabout path before reaching the substrate?


True or false: Exposure to solvents used in paints can cause hearing loss.


What is another name for natural calcium silicate pigment?


What organization has a specification for pigments used to create integrally colored concrete?


True or false: Coatings created with silicone resins have strong resistance to oxidation.


True or false: Polar solvents can be used to make paint sufficiently conductive for electrostatic spraying.


What is another name for a polyurethane characterized as Type I by ASTM?


True or false: A solvent with a low boiling point evaporates more slowly than one with a higher boiling point.


What pigment type provides color, opacity and UV resistance to coatings?


True or false: Acrylic resin is sometimes used to make polymer cement and polymer mortars and concretes.


Solvents with negligible photochemical reactivity have what status?


What is the conventional coating term used to describe flake pigments aligning with or floating near the surface of a coating?


True or false: Two-component polyurethanes used as protective coatings are thermosetting coatings.


Which of the following resin systems can be used to create an elastomeric coating?


The last solvent in a solvent blend to evaporate from an applied coating film is called what?


What pigment is made by both a French process and an American process?


True or false: Once flocculation has occurred with pigment particles, the condition is irreversible.


True or false: Solvent cleaning of steel is recommended to be used after other surface preparation methods such as abrasive blast cleaning.


What type of pigments can provide corrosion resistance, mildew and bacterial resistance, fire retardance and anti-fouling properties?


True or false: Calcium borosilicate has been used as an anti-corrosive pigment in protective coatings.


True or false: Alkyd and acrylic resins are both classified as synthetic resins.


True or false: The non-volatile vehicle of a coating includes resin or binder and pigment.


True or false: Hydrated lime-based additives are sometimes used in antibacterial coatings.


True or false: Carbon blacks are prime pigments.


An oil-modified polyurethane is sometimes called by what name?


True or false: Polyester resins are sometimes used as binders for mortars and concretes.


When you add exempt solvents as thinners to a high solids coating, what happens to the VOC content?


True or false: Generally speaking, chlorinated hydrocarbon solvents are toxic.


Which of the following is a prime pigment?


According to ASTM nomenclature, what is the name of the synthetic resin made from polyhydric alcohols and polybasic acids; generally modified with resins, fatty oils or fatty acids?


True or false: MEK is specified for use in the ASTM solvent rub test for organic zinc-rich coatings.


Methyl methacrylate, used in liquid-applied waterproofing and traffic-marking paints, is the primary raw material in what well-known product?


True or false: Inhibitive pigments provide cathodic protection to steel.


True or false: CICP (Complex Inorganic Color Pigments) combines extremely durable colorfastness with IR-reflective capability but cannot produce vivid colors.


SSPC is seeking nominations for a Board position in the category, “other product suppliers.” How is this supplier category defined?


What is the name of the process that causes a metal to become inert or unreactive?


True or false: Lamellar pigments are valuable in increasing the permeability of coatings.


True or false: “Solvent pop” occurs because of hackles in a steel substrate.


True or false: The overlapping of platey pigments in a coating creates crevices that diminish the coating’s barrier properties.


True or false: In a broad sense, any polymer used as a basic material for coatings is called a resin.


True or false: Hare classifies pigments into four types according to their roles in coatings: functional pigments, extender pigments, prime pigments and pigmentary additives.


Ion exchange pigments would most likely be used in what application?


Which of the following is an oxygenated solvent?


What performance property of epoxy resins makes them useful as wood repair products?


PVDF is an essential component of what generic coating type?


True or false: Thermoplastic is another name for thermoset resins.


True or false: Red iron oxide pigment is stable at temperatures of 500 degrees Fahrenheit.


Which of the following pigment types are sometimes used as extenders?


What is the coating term used to describe the action of flake metallic pigments, such as aluminum, and certain other pigments aligning with or floating near or at the coating surface when mixed with a suitable vehicle?


Which of the following is not a platey pigment?


In what type of coating would you be most likely to find ammonium polyphosphate?


True or false: Sugar beets, soybeans, flaxseed, and sunflower seeds have been used to develop bio-based resins for coatings.


Which of the following is not classified as an additive in a coating formulation?


What is the content of the non-mandatory appendix of SSPC-SP 1, Solvent Cleaning, added during the 2015 revision of the standard?


True or false: Inorganic zinc-rich coatings are very resistant to solvents and oils.


FEVE is used in what resin technology?


