Daily Quiz (2236)


True or False: Methyl methacrylate resinous flooring systems should not be applied at temperatures below 40 degrees Fahrenheit.


A team from the Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur developed a new coating technology that can do what for solar panel surfaces?


An unnamed manufacturer sent its antimicrobial coating to EMSL Analytical Inc. for testing and found that the coatings remained effective for how long?


Vecor Technologies recently presented work where _______ was incorporated into materials like concrete to reduce waste.


Southeast material handling solution provider Carolina Handling, in partnership with 48forty Solutions, has recently completed the world’s largest ______, totaling 26,235 square feet.


A recent study found that a new transparent window coating could be utilized to do what inside of buildings?


A research team from the Indian Institute of Technology Madras recently developed technology that can improve what type of coating industry tool?


A German marine biologist recently studied how ___ coatings can curb algal growth while still protecting tropical coral reefers.


A German automobile and motorcycle manufacturer put in a patent application for a paint film that can do what?


For the first time ever, an aircraft operated by Swiss International Airlines was equipped with surface technology that replicates the flow-efficient properties of what?


Researchers from the University of British Columbia have recently developed a copper-coated technology capable of what?


A research team from Eastern Michigan University was recently awarded a U.S. patent for their invention of what type of coating methods?


In honor of its 100th anniversary, which famous United States landmark is getting a fresh coat of paint?


By using the polymer ____, a coating from Mussel Polymers, Inc. has been used to strengthen carbon and aramid fibers, which allows for stronger, more lightweight materials.


Scientists from Nanyang Technological University in Singapore recently invented a __ coating to protect wood surfaces and materials.


The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced that it has finalized a revision to the risk determination for which pigment?


Marine and protective coatings company Jotun recently announced that one of its ___ coatings has provided more than 30 years of maintenance-free corrosion protection at the splash zone of an offshore asset.


Thanks to a new cool coating initiative in Los Angeles, ___ square feet of roads and other pavement have been painted with a solar-reflective coating.


A team from Florida International University has reportedly developed a coating material to shield structures from what when travelling to space?


A 63-year-old sculpture in Jamestown, North Dakota, shaped like what animal, is being prepared for an upcoming paint job?


Researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have reportedly developed a biodegradable system to replace __ found in agricultural products, paints and cosmetics.


Researchers from Rice University announced that their strain-sensing smart skin system can detect what in large structures?


Researchers from the Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology have reportedly developed a transparent coating material that can do what in sunlight?


A farmer in Norfolk, England recently used what to whitewash the glass roofs of greenhouses?


A team of Australian researchers developed a type of coating, strong enough to be considered an alternative to bullet-proof glass, meant to protect from what?


Street crews and city officials recently applied the first-ever cool pavement coating in _____________ as part of a $1 million project to combat heat and address heat-related illness and death.


Aesthetic damages have been seen by guests in the queue area for what Disneyland attraction in Anaheim, California?


Decorative paints company Coral, an AkzoNobel-owned brand, has recently developed a _________-repellent coating to fight against dengue fever in Brazil.


The nomination deadline for the sixth annual Elevation Awards has been extended to:


An ultra-black coating developed by a team of researchers from the Harbin Institute of Technology can absorb what percentage of the wide light spectrum?


Which country recently awarded financial assistance to an industrial coatings company to boost the adoption of digital technologies?


The U.S. National Parks Service announced $3,405,000 in grants to preserve and interpret sites from what war?


What color did the public vote to paint the Scott Base research facility?


Queen’s University in Canada recently launched its new Carbon to ______ Coating Institute after receiving a $24 million grant from the Government of Canada.


True or False: The new UPMC Presbyterian Hospital in Pittsburgh is expected to become the largest hospital in the city’s history.


The deadline for the 2022 Elevation Awards is:


A first-of-its-kind office building in Australia will feature what kind of cladding?


True or False: A Pittsburgh-based company recently released an autonomous coating system that can apply coatings to commercial buildings.


Which of the following companies was not a recipient of the first test order for the EPA’s Toxic Substances Control Act under the National Testing Strategy for PFAS substances found in commercial firefighting foam and other uses?


More than _________ gallons of coating material were sprayed inside the penstock that took first place in Sherwin-Williams’ 2021 Water and Wastewater Impact Awards.


The European Space Agency is studying titanium oxide materials for what kind of coating on the International Space Station?


Which coatings company was recently named the official paint of Walt Disney World Resort and Disneyland Resort?


Why are zinc-rich coatings sometimes applied to structural concrete?


There are more than ___ drop-off sites across New York State's Paint Stewardship Program to safely dispose of and recycle leftover paint.


What color paint is being researched by engineers to slash carbon emissions and in some cases potentially replace air conditioning units?


Recently, anchor chains were cleaned and recoated at a Norfolk Naval Shipyard in Portsmouth, Virginia. How much does one chain link weigh?


True or False: Researchers from Washington State University demonstrated how old, single-use masks can be utilized in cement mixtures to make stronger, more durable concrete.


True or False: The deadline to submit abstracts for presentations and discussion topics at the 2022 CPIA Leadership Conference is June 15.


Researchers from the University of British Columbia and the Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute have developed a nontoxic coating for medical implants that uses what metal?


True or False: Scientists have developed a low-cost iron aluminide coating that show four times increased corrosion resistance than that of mild steel.


Last month, the British Coatings Federation adopted the use of what globe statement in regard to Volatile Organic Compounds?


True or False: The Commercial Painting Industry Association, in partnership with Technology Publishing Company, is calling for abstracts for presentations and discussion topics at the 2022 CPIA Leadership Conference.


What hydrophobic material has the Harvey Mudd College produced using a gas-phase-synthesis method?


How many energy-efficient rooftop billboards in Miami were recently installed to highlight the benefits of roof coatings?


True or False: A new method for creating four-component, titanium-based nanocomposite coatings used to protect gas turbine engines requires high temperatures to develop.


What type of historic structure was recently repainted in Lossiemouth, Scotland?


Researchers from the University of Stuttgart have developed a new method for applying ___________ coatings to 3D printed multi-lens systems.


Researchers have produced a coating with high solar-to-heat conversion efficiency using what byproduct of burned organic materials?


A research team from Northwestern University developed a sponge to clean polluted waters and can absorb ___ times its weight in oil.


Scientists from Sandia National Laboratories have recently developed an environmentally friendly protective coating inspired by:


When is NSF 600, a new health requirement requiring all coatings in contact with potable water to meet new, lower extraction levels, slated to go into effect?


What do PVDF and FEVE have in common?


A team of researchers from the University of Konstanz recently set out to produce what material during polymerization in the form of an aqueous dispersion, serving as a basis for solvent-free and emission-free coatings?


According to the latest Architectural Billings Index, the ABI score rose how many points in March?


According to a recent JPCL article, what is the percentage of potential reduction in a ship’s CO2 emissions that can be achieved by employing a proactive hull cleaning system to prevent fouling buildup?


A team of researchers from Spain recently studied the use of microparticles as fillers for epoxy resins from recycled what?


With an expected increase in demand for ships to transport and store gas globally, Nippon Paints Marine is advising shipowners and shipyards to ensure that their fuel, water and cargo tanks are protected from __________.


True or False: The recently approved London MSG Sphere will have an interior display that is expected to be the biggest and highest-resolution LED screen in the world.


The S.S. Badger, a ferry in Ludington, Michigan, was recently drydocked and repainted, using how many gallons of paint?


The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development recently released a report on the commercial availability and current uses of ________ found in various paints, coatings and varnishes.


Approximately how many gallons of concrete and masonry primer/sealer was used to repaint the historic “Shoe Building” in Cambridge, Ontario?


A team of international researchers developed the first color spectra catalog to facilitate the search for extraterrestrial signs of life in the cosmos using microbes found in _______ conditions.


True or False: The new SSPC Paint 47 Standard was developed to raise the bar for color retention in projects.


A research team from the Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Xiamen University recently announced the results of its study of a natural-based coating, which reportedly exhibited effective ________ and lower toxicity.


A team of researchers from Texas A&M University recently presented a new type of coating that could limit the __________ of wood used in construction.


Canadian development and commercialization company Zentek Ltd. recently conducted testing on its __________ coating.


Researchers in Australia recently developed a smart coating for pipelines that can remove _________ from water while preventing corrosion and solvent damage.


In a recent JPCL article, what was the minimum Shore D hardness measurement level that a newly applied intumescent coating system failed to reach, resulting in premature blistering?


How many awards were bestowed as part of the 2021 JPCL Prestige Awards program?


An additive developed by a research team from the Korea Institute of Materials Science increased a resin’s antibacterial properties by 99.99% and its antiviral properties by more than how many times?


A recent study published by the Swiss-based Environmental Action has found that paint accounts for what percentage of microplastics in the world’s oceans and waterways?


A new solar panel coating recently developed by researchers from Chiang Mai University increased the panels’ power yield by over what percent?


True or False: The filing and mandatory testing requirements of imported paint and coatings in China has been revoked as a result of a recent order.


Technology Publishing co.’s fifth annual Contactor Connect will be hosted in:


Last month, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency was requested to reconsider its final risk evaluation regarding:


Researchers in China reportedly developed a superhydrophobic coating to prevent corrosion inspired by what insect?


In a recent JPCL article, how many epoxy passive fire protective coatings were subject to a newly developed testing protocol designed to assess performance in the event of a hydrocarbon fire?


A new all-season _____ coating was recently designed by the Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory to keep homes warm during the winter months and cool throughout the summer without consuming natural gas or electricity.


The U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration released a new fact sheet regarding the hazards related to the use of preservative coatings in ___________ processes.


A Washington couple recently discovered a hidden ______ while remodeling a circa 1907 commercial building.


The United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration recently awarded __ construction contracts for various facility projects.


A report released by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics states that the prices of construction materials in January have jumped more than what percentage year-over-year?


What seaweed derivative did researchers from the University of Genoa recently use to test a coating’s tensile properties?


True or False: Researchers from MIT have recently developed a new material reported to be stronger than steel and as light as plastic.


What organic material did researchers from the College of Biological Sciences at the University of Minnesota recently combine with bacteria to develop a “living” construction material?


The Government of Canada recently awarded funding to Queen’s University to research and develop what type of coating?


A reportedly non-toxic, fire extinguishing coating recently developed by researchers was inspired by what substance?


True or False: To protect a U.S. food and beverage manufacturing facility’s oven room, crews installed wall coatings and a new tile flooring system.


As of January, the American Institute of Architects reported a continued demand for design services for how many consecutive months?


BMW unveiled a car that can do what to reduce the amount of energy on the vehicle’s electrical system and lower the amount of fuel or energy consumption?


Researchers with the Technical University of Denmark used a computer-aided product design method for the design and solvent selection of what?


In a December JPCL project case study, crews worked to rehabilitate and apply new coatings to this type of U.S. food and beverage manufacturing facility:


A new study found that which aquatic plant can be used for environmentally friendly, antifouling marine paints.


Researchers announced that they have created a coating for solar panels to reduce snow and ice accumulation, enabling panels to generate ___ more energy in tests.


The most important requirements for exterior wall coatings on concrete include all but which one of the following, according to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers?


According to a recent JPCL article, what is the speed that modern coil lines can run when applying coil coatings to metal items?


Zentek Ltd. announced the development of a carbon-based, nanotechnology-enhanced ___ coating that is intended to be used on drones, aircraft and wind turbines.


In a recent JPCL article, contractors were reported to save how much time when applying throughput pipe coatings on a project for the Comox Valley Regional District (CVRD) in British Columbia, Canada?


Korean researchers have developed a forensic tool that can inspect concrete structures that have been damaged by what?


Infinergy, a product from chemical company BASF, can be fully recovered and reused without harmful residues and is made for flooring systems using _____.


Since October 2020, how much have steel and iron prices increased?


True or false: Hydrogen sulfide gas is soluble in water.


This year, German airline company Lufthansa and global chemical company BASF announced a new surface coatings technology inspired by what marine creature?


A research team at the University of Idaho has been awarded nearly $4 million to turn ___ into 3D-printed building construction materials.


On two recent occasions, U.S. Custom and Border Protection officials seized smuggled gold that was hidden how?


A recent report found that one in ___ units of critical infrastructure in the United States are at risk of being rendered inoperable due to flooding.


True or false: SSPC-CS23.00, “Specification for the Application of Thermal Spray Coatings (Metallizing) of Aluminum, Zinc, and Their Alloys and Composites for the Corrosion Protection of Steel,” is the industry’s primary source of information regarding metalized coatings and their surface preparation and application requirements.


True or False: An explosion in Ohio earlier this year led to the loss of roughly 30% of all alkyd resins.


Researchers have reportedly developed a water-resistant coating made from self-healing what?


The Russian Army is planning to use a coating on its military vehicles that does what?


True or false: SKUs is an acronym for stock-keeping units.


In an attempt to combat biofouling on ships and vessels, 90% of coatings developers use what in their antifoulant solutions?


According to a JPCL article, a comprehensive assessment of the marine coating process was made in the:


Researchers at Simon Fraser University developed a new waterproof coating based on a combination of chemicals known as what?


University of Central Florida researchers announced that they were working on a protective coating that would target and kill the COVID-19 virus using what type of radiation?


True or False: Researchers have recently conducted experiments in South Australia on the benefits of using electrically charged surface coatings on various aircrafts.


Researchers have recently discovered that using a transparent graphene veil can prevent up to what percentage of pigment fading in painted artworks?


True or False: When bacterial communities form in concrete, some bacteria can produce calcium carbonate for up to one year.


True or false: High-voltage holiday detectors are used on coatings measuring 20 mils (500 microns) or less.


In Paul Atzemis and Tony Persutti’s (Carboline) JPCL article, “Powering Up,” which of the following coatings were applied to stacks at a liquefied natural gas facility in Medway, Massachusetts?


True or False: Polyelectrolyte polymer, the main ingredient in a new transparent coating, can also be found in cosmetic products.


The world’s largest regional theme park company and largest operator of waterparks in North America, Six Flags Entertainment Corporation, recently struck a five-year preferred paint supplier agreement with which of the following companies?


Researchers are using the seed of which fruit for a new technique to strengthen and heal concrete?


A concrete stain was recently applied to a walkway on the Beartracks Bridge in downtown Missoula, Montana, to mitigate surface temperatures. How much had the surface temperature reduced according to the coating’s preliminary trials?


Closed-cell spray polyurethane foam insulation can serve what function in commercial construction?


The Graffiti Resource Council is an affiliate of what larger organization?


Who was the recipient of the 2021 Royal Gold Medal for Architecture from the Royal Institute of British Architects?


A White Metal Blast, SSPC-SP 5, allows what to remain on the surface of steel after blast cleaning?


A new $1.73 billion concourse recently opened at Los Angeles International Airport. The 15 West Gates are part of a larger $14.5 billion modernization project at LAX. When did work officially launch on the project?


Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Wolf recently announced that the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation will invest $___ million in state grants for work in 12 Pennsylvania airports.


The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory recently confirmed that the ___________________________ is piloting a new credit for the installation of cool exterior walls in new homes, schools and commercial buildings for the purpose of mitigating urban heat islands.


True or false: The CPIA will be hosting an inaugural in-person even this year.


Members of the Naval Sea Systems Command Technology Office (NAVSEA 05T), NAVSEA warfare centers and researchers from what university are collaborating to develop a new approach to maintaining Navy ships:


The current life expectancy for protective coatings on new steel bridges is roughly:


What company was responsible for providing the protective coatings for NASA’s Perseverance rover?


Developed by engineers at Purdue University, “the whitest paint yet” reflects up to how much sunlight?


Which specialty polymers company recently received an emergency exemption from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under Section 18 of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act, submitted by the Georgia, Utah and Minnesota Departments of Agriculture, for the deployment of its BiaXam copolymer for specific applications?


Where were the protective coatings tested for NASA’s Perseverance rover?


Engineers from what university have recently created what they’re calling “the whitest paint yet”—a cool coating that aims to reduce buildings’ needs for air conditioning?


The Shepherd Color Company recently released this new pigment:


According to Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates Inc. in “6 Fundamentals of Good Roof Design,” roofs fail prematurely for any of the following reasons, except:


According a recent JPCL article on robotics in marine work, all should be considered when choosing a robot except:


Recently, Benjamin Moore was chosen to paint on the pinnacle of NYC’s Hudson Yards Development, better known as “The Spiral.” How much paint did the company estimate would be needed to coat the core and shell of the project?


To be used in food service, railcar linings must meet strict compliance requirements set forth in:


True or false: There is a mood coating available in the commercial industry that uses biomimicry, a unique formulation that contains modified thermotropic liquid crystals that respond to pheromones given off by people nearby, causing its color to change.


According to Suzi Wear, VP of People Development & Culture at Xenium HR, the top four contributions leaders can practice in the workplace include all except:


The JPCL Archives are comprised of how many years of JPCL digital issues dating back to 1996?


In March, an electric-resistant coatings technology was utilized to avoid the demolition of a Victorian-era railway bridge. What university was credited for developing the specialty coating?


Recently, researchers from the Yale School of Engineering and Applied Science announced the development of a new coating strategy for __________ that provides corrosion protection.


Last month, engineers from Network Rail—owner of Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd in London—recently avoided the demolition of a Victorian-era railway bridge by utilizing a _______-resistant coating.


When performing emergency maintenance and repair regarding corrosion under insulation in oil and gas facilities, what is the potential cost of shutting down equipment?


According to a PaintSquare Blog, what isn’t a part of the “Top 5” to make your next facility project run smoothly?


According to a recent PaintSquare Daily News article, the crown jewel of Amazon’s second headquarters is _________.


According to an archived 2017 D+D article, most cool-roof coatings at the time incorporated ______.


Alkyds are a modified form of a(n) _____ resin.


True or false: The development of hot-spread epoxy phenolic coating resulted from the discovery of the “rusted steel substrate effect,” among others.


Traditional epoxy phenolic coating technology for CUI mitigation recommends a film thickness for each coat to be typically __ - __ mils.


During a renovation project on the 600 block of Race in the Central Business District, in Cincinnati, crews from non-profit real estate development company 3CDC discovered a second building, likely constructed in what decade?


Researchers from what federal laboratory are working on developing a coating that changes color when exposed to high temperatures through friction or fire?


Inorganic zinc coatings have proven capable of withstanding temperatures up to ___ F (___ C) in non-immersion service without any loss in performance.


According to a recent webinar hosted by PaintSquare, FEVE Fluoroethylene Vinyl Ether, specifically thermoset fluoropolymer topcoats, were developed in the early _____.


What historical landmark recently sought bids from engineers to rebuild a new retractable floor?


Who was the top lawyer to investigate the 1988 oil platform explosion that occurred on Piper Alpha in the North Sea on July 6?


In a Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa) 50-year-old experiment involving an epoxy resin and steel reinforcements on concrete, engineers found that after 50 years under 87% of the average breaking load, the epoxy resin bonding showed:


Researchers at the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa) are working on developing a coating that changes color when exposed to high temperatures through friction or fire. This technology is being developed for?


Fire-resistant coatings are designed:


According to blogger Allen Zielnik, most field-applied commercial icephobic coatings today are based on superhydrophobic and ___ surface energy principles:


Which association issues standards of performance for coatings applied over aluminum panels and extrusions for commercial buildings?


What color movement eventually spread to nearly every American city with similar architecture, with notable concentrations in St. Louis, Baltimore, New Orleans and Cincinnati?


True or false: the CPIA is the first and only Professional Trade Association for commercial paint contractors around the globe.


True or false: According to Allen Zielnik in a 2013 D+D article, most exterior wood repair products are based on epoxy-resin technology.


Regarding concrete floor covering, concrete is not dry just because it is cured. Concrete, on average, takes ______ per inch of thickness to dry enough to receive most flooring products.


It is estimated that the cost of painting an offshore structure in an autonomous painting facility can be as low as 1- __% less per square meter in comparison with carrying out coating onsite.


According to an archived D+D article, customers were reported to have saved how much on overall energy bills after installing a cool roof coating?


In a 50-year-old experiment involving an epoxy resin and steel reinforcements on concrete, researchers from the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa) found that the epoxy resin bonding showed no weaknesses, with under ___% of the average breaking load.


Officials from Seattle’s $930 million Climate Pledge Arena and Oak View Group recently submitted the project’s registration to the:


Diversified natural resources company, Teck Resources Limited (Vancouver, Canada) recently announced that it would be testing its antimicrobial copper coatings on what type of high-touch surfaces?


During a live virtual event at the inaugural PaintSquare Connect, it was announced that _________ was awarded the 2020 Elevation Award for Floor Coatings:


According to a recent JPCL article, what is the third leading cause of ship coating failures?


According to “The Future of Ship Painting” by Andy Hopkinson, Ralitsa Mihaylova and Raouf Kattan, Safinah Group Ltd., the average economic ship life is:


What coatings organization announced the launch of its association in October 2019?


What certification does a lining require when coating water tanks that are slated to house drinking water?


The Commercial Painting Industry Association lists all except what as part of its Core Values:


When is NSF 600, a new health requirement requiring all coatings in contact with potable water to meet new, lower extraction levels, slated to go into effect?


According to recent reports, work on the LAX International Airport Terminals 2, 3, and the Tom Bradley International Terminal (Terminal B) is slated to finish how many months ahead of schedule?


True or false: ASTM’s D3730 standard guide is used for testing high-performance interior architectural wall coatings.


True or false: Recorded webinars and keynote speeches from TPC’s PaintSquare Connect event will be available to registrants until May 31, 2021.


According to this PaintSquare Press contributor, cycloaliphatic epoxies offer a favorable solution for wastewater structures that undergo aggressive immersion services and are highly susceptible to degradation from UV-light exposure.


True or False: ICS No. 1 and ICS No. 5 meet the American Water Works Standard D102.


Recently, researchers from the University of Liverpool were awarded 615,000 pounds (roughly $809,235) in funding for the development of this type of coating:


According to David Wawer, Executive Director of the Color Pigments Manufacturers Association, around the beginning of this year, the industry began to see an accelerated interest in these types of coatings:


Over the last decade, bridge painting costs have risen how much?


What pigment did the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recently release a revised draft risk evaluation for?


In “2020 Vision” published earlier this year, coatings manufactures released annual color trends focusing on all except:


During a 2019 lining project to protect process vessels at the largest oil field in Iraq, what type of epoxy was chosen for the job?


True or false: SPIRE Smart Buildings Program is an objective assessment and rating program for smart buildings, built by the Telecommunications Industry Association and UL.


SSPC: The Society for Protective Coatings published its “Fact Sheet: Use of Hazardous Materials including Flammables in Confined Spaces” at the request of the Chemical Safety Board after what deadly fire?


Traditionally, following cleaning efforts, what color oxide rust-inhibitor is applied to heavy steel mainframes for pre-engineered metal buildings?


True or false: NFPA 34 is the standard for the manufacture of organic coatings.


In the October issue of JPCL, what process did Alison B. Kaelin compare similarities to the protective coatings industry?


How many categories were featured in the JPCL 2020 Coating Systems Buying Guide for Concrete?


True or false: A three-component zinc-rich epoxy primer was used on the Allegiant Stadium as a means of corrosion protection.


In a Summer 2020 PaintSquare Press article, Majestic Fast Ferry reported that this type of coating provided energy savings and allowed for improved speeds at sea.


True or false: NFPA 285 is a test that provides a method of determining the flammability characteristics of exterior, non-load bearing wall assemblies/panels?


True or false: Alkyds are polyesters modified with fatty acids and other components.


True or False: Rutile titanium dioxide is often used to provide color (white) and opacity to coatings.


Optically active pigment (OAP) technology can help uncover all of the following coating mechanisms except:


True or False: According to a recent PaintSquare Press article, if a pre-engineered metal building is slated to receive a fireproof coating or epoxy application, the item will not receive traditional oxide or galvanization treatments.


What type of coating was recently used to protect the interior steel trusses of the Crystal Cathedral in Garden Grove, California?


This type of additive, used in petroleum and water storage tank linings, help make holidays and pinholes visible when illuminated with an eye-safe LED light.


True of False: Prime pigments possess colorant value and hiding power.


A written standard for classification of concrete floor coating textures based on the height of the coating texture comes from what entity?


True or false: two-component coatings cure by radiation.


What is the standard active substance approval time for newly formulated antifouling coatings?


True or false: A complex system is a system consisting of galvanizing topcoated with a liquid-applied, organic coating.


True or false: A sacrificial pigment is likely to be used as a midcoat.


True or false: The term "exempt solvents" refers to solvents that not included in the Toxic Substances Control Act.


True or false: Calcium sulfonate alkyds are typically used as surface-tolerant overcoating materials.


What technology was used by the Naval Research Laboratory to create a healthier and more user-friendly topcoat for their aircraft?


True or false: The terms “industrial coatings” and “industrial maintenance paints” do not refer to the same types of material.


True or false: Aliphatic polyurea coatings provide UV stability both for their elastomeric properties and also for color and gloss retention.


True or false: Rutile titanium dioxide is often used as an extender pigment.


True or false: One organic zinc-rich coating has a silicate binder.


What term denotes migration of a substance to the surface of a coating film?


True or false: Curing of coatings based on epoxy ester resins occurs by oxidation.


True or false: The National Fire Prevention Association recently updated a technical report on calculating fire resistance of wood members and assemblies.


True or False: Methyl methacrylate resin-based floor coatings can be installed in the temperature range of 90 degrees Fahrenheit down to 30 degrees.


Which of the following describes cohesive failure of a coating.


What is another name for mineral paint?


True or false: The New York Times building has an intumescent coating on its structural steel exterior.


True or false: Studies have shown that preparing a weathered TPO roof for coating with an aqueous cleaner followed by power washing increases the adhesion of the coating dramatically.


True or false: Polysiloxane is a variation on polyurethane coating chemistry that allows for faster curing times and higher film builds.


True or false: An alkyd coating is a complex polyester.


True or false: The “cold wall effect” produces osmotic blistering.


True or false: An article on floor coatings recommended use of a specially formulated polyurethane primer to combat high alkalinity at the surface of a concrete slab.


Why is a gel coat consisting of paraffin wax in styrene often used over newly applied polyester and vinyl ester linings?


True or false: According to some industry experts, atmospheric exposures that can contribute to amine blush include UV, carbon dioxide and moisture.


True or false: Both zinc-rich coatings and potassium silicate paints provide sacrificial protection to steel substrates.


True or false: Granules are commonly used on SPF roofing together with coating materials.


True or false: An alkyd is a modified form of an acrylic resin.


True or false: A recent report on non-skid performance of coatings on the exterior decks of U.S. Navy ships subject to thermal loading found that thicker coatings increase the potential for premature failure.


What are the three most commonly specified coating types used over spray foam roofing?


What type of pigments possess colorant value and hiding power?


What is the main feature of zinc that allows it to provide cathodic protection to steel?


True or false: The U.S. Naval Research Laboratory developed an alternative to epoxy non-skid/non-slip deck coatings based on siloxane technology.


What is the name of the surface engineering network in Canada that is looking into antiviral metallic and ceramic coatings as a way to slow the transmission of COVID-19?


True or false: The anhydrous calcium chloride test from ASTM covers the quantitative determination of the rate of moisture vapor emitted from below-grade, on-grade and above-grade (suspended) bare concrete floors.


True or false: Sprayed fire-resistive materials are intumescent coatings.


True or false: A three-year study by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation found that copper-based antifouling coatings were the most effective at combating macro-fouling organisms like zebra and quagga mussels.


Which of the following features of a corrosion-control coating do not contribute significantly to barrier protection?


True or false: HUD publishes fire resistance ratings of archaic building materials.


True or false: Infrared radiation thermal imaging can be used to monitor coating application only if the coating being applied is thermosetting.


True or false: Prime pigments have lower refractive indexes than extender pigments.


In what region are scientists developing anti-viral surface coatings to combat COVID-19?


True or false: CCS NTPEP is a study to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of cool roof coatings for industrial facilities.


True or false: According to a JPCL article, the 28-day-cure-time rule of thumb for coating concrete has substantial scientific and engineering basis.


True or false: Methyl methacrylate (MMA) resinous flooring systems should not be applied at temperatures below 40 F.


What is the difference between resistance requirements of a vapor barrier and an air barrier?


True or false: A coalescing solvent has a low boiling point.


True or false: Micaceous iron oxide pigment improves the barrier properties of a coating.


What are AIM coatings?


True or false: The lesser the permeability of a coating on concrete, the more effectively it will perform.


Bisphenol A is combined with which of the following to produce epoxy resins?


Choose the failure term defined by an authority as the “formation of blisters of solvent vapor in wet coating surfaces that break but do not level because of too great a viscosity."


True or false: Cratering can be caused by foreign matter in or on a wet coating film.


True or false: A laboratory study has demonstrated that feathering of sound coating around areas of repair does not influence or increase the longevity of a protective coating system applied over the repair area.


True or false: Reflectance and heat resistance are not the two main properties of cool roof coatings.


True or false: Coatings with formaldehyde-abatement capability have been based on acrylic resins.


The most stringent performance standard for organic coatings on architectural aluminum requires how many years of successful performance on panels exposed at a South Florida test site?


Many coating manufacturers recommend a maximum relative humidity within a concrete slab of what percentage before their flooring products are applied?


Intumescent coatings must contain an acid source, a carbon source and what other component?


True or false: Both cementitious and fibrous spray-applied, fire-resistant materials can contain Portland cement binders.


True or false: Complex Inorganic Color Pigments (CICP) combine extremely durable colorfastness, IR-reflective capability and vivid colors.


True or false: Solvent-resistance, as shown by a solvent rub test, means that coatings are sufficiently cured for service.


True or false: Methyl ethyl ketone is an oxygenated solvent.


Which of the following is not a main function of a roof coating over single-ply, modified bitumen and BUR, according to a JPCL article?


True or false: According to a preliminary study, WUFI software does not appear to be of value in making judgments on the number of re-paints of single-wythe masonry walls before problems occur with the walls’ performance.


True or false: Fugitive emissions, according to SSPC, are overspray particles from paint spraying operations.


What company recently conducted a trial of a graphene-infused coating on a 700-square-meter section of a container ship?


True or false: It takes only 30 days to simulate three years of outdoor aging of reflective roof coatings using the laboratory testing protocol developed at a national laboratory.


True or false: The Association of the Wall and Ceiling Industry has initiated development of a cool wall rating program.


True or false: An amine carbamate can create surface opalescence on epoxy films.


According to an article on PaintSquare, an unopened can of a roof coating containing silicone has a shelf life of about four years.


What organization publishes a guide specifically for measuring moisture content in concrete and masonry walls?


Ion exchange pigments would most likely be found in what type of coating?


True or false: On two heavily corroded, 350-foot transmission towers cleaned to SSPC-SP 2 and SP 3, a coating system consisting of one full coat of 100-percent-volume-solids epoxy penetrating sealer, followed by one full coat of silicone alkyd enamel has been used, according to a recently published case history.


True or false: Architectural coatings are applied by contractors; trade sales paint is applied by consumers.


Which of the following materials is not an important biocidal additive for coatings?


True or false: Data from research on organic zinc-rich coating performance has shown that zinc metal levels can be reduced to as low as 31% by weight without compromising galvanic corrosion protection, while at the same time improving adhesion and mechanical properties of the dry film.


Where would you be most likely to use an epoxy novolac?


True or false: A biomimetic coating is one that employs plant-based raw materials.


True or false: Inorganic zinc-rich coatings have very strong resistance to organic chemicals.


True or false: A D+D In Depth article argues that the risks of moisture-related, single-wythe CMU wall problems can be predicted based on the initial selection of the coating and number of repaints that have been conducted.


True or false: According to the Cool Roof Rating Council, Atlanta is now one of the several cities that have a cool roof mandate.


True or false: Carbon dioxide can contribute to the deterioration of steel-reinforced concrete.


Many coating manufacturers recommend what maximum relative humidity within a concrete slab before their flooring products are applied, according to a D+D article?


True or false: The New York State Department of Transportation has a test procedure, titled “Determining the Graffiti Resistance of Anti-Graffiti Coatings.”


What organization publishes the “Standard for Shop Application of Complex Protective Coating Systems”?


Which of the following does not have a significant effect on the solar reflectance level or reflective roof coatings over time, according to a study reported in Durability & Design?


The use of what machine is described in an ASTM standard on measuring the static coefficient of friction of polish-coated flooring surfaces?


True or false: UL1709 is the test that provides a method of determining the flammability characteristics of exterior, non-load-bearing wall assemblies/panels.


True or false: Tests of fire resistive materials are conducted in real fire conditions.


What association is establishing Owner Peer Groups and Key Employee Peer Groups?


True or false: The National Transportation Product Evaluation Program includes coatings for steel but not for concrete.


True or false: Fire-resistive, thin-film intumescent coatings for interior use are typically waterborne.


True or false: Water beading on a new concrete floor indicates it is not ready for application of a chemically reactive stain.


True or false: UV-cured waterborne coatings can be successfully used on wood floors.


Burnishing, polishing and abrasive blasting are examples of what?


True or false: When used as reflective roof coatings, polyureas provide more heat resistance than polysiloxanes.


Which of the following is an anti-graffiti coating that functions by low "surface-free energy"?


In the list below, which organization focuses its services on building enclosure consultants?


In coating work, what are fines?


What coating technology was used to create a reflective roof coating claimed to be the coolest white paint ever formulated?


True or false: A liquid-applied air barrier is claimed to seal cracks, rough openings, seams and sheathing joints on above-grade walls.


True or false: In protective coatings, the rutile and not the anatase form of titanium dioxide is used.


IR pigments are most likely to be used in what type of coating?


True or false: Among reflective roof coatings, polyureas have the most heat resistance, according to a D+D article.


What was the acronym for SSPC’s early research program on environmentally friendly coatings?


What organization publishes the technical manual Standard Practice for the Testing and Inspection of Intumescent Fire-Resistive Materials?


True or false: Mica is not classified as a prime pigment.


True or false: The AEH coating technology recently described in JPCL deals with intumescent coatings for wood substrates.


True or false: Fluoropolymer coatings based on FEVE resins can achieve higher gloss levels than gloss levels achieved by fluoropolymers with PVDF resins.


True or false: An epoxy-modified, siloxane clear coating would be classified as a semi-permanent anti-graffiti coating.


True or false: Polyaspartic and polyurea floor coating chemistries cannot cure in extremely low temperatures.


True or false: Acrylic, silicone and polyurethane resin systems can be used to create elastomeric coatings.


True or false: The polymer concrete resin furan is based on an alcohol derived from cashew nut oil.


True or false: A synonym for “curing agent” is “hardener.”


What is the failure term for showing through of an underlying surface layer due to inadequate opacity of a paint film applied over it?


True or false: Thin-film, intumescent coatings for building interiors often employ vinyl-acrylic or acrylic resins.


The structural steel exoskeleton of the New York Times Building is coated with what specialty material, in addition to anticorrosive and UV-resistant layers?


What do PVDF and FEVE have in common?


True or false: The last solvent in a solvent blend to evaporate from an applied coating film is called a retarder.


True or false: MPI has a product validation program for deck coatings.


At what university is a collection of more than 2,500 pigments?


True or false: Ammonium polyphosphate can be found in intumescent coatings.


True or false: Silicone foul-release coatings on ship’s hulls now require repair approximately every 10 years, according to a JPCL article writer.


When spraying zinc-rich coatings, why is it useful to have the spray pot or container positioned at or above the level of the work?


True or false: Epoxy coatings formulated for application over green concrete (less than 28 days of cure) must contain inhibitive pigments.


What organization maintains a database giving the results of bridge coatings’ performance testing?


True or false: Air barriers must be able to withstand greater pressures than vapor barriers can.


True or false: The U.S. test of protective materials on steel exposed to a rapid rise fire includes weathering exposure.


What is another name for the coating failure term “bleeding"?


True or false: Jet fire tests are not used to determine the heat-insulating capabilities of intumescent coatings in cellulosic fires.


Pigments that overlap one another in a coating film and thereby create a tortuous path for the migration of moisture to the substrate beneath the coating have what name?


True or false: When installing flooring materials, commercial flooring contractors are not concerned about the level of fly ash in the concrete mix.


True or false: In a study of shop-applied topcoats reported in JPCL, a polyaspartic coating performed best in resisting handling damage in the shortest amount of time at lower temperatures (50°F) and higher humidity (75% RH).


Which of the following words describing a characteristic of pigments does not fit with the other three?


True or false: At the DoD-Allied Nations Technical Corrosion Conference this year, one presentation dealt with the use of dry ice for cleaning topside and non-skid ship coatings.


The U.S. Naval Facilities Engineering Command helped what organization to create a web-based tool for selecting and specifying architectural coatings?


True or False: One type of factory-applied finish used over hot-dipped galvanized steel is plastisol.


What organization has published a classification system for textures of floor coating finish coats and a set of tactile comparators?


True or false: SSPC has a recently developed guide to selecting concrete floor coatings.


True or false: Aggressive application of dehumidification to dry a concrete floor slab should begin immediately after placement.


Extender pigments are often classified into four groups: sulfates, carbonates, oxides and what other group?


True or false: Polysiloxanes are a variation on polyurethane coating chemistry that allows for faster curing times and higher film builds.


True or false: Recently, the European Commission officially decided to classify titanium dioxide in its powder form as not suspected of causing cancer to humans.


True or false: SSPC’s Fundamentals of Protective Coatings e-course is available in Mandarin Chinese.


True or false: Vinyl esters are easy to apply.


True or false: The most common types of primers for metal roofs are formulated from acrylics containing some form of zinc pigment for corrosion resistance, according to a JPCL article.


True or false: Zinc dust is an inhibitive pigment.


True or false: Topcoats based on vinyl silane binders exhibit lower costs than alternative chemistries such as polyurethane, while offering overall improved performance, according to a JPCL article.


True or false: Anatase and rutile are types of Isocyanates.


True or false: One study has found that a spray polyurethane roofing systems is recoated every 15 years, on average.


True or false: Powder coatings are sometimes used on architectural aluminum.


True or false: Polyester fabrics are the most common reinforcements used with elastomeric coatings in fluid-applied roof membranes, according to an article on PaintSquare.


True or false: The Cool Roof Rating Council worked with the Roof Coating Manufacturers Association to create a Product Category Rule for roof coatings.


True or false: Oak Ridge National Laboratory recently published results of a study about how cool roofs can mitigate the effect of urban heat waves.


True or false: Methyl methacrylate coatings are not specified for concrete floors.


Mango leaf extract is being studied for what application?


True or false: Silver is sometimes used as a biocidal agent in coatings.


True or false: A manufacturer’s claims that a microbicidal coating kills 99.9% of certain infectious bacteria does not require verification testing by the EPA.


What polymer concrete resin is based on an alcohol derived from agricultural wastes such as rice and oat hulls and corn cobs?


True or false: Testing of fire-resistive materials for a cellulosic fire requires a gradually increasing temperature until it reaches 2,000 F after an hour.


True or false: In atmospheric weathering exposures, aromatic polyureas perform much better than aliphatic polyureas in retaining elastomeric properties.


Generally, coating materials with what perm rating or higher are considered permeable?


The migration of asphalt from a roof to the surface of a white roof coating applied over it is called drift.


True or false: High-build coatings can protect concrete from carbonation.


True or false: HUD publishes fire resistance ratings of archaic building materials.


True or false: Mixed metal oxide pigments produced at high temperatures are used for fire resistance in coatings.


True or false: The NFPA has a standard measuring the functional durability of spray-applied, fire-resistive coatings.


True or false: ICRI publishes the Guide for Concrete Slabs that Receive Moisture-Sensitive Flooring Materials.


What coating specialist said, “I don’t know how to calibrate a nose?”


In a private survey of architects and hospital administrators, what was the least important attribute of wall coatings for hospitals?


True or false: AAMA has a specification for polymeric materials used to provide a rainscreen function.


True or false: A three-year research study found that foul-release coatings were the most effective at combating macro-fouling organisms like zebra and quagga mussels.


True or false: A five-year inspection of relined water tank bases using fiberglass mat embedded in solventless epoxy showed that the lining system performed poorly, according to a JPCL article on the subject.


True or false: Using silicone over epoxy does not work well in a metal roof coating system, according to a JPCL article.


True of false: The steel used in the overhead canopy of the Banc of California Stadium for major league soccer was coated with a zinc/epoxy/polyurethane system in the shop to achieve speed and efficiency.


True or false: The last solvent in a solvent blend to evaporate from an applied coating film is called the retarder solvent.


True or false: Artificial gold leaf is referred to as French metal.


Polyesters modified with fatty acids and other components produces what coating type?


True or false: Epoxy novolacs are not good candidates for food processing facilities.


True or false: The American Architectural Manufacturers Association is merging with the Insulating Glass Manufacturers Alliance.


What causes solvent popping?


True or false: The SWR Institute validates the performance test results published by manufacturers of sealants.


True or false: In coating work, the cold wall effect is created with a liquid-applied air barrier.


Who said: “There was some pining for the old, forgiving lead-based paints, but the data clearly shows that modern coatings outclass the old technology and certainly have achieved and even exceeded environmental and worker-safety goals that initially seemed so challenging.”?


True or false: Zinc phosphate pigments, when used in primers for steel substrates, provide sacrificial protection of the metal.


True or false: Zinc-rich coatings do not work well in protecting steel substrates in predominantly wet, highly alkaline exposure environments.


True or false: Spray foam systems can act as effective air barrier systems either externally applied over structural elements or internally applied within cavity systems.


True or false: Light etching is necessary to assure the performance of siloxane water repellents on concrete.


True or false: Bronze powders are metal flake powders made commonly from aluminum, copper or copper-zinc alloys.


True or false: Phenalkamine epoxy curing agents are made from the oil of walnut shells.


What organization has a council that deals with architectural coatings?


In what country did a university develop a polymer coating said to be so versatile it can be compared to the iconic Swiss army knife?


True or false: European authorities are studying the possibility that titanium dioxide may be a carcinogen to humans.


True or false: In coating work, “open time” refers to the pot life of a two-component coating after the two components have been mixed together.


Who wrote a book on the degradation of paint films?


True or false: When two materials are incapable of being mixed uniformly, the are said to be miscible.


True or false: SSPC’s CCI certification of concrete coating inspectors applies to protective but not architectural coatings.


In coating work, how is replica putty used?


What is the term used to describe solvents with limited photochemical reactivity?


What type of coating material does SSPC recommend for repairing imperfections in galvanized, organic zinc- or inorganic zinc-coated steel?


In discussing how to achieve success in coating concrete, a noted authority named “the culprit that’s echoed across the industry when it comes to coating failure.” What culprit did he name?


According to a PaintSquare writer, the floor coating material of choice for the food and beverage industry is which of the following?


True or false: Breathability is an important requirement for exterior wall coatings on concrete, according to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.


True or false: In ASTM’s standard definition of protective coating work, inspection is included as one of the operations required to accomplish a complete coating job.


True or false: “Polymer transition temperature” is the term used to describe the temperature at which the non-crystalline portion of a polymer is transformed from a rubbery material to a brittle, glass-like material.


True or false: According to an author, most cool-roof coatings today incorporate acrylic resins.


True or false: Additives based on hydrated lime are sometimes used in anti-bacterial coatings.


True or false: MPI has a product validation program for deck coatings.


What organization is forming a committee to create a performance-based standard for fluoropolymer coatings?


True or false: The Norsok M 501 standard on protective coatings was created by the Norwegian shipping industry.


True or false: When a manufacturer claims that a microbicidal coating kills 99.9% of certain infectious bacteria, the coating must be tested and registered by the EPA.


How many types of urethane coatings are there, according to an industry association?


True or false: NACE and SSPC publish a joint standard on qualifying and certifying architectural coating applicators.


True or False: AAMA Subcommittee D01.42 deals with standards for architectural coatings.


What is the function of a fire-retardant paint, according to ASTM?


True or false: According to ASTM, the term “oil-based” to describe a paint is acceptable, but “water-based” is not.


What organization publishes the document, “Standard Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials and Applications"?


True or false: In railcar interiors, baked phenolics are normally used for product purity where corrosive chemicals are not being shipped, according to a JPCL article.


True or false: Low-build coatings can meet the most rigorous air-barrier performance requirements of the International Code Council.


True or false: According to a JPCL article, most manufacturers do not recommend special cleaners to prepare the roof surface prior to applying their coatings to single-ply membranes like ethylene propylene diene terpolymer.


True or false: Several energy codes require specific levels of reflectance and heat resistance for cool roof coatings.


True or false: The paint companies CIN and Kansai offer paints that kill mosquitoes.


A variation on polyurethane coating chemistry that allows for faster curing times and higher film builds has what name?


True or false: Infrared radiation thermal imaging has been proposed as a technology for monitoring in real-time the application of certain thick-film coatings.


Resins combining vinyl neoesters and alkoxysilane monomers have been proposed to replace what more conventional resin systems?


True or false: Polyaspartic coatings cure more slowly than polyureas.


True or false: The use of silver is the most prevalent technology today to create antimicrobial paints, according to a JPCL writer.


True or false: The slipperiness of a wood floor finish is influenced most by the generic type of the finish material and its film formation.


What organization worked with the Department of Energy to develop synthetic dirt for accelerated testing of roof coatings?


What is the name given to coating types that provide more capabilities than substrate protection and aesthetics?


What general name is given to a coating that responds with corrective measures when corrosion is detected beneath the coating?


True or false: The Reflective Roof Coating Institute maintains a database of reflective roof coating products that lists the reflectance and emittance of each one.


True or false: According to a JPCL article, most manufacturers recommend special cleaners to prepare the roof surface prior to applying their coatings to single-ply membranes like ethylene propylene diene terpolymer.


True or false: UL publishes the technical manual Standard Practice for the Testing and Inspection of Intumescent Fire-Resistive Materials.


True or false: In New York City’s new green roof bill, all new residential and commercial buildings must have either vegetation, solar panels, small wind turbines or a combination of these to comply.


What coating type has been described as the “the king of PFP” (passive fire protection) in hot and cold climates?


What organization defines the gloss levels of paint as G1 through G7?


What special regulatory treatment is given to solvents with negligible photochemical reactivity?


True or false: A siloxepoxy is formed by the combination of epoxy with siloxane.


True or false: In the Masterspec section on fluid-applied air barriers, only high-build coatings meet the most rigorous air-barrier performance requirements of the International Code Council.


Zinc dust provides what type of corrosion control in a coating?


True or false: Elastomeric polyurethane coatings are not suitable for stucco, according to an article on PaintSquare.


True or false: Zinc pyrithione is used as a non-toxic corrosion inhibitor in protective coatings.


True or false: Silyl-terminated polyether technology is sometimes employed to create liquid-applied air barriers.


What cities have enacted green roof mandates?


True or false: A two-part modified epoxy novolac polysulfide coating was applied successfully to aged concrete fuel storage tanks.