True or false: Ion exchange pigments are normally used in intumescent coatings.


True or false: Coatings with inhibitive pigments are effective in protecting concrete substrates.


What paint pigment is manufactured either by the French process or by the American process?


Nanoparticles of what pigment can be incorporated into outdoor building materials, such as paint or concrete, to reduce smog?


A pigment with a lamellar structure would tend to provide what function in a coating on steel?


An additive based on hydrated lime would likely be found in what type of functional coating?


True or false: Zinc phosphate pigments, when used in primers for steel substrates, do not provide sacrificial protection of the metal.


An alkyd is a modified form of what other resin?


True or false: The threat of mud cracking in highly pigmented paints applied at high film builds is likely to be diminished in coating films that employ spherical pigments.


What polymer concrete resin is based on an alcohol derived from agricultural wastes such as rice and oat hulls and corn cobs?


Anatase and rutile are mineral forms of what pigment?


True or false: Coatings based on silicone resins have little resistance to chalking.


What does the IR stand for in IR pigments.


True or false: Storage of vinyl ester resin in hot conditions can cause the material to harden in the can.


Coatings with “formaldehyde-abatement technology,” described recently in a D+D article, are based on what generic resin?


True or false: Titanium dioxide is used mainly as an anti-corrosive pigment.


Acicular, fibrous, and nodular are terms that describe what pigment property?


Additives based on hydrated lime would find use in what type of coating?


What paint pigment is manufactured by the American and the French process?


What is the term for the formation of clusters of pigment particles in a coating after dispersion has been carried out?


True or false: Extender pigments are used only to reduce the cost of manufacturing paint.


Leafing and non-leafing are descriptions of what paint pigment?


Which of the following resins can be produced from a by-product of the coke oven process?


True or false: Thixotropes are added to paint to make it thicker.


Which of the pigments below provide additional barrier protection to a coating by overlapping and causing moisture to follow a long, roundabout path before reaching the substrate?


True or false: The higher the refractive index of a pigment, the lower is its hiding power in a coating.


Why does the EPA make some solvents exempt from VOC calculations?


True or false: Leafing aluminum pigments are completely wetted by the binder and thus spread evenly throughout the coating film.


True or false: Methyl methacrylate resins are sometimes used to formulate floor coatings.


True or false: Some coatings become solvent-resistant, as shown by a solvent rub test, before they are sufficiently cured for service.


What is the term used to describe solvents with limited photochemical reactivity?


Alkyds are a specific type of what broader class of resins?


True or false: “Solvent pop” occurs because of hackles in a steel substrate.


True or false: Breathable coatings often incorporate platey pigments.


Mixed metal oxide pigments produced at high temperatures are used for what purpose in coatings?


Which of the following is not an inhibitive pigment used in coatings for corrosion control?


An alkyd is a modified form of what other resin?


The last solvent in a solvent blend to evaporate from an applied coating film is called what?


Acicular, fibrous, and nodular are terms used to describe what property of pigments?


What coating company was awarded a research grant in 2014 by the Department of Energy to study cool pigment technology in collaboration with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory?


True or false: Complex inorganic color pigments (CICP) contribute to vivid and durable colors in coatings but lack the IR reflectivity needed for reflective roof coatings.


How is talc normally classified as a pigment in coatings?


What is an exempt solvent?


What is the function of an inhibitive pigment?


In coatings, “American process” and “French process” refer to the creation of what material?


Retained water-soluble solvents within a coating film in immersion or continuous high moisture service will, most likely, lead to what kind of failure?


What extender pigment is also known as calcite, marble flour, and whiting?


True or false: A thixotrope is the type of additive that allows paint to have a lower viscosity when it is stirred or shaken.


True or false: Titanium dioxide is a highly opaque pigment.


A solvent rub test is used on coatings for what main purpose?


True or false: Inhibitive pigments provide solar reflectance to roof coatings.


True or false: The resin furan employs di- and tri-functional silanes as its primary building blocks.


True or false: The overlapping of platey pigments in a coating creates crevices that diminish the coating’s barrier properties.


FEVE and PVDF are what kind of resin technologies?


True or false: The threat of mudcracking in thick, heavily pigmented coatings is more likely with spherical than with platey pigments.


What solvent is used in the solvent rub test for cure of inorganic zinc coatings?


What is the function of zinc pyrithione in paint?


What resin chemistry is suitable for development of coatings that can be successfully applied to stucco?