True or false: In accelerated QUV exposure tests, FEVE fluoropolymer-based coatings have outperformed acrylic polyurethane and polysiloxane topcoats in terms of color and gloss retention.


True or false: PDA has the Polymeric Floor Coatings Advisory Committee.


True or false: A recently described coating containing resins combining vinyl neoesters and alkoxysilane monomers is claimed to have several advantages over two-component polyurethane topcoats.


True or false: The Naval Research Laboratory developed a single-component polyaspartic topcoat replace silicone alkyds used on ships’ topsides to achieve significant performance upgrades.


True or false: Graphene is being used in coatings for corrosion protection as well as in architectural coatings.


True or false: The SWRI has a performance standard for liquid-applied flashing materials used on the exterior wall openings of buildings.


What type of cure is described as fusing of adjacent particles following water evaporation?


True or false: Polyurea coatings are among the three most commonly specified generic coating types for spray foam roofing.


True or false: Prime pigments in coatings provide colorant value and hiding power.


True or false: Acrylic coatings have been formulated for formaldehyde abatement.


True or false: Aluminum silicate can be used as an extender pigment.


What is the name of the organizations in many major cities around the country, with the aim of advancing the technology of constructing the building enclosure or envelope?


True or false: Inorganic zinc-rich coatings are very resistant to strong acids and alkalis.


True or false: One PaintSquare webinar deals with architectural powder coatings.


True or false: The resin and curing agent of a two-component coating are immiscible.


Vermiculite is sometimes used in what type of coating?


True or false: ACI has a specification for pigments used to create integrally colored concrete.


In coating work, how is a PATTI used?


True or false: A polysiloxane coating is a version of the larger generic class of polyureas.


True or false: Calcium sulfonate alkyds are non-toxic, inhibitive primers.


True or false: One innovation in coatings technology, described on PaintSquare, foresees solar energy delivered by a paint film containing carbon nanotubes attached to a buckyball.


True or false: Non-film-forming coatings used as sealers on concrete and masonry can be pigmented to alter the appearance properties of substrates.


Which of the following pigments is not classified as a prime pigment?


True or false: According to a JPCL article, the service life of a duplex system has been reported in some studies to be a factor of 15 to 23 times the sum of the individual service lives for galvanizing or painting alone.


In the Million Cool Roofs Challenge, how much money will be awarded to the winning team that has demonstrated the best sustainable and transferable model for rapid deployment of cool roofs in a developing country and best meets the judging criteria?


True or false: Ion exchange pigments provide antifouling properties to coatings.


True or false: Zinc phosphate is not an inhibitive pigment used in coatings for corrosion control.


What organization patented the use of a magnetic field sensor array that’s placed in a pipeline after installation via horizontal directional drilling in order to send back information that engineers can analyze to identify coating damage that may have occurred during the installation process?


True or false: A high-solids version of a polyaspartic coating is designed for direct-to-concrete application.


True or false: The relative ability of a roof surface to radiate absorbed heat is called solar reflectance.


True or false: On concrete block, dry-film coating thickness can be measured with an ultrasonic thickness gage.


True or false: The Texas Department of Transportation has a test procedure titled “Determining the Graffiti Resistance of Anti-Graffiti Coatings.”


True or false: ICRI has recently published a Concrete Coating Texture Standard.


What organization produced a structural silicone glazing guide in 2018?


True or false: According to a PaintSquare blogger in speaking about the Grenfell Tower fire, fire-resistive tests “serve as comparative, and not predictive, tools.”


Who wrote in a JPCL article about the cure time required before coating concrete, “The problem with the magic 28-day number is that there is just as much empirical evidence that 28 days isn’t necessary, as there is for its requirement for a longer cure time prior to coating."


According to a recent JPCL article, coatings that combat noise, heat or air pollution have what general name?


True or false: For exposed structural steel on a stadium located in a cold, damp environment, moisture-cured polyurethane was recommended in a Problem Solving Forum.


Which of the following is used as an antibacterial agent in coatings?


True or false: An epoxy ester coating is a two-component material.


True or false: UL publishes the technical manual, Standard Practice for the Testing and Inspection of Intumescent Fire-Resistive Materials.


The three coating types used most commonly as topcoats over spray foam roofing include acrylic, silicone and what other generic type, according to a JPCL article?


True or false: The official name of the color continuously used on the Golden Gate Bridge is Golden Harvest.


True or false: Extender pigments are classified by Clive Hare as functional pigments.


True or false: A collection of 2,500 pigments can be found at the National Institute of Science and Technology.


True or false: A recent study by the Reflective Roof Coatings Institute, now a standing committee of the Roof Coatings Manufacturers Association, found wide disparities in the reflectance properties of different generic coating types.


True or false: While polyurethane coatings exhibit strong weathering and water resistance when applied to metal roofs, polyurea elastomeric coatings do not.


True or false: The Department of Transportation awarded funds to an engineering company in Hawaii to develop a corrosion-resistant, non-toxic coating for retrofitting the interiors of potable water pipelines.


What is one important difference between an air barrier and a vapor barrier in terms of resistance properties?


True or false: Non-toxic, foul-release coatings for ships hulls are often based on silicone elastomers.


SSPC has a procedure to certify that contractors can successfully install floor coatings on what type of substrate?


What is the pigment being discussed in the following quote? “The researchers say that, in addition to being an effective choice for cooling roofs and facades, the pigment also has potential for producing solar energy, and could be used to tint windows or photovoltaic cells.”


What term is used to describe the temperature at which the non-crystalline portion of a polymer is transformed from a rubbery material to a brittle, glass-like material?


True or false: A main session of the technical program at SSPC 2019 is “Coating Types.”


True or false: UL (Underwriters Laboratories) publishes inspection manuals dealing with spray-applied, fire-resistive coating materials.


True or false: Silicone-modified polyester coating systems are often used for high-end architectural metal roofing.


True or false: SSPC’s CCI certification of concrete coating inspectors applies to protective coatings for industrial structures but not architectural coatings.


Which of the following terms is generally considered synonymous with the term “trade sales paint”?


What organization recently published a standard on the texture of coatings applied to concrete substrates?


True or false: Talc is a widely used extender pigment in coatings.


True or false: The 2019 World of Concrete includes a three-hour seminar on concrete polishing.


True or false: The U.S. and Russia have conducted joint research on cost-effective air barrier systems.


True or false: The structural steel exoskeleton of the New York Times Building is protected with an intumescent coating.


True or false: Coatings with formaldehyde-abatement technology are based on polyurethane resin technology.


True or false: Inhibitive pigments are typically used in coatings for concrete substrates.


Who said, when discussing forthcoming advances in coatings technology, “One of my favorites in innovation is the carbon nanotube attached to a buckyball that promises to deliver electricity from a paint film"?


True or false: According to a concrete coating specialist in a JPCL article, failure of flooring materials is usually due to a combination of factors rather than a single, simple cause that led to below-expectation performance.


True or false: According to a PaintSquare blog, when removing and replacing a sealant on a weathering steel substrate, some coating suppliers require removing both the sealant and patina, followed by application of a protective coating before application of the sealant.


True or false: In a solvent blend, the last solvent to evaporate from a coating is called a retarding solvent.


True or false: A PaintSquare blog has described a paint store that provides contractors with freshly made paint, mixed on demand, onsite, by an automated paint machine.


True or false: Cavern Clay is an extender pigment with anti-corrosion properties.


True or false: In a laboratory study of marine-environment performance of zinc-rich primers, applied over surface preparation by UHP waterjetting, the primers achieved performance equivalent to, or better than, that achieved over surface preparation by abrasive blasting.


True or false: Polysiloxane topcoats are not noted for having a high degree of thermal stability and heat-resistance.


High-ratio, calcium sulfonate alkyds are highly rated for what service?


True or false: Elastomeric coatings can be based on a number of resin chemistries.


True or false: The Air Barrier Association of America has evaluated and listed the fluid-applied air barriers for walls from 52 companies.


In addition to the American Architectural Manufacturers Association, what other organization has a specification for coatings on architectural aluminum?


A recent JPCL article described what function of an epoxy polysulfide coating?


True or false: The main difference between water repellents and water-repellent preservatives for exterior wood substrates is that water repellents contains a biocide to inhibit mold and fungi.


True or false: The cost to repair a premature failure of the protective coating system on an offshore wind turbine can be over 100 times the cost per square meter for the coating when originally applied in the paint shop.


True or false: Air and airless spray produce about the same amount of overspray.


True or false: Coatings with zinc phosphate pigments provide galvanic protection to steel.


True or false: According to an industry study reported in Durability + Design, the biggest drop in a roof coating’s solar reflectance occurs in the first six months of service.


What is silvering, according to MPI?


True or false: Mixed metal oxide pigments produced at high temperatures are used to improve the corrosion resistance of coatings.


True or false: According to Clive Hare, optimum electrical properties of organic zinc-rich coatings are based on the volumetric relationship between pigment and vehicle rather than on weight relationships between zinc and solid binder.


True or false: Anodized finishes have excellent corrosion resistance in coastal settings.


True or false: Most field-applied commercial icephobic coatings today are based on superhydrophobic and low surface energy principles.


For what main reason are penetrating sealers avoided by conservators on the masonry substrates of historic structures?


According to a Durability + Design Sponsored Content article, descriptions of finishes and gloss levels can vary significantly among different manufacturers.


Who said: “Paint is dead. It just doesn’t know it yet"?


True or false: Organic zinc-rich binders are sometimes silicates.


True or false: Salt spray accelerated testing of coating performance correlates well with atmospheric exposure testing.


True or false: Aromatic polyureas formulated as thick-film elastomers lose a significant portion of their elastomeric properties when subject to atmospheric exposure for long periods.


True or false: It is harder to remove coal tar epoxy than coal tar enamel from a steel substrate.


True or false: There is an intumescent coating for application over SPF insulation.


True or false: Acrylic resin can be used in a polysiloxane coating.


Borate, phosphate and molybdate pigments find common use in barrier coatings.


True or false: In coating work, carbon black is used as a scouring abrasive.


According to an experienced roof coating applicator, quoted in a D+D In Depth article, “If you follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for preparation, procedure and dry film thickness, we’ve had roof coating systems perform well beyond their expected service life — in some instances 15 years-plus.”


True or false: In anti-corrosion barrier coatings, the chemical nature of the binder and the thickness of the coating typically provide the greatest functional contributions, according to a Durability + Design blog.


True or false: Novalac epoxy resins are sometimes used in formulations to create epoxy coatings for application to green concrete.


Lignin-based paint primers have been studied by what laboratory, according to PaintSquare Daily News?


True or false: You fingerprint a coating to determine its resistance to staining.


True or false: SSPC’s specification for the application of thermal spray coatings is issued jointly with NACE and the Zinc Institute.


True or false: A dolly is used to test the cure of elastomeric coatings on concrete.


True or false: Polyurethane is the common chemistry in all polysiloxane coating types.


True or false: According to a Durability + Design article, achieving adequate film thickness is the single biggest problem with performance of paint on single-wythe CMU.


What is another name for the coating failure term “bleeding"?


True or false: Spray polyurethane foam roofing can be successfully applied in inclement weather.


What paint application method produces the most overspray?


True or false: Silicone, liquid-applied air barriers—particularly those that are water-based—offer primerless adhesion to most construction substrates, says a Durability + Design article.


True or false: Ion exchange pigments would most likely be used in high-heat coatings.


True or false: Additives based on hydrated lime are sometimes used in anti-bacterial coatings.


Which of the following is not a lead- and chromate-free inhibitive pigment?


What is the name given to the zinc ammonium chloride solution that cleans and deposits a protective layer on steel before it is immersed in molten zinc to achieve galvanizing?


True or false: Aluminum metal is sometimes applied as thin leaf for decorative purposes.


True or false: In spray-applying zinc-rich paints, the zinc dust particles will not separate from the binder once they have been mixed together thoroughly.


True or false: An anti-mosquito paint has been approved by the EPA.


True or false: Forest Products Laboratories validates the results of performance tests published by manufacturers of deck coatings.


True or false: HAPS is an acronym for hazardous air particulates.


True or false: When the relative humidity is high, curing times for waterborne coatings will be shorter than what is stated as normal on the application data sheet.


True or false: Continuity testing of non-conductive coatings applied to a steel substrate is carried out with an eddy current gage.


True or false: Zinc-rich coatings do not work well in protecting steel substrates in predominantly wet, highly alkaline exposure environments.


True or false: An alkyd is a modified form of a polyester resin.


True or false: Titanium dioxide pigment is manufactured by either the American or the French process.


With specific values required in several energy codes, reflectance is an important performance property of a cool roof coating. What is another?


True or false: Marmorino, a veneer decorative plaster, is not recommended for humid environments such as bathrooms.


True or false: A polyurea coating material showed excellent performance in a five-year inspection of a lining system on a potable water tank bottom that had suffered significant soil-side corrosion in Melbourne, Australia.


Sealers and thin-film floor coatings typically require a profile in what CSP range, according to a recent Durability + Design In Depth article?


According to an industry study reported in Durability + Design, in what time frame does the biggest drop in a roof coating’s solar reflectance occur?


True or false: Cashew nut shells are used to create color pigments.


True or false: Performance specifications for coatings applied to curtain wall aluminum are published by the Aluminum Association.


True or false: HVLP spraying is used to apply thermoplastic powder.


Which of the following objects can be used to check the soundness of concrete before the application of a thick-film coating?


True or false: HAPS and VOCS are synonymous.


True or false: “Polymer transition temperature” is the term used to describe the temperature at which the non-crystalline portion of a polymer is transformed from a rubbery material to a brittle, glass-like material.


What government agency mandated in May this year that solar panels be installed on most new homes?


True or false: The exoskeleton of the New York Times building was coated with a system that included an intumescent coating.


What organization describes itself as “an international association of building envelope consultants”?


True or false: Red iron oxide pigments are stable at high temperatures (above 500°F).


True or false: Preservationists always prefer penetrating sealers over coatings on masonry substrates in work to preserve historic structures.


True or false: Studies have shown that foul-release coatings are the most effective types in combating macro-fouling organisms like zebra and quagga mussels.


What type of raw material allows dark-colored paints to achieve Energy Star requirements for solar reflectance?


True or false: Zinc dust is an inhibitive pigment used in coatings for corrosion control.


What is the common generic chemistry in all polysiloxane coating types?


True or false: According to a Durability + Design In Depth feature, only silyl-terminated polyethers perform successfully as liquid-applied flashing materials for rough openings and penetrations.


True or false: Gold, silver, copper and aluminum are all applied as thin leaf for decorative purposes.


A recent JPCL article described a novel and solvent-free, low-temperature-cure, epoxy-polysulfide coating for what service?


True or false: Mother of pearl is sometimes used as a decorative aggregate in polymer terrazzo floor coatings.


True or false: FRCMs is the acronym for gypsum-based or cementitious fire-resistant materials.


What AAMA specification for coatings over aluminum extrusions and panels requires 10 years of successful exposure at a South Florida test site?


What organization publishes the Guide for Concrete Slabs that Receive Moisture-Sensitive Flooring Materials?


True or false: Under LEED v4, architectural paints and coatings can now help contribute points in three different credit categories: emissions (EQ Credit); product disclosure and material ingredients (MR Credit); and integrated analysis of building materials (Pilot Credit).


True or false: According to a recently published Durability + Design article, there are no firmly established standards and test methods to determine the effectiveness of ice-resistant coatings.


True or false: California has set a policy goal that all homes constructed in 2040 or after must be energy-neutral.


True or false: Alkyl (solvent-borne) zinc silicates for cargo tank coatings cure initially by absorbing water from the surrounding atmosphere into the film.


True or false: Eddy current gages are used to measure dry film thickness of coatings on concrete.


True or false: The Cool Roof Rating Council’s SRI measurements, which combine solar reflectance and thermal emittance into one value, are usually between 0 and 100, with particularly cool materials exceeding 100.


What name is given to a paint component that will cause two immiscible liquids to mix?


True or false: The term “industrial coatings” refers to high-performance coatings applied in the field to resist moderate to heavy industrial atmospheres.


What is the name of a tin-zinc alloy used as a coating?


True or false: High levels of cross-link density in coatings is achieved by pigment loading.


True or false: ASTM has a standard for polysiloxane topcoats for use over spray polyurethane foam roofing.


True or false: A drawdown bar is used to apply gold leaf to a metal substrate.


True or false: Epoxies are sometimes hybridized with silicones to achieve both anti-corrosive properties and UV resistance.


True or false: When two materials are capable of being blended satisfactorily, they are said to be immiscible.


True or false: Shotcrete can be used to create an intumescent coating over steel in building interiors.


Mineral paints with inorganic potassium silicate binders are recommended mainly for what substrate type?


True or false: Aromatic isocyanates contribute to strong UV resistance in polyurethane coatings.


What is the term used for the measure of fineness of dispersed particles in a coating?


What is another term for Venetian mosaic?


What do aluminum, mica and stainless steel pigments have in common?


What is the common name for the coating “defect in which the wet film recedes from localized areas of the substrate (usually caused by insufficient wetting) leaving those areas uncoated”?


True or false: Ammonium polyphosphate is typically found in antifouling coatings.


True or False: A two-component epoxy is a thermoplastic coating.


True or false: A study reported in Durability + Design determined that coating chemistry has a significant effect on the solar reflectance level of reflective roof coatings over time.


One type of isocyanate used to make polyurethanes is TDI. What is another?


True or false: Aliphatic polyurea coatings achieve good color and gloss retention in UV exposure but their elastomeric properties degrade quickly in UV exposure.


Which of the following statements about moisture-cured urethanes is true?


One of the two main forms of titanium dioxide has what name?


True or false: Walnut shells are used in some non-slip, textured coatings.


What is the mechanism of corrosion protection afforded by zinc-rich primers, according to a JPCL article on the subject?


According to a Durability + Design article, most exterior wood repair products are based on what coating technology?


True or false: In coating inspection work, a holiday detection test is carried out with a black light.


Crack-bridging is normally associated with what type of coating?


Barrier and sacrificial protection are two forms of corrosion control that can be formulated into a coating. What is a third?


Which of the pigments below provide additional barrier protection to a coating by overlapping and causing moisture to follow a long, roundabout path before reaching the substrate?


True or false: Some types of fire-resistant intumescent coatings for steel have required as many as six coats to meet standards.


True or false: A uralkyd is a form of urethane.


True or false: Exposure to solvents used in paints can cause hearing loss.


True or false: Epoxies to be used over green concrete should be formulated for impermeability.


True or false: High ratio calcium sulfonate alkyds have been recommended by some coating specialists as liquid-applied flashings.


True or false: What organization defines seven levels of gloss?


What is another name for natural calcium silicate pigment?


What organization has a specification for pigments used to create integrally colored concrete?


Which of the following is not the subject of an SSPC Qualification Procedure for application contractors?


True or false: Synthetic dirt was developed by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for accelerated testing of pavement markings.


True or false: The binder is the non-volatile portion of the liquid vehicle of a coating.


What organization publishes a guide that addresses the structural performance of the most commonly used composite thermal barrier framing systems?


What organization recently announced the creation of an Exterior Facade Fire Evaluation Comparison Tool to determine risk in high-rise buildings with combustible facades?


True or false: Reflectance and heat resistance are the two main properties of cool roof coatings.


True or false: According to an article on finishing architectural aluminum, anodizing produces a coating with a hardness equivalent to that of a sapphire.


True or false: An Atlas Test Cell is normally used to test the performance of liquid-applied air barriers.


True or false: A coating with a heavy loading of zinc phosphate pigment achieves sacrificial protection of steel.


True or false: A coating’s resistance to fading is tested in an instrument called a light resistance chamber.


Which of the following coating types is a hybrid, according to a recent JPCL article?


What three organizations have a joint specification for the application of thermal spray coatings?


True or false: According to ABAA, “A water resistive barrier is a thin membrane, typically 5 to 15 mils thick (.005 to 0.015 in. or 0.13 to .38 mm), which is intended to resist liquid water that has penetrated behind the exterior cladding” of a building.


You would be most likely to find TDI or MDI in what coating type?


True or false: Not all generic coating types have the same susceptibility to mildew growth.


True or false: Coatings created with silicone resins have strong resistance to oxidation.


True or false: A PaintSquare blogger recently wrote the following: "Strong adhesion is the key to coating performance and long life.”


True or false: According to an EPA risk assessment, the dangers of methylene chloride exposure include death; certain cancers; and liver, kidney and reproductive toxicities as a result of both short, acute exposure and years of occupational exposure.


True or false: Polysiloxanes are claimed to offer an isocyanate-free approach to protecting buildings and structures with the durability of a polyurethane, and chemical- and corrosion-resistance of an epoxy.


True or false: According to ASTM, covering power and hiding power have the same meaning when used to describe a coating’s capability.


True or false: One possible reason for a paint film to remain tacky or soft for lengthy periods is low drying and curing temperatures.


True or false: High alkalinity on the surfaces of concrete and galvanizing can cause saponification of some coating types.


True or false: A convertible coating after film formation and drying can be re-dissolved in the solvent from which it was originally deposited.


What organization published the Architectural Painting Specification Manual?


True or false: When a primer coating is loaded with zinc dust to protect steel, the zinc acts as an inhibitive pigment.


True or false: The coating term “open time” is the opposite of the term “wet edge time.”


Which of the following is an organization for paint chemists in the U.K.?


Which of the following statements about inorganic zinc (IOZ) pre-construction primers for shipbuilding is true?


True or false: Flame spraying, metallizing and plasma spraying are all forms of thermal spraying.


What organization developed an icing research tunnel to evaluate the ice-resistance of coatings?


True or false: Polar solvents can be used to make paint sufficiently conductive for electrostatic spraying.


True or false: Non-film-forming coatings can be used to change the appearance of concrete.


True or false: There are significant differences between the AISC and SSPC certification standards for shop application of protective systems.


What is another name for a polyurethane characterized as Type I by ASTM?


True or false: A solvent with a low boiling point evaporates more slowly than one with a higher boiling point.


What pigment type provides color, opacity and UV resistance to coatings?


True or false: Venetian mosaic is a form of Venetian plaster.


What is another term for a coating with a potassium silicate binder?


True or false: Methyl methacrylate (MMA) resinous flooring systems do not cure at low temperatures.


An SSPC protective coating specialist should be familiar with what topic area?


True or false: Architectural coatings are sometimes called “Trade Sales Coatings.”


True or false: According to the Coatings Encyclopedic Dictionary, the term “industrial coatings” is synonymous with the term “industrial maintenance paints.”


What is one reason that “waterborne” might be preferred over “water-based” coating?


True or false: Coating solids (non-volatile portion of a coating) can be expressed both by weight percent and by volume percent.


True or false: According to ASTM, coatings include, but are not limited to, paints, varnishes, sealers and stains.


True or false: Size used on plaster and metal has the same composition.


What generic binder type is combined with epoxies to improve their UV-resistance, according to a recent JPCL article?


What term is defined as the percentage of coating solids actually applied to the substrate by spray application?


True or false: Polymeric membranes for both plaza and green roof waterproofing often employ the same materials.


What organization publishes fire resistance ratings of archaic building materials?


True or false: Fisheyes, or small quasi-circular areas of substrate exposed through a coating immediately after application, are usually caused by an excessively hot substrate.


True or false: Acrylic resin is sometimes used to make polymer cement and polymer mortars and concretes.


Solvents with negligible photochemical reactivity have what status?


True or false: Duplex galvanizing is an alloy coating comprised of tin and zinc sometimes used to coat stainless steel.


True or false: The various cure mechanisms described in the ASTM classification of urethane coatings include moisture cure, heat cure, chemical cure, solvent evaporation and oxidative cure.


What is another term for the paint defect of crawling?


True or false: SSPC has a Qualification Procedure on installation of tank linings in the field.


When a relatively inflexible coating is applied too thickly, it is likely to manifest what failure type?


True or false: An exterior masonry wall has a limit to how many times it can be repainted without removal of existing coating layers.


True or false: Building envelope forensic consultants state that transitions from openings in the substrate to the air barrier is the biggest identified point of failure in air barrier systems, according to a recent D+D article.


True or false: According to a D+D article, a green coating specification should include a requirement for durability.


What is the term used to describe blistering of paint films immersed in sea water caused by the force of an electrical potential gradient?


What is the conventional coating term used to describe flake pigments aligning with or floating near the surface of a coating?


True or false: Two-component polyurethanes used as protective coatings are thermosetting coatings.


True or false: Highly scented oils and spices used in perfumery are sometimes added to paints for odor control.


What coating properties are assessed in a bend test?


What is another name for Ye Olde Paint Stone?


What is another name for a wash primer?


True or false: Krebs units are used to express values derived from the Knoop hardness test.


In coating work, what is another name for wet edge time?


True or false: Inorganic zinc pre-construction primers for shipbuilding normally have less zinc content than inorganic zinc primers applied after fabrication.


What is the acronym for a robotic spray process to reline pipeline interiors?


Which of the following resin systems can be used to create an elastomeric coating?


Victor Charles Nightingall is noted for his work developing what protective coating technology?


True or false: Thermoplastic powder can be applied by thermal spray.


True or false: A polyaspartic is an organic/inorganic hybrid coating.


According to a D+D article, there are now waterborne elastomeric acrylic coatings designed for ponding water applications on roofs.


True or false: Urethane acrylates are used to create UV-cure waterborne coatings for wood.


True or false: According to a JPCL Problem Solving Forum answer, surface-tolerant coatings can be incorporated into a zone painting approach to bridge maintenance.


True or false: Zinc-rich coatings work extremely well in protecting steel substrates in predominantly wet, highly alkaline exposure environments.


Patti and Dolly are both names, but they also share a coatings-related relationship. What is it?


What name is sometimes given to a coating system comprised of galvanizing together with an organic coating?


True or false: Penetrating sealers prevent moisture from entering and exiting concrete substrates.


True or false: Texas has a test procedure for determining the graffiti-resistance of anti-graffiti coatings.


True or false: Titanium zinc is used as an inhibitive pigment in primers for steel.


True or false: Inorganic zinc-rich coatings and potassium silicate paints both provide sacrificial protection to steel substrates.


True or false: A recent JPCL research article concludes that thin-film coatings are effective in preventing corrosion of steel-reinforced concrete bridge components.


True or false: According to a recent statement in D+D magazine, full-refinement concrete polishing is being challenged by methods that shortcut the process.


What organization offers the credential of Registered Building Envelope Consultant?


In coating work, a working mix or operating mix is a mix of what material?


True or false: Efflorescence at the surface of masonry wall is not readily removable with water.


According to ASTM, what is the function of a fire-retardant coating?


In what discipline is the term “maximum refinement” used?


In the revised SSPC standard on applying thin film coatings to concrete, how are thin films defined?


True or false: When a concrete floor slab is scarified in preparation for coating, bruising of the surface is not likely.


True or false: Thermoplastic powders cannot be applied by thermal spraying.


True or false: In recoating of metal roofs, success can be achieved by using dissimilar materials, such as silicone over epoxy.


True or false: Vinyl ester and methyl methacrylate floor coatings are typically used in light-duty exposure service.


True or false: A National Institute of Standards and Technology study of roofing performance following Hurricane Katrina found buildings with spray foam roofs performed rather poorly.


True or false: According to a D+D article, you can drive on a polyurea-coated floor or use a coated product within 12 hours of application.


SSPC recently created a specification for application of thermal spray coatings together with AASHTO and what other organization?


True or false: NACE International has a performance standard for coatings on concrete in waste treatment facilities.


The fire-resistance ratings of intumescent coatings are expressed in what terms?


What kind of plaster contains lime and marble dust?


True or false: According to a recent D+D article, seamless terrazzo floors, when treated using the recommended simple cleaning and maintenance routine, can last in excess of 30 years.


True or false: SSPC has a procedure to certify that contractors can successfully install floor coatings.


What term is used to describe the temperature at which the non-crystalline portion of a polymer is transformed from a rubbery material to a brittle, glass-like material?


True or false: According to a recent D+D article, unopened, cool-roof coatings containing silicone remain viable for only around two years.


True or false: Coatings applied over spray foam roofing provide a waterproofing membrane to prevent it from absorbing water.


What is one potential weakness of polyurea-based elastomeric roof coatings?


The last solvent in a solvent blend to evaporate from an applied coating film is called what?


What polymer concrete resin is based on an alcohol derived from agricultural wastes such as rice and oat hulls and corn cobs?


What pigment is made by both a French process and an American process?


What organization offers a standard that gives durability grades of low, medium and high for paint systems in various environments and levels of surface preparation?


True or false: Once flocculation has occurred with pigment particles, the condition is irreversible.


True or false: Because dyes do not react chemically with concrete, they are true to their color charts.


True or false: Solvent cleaning of steel is recommended to be used after other surface preparation methods such as abrasive blast cleaning.


True or false: According to a JPCL article, a woven-fabric-reinforced epoxy has very good capability to bridge holes in water tank bottoms.


Zinc oxide can provide what performance property or attribute in a coating?


What term is used to describe the migration of asphalt from a roof to the surface of a white roof coating?


For high-heat applications (above 1,000 degrees Fahrenheit), organic zinc-rich coatings work best.


Polyesters modified with fatty acids and other components form what kind of coating?


True or false: Zinc coatings are sometimes applied to structural concrete to provide galvanic protection to the rebar.


What kind of binder is used with thermal spray aluminum?


True or false: In certain environments, inorganic zinc-rich coatings can perform effectively without a topcoat.


True or false: There are now clear distinctions between “waterproof” and “water-resistant,” according to a recent D+D article.


True or false: Double rubs with fine steel wool are used in a test method to determine the cure of coatings.


What type of pigments can provide corrosion resistance, mildew and bacterial resistance, fire retardance and anti-fouling properties?


True or false: Water-borne coatings can have significant VOC levels.


True or false: A recent JPCL article describes a third-generation polysiloxane coating with a completely inorganic binder.


True or false: White rust develops on all non-ferrous metals.


True or false: High ratio calcium sulfonate alkyds are recommended by some coating specialists for overcoating lead-based paint.


True or false: The slip-resistance of wood-floor finishes is influenced most by the gloss level of the finish material.


True or false: Some dissimilar materials combine especially well in a metal roof coating system, such as silicone over epoxy, according to a D+D article.


True or false: According to a D+D article, the industry’s rule of thumb is that it takes one month per inch of a concrete slab’s thickness before non-breathable flooring can be applied.


True or false: The threat of mud cracking in highly pigmented paints applied at high film builds is likely to be diminished in coating films that employ platey pigments.


What organization worked with the Roof Coating Manufacturers Association to create a Product Category Rule for roof coatings?


True or false: Silicone elastomers are considered “soft” as opposed to “hard” biocide-free, foul-release coatings for ships’ hulls.


What organization recently formed a Task Group on the use of rust converters?


True or false: All hot-dip galvanizing is carried out through a batch process.


True or false: Uralkyds are two-component materials.


True or false: Methyl methacrylate resinous flooring systems should not be applied at temperatures below 40 degrees Fahrenheit.


What constituent in a waterborne coating can contribute to VOC levels?


In a recent JPCL article, service conditions for concrete floor coatings include mechanical, compositional and what other factor?


True or false: According to a recent D+D In Depth article, a disadvantage of silicone roof coatings is a limited shelf life.


True or false: Calcium borosilicate has been used as an anti-corrosive pigment in protective coatings.


True or false: Inhibitive, platey or sacrificial pigments can be used in coatings on steel for corrosion prevention.


True or false: A recent D+D article classifies silicones and polysiloxanes as permanent anti-graffiti coatings.


True or false: The Cool Roof Rating Council is recognized by the EPA to certify roofing products for the ENERGY STAR program.


What organization publishes fire-resistance data on archaic building materials?


In coating work, what does Japan usually refer to?


True or false: Alkyd and acrylic resins are both classified as synthetic resins.


According to a recent D+D article, what attribute defines a “functional coating”?


True or false: Ammonium polyphosphate is used as a blowing agent in intumescent coatings.


What is another name for induction time?


True or false: Elastomeric coatings applied directly to masonry surfaces are effective in penetrating cracks and bugholes.


True or false: There is a standard for coating wastewater facilities similar to the one for water tanks, American Water Works Association D102, Coating Steel Water-Storage Tanks.


According to a recent D+D In Depth article, the use of silicone in roof coatings provides what advantage?


True or false: SSPC has a Paint Application standard for applying intumescent coatings to steel.


Which of the following coating types is an inorganic/organic hybrid?


Talc is what type of component in a coating?


True or false: The non-volatile vehicle of a coating includes resin or binder and pigment.


According to an industry glossary, a microtopping over concrete is generally how thick?


True or false: Hydrated lime-based additives are sometimes used in antibacterial coatings.


True or false: A drawdown bar is used to apply wallpaper.


Among the chemistry types commonly used for reflective roof coatings, which has the most heat resistance, according to a Durability + Design article?


Mineral paints used on masonry substrates use what type of binders?


True or false: If a local building code requires compliance with ASHRAE 90.1, then a complete air barrier system must be part of the building enclosure.


True or false: Carbon blacks are prime pigments.


What is one difference between polished concrete and terrazzo?


According to The Concrete Network, what is the name of the process described as “broadcasting decorative aggregates on the surface of freshly placed concrete or toppings”?


True or false: ASTM has a specification for silicone coatings used over spray polyurethane foam roofing.


True or false: According to ASTM, a pinhole in a coating extends entirely through the applied film.


Negative-side waterproofing applied to dry interior surfaces should be water-vapor permeable.


True or false: Mineral paints have very little permeability.


What is something common to both a baby and paint when its surface tension is greater than the surface tension of the substrate?


True or false: Sprayed fire-resistive materials are intumescent coatings.


True or false: According to a recent D+D In Depth article, “While there are exceptions, the majority of roof coating systems are used as recovery systems as opposed to new construction.”


True or false: Inorganic zinc coatings are very resistant to strong acids.


What organization has standards for silicone and moisture cure polyurethane coatings to be used over spray polyurethane foam roofing?


An oil-modified polyurethane is sometimes called by what name?


True or false: Polyester resins are sometimes used as binders for mortars and concretes.


What association in the U.S. now deals with the science and technology of formulating and making paint?


In a recent D+D In Depth article, what name is given to coatings that do one or more of the following: work to maintain surface quality, provide signals about a surface condition, change sensory perception of the surrounding environment or interact with or change the surrounding environment?


According to ASTM, what is the function of a fire-retardant coating?


True or false: Some intumescent coatings can require up to 100 days to apply.


True or false: Moisture-cure polyurethanes are sometimes used to create organic zinc-rich coatings.


When you add exempt solvents as thinners to a high solids coating, what happens to the VOC content?


SSPC issued a new performance specification last month for what paint type?


True or false: A water glass is an implement for drinking, but water glass has another definition relevant to coatings.


True or false: Unheated material introduced into a plural component spray system can shock the system, creating cold patches in the pumps and hoses and potentially throwing the system off ratio.


When specifying epoxies for green concrete, what attributes are important?


True or false: The use of copper in antifouling coatings has been approved in Europe through 2026.


What topcoat technology is most noted for its high degree of thermal stability and heat-resistance?


True or false: The architecture firm Perkins + Will and the non-profit Health Building Network published a paper recently confirming the effectiveness of antimicrobial building products, including antimicrobial paints.


True or false: Inhibitive pigments contribute to increasing the permeability of masonry coatings.


What generic coating type has been tested by the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory and shown to resist corrosion while at the same time improving ballistic protection of armored amphibious assault vehicles?


What organization conducted a study showing that cool roof coatings with ruby red pigment, because of fluorescence, or photoluminescence, performed just as well as or better than lighter-colored roofs?


True or false: Non-woven abrasive pads are a form of coated abrasive.


True or false: Use of some solvents to remove graffiti from masonry can be counter-productive.


For the most part, lattice-type transmission towers are painted with what application tool?


True or false: Silicone coatings for flat roofs have strong resistance to ponding water and UV exposure.


True or False: Ion exchange pigments are typically used in anti-corrosion coatings.


True or false: The addition of mica flakes to fluoropolymer coatings can create a pearlescent sheen that mutes the color slightly and provides a softer visual aesthetic than metallic-flake fluoropolymer coatings.


In a live poll conducted at the Plenary Session of the recent European Coatings Show, what future coatings technology area was cited as the most significant?


Underwriters Laboratories (UL) tests and approves what two categories of intumescent coatings?


How do thermoplastic coatings cure?


True or false: The terms “weatherproof” and “water repellent” typically denote resistance to the passage of water not subjected to hydrostatic pressure.


What is the common chemistry in all polysiloxane coating types?


True or false: Coatings for faying surfaces require the special performance property of edge retentiveness.


ASTM D7234, Standard Test Method for Pull-Off Adhesion Strength of Coatings on Concrete Using Portable Pull-Off Adhesion Testers, can also be used to measure the surface strength of uncoated concrete.


The slip resistance of wood-floor finishes is influenced most by what characteristic?


True or false: A flake-filled epoxy novolac is a reasonable selection for use in a flue-gas desulfurization unit.


True or false: An epoxy novolac tank lining with pre-dispersed reinforcement fiber, applied by plural component spray, has the same or greater physical strength than an epoxy tank lining system with hand-laid reinforcement, according to a JPCL article.


True or false: Silyl-terminated polyether technology is now used to create sprayable air barriers.


True or false: According to a recent D+D In Depth article, the term “waterproof” can be used interchangeably with “wind-driven rain resistance.”


According to ASTM terminology, what is the name given to the problem caused by the greater shear of a brush used around the perimeter of a wall or ceiling compared to the lower shear of a roller used on the rest of the wall or ceiling?


The Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) developed what single-component coating type to replace silicone alkyds used on ships’ topsides to achieve significant performance upgrades?


True or false: Carbonation is sometimes formed by the reaction of an amine with carbon dioxide and water to create amine blushing of epoxy coatings.


True or false: Exudation of a substance to the surface of a coating film is caused by flocculation.


True or false: The standards for testing coatings adhesion, ASTM D4541 for metal and ASTM D7234 for concrete, are based on imposing a shear stress on the coating.


True or false: Some liquid flashing materials can be applied by roller.


True or false: SSPC offers a specification for corrosion-resistant coatings on carbon steel components of windows and doors.


What term is used to describe the temperature at which the non-crystalline portion of a polymer is transformed from a rubbery material to a brittle, glass-like material?


True or false: ASTM has a test method for determining if an abrasive is contaminated with oil.


True or false: The pigment volume concentration (PVC) of a coating is the ratio of the volume of pigment to the volume of total volatile material.


True or false: A zinc silicate primer is an inorganic zinc-rich primer.


True or false: Generally speaking, chlorinated hydrocarbon solvents are toxic.


Which of the following is a prime pigment?


According to ASTM nomenclature, what is the name of the synthetic resin made from polyhydric alcohols and polybasic acids; generally modified with resins, fatty oils or fatty acids?


True or false: Walnut shells are sometimes used in non-slip, textured coatings.


How many regular member companies belong to the Roof Coatings Manufacturers Association?


What organization publishes grade standards, guide specifications, floor care recommendations and specifications for athletic wood flooring sealers and finishes?


True or false: Acrylic resins are sometimes used to make polymer mortars and concretes.


According to the ASTM definition, what is the function of a fire-retardant?


The International Maritime Organization developed the Performance Standard for Protective Coatings for Dedicated Seawater Ballast Tanks (PSPC) as an amendment to SOLAS.


True or false: Paints with antimicrobial properties must be registered with EPA.


True or false: According to a recent D+D In Depth article, coatings utilizing polyurethane resins are the leading polymer technology in the coatings industry.


In coating work, “sweat-in time” refers to what?


True or false: With periodic field maintenance, a coating system for steel bridges with a zinc-rich primer and typically used midcoats and topcoats can exceed a service life of 100 years, according to a JPCL article on the subject.


True or false: Accelerated testing of exterior coatings containing nanoparticles, conducted by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, has produced data about the release of nanoparticles into the environment that may help in assessing the health and environmental impacts from these releases.


True or false: ISO offers a standard that gives durability grades of low, medium, and high for paint systems in various environments and levels of surface preparation.


True or false: A recent RCI Publication concluded that cool roofing materials installed over West Coast wood deck systems have reduced the ability of these systems to be self-drying.


Which of the following features of a corrosion-control coating do not contribute significantly to barrier protection?


Which of the following is another term for an alkyd resin?


True or false: Coatings for faying surfaces require the special performance property of edge retentiveness.


True or false: MEK is specified for use in the ASTM solvent rub test for organic zinc-rich coatings.


True or false: Phosphating of steel provides sacrificial protection.


Which reflective roof coating type has the greatest heat resistance?


"Leafing" and "non-leafing" are words that refer to what?


True or false: A silicate paint is always a zinc-rich paint.


Which of the following machines would be used to measure the coefficient of friction of a polished concrete floor?


True or false: Spray polyurethane foam roofing systems have a lifespan of 50+ years with regular maintenance, according to a recent D+D In Depth article.


True or false: In a laboratory study of zinc-rich primers for marine environments, recently reported in JPCL, coatings applied over surface preparation by UHP waterjetting, even though it produced no roughness, achieved performance equivalent to, or better than, that achieved by abrasive blasting.


In a study of shop-applied topcoats reported in JPCL, which generic type achieved a hardened film that resisted handling damage at lower temperatures (50 degrees Fahrenheit) and higher humidity (75 percent RH) in the shortest amount of time?


True or false: The gel produced by alkali-silica reaction in concrete has a benign effect on the performance of the concrete.


Methyl methacrylate, used in liquid-applied waterproofing and traffic-marking paints, is the primary raw material in what well-known product?


True or false: If inorganic zinc-rich coatings are left untopcoated in atmospheric exposure, they become more porous over time.


True or false: A contractor with no experience in industrial or marine painting projects can apply for contractor certification.


True or false: The main functions of a roof coating over single-ply, modified bitumen and BUR, are UV protection of the roofing material, reflectivity and emissivity, and smog destruction.


At what level of permeance are coatings generally considered breathable?


What is continuity testing of coatings?


True or false: A U.S. Bureau of Reclamation study reported in JPCL focused on non-toxic, foul-release coatings to combat macro-fouling organisms like zebra and quagga mussels in western dams.


What type of simulation modeling, together with knowledge of the permeance of the coating system, allows building owners and architects to identify the risk of using different coating types and repainting scenarios on a building-specific basis?


About how many air barrier contractors have been accredited by the Air Barrier Association of America?


True or false: Inhibitive pigments provide cathodic protection to steel.


True or false: Some intumescent coating types may require up to five coats and 25 days from initial application to completion of the finish coat at 50 degrees Fahrenheit.


True or false: According to the Concrete Polishing Council of the American Society of Concrete Contractors, the grinding stage of the concrete polishing process is carried out with bonded abrasive of 100 grit or lower.


What is another name for aliphatic polyurea?


If SSPC-SP 16 is used to prepare architectural aluminum for recoating, what blast pressure should be used?


Which organization is creating a standard to determine how far water repellents penetrate into concrete and masonry substrates?


True or false: According to one coating authority, HIPAC stands for “high performance interior architectural wall coatings.”


True or false: The Roof Coating Manufacturers Association (RCMA) said it was successful in getting a “roof coating” definition into model codes.


The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has developed waterborne epoxy coatings that exceed the performance of high-VOC coatings that were traditionally used for locks and dams.


True or false: Some liquid-applied flashing materials for windows are formulated to be vapor permeable.


True or false: CICP (Complex Inorganic Color Pigments) combines extremely durable colorfastness with IR-reflective capability but cannot produce vivid colors.


According to the Concrete Polishing Council of the American Society of Concrete Contractors, how many abrasive passes are required to achieve Level 4 finished gloss, "Highly Polished"?


True or false: Centrifugal wheel blasting, sometimes called “shotblasting,” can be both portable and stationary.


ASTM has three specifications for elastomeric coatings to be used over spray polyurethane foam roofing. Which of the following generic types is not included?


SSPC is seeking nominations for a Board position in the category, “other product suppliers.” How is this supplier category defined?


What organization maintains the Reflective Roof Rebates Database?


True or false: Organic zinc-rich coatings are solvent-borne; inorganic zinc-rich coatings are water-borne.


Who was the original author of the NACE publication, Corrosion Prevention by Protective Coatings?


True or false: A visible exudate of efflorescence on the surface of a material is in some circles called a “bloom."


What is the name of the process that causes a metal to become inert or unreactive?


What is the difference between vapor barriers and an air barriers in terms of their resistance requirements?


ISO/TC 35/SC 14 is in charge of a standard on what topic?


True or false: The adhesion of a coating to a steel substrate can be achieved by both mechanical attachment and chemical bonding.


True or false: Siloxane sealers are typically applied at 1-2 mils dry film thickness on concrete substrates.


A new guide from SSPC published at the end of 2016 deals with what topic?


What organization bills itself as “an international association of building envelope consultants"?


True or false: Two-coat polyaspartic urethane coating systems are sometimes recommended for protection of steel bridges.


True or false: Some single-component intumescent coatings, such as acrylics, may require up to six coats to complete the system.


True or false: The Birch Flooring Manufacturers Association produces standards on sports flooring and calls itself “the sports flooring authority.”


WUFI software has been used to calculate the effect of coating permeance on wall system performance. Translated from German, what does WUFI stand for?


True or false: The liquid vehicle of coatings (less than 100 percent solids) contains both volatile and non-volatile portions.


True or false: In a recent Durability + Design article, John Straube pointed to ABAA and BECs (Building Enclosure Councils) as sources of good training and technical information about air barriers.


True or false: Amine blush on an epoxy can be readily painted over without fear of failure.


Fluorescence has been used to further develop what type of coating technology?


What is the name of a machine used to measure the coefficient of friction of polish-coated floors?


True or false: Acrylic coatings are the generic type used most frequently on high-end architectural metal roofing.


Vermiculite is sometimes used in what type of coating?


True or false: A recent article on developments in the coatings industry asserts that the need for multi-functionality has been a driver of innovation.


True or false: Guard products or stain protectors for polished concrete floors are not breathable.


True or false: Fusion-bonded epoxy coatings are sometimes specified for sheet piling.


True or false: U.S. EPA Method 24 for calculating VOC levels of coatings is not used outside the United States, according to a recent JPCL article.


True or false: The type of substrate to which a reflective roof coating is applied has a profound effect on the solar reflective properties of the coating over time.


A recent D+D In Depth article on floor coatings recommended what action to combat high alkalinity at the surface of a concrete slab?


True or false: Lamellar pigments are valuable in increasing the permeability of coatings.


What is it called when a coating controls corrosion by preventing the passage of soluble ions to the underlying steel?


Cementitious, fire-resistive coatings for unexposed structural steel in buildings often contain which of these materials?


A crust of soluble salts, commonly white, deposited on the exterior of masonry facades, such as brick, is called what?


True or false: Intumescent fire-resistive coatings are classified as active rather than passive fireproofing materials.