What polymer concrete resin is based on an alcohol derived from agricultural wastes such as rice and oat hulls and corn cobs?


A polyaspartic coating is a version of what larger generic class?


Leafing action is characteristic of what paint constituent?


What pigment is made by both a French process and an American process?


True or False: Pigments used to make coatings must be spherical in shape.


Which of the following pigments is most stable at high temperatures (above 500°F)?


What is solvent popping?


True or False: Flocculation increases pigment distribution within a paint material.


IR pigments are most likely to be used in what type of coating?


True or False? Coatings resistant to high heat (above 450° F) are typically based on organic resins.


True or False? Ground mica is used in both joint compound for finishing drywall and as a pigment in paints.


In a D+D News story about research at North Dakota State University on bio-based materials for coating resins, which of the following materials is not listed as a source of resin development?


The acronym TSP stands for “Total Suspended Particulate,” as well as for what well-known material in coating work?


Anatase and rutile are types of what paint component?


True or False: Exempt solvents are highly photochemically reactive.


True or false: The amount of chalking of a paint film can be affected by the choice of both pigment and binding medium.


True or false: Zinc phosphate pigments, when used in primers for steel substrates, provide sacrificial protection of the metal.


Which of the following materials is not used to make a biocidal additive for coatings?


An alkyd is a modified form of what other resin?


FEVE is used in what resin technology?


To achieve color and gloss retention at very high heat exposure (500-600 F), what type of resin base would be used to formulate a coating?


Anatase and rutile are mineral forms of what pigment?


What paint ingredient can make a dark-colored roof coating reflective?


Which of the following pigments is not classified as a prime pigment?


Cashew nut shell liquid is the source for what type of coating raw material?


Additives based on hydrated lime would find use in what type of coating?


Platey pigments contribute to what mechanism of corrosion protection?


True or false: soybeans are sometimes used to make raw materials for spray polyurethane foam.


Nanoparticles of what pigment can be incorporated into outdoor building materials, such as paint or concrete, to reduce smog?


True or false: Henry Ford’s high gloss Japan black enamel used on early mass-produced Ford cars and trucks, relied on high levels of lampblack pigment for coloration.


Which of the following are platey pigments?


Acicular, fibrous, and nodular are terms used to describe what pigment property?


True or false: Even in dark colors, IR-pigmented coatings on metal roofs can meet Energy Star requirements for solar reflectance.


Which resin type has the greatest heat resistance?


What pigment below gives the best hiding power to a coating?


Which pigment used in paints is white?


Ion exchange pigments would most likely be used in what application?


True or false: The addition of pigments is required to match the color of concrete repair materials with the color of the concrete matrix being repaired.


What is an exempt solvent?


What raw material supplier recently announced an agreement with a biotechnology firm to develop an industrial-scale process for producing acrylic acid from sugar?


What is meant by the word “exempt” in the phrase “exempt solvent?”


Inside a confined space, where do solvent vapors normally collect?


Prior to the widespread understanding of their negative health effects, what is the main reason that lead pigments were widely used in protective coatings?


True or false: The threat of mud cracking in highly pigmented paints applied at high film builds is likely to be diminished in coating films that employ spherical pigments.


Micaceous iron oxide is a pigment providing what kind of properties to protective coatings among the choices listed?


Which of the following solvents is not a hydrocarbon type?


What polymer concrete resin is based on an alcohol derived from agricultural wastes such as rice and oat hulls and corn cobs?


When you add non-exempt solvents as thinners to a high solids coating, what happens to the VOC content?


True or false: Titanium dioxide is mainly an anti-corrosive pigment.


Which of the following resin systems can be used to create an elastomeric coating?


Lumiflon(R), Kynar(R), and Hylar(R) are brand names for what kind of resin used in coatings for architectural metal?


Which of the following are lead- and chromate-free inhibitive pigments?


Which of the following is not classified as an additive in a coating formulation?


What is a prime pigment?


Which of the following pigments is used as an extender for paints?


Which of the following is not an oxygenated solvent?


Which of the following would not be considered an extender pigment in a coating?


Aluminum, mica, and glass flake are what type of pigments?


Bisphenol A is combined with which of the following to produce epoxy resins?


Methyl methacrylate, used in liquid-applied waterproofing and traffic-marking paints, is the primary raw material in what well-known product?


Which of the following pigment classes is normally not used as an extender pigment?


 
 
   

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