True or false: For high-performance protective coatings, polysiloxanes that combine silicone with acrylic or epoxy have demonstrated the greatest benefit.


True or false: A Hegman number is used to indicate particle size of blast abrasive.


What organization offers a professional registration as a roof coating consultant?


True or false: Fluoropolymer coatings based on FEVE resins tend to achieve lower gloss levels than gloss levels achieved by fluoropolymers with PVDF resins, according to a recent D+D In Depth article.


True or false: According to a recent D+D In Depth article, spray-applied polyurea roof coating can be walked on within 10 seconds after application.


What term is used to describe the temperature at which the non-crystalline portion of a polymer is transformed from a rubbery material to a brittle, glass-like material?


For successful application to green concrete, epoxies must be vapor-permeable and must have what other characteristic?


True or false: A recent D+D In Depth article asserts that alkyd paints for exterior wood substrates are more flexible than acrylic paints.


True or false: A pretreatment primer is also sometimes called a wash primer.


True or false: According to a recent D+D In Depth article, sealers and thin-film floor coatings typically require a profile in the CSP 3-5 range.


How does an intumescent coating function?


True or false: A conversion coating can be created by either a chemical or an electrochemical treatment.


True or false: Anti-reflective coatings diminish the efficiency of solar panels.


Penetrating sealers are sometimes avoided by conservators on the masonry substrates of historic structures for what main reason?


True or false: Polyaspartic coatings offer good color and gloss retention.


Additives based on hydrated lime would find use in what type of coating?


True or false: “Solvent pop” occurs because of hackles in a steel substrate.


What is another name for potassium silicate coatings?


Polyurethanes are formed by the reaction of an isocyanate with a hydroxyl-containing substance. What is another name for this hydroxyl-containing substance?


Chemical-resistant polyesters and vinyl esters are used in what way?


True or false: According to a D+D article, most SPF systems can be installed at substrate temperatures from 30 degrees to 180 degrees Fahrenheit.


True or false: As with epoxy non-skid coatings, siloxane non-skid coatings for ships’ decks were found to require color toppings to retain their appearance properties, according to a Naval Research Laboratory study reported in JPCL.


True or false: According to a D+D article on powder coatings for aluminum extrusions, most European powder coatings can meet the AAMA 2605 performance standard.


True or false: SSPC has a performance standard for coatings on concrete in waste treatment facilities.


What U.S. organization has published a complete industry performance standard for bridge deck waterproofing material on highway bridges?


According to a D+D In Depth feature, what is the most popular generic type of liquid-applied flashing for rough openings and penetrations?


True or false: The overlapping of platey pigments in a coating creates crevices that diminish the coating’s barrier properties.


What kind of material requires an acid source, a carbon source, and a blowing agent?


True or false: 100 percent solids coatings are sometimes selected for potable water tank interiors, in part, because they can cover difficult-to-coat areas with higher film builds than can be achieved with solvent-containing coatings, according to a JPCL article on the subject.


An epoxy curing agent is derived from what natural source?


Which of the following materials is not used to make a biocidal additive for coatings?


True or false: Some causes of blistering of concrete floor coatings are air entrapment in pores of the concrete, osmotic pressure and insufficient cleaning of the concrete surface.


True or false: In a broad sense, any polymer used as a basic material for coatings is called a resin.


Which of the following is a typical binder for an organic zinc-rich coating?


True or false: Polyester coatings are sometimes used to coat aluminum extrusions and panels.


True or false: The technology used today for the majority of non-toxic, foul-release systems on ships is based on silicone elastomers, according to a JPCL article on the subject.


In a study of shop-applied topcoats reported in JPCL, which generic type achieved a hardened film that resisted handling damage at lower temperatures (50 degrees Fahrenheit) and higher humidity (75 percent RH) in the shortest amount of time?


What organization offers a Concrete Coating Inspector program?


True or false: For color and gloss retention on aluminum extrusions in exterior exposure, acrylic baked enamels provide the best performance.


True or false: Epoxy technology was not commercialized until the early 1960s.


True or false: Hare classifies pigments into four types according to their roles in coatings: functional pigments, extender pigments, prime pigments and pigmentary additives.


What organization publishes inspection manuals dealing with spray-applied, fire-resistive coating materials?


True or false: The Department of Energy’s 2014 Windows and Building Envelope Research and Development Roadmap for Emerging Technologies states that the cost of an air barrier system for a new building can be recovered in less than five years.


True or false: Powder coatings are applied to aluminum in a multi-coat process.


Which of the following generic coating types is a thermoplastic lacquer no longer widely used?


What resin chemistry is suitable for development of coatings that can be successfully applied to stucco?


What organization publishes a joint standard with SSPC on shop application of coatings?


The three most commonly specified coating types used over spray foam roofing include acrylic and silicone. What is the third type?


True or false: Solar reflectance and thermal emittance are two terms for the same performance property of a reflective roof coating.


True or false: Powder coatings can have VOC content when certain colorants are used.


True or false: When mill scale is removed from steel by abrasive blasting, the steel begins to rust.


True or false: Alkyds are the main generic type of sacrificial anti-graffiti coatings.


True or false: Cementitious fireproofing provides both fire resistance and good aesthetics.


True or false: The AISC certification program for steel fabricators contains a component on shop painting.


How many “National/International” green certifications for coatings are listed in a recent Durability + Design Magazine article?


Ion exchange pigments would most likely be used in what application?


True or false: One of the main strengths of polyureas is their ability to wet out a substrate.


True or false: Waterborne polyurethane coatings are sometimes called “waterglass.”


By what process is steel covered with an impervious oxide to inhibit chemical or electrochemical reactions on the surface?


What coating system was used to restore the 9.7-acre roof of the Louisiana Superdome (now called the Mercedes-Benz Superdome) in the Fall of 2005 after being damaged by Hurricane Katrina?


In the Masterspec section on fluid-applied air barriers, which category of coating meets the most rigorous air-barrier performance requirements of the International Code Council?


True or false: Fluorourethanes are organic-inorganic hybrid coatings.


True or false: Zinc-rich coatings protect steel mainly by inhibiting corrosion.


True or false: Linseed oil built up in multiple coats on a wood floor is likely to be very glossy but not very slippery.


What organization is presenting a paper describing a template for a biofouling management plan at an upcoming IMO committee meeting?


True or false: According to a recently published marketing study, the majority of architectural coatings is used on commercial and institutional buildings.


True or false: MasterSpec references MPI-approved paint products.


To meet the requirements of AAMA 2605, what generic coating type would you be most likely to specify?


What is the name of the test that provides a method of determining the flammability characteristics of exterior, non-load-bearing wall assemblies/panels?


What organization is developing a standard tentatively titled “Laboratory Performance Requirements for Coatings for Concrete Masonry Units in Air Barrier Assemblies”?


True or false: Laitance, sealers and other surface contaminants do not have to be removed prior to performing a moisture test on a concrete floor slab, according to a recent JPCL article.


True or false: The Federal Highway Administration creates and maintains a database reporting the results of performance testing of coatings for bridges.


Which of the following is an oxygenated solvent?


True or false: The healthcare provider Kaiser Permanente recently mandated that wall and ceiling coatings in its facilities must contain antimicrobial additives.


True or false: According to a recent D+D In Depth article, hygienic paint coatings with controlled release nano-silver ions have the most effective antimicrobial property for long-lasting hygiene protection.


In a study of shop-applied topcoats reported in JPCL, which generic type achieved a hardened film that resisted handling damage at lower temperatures (50°F) and higher humidity (75 percent RH) in the shortest amount of time?


What organization has a standard measuring the functional durability of spray-applied, fire-resistive coatings?


What performance property of epoxy resins makes them useful as wood repair products?


True or false: Products for exterior wood are sometimes formulated with high pigment concentrations to provide hiding power and to help seal the exposed wood microstructure.


What is the name of the coatings exposure testing device that intensifies outdoor UV exposure by a factor of 10 to 12 and simulates South Florida nighttime exposure?


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, the threshold values in ASTM standards for deeming concrete suitable to be coated are neither achievable nor realistic for below-grade structures.


True or false: The American Coatings Association issues the Green Mark Certification for environmentally friendly paints.


What is the acronym for gypsum-based or cementitious fire-resistant materials?


Which of the following is not a strength of anodizing aluminum substrates?


PVDF is an essential component of what generic coating type?


True or false: Thermoplastic is another name for thermoset resins.


True or false: Fire-resistive, intumescent coatings sometimes have epoxy and sometimes acrylic resin systems.


True or false: Flake-filled epoxy novolacs have been used to protect metal in flue gas desulfurization units.


True or false: The Air Barrier Association of America (ABAA) trains and certifies air barrier contractors, installers and architects.


True or false: Vinyl ester floor coatings are ineffective at resisting harsh chemical exposures.


True or false: The Performance Standard for Protective Coatings (PSPC) was created by ISO.


True or false: Red iron oxide pigment is stable at temperatures of 500 degrees Fahrenheit.


True or false: Spraying of in-place pipeline interiors with lining materials can be commercially completed by robotic systems on both straight runs and 45- and 90-degree radius bends.


Which of the following pigment types are sometimes used as extenders?


With specific values required in several energy codes, reflectance is an important performance property of a cool roof coating. What is another?


What organization is developing the “Guide for Fluid Applied Air Barrier Coatings for Concrete Masonry Units”?


How many days does it take to simulate three years of outdoor aging of reflective roof coatings using the laboratory testing protocol developed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory?


What name is sometimes given to a coating system comprised of galvanizing together with an organic coating?


True or false: Additives based on hydrated lime are sometimes used to create anti-bacterial coatings.


What is the coating term used to describe the action of flake metallic pigments, such as aluminum, and certain other pigments aligning with or floating near or at the coating surface when mixed with a suitable vehicle?


True or false: Waterborne acrylic primers for steel cannot be formulated with inhibitive pigments.


True or false: Fire-resistive and fire-retardant paints perform the same function.


True or false: SSPC is developing a quantitative coatings texture guide as an aid in specifying flooring systems that will improve traction on floors expected to be wet or covered with contaminants.


True or false: Methyl methacrylate membranes have been used as water and root barriers beneath roof gardens.


What association is focused on thick-film high performance elastomer technologies?


True or false: Acrylic coatings are effective as reflective roof coatings, but not as air barriers.


The migration of asphalt from a roof to the surface of a white roof coating applied over it is called what?


Which of the following is not a platey pigment?


True or false: Crawling is a dewetting paint failure phenomenon.


True or false: Kaiser Permanente has endorsed the use of antimicrobial coatings in its healthcare facilities.


True or false: Following Hurricane Katrina, a metal replacement roof was installed on the Superdome.


True or false: The Heat Island Group is located in Hawaii.


True or false: EMMAQUA and Prohesion are widely used outdoor accelerated weathering test methods.


True or false: Calcium borosilicate pigments have been used as inhibitive pigments in anti-corrosion coatings.


In what type of coating would you be most likely to find ammonium polyphosphate?


What organization has an “Extreme Green” standard for architectural paints?


True or false: Sugar beets, soybeans, flaxseed, and sunflower seeds have been used to develop bio-based resins for coatings.


Accordiing to UL's Fire Resistance Directory, how is a coating categorized when its purpose is to reduce flame spread?


True or false: The French organization Cefracor offers long-term guarantees on tank lining and other protective coatings work.


True or false: There is no comprehensive list of rebates, loans, grants, and tax credits for applying reflective roof coatings.


What organization has the Polymeric Floor Coatings Advisory Committee?


What is the name of the alloy coating comprised of tin and zinc, which is sometimes used to coat stainless steel?


True or false: Zinc phosphate pigments, when used in primers for steel substrates, provide inhibitive protection of the metal.


True or false: Zinc dust is the only sacrificial pigment commonly used in anti-corrosive coatings.


True or false: Silicone resin emulsion paints exhibit excellent water repellent characteristics while being highly permeable, allowing vapor to escape.


True or false: According to a study reported in JPCL, two-coat systems comprised of zinc-rich primers and high-build polyaspartic topcoats were markedly inferior in performance to three-coat systems comprised of zinc-rich primers, intermediate coats, and moisture-cured polyurethane topcoats on Virginia bridges after ten years of service.


True or false: A D+D article on assuring the quality of coating work on commercial buildings argues for a full-time inspector to be present during all phases of coating work.


What polymer concrete resin is based on an alcohol derived from agricultural wastes such as rice and oat hulls and corn cobs?


True or false: UL will not approve an intumescent, fire-resistive coating material if it is topcoated.


True or false: Waterproofing membranes for green roofs have included liquid-applied material based on methyl methacrylate technology.


True or false: Cathodic protection of steel pipe is sometimes achieved with anodizing.


Which of the following is bad advice about spraying zinc-rich coatings?


True or false: The installed cost of thick-film resinous coating systems, such as high-build epoxies and polyureas, on concrete floors ranges from $3.50 to $7.00 per square foot, according to a recent D+D In Depth article.


True or false: The Cool Roof Rating Council now offers either rapid ratings via accelerated testing or three-year aging of reflective roof coatings to determine cool roof performance levels.


True or false: ICRI recommends a profile of 10 mils to 1/4 inch in its surface preparation requirements for polymer overlays on concrete.


Which of the following is not classified as an additive in a coating formulation?


True or false: A clear polyurethane used to seal a coated concrete surface should exhibit maximum turbidity.


True or false: Polyaspartic coatings cure more quickly than polyureas.


True or false: Bugholes can be caused by oil and grease on the surface being coated.


Dow Chemical Company recently won an award for what building enclosure innovation?


What coating material would be least likely to be specified for high heat applications?


What is the content of the non-mandatory appendix of SSPC-SP 1, Solvent Cleaning, added during the 2015 revision of the standard?


True or false? Inorganic zinc pre-construction primers for shipbuilding normally have more zinc content than inorganic zinc primers applied after fabrication.


True or false: Some organic zinc-rich coatings have silicate binders.


Micaceous iron oxide provides what type of anti-corrosion protection to coatings?


Which one of the following coating types is the least commonly used as an air barrier?


A mandrel is used to test what coating characteristic?


True or false: Color and gloss retention is one of the main strengths of anodizing on aluminum.


True or false: Inorganic zinc-rich coatings are very resistant to solvents and oils.


True or false: Aliphatic polyurea coatings provide UV stability for their elastomeric properties but not for color and gloss retention.


True or false: Crystalline waterproofing materials can be used only after concrete cures.


True or false: Methyl methacrylate (MMA) resinous flooring systems should not be applied at temperatures below 40 degrees F.


True or False: Anodizing provides excellent corrosion resistance in coastal settings.


True or false: Silanes are classified as semi-permanent anti-graffiti coatings.


Among the performance properties of polyureas, according to a JPCL article by O’Donoghue and Datta, which of the following is the weakest?


True or false: SSPC and NACE recently worked cooperatively to revise their standards on measuring dry film thickness of coatings.


The thickness of a coating is sometimes expressed in mils, sometimes in micrometers or microns. Which unit is thicker, 1 mil or 1 micron?


True or false: Mineral paints with inorganic potassium silicate binders have very little permeability.


True or false: The coating defect called curtaining is another name for the defect called cissing.


What is the name of the alloy coating comprised of tin and zinc, which is sometimes used to coat stainless steel?


True or false: Siloxane penetrating sealers fill the pores of concrete and prevent moisture from exiting the concrete substrate.


True or false: The “coolness” of a cool roof coating is determined by the ability of the coating to reflect solar energy.


True or false: With the exception of the pure methyl variants, coatings with silicone resin binders have minimal problems with recoatability and intercoat adhesion, according to a recent JPCL article.


What is another term for bleeding of a substance beneath a coating to the surface of the coating?


True or false: Aromatic polyureas formulated as thick-film elastomers retain a significant portion of their elastomeric properties when subject to atmospheric exposure for long periods.


In what way is a zinc-rich primer “rich?”


Polysiloxanes are noted for all but which one of the following performance properties?


Which statement about zinc-rich primers is not true?


What organization is working with Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Air Barrier Association of America to create an air barrier energy calculator?


Which of the following organizations maintains defined, standard categories distinguishing among sealers, stain blockers, and primers?


True or false: One cause of rebar corrosion is carbonation of the concrete around the rebar.


Synthetic dirt is used in accelerated laboratory testing of what type of coating material?


FEVE is used in what resin technology?


TDI and MDI are two types of what coating ingredient?


What organization offers a certification for persons who test the moisture content of concrete slabs?


True or false: Ion exchange pigments are normally used in intumescent coatings.


True or false: Coatings with inhibitive pigments are effective in protecting concrete substrates.


Which of these statements is not true about Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI)?


What kind of zinc-rich coating has an epoxy binder?


The presentation, “Adding Air Barrier and Thermal Improvements to Existing Facilities,” was given yesterday, March 14, 2016 at what event?


Both mechanical loads from heating and cooling equipment and the stack effect of conditioned air rising or settling can contribute to air and water leaks through holes in building envelope materials. What’s another contributor?


Sulfate-reducing bacteria contribute to corrosion by what mechanism?


What paint pigment is manufactured either by the French process or by the American process?


Nanoparticles of what pigment can be incorporated into outdoor building materials, such as paint or concrete, to reduce smog?


What is the duration of the cyclic accelerated testing used to simulate 3 years of outdoor exposure to rate the performance of cool roof coatings?


A pigment with a lamellar structure would tend to provide what function in a coating on steel?


True or false: According to a recent D+D article, the three coating types most commonly specified over spray foam roofing are acrylic, silicone and polyurea.


What new coating technology is being developed to disrupt the retrofit market, according to a report?


True or false: Non-film-forming coatings used as sealers on concrete and masonry cannot be pigmented to alter the appearance properties of substrates.


What is the function of zinc pyrithione in paint?


Which of the following coating types is a hybrid polyurea?


True or false: The National Air Barrier Association (NABA) is headquartered in Massachusetts.


True or false: The amount of water condensing from an air leak in a wall is much greater than the amount that occurs with water vapor diffusion through the wall.


What special mixing equipment is required for zinc-rich paints?


True or false: Siloxane sealers are typically applied at 1-2 mils dry film thickness on concrete substrates.


An additive based on hydrated lime would likely be found in what type of functional coating?


True or false: Organic zinc-rich coatings offer a higher level of galvanic protection than inorganic zinc-rich coatings.


True or false: Zinc oxide and zinc phosphate are sacrificial pigments used in coatings to prevent corrosion.


True or false? According to the Coatings Encyclopedic Dictionary, the volatile portion of the liquid vehicle of a coating is called the binder.


True or false: Clear, non-film forming masonry sealers, such as silanes and siloxanes, have a substantial effect on vapor permeability, thereby limiting the ability of water vapor to exist in the masonry.


True or false: Zinc phosphate pigments, when used in primers for steel substrates, do not provide sacrificial protection of the metal.


Which of these abbreviations is least related to the roofing or roof coating industry?


True or false: The results of salt spray accelerated testing of coating performance in accordance with ASTM B 117 does not correlate well with results from exposure in atmospheric service.


What is another name for wet storage stain on galvanized metal?


An alkyd is a modified form of what other resin?


True or false: Powder coatings have been preferred for aluminum, curtain-wall substrates in Europe, while liquid coatings have been the standard in North America.


True or false: Polymer concrete is sometimes used to protect fusion bond epoxy on steel pipe when it is subjected to severe handling conditions during installation.


Which of the following coating types is an inorganic/organic hybrid?


What association is focused on the thick-film, high-performance elastomer industry?


True or false: Acrylic, silicone, and polyurethane coatings are among the types sometimes specified as roof coatings over spray polyurethane foam.


What are AIM coatings?


What new technology has been used recently in coating work on the Sydney Harbour Bridge?


A White Metal Blast, SSPC-SP 5, allows what to remain on the surface of steel after blast cleaning?


True or false: In coatings technology, “American process” and “French process” refer to the creation of titanium dioxide.


True or false: Inhibitive primers are often used on concrete substrates.


Crack-bridging is normally associated with what type of coating?


True or false: The U.S. and China have conducted joint research on cost-effective air barrier systems.


True or false: Calcium sulfonate alkyds are non-toxic, inhibitive primers.


Cementitious, fire-resistive coatings for unexposed structural steel in buildings often contain which of these materials?


True or false: SSPC has published a performance-based standard for elastomeric paints on masonry and concrete.


True or false: Foul-release antifouling coating types include those based on silicones, fluoropolymers, and glass-flake-filled vinyl ester resins.


True or false: Moisture-cured polyurethanes are two-component materials.


Among the generic coating types used for reflective roof coatings, which of the following has the most heat resistance?


True or false: Three-layer polyethylene or polypropylene pipe coating systems sometimes have fusion-bond epoxy primers.


In coating work, what is transfer efficiency?


True or false: A recent JPCL article stated that an epoxy novolac with a polycyclamine curing agent performed best in accelerated tests assessing exposure to crude oils.


What is a generic name for a hybrid coating that combines epoxy with siloxanes?


Which of the following organizations provides information about good practice in the selection and use of sealants in expansion joints?


True or false: The threat of mud cracking in highly pigmented paints applied at high film builds is likely to be diminished in coating films that employ spherical pigments.


What organization has a specification for polymeric materials used to provide a rainscreen function?


True or false: Fusion-bonded epoxy coatings are cured by UV light.


True or false: A silyl-terminated polyether is sometimes used as a liquid-applied flashing around windows and other openings.


True or false: There are no topcoats available that exhibit both gloss and breathability.


True or false: In the bio-based family of binders, there are emulsions made of vegetable oils.


What polymer concrete resin is based on an alcohol derived from agricultural wastes such as rice and oat hulls and corn cobs?


Anatase and rutile are mineral forms of what pigment?


Which of the following materials is used to densify concrete?


True or false: Polyaspartic coatings are a type of polysiloxane coatings.


True or false: The appearance of Aliphatic polyurethanes tends to degrade in sunlight.


True or false: The International Maritime Organization initiated the ban on copper in antifoulings in 2008, and the ban takes full effect in 2016.


What is the name of the electrochemical process that enhances the natural oxide surface layer of aluminum by forming an even more durable oxide film?


True or false: Zinc coatings are sometimes used to coat concrete on bridges, parking decks, and similar structures, especially in salt environments.


The acronym TSP stands for “Trisodium phosphate,” as well as for what other material?


True or false: Elastomeric silicone coatings are sometimes used on masonry substrates.


Which of the following is most likely to be a disadvantage rather than an advantage of shop painting?


True or false: There is no test method to determine the washability of organic coatings.


What topcoat technology is most noted for its high degree of thermal stability and heat-resistance?


What animal provides the bristle for China bristle paint brushes?


True or false: SSPC’s CCI certification of concrete coating inspectors applies to architectural coatings as well as protective coatings.


What company recently announced the development of an EPA-registered microbiocidal paint that is claimed to kill 99.9% of infection-causing bacteria such as MRSA?


Barrier protection can be achieved in a coating with all but which of the following means?


True or false: The number of peaks in a steel surface profile after blast cleaning has an effect on coating performance.


True or false: Zirconium silicate is crushed, dried and screened to produce the blast cleaning abrasive aluminum oxide.


What happens to carbon steel when it loses its oxide layer, millscale, in the abrasive blasting process?


In what type of coating would you be most likely to find ammonium polyphosphate?


True or false: High-gloss coatings are not recommended by the Steel Door Institute for doors with internal stiffeners because the weld marks will be visible and accentuated with the gloss.


True or false: Like hot-dip galvanizing, thermal-spray zinc coatings produce an iron-zinc alloy at or near the surface of the steel substrate being coated, according to a recent JPCL article.


An epoxy novolac has what leading performance characteristic?


What coating-related development was awarded a top prize recently in an MIT material science design competition, according to a recent D+D News article?


True or false: Soiling and weathering of reflective roofing materials is the subject of a recently published standard.


What organization published a voluntary standard in 2015 on reactive coatings for fire protection of metallic substrates?


Surface profile on steel, measured as peak to valley height of the roughness, has several other names, including which of the following?


True or false: Any kind of metal can be used in coatings to provide sacrificial protection of steel.


True or false: Research has shown that it is useful to expose new wood substrates to the atmosphere for a few weeks before coating.


Who wrote the definitive book, Protective Coatings: Fundamentals of Chemistry and Composition?


Amine blush is usually associated with what generic coating type?


True or false: The application of a coating to stainless steel that is electrically connected to carbon steel in immersion service can reduce but cannot completely eliminate the effects of galvanic corrosion, according to a recent JPCL article.


What is the acronym, used frequently in VOC regulations, for architectural and protective coatings?


SSPC and what other organization offer a certification for shop application of coatings to structural steel?


What German scientist developed silicate paint in the 1800s?


True or False: Fusion bond epoxy coatings are typically cured with UV light.


True or false: Coatings based on silicone resins have little resistance to chalking.


True or False: Passive fire protection materials are sometimes evaluated in a jet fire test.


What does the IR stand for in IR pigments.


An Atlas Test Cell is normally used to test the performance of what kind of coating material?


According to a recent D+D article, what generic type of floor coating can be installed at extremely low temperatures?


Rotating flaps with hard metallic tips are components of what piece of surface preparation equipment?


Which of the following coating types is a thermoplastic lacquer?


True or false: The Coatings Research Institute (CoRI) is a Belgian organization.


A variation on polyurethane coating chemistry that allows for faster curing times and higher film builds has what name?


True or false: Storage of vinyl ester resin in hot conditions can cause the material to harden in the can.


True or false: Carbon dioxide and chloride ions are two of the most aggressive materials in the environment that can cause deterioration of concrete.


Coatings with “formaldehyde-abatement technology,” described recently in a D+D article, are based on what generic resin?


True or false: Titanium dioxide is used mainly as an anti-corrosive pigment.


What type of gages are used to measure the dry film thickness of coatings on concrete?


What organization holds the annual Waterborne, High-Solids and Powder Coatings Symposium?


What is the source of blasting abrasives?


True or false: To be durable as a topcoat over galvanizing, a coating must be HAPS-free.


Acicular, fibrous, and nodular are terms that describe what pigment property?


True or false: Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory has created what it calls a “cool roof time machine.”


True or false: Intumescent coatings are formulated for wood substrates as well as for steel.


The world’s largest coatings show was held this year in what city?


True or false: There is no good way to verify the dry film thickness of edge-retentive primers on steel edges in the field.


What organization tests and certifies coatings in contact with potable water?


True or false: Two-coat systems consisting of zinc primers and finish coats based on polyaspartics or polysiloxanes have proven effective on steel bridges, according to a JPCL article on innovations in bridge coatings.


What is the name of the technique used to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life from cradle to grave?


True or false: Glass flake is used to make a coating more breathable.


Which of the following polyurethane types tend to yellow in sunlight?


True or false: Inorganic zinc-rich coatings are resistant to attack at both high and low pH.


What type of coating material was described as the most appropriate for overcoating lead-based paint on steel penstocks in a 2009 JPCL article?


What special mixing equipment is required for zinc-rich paint?


True or false: Wood floors can be renovated with a UV-cure coating that allows return to service within 24 hours.


What organization has the mission of being the voice for air barrier knowledge?


With respect to coatings, what are HAPS?


What polymer concrete resin is based on an alcohol derived from agricultural wastes such as rice and oat hulls and corn cobs?


What is the acronym, used frequently in VOC regulations, for architectural and protective coatings?


True or false: Use of banana oil to test the fit of a respirator is called a “qualitative fit test.”


What organization publishes an architectural painting specification manual?


What is a term used to describe the accelerated oxidation of galvanized steel caused by exposure to relatively high concentrations of moisture and oxygen trapped between pieces or sheets of steel that are closely stacked?


What is the minimum number of abrasive passes suggested as necessary by the CPAA to achieve Level 4, highly polished concrete?


True or false: Waterborne acrylic primers for steel often contain inhibitive pigments such as zinc phosphate.


True or false: Minimal barrier protection is a major weakness of epoxy coatings.


What do Howard Mitschke, Manuel Morcillo and Shuang-Ling Chong have in common?


What is the main reason that 100 percent solids coatings are normally applied by plural component spraying?


True or false: According to the SSPC Protective Coating Glossary, a mist coat and a fog coat are synonymous.


What kind of instruments test for coating continuity?


Additives based on hydrated lime would find use in what type of coating?


True or false: Cool roofs must be white in order to achieve solar reflectance.


True or false: According to a recent D+D article, the hybrid polyurea coating called polyaspartic has a pot life of up to two hours.


True or false: In a recent JPCL article, the authors state that Belgian offshore wind farms being developed in the North Sea will generate energy equivalent to 2.5 nuclear power plants.


Which of the following instruments is a destructive dry film thickness gage?


True or false: Both silver and gold have been used in anti-microbial coatings.


True or false: The mission of RCI Inc. is to advance the profession of building envelope consultants.


True or false: According to the Coatings Encyclopedic Dictionary, the word “surfactant” is a contraction of the words “surface active agent.”


True or false: SSPC-Guide 15 on field methods for extracting and analyzing soluble salts on a surface before painting is applicable to concrete as well as to steel substrates.


Anti-graffiti coatings removed during cleaning are classified as what type?


True or false: When soluble alkali ions react with chemically active forms of silica in concrete, the concrete deteriorates.


What epoxy curing agent is made with the oil derived from a nut shell?


What paint pigment is manufactured by the American and the French process?


What do Knoop and Pfund have in common?


True or false: Materials used for waterproofing under green roofs require a higher standard of performance than materials used for roofing.


True or false: Cohesive and adhesive paint failures are identical in their manifestations.


True or false: Anodizing and bluing are types of conversion coatings.


True or false: According to a recent D+D article, maintenance procedures and costs for polished concrete floors can be up to 70% lower than for other floor coverings.


What is one thing that some zinc-rich coatings and potassium silicate paints have in common?


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, a thermal-spray metal protective film is more similar to hot-dip galvanizing than to a liquid-applied coating.


True or false: AAMA 2605 requires 7 years of successful performance by organic coatings on aluminum substrates exposed outdoors at a South Florida test site.


What is the term for the formation of clusters of pigment particles in a coating after dispersion has been carried out?


True or false: When spray-applied, half-pound SPF expands more than two-pound SPF.


What type of polyurethane yellows and chalks in direct sunlight?


What is the name of a British publication on coating defects?


True or false: Extender pigments are used only to reduce the cost of manufacturing paint.


True or false: A bug hole is an irregular cavity in a wood substrate.


What is a unique feature of a plural-component spray system?


True or false: Silyl-terminated polyether materials are sometimes used as liquid-applied flashings.


True or false: One way to passivate steel is to remove its oxide layer.


True or false: Among solar shingle manufacturers, two leading companies are Sherwin-Williams and Benjamin Moore.


True or false: According to a JPCL article in 2014, high solids epoxies tend to have shorter pot lives but longer drying times than conventional epoxies.


This month SSPC’s Commercial Coatings Committee produced a guide on what subject?


True or false: SSPC published a new technology update this month on polysiloxane coatings.


Epoxies for green concrete, with less than 28 days of cure, should have what attributes?


True or false: Among these generic reflective roof coating types—polyurea, polyurethane and polysiloxane—polysiloxane is noted to have the most heat resistance, according to a Durability + Design article.


Leafing and non-leafing are descriptions of what paint pigment?


True or false: In describing the performance of cool roof coatings, thermal emittance and solar reflectance are synonymous terms.


What state transportation department has a test procedure, titled “Determining the Graffiti Resistance of Anti-Graffiti Coatings”?


True or false: Flocking is the creation of a finish by removing a portion of a wet coating with a sponge.


Which of the following resins can be produced from a by-product of the coke oven process?


What is another name for a coating with a potassium silicate binder?


True or false: Methyl methacrylate systems have been used successfully as waterproofing membranes for concrete bridge decks.


True or false: A zinc silicate primer is classified as an organic zinc-rich coating.


True or false: Bending and forming of aluminum can be accomplished without harming its anodized finish.


What recent development in construction makes it desirable for floor coatings to have UV resistance?


True or false: An extract from fish scales is used to create a mother-of-pearl effect.


True or false: According to the Coatings Encyclopedic Dictionary, “patina” is defined in part as “a thin layer of corrosion, usually green or brown."


True or false: Excessive mixing of a moisture-cured polyurethane can cause gelling in the container.


True or false: Another name for a polyaspartic coating is a hybrid polyurea.


True or false: Thixotropes are added to paint to make it thicker.


Which of the pigments below provide additional barrier protection to a coating by overlapping and causing moisture to follow a long, roundabout path before reaching the substrate?


Which of the following is a noble metal?


Plastic shims are used to calibrate what quality control instruments?


True or false: The higher the refractive index of a pigment, the lower is its hiding power in a coating.


True or false: A pull stub is part of a destructive test apparatus used to measure the dry film thickness of coatings.


True or false: Some methyl methacrylate (MMA) resinous floor coatings can be installed in freezing temperatures.


True or false: Elastomeric coatings are easier to remove by blast cleaning than brittle coatings.


Why does the EPA make some solvents exempt from VOC calculations?


True or false: Zinc dust is normally used in zinc-rich coatings.


True or false: There is not yet a roof coating that can perform successfully over a weathered thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) roof substrates, according to a recent Durability + Design article.


True or false: ASTM B117 salt fog testing is predictive of the performance of lining materials in potable water tanks.


True or false: There is an inspection instrument that will measure the dry film thicknesses of each layer of a coating system in certain conditions.


True or false: Leafing aluminum pigments are completely wetted by the binder and thus spread evenly throughout the coating film.


True or false: In conditions of low humidity, water can be sprayed onto inorganic zinc-coated surfaces to accelerate cure.


What type of corrosion is caused by the contact of dissimilar metals immersed or buried in an electrolyte?


A Schmidt hammer would normally be used to test for what property?


Film formation by coalescence occurs with what types of coatings?


True or false: Vinyl ester floor coatings should not be specified for harsh chemical exposures.


True or false: Aliphatic polyureas do not have good color and gloss retention.


True or false: Polypropylene or polyethylene powder is sometimes applied by flame-spray to protect pipeline field joints.


Why are elastomeric coatings at 10-20 mils dry film thickness a good choice for stucco substrates?


Chlorinated rubber coatings are no longer used in most applications. What is the main reason?


True or false: Resistance to water ponding may be the single most important performance feature needing improvement for elastomeric acrylic roof coatings, according to a recent D+D article.


What organization has a research unit dedicated to the durability of wood and its protection?


What AAMA specification for coatings over aluminum extrusions and panels requires 10 years of successful exposure at a South Florida test site?


What is a surfactant?


What is the relationship between polyalcohols and polyols?


True or false: The amount of water condensing from an air leak in a wall is much less than the amount that occurs with water vapor diffusion through the wall.


Why does weathering steel generally not require protection with paint?


True or false: Woven roving is sometimes used to reinforce tank linings.


True or false: The “Cold Wall Effect” on tank linings refers to a temperature differential between the ambient air outside the tank and the temperature of the product stored inside.


True or false: One cause of rebar corrosion is carbonation of the concrete around the rebar.


What term is normally used to describe surface opalescence on epoxy films caused by reaction of amine co-reactant with carbon dioxide and water?


California Title 24 requires that reflective roof coatings maintain a specified level of reflectance for how many years?


True or false: Oil-modified urethanes, or uralkyds, are chemically curing materials.


What type of alkyds are most likely to be used for overcoating lead-based bridge coatings?


True or false: The dry film thickness of coatings cannot be measured on non-ferrous substrates.


What organization publishes performance standards for coatings on aluminum panels and extrusions?


True or false: White, reflective roof coatings should not be applied to asphalt shingles, according to the Roof Coating Manufacturers Association (RCMA).


True or false: Silanes and siloxane water repellents prevent water from entering masonry structures, but allow water vapor to exit.


What term denotes migration of a substance to the surface of a coating film?


True or false: The most accurate way to specify the finish on a polished concrete floor is to refer to grit levels, such as an 800-grit finish.


True or false: Cashew nut shell liquid is sometimes used in the formulation of protective coatings.


True or false: Specialty acrylic polymers are sometimes added to stucco to improve its performance.


What type of instrument is used to check the continuity of protective coatings on steel?


True or false: According to an industry study reported in D+D, the biggest drop in a roof coating’s solar reflectance occurs in the first three years of service.


True or false: Methyl methacrylate resins are sometimes used to formulate floor coatings.


True or false: UV floor-curing units can polymerize and cure a single-component, UV-curable polyurethane coating in fractions of a second.


The Roof Coatings Manufacturers Association (RCMA) recently merged with what organization?


True or false: The working time or gel time of a polyurea coating is generally 10 seconds or less.


What is the process by which vegetable oils and animal fats are turned into soap?


What organization certifies the qualifications of painting contractors that apply architectural paints and coatings?


True or false: In general, thicker toppings over horizontal concrete require minimal profile.


True or false: The photocatalytic activity of titanium dioxide in a coating can produce self-cleaning functionality.


Coating systems typically utilize FEVE technology in what coating layer?


True or false: Osmotic blistering of coatings on steel substrates can be caused by chloride contamination on the steel prior to painting.


The U.S. Naval Research Laboratory has developed an alternative to epoxy non-skid/non-slip deck coatings based on what technology?


True or false: A recent Durability + Design article noted that epoxy floor coatings can be made more durable in high traffic areas if topcoated with polyurethane.


Which of the following coating types is an inorganic/organic hybrid?


What technology is employed in instruments measuring the moisture content of concrete?


True or false: A biomimetic coating is one that employs sustainable raw materials.


True or false: Some coatings become solvent-resistant, as shown by a solvent rub test, before they are sufficiently cured for service.


True or false: Resistance to dirt pick-up is important to the performance cool roof coatings.


True or false: The quality of workmanship is not seen as a potential weakness of liquid-applied air barriers.


The surface temperature of steel should be how much higher than the dew point temperature before you blast clean or paint?


What is the term used to describe solvents with limited photochemical reactivity?


True or false: A Tooke gage is an ultrasonic instrument used to measure the dry film thickness of coatings.


True or false: One manufacturer’s acrylic binder is said to remove formaldehyde from indoor air by converting it to water vapor.


True or false: Where insulation is required to maintain hot service in tanks and piping, thermal insulative coatings are now sometimes used in place of insulating wraps covered with metallic jackets.


True or false: Thick-film intumescent coatings are used only to resist the impact of cellulosic fires on structural steel.


What is the main difference between penetrating sealers classified as water-repellents and those classified as water-repellent preservatives in treating wood substrates?


True or false: AAMA 2605-13 does not address seacoast performance considerations of coatings over exterior architectural aluminum.


True or false: ASTM D4541 is a test method describing pull-off adhesion testing of coatings on concrete.


Alkyds are a specific type of what broader class of resins?


Which of the following statements about moisture-cured urethanes (MCUs) is true?


True or false: According to a JPCL article, trowel-applied mortar systems for concrete floors can include walnut shell aggregates.


True or false: High-performance polyurethanes, polyaspartics, polysiloxanes, and fluoropolymers are best bets to retain gloss and color for long periods in atmospheric exposure.


A PATTI instrument would be used to test what coating attribute?


True or false: Direct-to-metal polyurethane coatings are available in waterborne formulations.


Which of the following types is not a thermosetting powder coating?


True or false: “Solvent pop” occurs because of hackles in a steel substrate.


True or false: Breathable coatings often incorporate platey pigments.


True or false: Today, most repair materials for deteriorated wood are based on polyurethane resin-based materials, according to a recent Durability + Design article.


In the Concrete Sawing and Drilling Association’s CSDA ST-115 standard on polished concrete, what does the value Ra stand for?


Synthetic dirt was recently developed by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for accelerated testing of what kind of coating?


Which of the following is a destructive testing instrument for measuring the dry film thickness of coatings?


True or false: Polypropylene powder is sometimes applied by flame spray to create a field joint coating system for transmission pipeline.


Mixed metal oxide pigments produced at high temperatures are used for what purpose in coatings?


Which of the following is not an inhibitive pigment used in coatings for corrosion control?


True or false: Relative humidity sensors used to determine moisture content of concrete slabs can produce fairly accurate results within an hour after probes are inserted into a slab, according to a manufacturer of the test equipment.


An alkyd is a modified form of what other resin?


True or false: SSPC has a blast cleaning standard for non-ferrous metals such as architectural aluminum.


What is another name for potassium silicate coatings?


True or false: Gold is an important biocide in coatings.


True or false: Complex inorganic color pigments (CICPs) provide vivid, chromatic colors to paint but do not provide color durability.


The Foam Sheathing Committee is a unit of what association?


Which of the following isocyanates is used in polyurethane coatings?


True or false: Organic zinc-rich coatings are not recommended for the repair of galvanizing.


What polymer concrete resin is based on an alcohol derived from agricultural wastes such as rice and oat hulls and corn cobs?


In addition to the American Architectural Manufacturers Association, what other organization has a specification for coatings on architectural aluminum?


In what exposure conditions would you be most likely to specify an epoxy novolac floor coating?


Much of the growth of single-component water-borne acrylics for industrial maintenance has been at the expense of what other single-component maintenance coating type, according to a recent JPCL article on acrylics.


True or false: TDI and MDI are aromatic isocyanates.


Some types of spray painting equipment achieve higher transfer efficiency than others. What is transfer efficiency?


Krebs units are units of measure for what coating property?


The last solvent in a solvent blend to evaporate from an applied coating film is called what?


True or false: Sacrificial protection of steel can be achieved only with metallic coatings, such as galvanizing or zinc-rich paints.


True or false: An epoxy ester coating is a single-package material.


What coating type is used to penetrate and line the pores of concrete to achieve water repellency?


How can paints be made conductive for electrostatic spraying?


True or false: SSPC has a qualification procedure (QP) to assure the qualifications of installers of liquid-applied air barriers.


True or false: The adhesion of coatings to weathered TPO roofing membranes can be significantly increased by using aqueous cleaners, followed by power washing.


True or false: Acrylic binders are sometimes used in intumescent coatings for building interiors.


True or false: Solvent entrapment within a coating can cause the formation of blisters.


True or false: Siloxane sealers will not keep pressure-driven water from penetrating concrete pores.


True or false: Coatings based on silicone resins have little resistance to chalking.


Acicular, fibrous, and nodular are terms used to describe what property of pigments?


True or false: A uralkyd is a moisture-cured polyurethane.


True or false: Epoxies have better alkali resistance than many other polymers.


True or false: Dyes are dependent on the chemistry of concrete to produce color.


True or false: There is a new standard for measuring the micro-surface texture of concrete.


True or false: RCI, Inc. is the Roof Consultants Institute.


True or false: Some suppliers point out that use of a polysiloxane topcoat can enable a two-coat system for corrosion control of steel substrates, as opposed to a conventional three-coat system, such as zinc/epoxy/polyurethane.


True or false: Coatings that form a film by coalescence are two-component materials.


True or false: Contact between dissimilar metals can cause galvanic corrosion.


True or false: Inorganic zinc-rich coatings, left untopcoated, decrease in barrier protection over time.


What coating company was awarded a research grant in 2014 by the Department of Energy to study cool pigment technology in collaboration with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory?


True or false: PVDF resins can be emulsified in water to create a single-component, ambient-cured, fluoropolymer coating.


True or false: Some epoxy coatings are formulated for application to green concrete that has cured for only 24 hours.


The migration of asphalt from a roof to the surface of a white roof coating applied over it is called what?


What kind of concrete sealers penetrate the pores of the concrete and form little, if any, film build?


Micaceous iron oxide is a pigment providing what kind of properties to protective coatings among the choices listed?


If a coating cures by coalescence, what phrase below best describes the mechanism of cure?


Slip resistance of wood-floor finishes are influenced most by what characteristic?


Which of the following has been banned as an ingredient in antifouling coatings on ocean-going vessels?


In a corrosion cell, where does the corrosion occur?


True or false: Some moisture meters for concrete are based on AC impedance.


True or false: The process of carbonatation increases the pH of concrete.


True or false: Complex inorganic color pigments (CICP) contribute to vivid and durable colors in coatings but lack the IR reflectivity needed for reflective roof coatings.


True or false: Destructive testing for measuring humidity in concrete flooring requires the use of jack hammers.


True or false: Coating materials that form films simply by solvent evaporation without chemical change are called thermoplastics.


How is talc normally classified as a pigment in coatings?


What is an exempt solvent?


True or false: A silepoxy is formed by the combination of epoxy with siloxane.


True or false: The number of peaks in the surface profile of a steel substrate has no measurable effect on the performance of coatings applied over it.


True or False: Common factory-applied finishes over hot-dipped galvanized steel include polyester, acrylic, fluoropolymer, plastisol, and polyurethane.


True or false: A polysiloxane is an aliphatic polyurea.


True or false: ASTM has solvent resistance tests for both inorganic and organic coatings.


True or false: Calcium aluminate mortars are sometimes used as linings for rehabilitation of manholes.


True or false: It is easier to remove coal tar epoxy than coal tar enamel from a steel substrate.


True or false: Acrylics are used in reflective roof coatings, air barriers, and adhesives and sealants.


True or false: SSPC is developing performance standards for architectural coating materials.


True or false: Weathering steel loses its corrosion-resistance properties in certain atmospheric exposure environments.


What company publishes an online “Certified Green Products Guide?”


What is the function of an inhibitive pigment?


True or false: A polyaspartic coating is an aliphatic polyurea.


True or false: Silane and siloxane sealers prevent both water ingress into concrete and moisture vapor from escaping the concrete.


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, foul-release hull coatings can be divided into hard and soft technologies.


Scrubbable waterborne polyurethanes for use on walls in hospitals are available in a matte finish.


In relation to coatings technology, what is a “fingerprint technique”?


For high-heat applications (above 1,000 degrees F), you would select a coating from among which of the following generic types?


True or false: Non-osmotic blisters can develop in coatings on concrete floors.


True or false: Antimicrobial agents used in coatings are similar in most ways to antibiotics.


True or false: The greater the permeability of a coating on concrete, the more effectively it will perform.


True or false: Intumescent coatings are rated according to flame spread and smoke development.


Which of the following polyurethane types tends to yellow in sunlight?


What mechanism of corrosion protection does zinc phosphate provide to coatings?


A coatings society and a health care act share the same abbreviation. What is it?


Why is a gel coat consisting of paraffin wax in styrene often used over newly applied polyester and vinyl ester linings?


In coatings, “American process” and “French process” refer to the creation of what material?


True or false: A zinc silicate primer is classified as an organic zinc-rich primer.


True or false: Some alkyd formulations will not undergo saponification if applied to high-pH substrates.


True or false: Two-component, PVDF fluoropolymer coatings are available only in solventborne formulations.


True or false: Both wet and dry ice have been used as abrasives in abrasive blasting operations.


In a laboratory test of metalized coatings reported recently in JPCL, which metal or alloy provided the best combination of corrosion protection and service life in immersion and intermittent immersion conditions simulating Bureau of Reclamation exposures?


Retained water-soluble solvents within a coating film in immersion or continuous high moisture service will, most likely, lead to what kind of failure?


What is the plastic sheet method?


What organization published in 2013 the “Repair Code Requirements for Evaluation, Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Buildings and Commentary?”


With specific values required in several energy codes, reflectance is an important performance property of a cool roof coating. What is another?


Ammonium polyphosphate is most likely to be found in what type of coating?


The EIFS Industry Member Association (EIMA) has collaborated with what organization to study how EIFS perform in terms of energy and moisture?


True or false: The amount of water condensing from an air leak in a wall is much greater than the amount that occurs with water vapor diffusion through the wall.


True or false: Both fire-retardant and fire-resistant coatings are classified as passive fire protection materials.


What extender pigment is also known as calcite, marble flour, and whiting?


True or false: The anhydrous calcium chloride test measures levels of soluble chloride salts on concrete substrates.


True or false: In coating and surfacing work, bug holes are small cavities in wood substrate caused by insects.


Cashew nut shell oil is used to create what coating constituent?


True or false: Penetrating sealers such as siloxanes do not allow moisture to escape from masonry and concrete.


Among the various types of anti-foulings for ships, what are foul-release coatings?


True or false: Self-adhered membrane air barriers can sometimes be applied in temperatures colder than are acceptable for liquid-applied air barriers.


True or false: The mix design of concrete will affect its moisture content.


Which of the following characteristics of paint material is most readily tested in the field?


True or false: Zinc coatings are sometimes applied to structural concrete, such as bridge piers, to provide galvanic protection to rebar.


What is the term most widely used for the process of electrochemically controlling, accelerating, and enhancing the oxidation of aluminum?


According to a May 2014 JPCL article, the per-vehicle cost for overspray removal on automobiles is typically in what range?


How is replica putty used?


True or false: Several Continuous Insulation (CI) materials are also recognized as approved air barrier materials by the IECC.


True or false: Vinyl esters and polyester resins offer resistance to aggressive chemicals at elevated temperatures.


True or false: Concrete masonry walls coated with a block filler followed by 2 coats of a paint or sealer coating are among pre-approved air barrier assemblies deemed to comply with a maximum air leakage rate of 0.04 cfm/sq. ft. in the 2102 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC).


True or false: Coatings specified to be used on the faying surfaces of slip-critical bolted connections on steel structures must be tested and classified for their slip-coefficient properties.


True or false: According to Allen Zielnik in a recent D+D article, most of the exterior wood repair products are based on acrylic-resin technology.


True or false: The American Iron and Steel Institute publishes the “Standard for Shop Application of Complex Protective Coating Systems.”


What organization published the “Voluntary Specification for Anodized Architectural Aluminum?”


What organization conducts a National Transportation Product Evaluation Program?


True or false: ASTM solvent rub tests to assess degree of cure cannot be used with inorganic coatings.


True or false: Aromatic polyurethanes exhibit better weathering properties than aliphatic polyurethanes.


True or false: Metal mold is another common name for the wet storage stain that occurs on galvanized metal.


True or false: Passive fire protection materials are sometimes evaluated in a jet fire test.


In SSPC’s Coating System Guide 12.00, Guide to Zinc-Rich Coating Systems, what type of untopcoated zinc-rich system is recommended for alkaline exposure, pH 10-12?


True or false: Epoxies that are insensitive to high pH and are vapor-permeable have been developed for green concrete (concrete that has set but not fully cured).


True or False: New coating standards published by SSPC in 2013 are composition-based, not performance-based.


True or false: In a recent D+D article by Cynthia Challener, sustainability in coatings is now seen as low VOC (50 g/l or lower).


What organization offers a standard that gives durability grades of low, medium, and high for corrosion-control coating systems in various environments and levels of surface preparation?


What is the name of the software used by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in a study conducted with EIFS Industry Members Association to calculate the hygrothermal behavior of multi-layer building components exposed to natural weathering?


True or false: A thixotrope is the type of additive that allows paint to have a lower viscosity when it is stirred or shaken.


True or false: Titanium dioxide is a highly opaque pigment.


Which of the following organizations does not certify the performance of coating materials?


Which of the following coating types is most likely to be used on the faying surfaces of bolted steel joints?


What is the cure mechanism of conventional oil-alkyds applied in the field to architectural structures?


An epoxy novolac has what leading performance characteristic?


The thickness of a coating is sometimes expressed in mils, sometimes in mircrometers or microns. Which unit is thicker, 1 mil or 1 micron?


What is the name given to the zinc ammonium chloride solution that cleans and deposits a protective layer on steel before it is immersed in molten zinc to achieve galvanizing?


What is a term for a systematic effort to determine the condition of metal and other substrates in an industrial plant?


A solvent rub test is used on coatings for what main purpose?


True or false: Non-reactive stains on concrete must penetrate the surface rather than drying on the surface like a coating.


True or false: A recently developed acrylic binder, when properly formulated into a coating, is claimed to remove formaldehyde from interior atmospheres by converting it into water vapor.


True or false: Amine carbamation is sometimes called amine blushing.


True or false: Agricultural blast cleaning abrasives are made from walnut shells, corn cobs, and peach pits, among others.


What organization conducted exposure studies showing that coatings performance diminished on wood substrates that were pre-weathered before painting?


True or false: There is an organization of paint makers and industrial painting contractors in France that provides long-term guarantees for tank lining and other coating work.


Chlorinated rubber has lost its popularity in protecting steel from corrosion. Why?


What material is necessary to create an intumescent coating?


Which of the following organizations maintains defined, standard categories distinguishing among sealers, stain blockers, and primers?


Most coatings applied to concrete substrates provide what type of protection?


Epoxy coatings formulated for application over green concrete (less than 28 days of cure) must withstand what special substrate conditions?


True or false: ASTM has both quantitative and qualitative tests for determination of moisture in a concrete slab.


True or false: Air barrier installers are certified by the Building Enclosure Technology and Environment Council (BETEC).


True or false: Efflorescence is a thin, weak surface layer comprised mainly of cement and aggregate fines on newly finished concrete.


What is another name for an aliphatic polyurea coating?


True or false: Alkyd resins are complex polyesters.


Polyurethanes are formed by the reaction of an isocyanate with a hydroxyl-containing substance. What is another name for this hydroxyl-containing substance?


Which of the following features of a corrosion-control coating contribute to barrier protection?


True or false: A Hegman number is used to indicate particle size of blast abrasive.


What does the acronym “EIFS” stand for?


Water glass paints fit into which of the following classes?


True or false: Inhibitive pigments provide solar reflectance to roof coatings.


True or false: The porosity of inorganic zinc-rich coatings increases over time after they are applied.


How long can new wood be weathered in the atmosphere before special surface preparation measures are required in advance of painting, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Forest Products Lab?


Some coatings are claimed to be HAPS-free. What are HAPS?


True or false: The MEK solvent rub test (ASTM D 4752) and the coin rub test are both used to provide an estimate of the cure of an inorganic zinc-rich coating.


The term “guard” is used to describe a product in what technical discipline?


True or false: When two dissimilar metals are in contact in the presence of an electrolyte, the more noble metal will experience galvanic corrosion.


True or false: The conventional wisdom is that coating of newly poured concrete should not occur until 15 days have elapsed.


True or false: Some powder coatings have VOCs as high as 100 g/l.


True or false: The resin furan employs di- and tri-functional silanes as its primary building blocks.


True or False: Impressed current and sacrificial anodes are two types of cathodic protection systems.


What is the name of the tool that has flexible flaps attached to a rotating hub with tungsten carbide cutters at the ends of the flaps?


True or false: An eddy current gauge is used to measure dry film thickness of coatings non-destructively on concrete substrates.


True or false: The overlapping of platey pigments in a coating creates crevices that diminish the coating’s barrier properties.


Amine blush is common with what type of coatings?


Fluoropolymers are generally classified as what type of anti-graffiti coating?


What is another name for a uralkyd?


What is the generic name used for silicone-organic hybrid topcoat technology?


True or false: With zinc-rich coatings on steel, the zinc becomes the anode in a galvanic cell and sacrifices itself to protect the cathode, the underlying steel.


True or false: Zinc-rich coatings work extremely well in protecting steel substrates in predominantly wet, highly alkaline exposure environments.


What organization certifies coatings as acceptable for contact with potable water?


True or false: Krebs units are units of elasticity of a paint.


True or false: Etch primers are sometimes called wash primers.


True or false: If a zinc-rich coating has an epoxy binder, it is classified as both an organic and an inorganic zinc-rich coating.


FEVE and PVDF are what kind of resin technologies?


True or false: Some concrete floor finishes are more tolerant to moisture than others.


What organization publishes a Whole Building Design Guide, in which “Air Barrier Systems in Buildings” is found?


IR-reflective pigments are most likely to be used in what types of materials?


Where does the Heat Island Group reside?


True or false: ASTM D7091 covers use of both magnetic and eddy current gauges for measurement of a coating’s dry film thickness.


True or false: SSPC-AB 1, Mineral and Slag Abrasives, includes manufactured, non-metallics such as silicon carbide.


On concrete block, dry-film coating thickness can be measured with what type of non-destructive instrument?


Among the performance properties of polyureas, according to a recent JPCL article by O’Donoghue and Datta, which of the following is the weakest?


What is the name of the test instrument used to determine a coating’s resistance to fading through accelerated exposure to light?


What is the relationship between a polyol and a polyalcohol?


What organization is developing a qualification and certification program for architectural coating applicators?


True or false: Efflorescence and laitance are conditions found on non-ferrous metals.


True or false: The threat of mudcracking in thick, heavily pigmented coatings is more likely with spherical than with platey pigments.


True or false: By matching both the color of the matrix and the aggregates in a concrete substrate, repair materials can be created that will match the appearance of the original substrate.


In coatings technology, what is the main function of the organization CIE?


True or false: According to Andre Desjarlais of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, infiltration and exfiltration account for 20 to 30 percent of the cooling and heating loads in commercial and residential buildings.


True or false: Unlike their roles in entertainment and boxing, promoters in coatings induce, alter, or accelerate chemical reactions.


What solvent is used in the solvent rub test for cure of inorganic zinc coatings?


True or false: According to the Concrete Polishing Association of America, the danger of slipping on polished concrete floors tends to be greater than that of most other floor coverings.


True or false: Flake-filled, novolac vinyl esters have been successfully used on scrubber modules, exit ducts and stacks in fossil-fueled power plants.


What term is used to describe the temperature at which the non-crystalline portion of a polymer is transformed from a rubbery material to a brittle, glass-like material?


True or false: SSPC has initiated development of performance standards for architectural coating materials.


True or false: Aromatic polyureas formulated as thick-film elastomers retain a significant portion of their elastomeric properties when subject to atmospheric exposure for long periods.


TDI and MDI are two types of what coating ingredient?


True or false: A recent Reflective Roof Coatings Institute study found that the type of substrate to which a reflective roof coating is applied has a profound effect on the solar reflective properties of the coating over time.


True or false: Airless spray painting systems sometimes operate at pressures 100 times greater than pressures used in conventional air spray systems.


True or False: There is an ISO performance standard for coating systems used on offshore structures.


True or False: Jet fire tests are used to determine the heat-insulating capabilities of intumescent coatings in cellulosic fires.


What type of a coating contains an acid source, a carbon source, and a blowing agent?


What kind of paint did Adolf Wilhem Keim invent?


What makes an anti-graffiti coating sacrificial?


What is the function of zinc pyrithione in paint?


True or False: Metalizing has been used successfully by some organizations to protect equipment subject to immersion and intermittent immersion in fresh water.


What is the name for the unit defined as the smallest repeating structural unit of any high polymer?


What resin chemistry is suitable for development of coatings that can be successfully applied to stucco?


High cross-link density contributes the most to what type of corrosion protection?


Cold galvanizing employs a coating with a high percentage by weight of what material?


Where would you be most likely to use an epoxy novolac?


What polymer concrete resin is based on an alcohol derived from agricultural wastes such as rice and oat hulls and corn cobs?


Where would you be likely to use woven roving?


In addition to the American Architectural Manufacturers Association (AAMA), what other organization has a specification for coatings on architectural aluminum?


True or False: The substrate wetting of waterborne acrylics is often inferior to the wetting achieved by solvent-borne coatings.


What organization maintains an approved product list for sealers and finishes used on athletic wood floors?


The IMO ban on use of tributyltin in antifouling systems for ships was adopted in 2001. In what year did the ban go into force in the United States?


A polyaspartic coating is a version of what larger generic class?


Leafing action is characteristic of what paint constituent?


Linseed oil is derived from what source?


According to the recent study, “Worldwide Smart Coatings Market, 2013-2020,” what segment of smart coatings now dominates the market?


Which of the following was not cited by SSPC as a reason for developing Paint 44, Coatings for Concrete Wastewater Structures?


True or False: Negative-side waterproofing applied to dry, interior surfaces must possess no water-vapor permeability.


An elastomeric coating is most noted for what property?


Reflectance and emittance are important properties of what type of coatings?


ISO 12944 on corrosion protection of steel with protective coatings lists how many environmental exposure classes?


True or False: AAMA Subcommittee D01.42 deals with standards for architectural coatings.


True or False: Moisture-cure polyurethanes are single-component coatings.


What pigment is made by both a French process and an American process?


What is the name of the contacting surfaces of joints in steel structures formed with the use of high-strength bolts?


Which of the following terms is generally considered synonymous with the term “trade sales paint”?


True or False: Polyester coatings for architectural metals are available only in liquid form.


True or False: Soy-based materials have been used in paints and in spray foam insulation.


True or False: Pigments used to make coatings must be spherical in shape.


Which of these abbreviations is least related to the roofing or roof coating industry?


The Architectural Painting Decision Tree, a web-based tool for selecting and specifying architectural coatings, was developed and launched in 2013 by MPI with the development help of what other organization?


True or False: The PosiTest Air Leak Tester is a laboratory device for determining if mock-ups have air leaks.


True or False: Peeling, flaking, and delamination are examples of cohesive paint failures.


True or False: Sardine oil has been used as an ingredient in the manufacture of paint.


What phrase best describes a polyaspartic coating?


Twelve air barrier suppliers, Syracuse University, the Air Barrier Association of America and what other organization jointly worked on research to determine the energy performance of air barrier materials?


Quantum dots have been incorporated into spreadable paint for what purpose?


The earliest, large-scale application of what coating type was conducted on the Morgan-Whyalla pipeline in Australia?


How is a mechanical rubbing machine used in coating work?


Which of the following generic coating types is a thermoplastic lacquer no longer widely used?


True or False: High-ratio calcium sulfonate alkyd coatings have been recommended as overcoating materials when it is impractical to remove lead-based paint from steel structures.


True or False: Film build is normally achieved in application of thermal-sprayed zinc coatings by slowing the travel speed of the spray gun.


True or False: Both zinc and aluminum are used as thermal spray materials for corrosion protection of steel.


A recent 5-year inspection of a lining system on a potable water tank bottom that had suffered significant soil-side corrosion in Melbourne, Australia, showed excellent performance from what lining type?


What generic type of topcoat is often claimed to enable a two-coat system rather than a conventional 3-coat system (zinc, epoxy, polyurethane) for corrosion protection of steel?


Which of the following attributes is normally not considered an advantage of vinyl ester coatings?


True or False: Clear, penetrating silane and siloxane sealers have a strongly limiting effect on the ability of water vapor to exit concrete and masonry.


True or False: Amine blush is caused by UV exposure.


True or False: Fire resistance ratings of materials protected with intumescent coatings are expressed in the (degrees Fahrenheit) temperature that the coating can withstand before it fails.


What organization is developing a guide for testing the suitability of thin-film coatings as air barriers?


True or False: Some cementitious liners for repairing manholes contain chemical additives to kill bacteria that cause microbiologically induced corrosion.


Pascal Verbiest, in his recent JPCL article, “Developments in Zinc Primers for Corrosion Protection,” describes four mechanisms of corrosion resistance provided by zinc primers.


What ASTM technical committee has a subcommittee that deals with air barriers?


True or False: Alkali zinc silicates for cargo tank coatings cure initially by absorbing water from the surrounding atmosphere into the film.


Which coating manufacturer recently received Frost & Sullivan’s 2013 North American Protective and Marine Coatings Growth Excellence Leadership Award?


The worker blood lead level established for triggering an OSHA inspection was reduced in 2012 to what?


True or false: The main difference in properties between a polyurethane and a polyurea is the amount of hydrogen bonding.


True or False: Anodizing provides excellent corrosion resistance in coastal settings.


In what organization is the Heat Island Group?


True or False: Field-applied fluoropolymers cannot meet VOC levels of 100 grams per liter.


Which of the following pigments is most stable at high temperatures (above 500°F)?


True or False: Polymer-modified, cementitious coatings are used as both negative- and positive-side waterproofing materials.


True or False: A seal coat over thermal-sprayed zinc will perform better if application is delayed until at least 30 days have elapsed so that natural oxidation can form on the zinc.


What is solvent popping?


True or False: Flocculation increases pigment distribution within a paint material.


True or False: Polysiloxanes are claimed by some supplier companies to be effective as part of a two-coat system for protecting steel from corrosion and providing durable UV resistance.


What organization recently issued a performance standard for coatings on concrete in waste treatment facilities?


Two dozen members of what roof coating industry association lobbied Congress in July to promote their interests?


Which of the following coating types might also be classified as a hybrid polyurea?


What type of isocyanates contribute to strong UV resistance in polyurethane coatings?


What are GreenSure and Green Promise paints?


True or False? Many coating manufacturers recommend a maximum relative humidity of 40% within a concrete slab before their flooring products are applied.


True or False? Flake-filled novolac epoxies and flake-filled novolac vinyl esters are used successfully in power plant scrubber modules, exit ducts and stacks.


True or False? The higher the water pressure of a pressure washer, the more effective will be the rinsing step after coatings are exposed to chemical strippers for the appropriate time on masonry substrates.


What organization produces the “Extreme Green” classification of coatings based on both performance and emission levels?


True or False? Waterborne acrylic primers for steel are often formulated with inhibitive pigments such as zinc phosphate.


True or False? Air and vapor barriers on the exterior walls of a building of Type I, II, III or IV construction, 40 feet or higher, are exempted from having to undergo the NFPA 285 burn test that the wall assemblies have to undergo in the 2012 version of the International Building Code.


True or False? Epoxy technology was not commercialized until the 1940s.


IR pigments are most likely to be used in what type of coating?


What ASTM Committee deals with air barriers?


What type of gages are used to measure the dry film thickness of coatings on concrete?


What organization created a recipe for synthetic dirt in order to create an accelerated test for determining the longevity of reflectivity in roof coatings?


Medium- and long-oil alkyds cure by what mechanism?


What are the most commonly used materials for thermal spraying when it is used for corrosion protection?


True or False? Coatings resistant to high heat (above 450° F) are typically based on organic resins.


True or False? Glass flake is used to make a coating more breathable.


What degree of surface profile is required on concrete to be treated with a siloxane sealer?


True or False? Fusion Bonded Epoxy (FBE) is sometimes used to coat steel rebar.


What coating defect is caused by exceeding the recoat interval recommended by the manufacturer for an epoxy coating?


What function does an intumescent coating perform?


What recent development in construction makes it important for floor coatings to have UV resistance?


True or false: OSHA recently announced a National Emphasis Program on isocyanates.


True or false: UL will not approve an intumescent, fire-resistive coating material if it is topcoated.


True or False? According to the SSPC’s Protective Coatings Glossary, “industrial finishes” and “industrial maintenance paint” are synonymous.


ICRI recommends how much profile in its surface preparation requirements for polymer overlays on concrete?


What organization conducted a study on identifying a coating system for bridges that would last for 100 years with minimal maintenance?


What organization publishes the technical manual Standard Practice for the Testing and Inspection of Intumescent Fire-Resistive Materials?


True or False? Ground mica is used in both joint compound for finishing drywall and as a pigment in paints.


What is the function of fireproofing materials such as intumescent or cementitious coatings on structural steel in buildings?


True or false? Gold is used as an antimicrobial agent in some coatings.


True or false? According to a study by German researchers, specifying a particular edge geometry is the most significant factor in controlling corrosion of steel edges in sea-water environments.


True or false? A recent JPCL article explains that waterborne zinc-rich epoxy primers must be three-component materials.


Why is a polysiloxane classified as a hybrid coating?


True or false: The prime white pigment titanium dioxide, noted for its hiding power, has also been used in its nano form to create antimicrobial coatings.


True or false: Aliphatic polyurethanes exhibit gloss and color retention better than aromatic polyurethanes.


According to ASTM D6083, what should be the minimum dry film thickness for elastomeric acrylic cool roof coatings?


In a D+D News story about research at North Dakota State University on bio-based materials for coating resins, which of the following materials is not listed as a source of resin development?


True or false? According to the Coatings Encyclopedic Dictionary, the volatile portion of the liquid vehicle of a coating is called the binder.


True or false? Under certain conditions, weathering steel may require painting to protect it from corrosion.


True or false? Inorganic zinc pre-construction primers for shipbuilding normally have more zinc content than inorganic zinc primers applied after fabrication.


What is mica?


Hydrocarbon wax is used in what type of anti-graffiti coating?


True or false: If a zinc-rich primer has a silicate binder, it is classified as an inorganic rather than an organic zinc-rich.


Leafing and non-leafing refer to what type of material?


The acronym TSP stands for “Total Suspended Particulate,” as well as for what well-known material in coating work?


Anatase and rutile are types of what paint component?


True or False: Dark colors can be used to meet Energy Star requirements for reflective roofs.


What U.S. organization has done preliminary research on developing a 100-year life coating?


Can you rank the world's top three paint and coating companies in the correct order by size?


True or False: A two-component epoxy is a thermoplastic coating.


True or false: Lithium silicate can be used to densify concrete.


Which of the following dry film thickness gages is destructive?


What organization recently published “Efficacy Evaluation of Antifouling Products?”


True or False: Air leakage into a building can generate much more moisture than moisture vapor transmission can.


True or false: In the International Building Code, air and vapor barriers are not required to pass NFPA 285 fire test of wall assemblies containing combustible materials.


What is another name for “white rust?”


What is the relationship between the terms “curing agent” and “hardener?”


True or False: Exempt solvents are highly photochemically reactive.


A stationary centrifugal wheel blast machine is normally used to clean what kind of substrate?


True or false: Some fire-resistant, intumescent coatings are used on wood substrates.


An oil-modified polyurethane is sometimes called by what name?


What organization offers training and certification in architectural coatings at the levels of technologist, specialist, and inspector?


True or false: The amount of chalking of a paint film can be affected by the choice of both pigment and binding medium.


Which of the following is most likely to be a disadvantage rather than an advantage of shop painting?


True or false: Aliphatic polyurethanes tend to retain color and gloss better than aromatic polyurethanes.


What organization conducted a study to determine, in part, if aluminum test panels were suitable substrate types for field evaluations of reflective roof coatings?


True or false: Generally, materials with a permeance of greater than 1.0 perm are considered breathable.


True or false: Zinc phosphate pigments, when used in primers for steel substrates, provide sacrificial protection of the metal.


What is the acronym, used frequently in VOC regulations, for architectural and protective coatings?


Why should the surface temperature of steel be at least 5 degrees higher than the dew point temperature before you blast-clean or paint?


Which of the following materials is not used to make a biocidal additive for coatings?


Coatings for faying surfaces require what special performance property?


What kind of spray application of a liquid coating to a metallic substrate is most commonly associated with the “wrap-around effect”?


Which of the following does NOT have a significant effect on the solar reflectance level or reflective roof coatings over time, according to a study by the Reflective Roof Coatings Institute (RRCI)?


Why are elastomeric acrylics often selected for use on masonry walls?


What occurs with leafing of a coating?


True or false: A hygroscopic compound tends to repel water.


An alkyd is a modified form of what other resin?


What was the location of the recent field testing on air barrier performance conducted by Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Air Barrier Association of America?


“Jeep test” is an informal name for what coating test?


Amine blush is associated with what generic type of coating?


True or false: Milk paint was first created and sold in response to green-building demands for bio-based products.


What is the common name of high-strength, low-alloy steel that provides greater resistance to atmospheric corrosion than conventional carbon steel?


By what mechanism does an acrylic latex cure?


True or false: All metals can theoretically be used to provide sacrificial protection in coatings.


Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVdF) versions of fluoropolymer emulsions are marketed for what applications, as reported in a recent JPCL article?


FEVE is used in what resin technology?


What type of paint was once referred to as “waterglass?”


True or false: A polyaspartic coating can be classified as a hybrid polyurea.


True or false: Polysiloxane coatings are isocyanate-free.


The Commercial Coatings Committee of what organization is drafting a guide for measuring moisture content in concrete masonry walls?


Rooted in the dawn of the Automobile Age, DuPont Performance Coatings has a new name. What is it?


True or false: Opaque stains produce color on a concrete floor by reacting chemically with the concrete.


To achieve color and gloss retention at very high heat exposure (500-600 F), what type of resin base would be used to formulate a coating?


What association in the U.S. now deals with the science and technology of formulating and making paint?


What is the main feature of zinc that allows it to provide cathodic protection to steel?


What university organizes the annual Waterborne Symposium, a coatings industry technical conference?


An Atlas Test Cell is normally used to test the performance of what kind of coating material?


How are the zinc particles in a zinc-rich coating kept in suspension during spray application?


What are HAPS in coatings?


True or false: The standard for non-destructive measurement of dry coating film thickness on concrete is different from the one used to measure dry coating film thickness on steel.


In a “Rapid Deployment” bridge painting scheme, what kind of coating system is normally used?


True or false: Some experts recommend that a weathered TPO roof be prepared for coating by cleaning with an aqueous cleaner followed by power washing.


What organization has teamed up with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in a large research study to quantify the performance and cost-effectiveness of air barriers?


True or false: Thermal spraying of zinc is sometimes used for corrosion control on steel substrates.


What is the name of the thin, weak surface layer that can form on newly placed and finished concrete?


Synthetic dirt was recently developed by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for accelerated testing of what kind of coating?


What organization issued an updated manual in 2012 on the application of spray polyurethane foam (SPF) roof systems?


True or false: A three-year study by Oak Ridge National Laboratory found that EIFS performed better in resisting moisture and acting as a thermal barrier than other wall assemblies, such as stucco, brick, concrete block, and cement board.


Sacrificial anti-graffiti coatings are normally made with what ingredient below?


Anatase and rutile are mineral forms of what pigment?


Which of the following binder types is inorganic?


High Ratio Calcium Sulfonate Alkyds are touted by some technologists for what kind of service?


True or false: Saponification is likely to occur when alkyds are applied to blast-cleaned carbon steel.


True or false: The green patina that forms when bronze weathers naturally without a coating is protective of the base metal.


Which of the following factors can influence the durability of barrier protection from a coating?


True or false: Some coatings can act as carbonation barriers on concrete.


What organization is engaged in performance testing of bridge coatings for state highway departments?


What paint ingredient can make a dark-colored roof coating reflective?


What is the name of the association for high performance elastomeric technologies?


What kind of paints were first formulated by Adolf Wilhelm Keim, a German scientist?


What company recently sold its performance coatings business?


Where is the three-year study, “Assessment of the Impact of Air Barriers on Energy and Moisture Control,” being conducted?


Which of the following coating companies was not acquired by PPG in the last several years?


Why is the Department of Energy developing accelerated testing to predict the long-term dirt resistance of coatings?


Which of the following pigments is not classified as a prime pigment?


True or false: Linseed oil built up in multiple coats on a wood floor is likely to be very glossy and very slippery.


What kind of concrete sealers penetrate the pores of the concrete and form little if any film build?


Cashew nut shell liquid is the source for what type of coating raw material?


True or false: A new concrete surface finished with a power trowel would tend to have high porosity.


True or false: Inorganic zinc-rich coatings are appropriate for use on slip-critical surfaces of steel joints.


Why are zinc-rich coatings sometimes applied to structural concrete?


What is a fingerprint analysis of a coating?


True or false: Geotextiles combined with coatings are sometimes used for service in open concrete tanks.


Which of the following is a common use for elastomeric acrylic coatings?


Adopted in 2001 by the International Maritime Organization, the International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships prohibits the use of tributyltin (TBT) antifouling coatings. When did the Convention go into effect in the United States?


Of the following selections, which one describes a use of calcium borosilicate in coatings?


True or false: An industrial floor coating containing 50 percent bio-based material was recently introduced.


True or false: According to a study conducted at Stanford University, reflective roof coatings may increase rather than decrease global warming.


Which of the following is an environmentally benign material sometimes used to etch concrete before application of coatings?


How many coating and lining systems are called out in JPCL’s 2012 Coating Systems Buying Guide?


True or false: Cool roofs in colors other than white can achieve solar reflectance.


True or false: Silicone elastomerics are sometimes used as reflective roof coatings.


True or false: Stains for finishing wood have been made from recycled material.


True or false: Primers and topcoats used with intumescent, fire-resistant coatings, as well as the intumescent coatings themselves, require UL approval.


Is it possible for a wood floor coating to be very glossy but not slippery?


True or false: Fire-resistant, intumescent coatings for steel are applied in one to three coats.


Additives based on hydrated lime would find use in what type of coating?


True or false: If a zinc-rich coating has a silicate binder, it is classified as an organic zinc-rich.


Platey pigments contribute to what mechanism of corrosion protection?


The risk of saponification dictates that alkyds should not be used on what substrate type?


Which one of the following coatings is likely to see use in a flue-gas desulfurization unit?


What chemistry type is used to create sealers that penetrate and line the pores of concrete?


Which of the following factors is a cause of dry spray in conventional air spray operations?


The IMO’s Performance Standard for Protective Coatings for corrosion protection of cargo tanks in crude oil carriers requires that coatings applied to new tanks must have a useful life of how many years in good condition?


Which of the following statements about intumescent, fire-resistive coatings is not true?


How are spiky polymers used in coatings?


True or false: Penetrating sealers such as silanes and siloxanes for concrete decks have good crack bridging capability.


What is the name of the alloy coating comprised of tin and zinc, which is sometimes used to coat stainless steel?


In architectural coatings and construction, what does BEC stand for?


True or false: Thin-film coating systems (up to 10 mils) perform better than thick-film elastomerics (20 mils or greater) when applied over stucco.


True or false: soybeans are sometimes used to make raw materials for spray polyurethane foam.


A three-year study by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation found which type of coating to be most effective at combating macro-fouling organisms like zebra and quagga mussels?


Which group is currently conducting a multiphase program to quantify the benefits of air-barrier technology?


Hybrid coatings that combine epoxies with siloxanes are called what?


True or false: Thermoplastic powders can be applied by thermal spraying.


Nanoparticles of what pigment can be incorporated into outdoor building materials, such as paint or concrete, to reduce smog?


True or false: Studies by Texas A&M University on about 8 million square feet of campus building roofs show an energy savings payback in three to four years for SPF roofing systems.


True or false: Reflective roof coatings do not have to be white to be effective.


Cementitious, fire-resistive coatings for unexposed structural steel in buildings often contain which of these materials?


What is a name for a hybrid coating that combines epoxy with siloxanes?


True or false: Intumescent, fire-resistive coatings cannot be applied with plural-component spray equipment.


Which of the following is an abrasive media used in a blasting system on delicate substrates?


The migration of asphalt from a roof to the surface of a white roof coating applied over it is called what?


According to ASTM D 6083, what should be the minimum dry film thickness for elastomeric acrylic, cool roof coatings?


What happens to carbon steel when it loses its oxide layer, millscale, in the abrasive blasting process?


When a piece of metal is covered with an impervious oxide in order to inhibit chemical or electrochemical reactions on the surface, what is this process called?


Among the various types of anti-foulings for ships, what are foul-release coatings?


True or false: Fluoropolymer coatings are among the best-performing permanent anti-graffiti treatments.


The Oak Ridge National Laboratory and what other organization are partners in a research study to quantify the energy-efficiency gains achieved with air barriers?


In addition to standing for the Chemical Abstracts Service, how is the acronym CAS used today in the protective coatings industry?


A high-strength, low-alloy steel that provides greater resistance to deterioration from atmospheric corrosion than conventional carbon steel has what generic name?


True or false: ASTM has test methods for measuring the air barrier performance all of the following: materials, assemblies, and whole buildings.


True or false: Henry Ford’s high gloss Japan black enamel used on early mass-produced Ford cars and trucks, relied on high levels of lampblack pigment for coloration.


In its Technology Guide on the subject, what type of coating material does SSPC recommend for repairing imperfections in galvanized, organic zinc-, or inorganic zinc-coated steel?


True or false: There are no quantitative methods for determining levels of moisture in concrete floor slabs.


True or false: Solar reflectance and thermal emittance are two terms for the same performance property of a reflective roof coating.


True or false: The ASTM test method for pull-off adhesion of coatings is the same for both metal and concrete.


True or false: Vinyl ester floor coatings are effective at resisting harsh chemical exposures.


Which of the following are platey pigments?


True or false: Portable UV curing machines are now used to cure some coatings on concrete floors.


What is another name for wet storage stain on galvanized metal?


Methyl methacrylate, used in liquid-applied waterproofing and traffic-marking paints, is the primary raw material in what well-known product?


Emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from coatings and other materials combine with which of the following in the presence of sunlight to produce ground-level atmospheric ozone pollution, sometimes called “smog?”


At age 75, the Golden Gate Bridge still sports its original signature hue. What is the official name of that color?


Grams of VOC per liter of coating or colorant, less water and less exempt compounds can be calculated by which of the following equations?


What color indicates UV damage in closed-cell spray foam polyurethane (SPF) applications?


True or false: Tributyltin is the main biocide used in formulating antifouling coatings.


True or false: Some roof coating systems now feature fluoropolymer topcoats.


Acicular, fibrous, and nodular are terms used to describe what pigment property?


True or false: Even in dark colors, IR-pigmented coatings on metal roofs can meet Energy Star requirements for solar reflectance.


In what way is a zinc-rich primer “rich?”


Fluoropolymer coatings have what advantage when used as coatings on water tank exteriors?


While a concrete surface needs to be clean prior to application of a silane or siloxane sealer, it does not require substantial roughening or profiling. Why?


According to ASTM D6083, what should be the dry film thickness of an acrylic coating used in roofing?


True or false: Pure white concrete is typically created with titanium dioxide pigment.


What type of coating combats corrosion mainly by preventing moisture and oxygen from reaching the steel surface?


Which of the following is a hybrid polyurea?


Which resin type has the greatest heat resistance?


In what kind of coating is emissivity a performance attribute?


True or false: To assure successful adhesion, more paint has to be applied to weathered wood so that it penetrates the soft, damaged layer and adheres to the sound substrate beneath.


True or false: There are standard tests to determine performance of air barrier materials.


True or false: Cyclic corrosion testing of protective coatings in the laboratory is now considered a better indicator of field performance than the traditional salt fog test, ASTM B 117.


What pigment below gives the best hiding power to a coating?


What is the common chemistry in all polysiloxane coating types?


In reporting sales volumes, the Department of Commerce classifies protective and marine coatings under what larger heading?


An additive based on hydrated lime would likely be found in what type of functional coating?


True or false: An air/vapor barrier should be part of the building-envelope assembly in warm climates but not cold climates.


Which of these is not among the Navy’s new “Quick Win” recommendations to improve efficiency in ship painting?


The German scientist Adolf Keim developed a highly durable paint in the 1800s that remains an important type of coating technology today. What type of paint is this?


What organization is partnering with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory on developing “the roof of the future,” including cool roof coatings?


What is the most appealing property of fluoropolymer coatings for bridge and tank applications?


Which pigment used in paints is white?


Among the chemistry types commonly used for reflective roof coatings, which has the most heat resistance, according to a recent D+D article?


True or false: In multi-coat systems, it is not always the case that the higher the zinc loading in a zinc rich primer, the better the system performance will be.


What is the best way to describe a polyaspartic coating?


What organization has developed a test method to determine air leakage of air barrier assemblies?


Ion exchange pigments would most likely be used in what application?


Sacrificial anti-graffiti coatings are often made from what material type?


The structural steel exoskeleton of the New York Times Building, completed in 2008, is coated with what specialty material, in addition to anticorrosive and UV-resistant layers?


True or false: Intumescent coatings for building interiors are available only in solvent-borne formulations.


Which of the following statements about mixing two-component coatings is not true?


True or false: Moisture-cured, single-pack polysiloxanes have been developed and are now on the market.


True or false: Because of the positive slope and limited potential for ponding water, elastomeric acrylics are a reasonable choice for restoration of metal roof coatings.


What animal provides the bristle for China bristle paint brushes?


True or false: The addition of pigments is required to match the color of concrete repair materials with the color of the concrete matrix being repaired.


True or false: Epoxy novolacs achieve excellent chemical resistance through extremely high cross-link density.


What organization trains and certifies air barrier contractors?


In a private survey of architects and hospital administrators, what was the least important attribute of wall coatings for hospitals?


How is the performance of a “cool roof” measured by the Cool Roof Rating Council?


A recent study by the American Bureau of Shipping showed that close to 90% of bulk carrier casualties occurred on ships of what age?


The second version of the Green Construction Code of the International Code Council adopted whose regulations on the VOC limits of interior coatings?


What is one main difference between aromatic and aliphatic polyureas?


True or false: According to testing reported by Dudley Primeaux, properly formulated aliphatic polyurea coatings provide UV stability for their elastomeric properties but not for color and gloss retention.


True or false: Studies by a major university in Texas on 8 million square feet of campus building roofs show that spray polyurethane foam roofing can achieve energy savings payback in 3-4 years.


True or false: For high heat exposure and resistance to chemicals, except fluorine, potassium silicate polymer concretes are a good choice.


What is generally considered a weakness of epoxy coatings?


True or false: Polyurethanes were developed about 75 years ago by Dr. Otto Bayer and colleagues at IG Farben in Germany.


According to Vince Cammalleri of Simpson Gumpertz & Heger, in an interview with D+D, liquid-applied air barriers have what positive attribute?


True or false: Methyl methacrylate (MMA) resinous flooring systems offer both rapid and very low temperature cure.


True or false: Vinyl ester resin systems are good choices for secondary containment dikes where chemicals are stored.


What organization has developed specifications, tests, and an approved supplier and products list for finishes used on athletic wood floors?


True or false: Both polyurea and polyurethane elastomeric coatings exhibit strong weathering and water resistance when applied to metal roofs.


Which one of the following coating types is the least commonly used as an air barrier?


True or false: Fusion-bonded epoxy coatings are cured by UV light.


What is one main component of the coating work strategy called “beneficial procrastination?”


What is a common term used to describe the survey of coatings and substrates in an industrial plant to create a maintenance painting plan and budget?


What is a strippable coating?


True or false: Organic zinc-rich coatings are sometimes recommended for the repair of damaged areas on galvanizing and inorganic zinc-rich-coated steel.


True or false: Using dyes on concrete floors eliminates the non-uniformity of color that is a trademark of acid stains.


What recent development in construction makes UV resistance of interior floor coatings desirable?


Crack-bridging is normally associated with what type of coating?


What do Sigma Kalon, Keeler & Long, and Ameron have in common?


What association has an Architectural Coatings Committee?


What organization recently conducted a study on the air barrier performance of conventional coatings applied at conventional film thicknesses?


What general name is given to a coating that responds with corrective measures when corrosion is detected beneath it?


What is the best definition of a biomimetic coating?


Mineral paints used on masonry substrates use what type of binders?


What is the name usually given to a robotic surface preparation machine used in the field on ship and tank exteriors?


What is “open time” in coating work?


What is an exempt solvent?


Painted-on solar cells that can convert light to energy, as developed at Notre Dame University recently, have what main drawback?


Which of the following antigraffiti coating types is likely to be the most durable and resistant to repeated cleaning with detergents?


What is the association focused on the global thick film high performance elastomer industry?


A hard, continuous wind of 15 mph and up can have what effect on spray painting of solvent-borne coatings?


When acid etching is used to create a profile on concrete in preparation for painting, why is it important to rinse the concrete thoroughly after the etching is completed?


True or false: All sealers for concrete substrates form a thin film on the surface of the concrete.


True or false: Several companies now produce coatings that are water-oil hybrids.


True or false: Hybrid alkyd coatings containing both water and oil are now available for industrial maintenance applications.


True or false: For color and gloss retention on aluminum extrusions in exterior exposure, baked enamels provide the best performance.


True or false: The color options available when anodizing aluminum are more extensive than those available with paint.


True or false: Inorganic zinc pre-construction primers for shipbuilding normally have more zinc content than inorganic zinc primers applied after fabrication.


The biggest drop in a coating’s solar reflectance occurs in what time period, according to a recent field performance study by the Reflective Roof Coatings Institute?


In what type of coating would you be most likely to find ammonium polyphosphate?


Why is crystalline silica sand more likely to cause silicosis when used as an air abrasive blasting material than it is in its natural state, for instance, as beach or river sand?


What raw material supplier recently announced an agreement with a biotechnology firm to develop an industrial-scale process for producing acrylic acid from sugar?


Which of the following coating types is an inorganic/organic hybrid?


Why are chlorinated rubber and vinyl coatings no longer widely used in the U.S. as protective coatings?


If a coating cures by coalescence, what phrase below best describes the mechanism of cure?


Which of the following attributes is not normally considered an advantage of vinyl ester coatings?


True or false: The less permeable a coating for exterior masonry is, the more durable it is likely to be.


What is the effect of air temperature on the pot life of a two-component coating?


True or false: Some waterborne alkyd coatings use bio-based resins.


True or false: Despite their higher cost, polysiloxanes and fluorourethanes are sometimes specified for water tank exteriors.


True or false: A recent study by the Reflective Roof Coatings Institute (RRCI ) found wide disparities in the reflectance properties of different generic coating types.


Which of the following is not considered an advantage of liquid-applied air barriers?


What is meant by the word “exempt” in the phrase “exempt solvent?”


Which of the following product types is a water-repellant for masonry and concrete that penetrates pores, is breathable, and does not change the appearance of the substrate to which it is applied?


True or false: Coating manufacturers no longer recommend coal tar epoxy coating systems.


Inside a confined space, where do solvent vapors normally collect?


What equipment adjustment below helps in the application of high solids coatings?


True or false: Conventional air spraying produces less overspray than airless spraying.


What agency recently adopted VOC limits on colorants in architectural coatings?


Where does white rust form?


True or false: Fusion bond epoxy (FBE) coating is widely used to protect structural steel in power plants.


When can you safely topcoat an inorganic zinc rich coating?


Bio-based resins for coatings are being developed from what agricultural material?


What instrument is used for non-destructive measurement of the dry film thickness of coatings on concrete?


A variation on polyurethane coating chemistry that allows for faster curing times and higher film builds has what name?


Which of the following is classified as a sacrificial anti-graffiti coating material?


Lithium silicate is used for what function?


The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code for the first time gives air barrier performance requirements for what building constituents?


Which of the following generic types of coatings has the most heat resistance?


True or false: Fluoropolymer coatings are routinely used as topcoats on bridges in Japan.


True or false: Mobile UV-cure machines are now used to achieve rapid return to service after coating of concrete floors.


Which of the following has been banned as an ingredient in antifouling coatings on ocean-going vessels?


Accordiing to UL's Fire Resistance Directory, how is a coating categorized when its purpose is to reduce flame spread?


Why do some suppliers and project specifications prohibit the blending of partial kits of multi-component coatings?


What are the most commonly used thermal spraying materials for corrosion protection of steel?


What are the conditions necessary for corrosion of steel to occur?


What standard classifies the durability of anti-corrosion paint systems as low, medium, and high?


Prior to the widespread understanding of their negative health effects, what is the main reason that lead pigments were widely used in protective coatings?


Where are the resin and catalyst or curing agent mixed in a plural component spray system?


True or false: A coating that passes 500 hours of QUV accelerated exposure will pass a test of 10 years’ outdoor exposure at a South Florida test site.


What type of gages are used to measure the dry film thickness of coatings on concrete?


True or false: Powder coatings are 100% solids materials.


What is “green” concrete, when the term “green” does not refer to a positive environmental impact?


True or false: In a broad sense, any polymer used as a basic material for coatings is called a resin.


True or false: The threat of mud cracking in highly pigmented paints applied at high film builds is likely to be diminished in coating films that employ spherical pigments.


True or false: Organic zinc-rich coatings are generally more tolerant of deficient surface preparation than inorganic zinc-rich coatings.


Which of the following products types are offered as cool pavement materials?


True or false: Glass flake is sometimes used in coatings to make them more permeable.


True or false: The Air Barrier Association of America (ABAA) lists and describes the products of 9 companies in its specification on Fluid-applied Air and Vapor Barriers.


Micaceous iron oxide is a pigment providing what kind of properties to protective coatings among the choices listed?


True or false: To achieve good esthetics and fire resistance on exposed structural steel in building interiors, cementitious spray-applied fire resistant materials should be used.


Why would a test for moisture content of concrete be important prior to application of thick-film elastomeric coatings?


Research at North Dakota State University has led to the development of bio-based resins and coatings using all but one of the following agricultural sources. Which is not one of the sources?


True or false: Two- and three-coat epoxy systems are often recommended for ships' ballast tank linings.


True or false: Alkyds are often recommended for application to concrete surfaces.


How does a dry film thickness measurement of a coating on steel take into account the blast profile on the steel?


True or false: When a coating is applied to a wood surface degraded by exposure to sunlight, the coating can fail because of the weakness in the surface layer.


Which of the following is not an exclusively marine exhibition?


Which of the following solvents is not a hydrocarbon type?


What ingredients can make a dark-colored coating solar-reflective?


What is the most commonly used material for thermal spraying when it is used for corrosion protection?


True or false: Several companies offer “cool pavement” coatings to reduce the heat island effect.


What polymer concrete resin is based on an alcohol derived from agricultural wastes such as rice and oat hulls and corn cobs?


True or false: Galvanizing is sometimes coated with organic coatings to extend its service life.


What kind of coating employs an interacting acid source, carbon source, and blowing agent?


The epoxy curing agent phenalkamine is derived from what source?


What organization presents an annual coatings for concrete conference in January each year?


What is the effect on film build of increasing the solids content in a coating?


Which one of the following generic coating types protects steel from corrosion by sacrificial action?


When a coating is specified to have an 8-mil dry film thickness, and its volume solids is 59%, what should be the wet film thickness of the coating?


When you add non-exempt solvents as thinners to a high solids coating, what happens to the VOC content?


Two-component epoxy coatings cure by what mechanism?


Coating film formation by coalescence occurs through which of the following mechanisms?


Why is back rolling often required following airless spraying of coatings over concrete blocks (CMUs)?


Which of the following statement about mixing two-component materials is not true?


An epoxy-modified siloxane clear coating would be classified as what type of anti-graffiti coating?


True or false: Single-ply roofing membranes such as EPDM cannot be restored by application of liquid-applied coating systems.


When moisture-curing coatings are over-mixed, what is most likely to occur?


Reflectance and emissivity are important qualities of what kinds of coatings?


True or false: White elastomeric acrylics are not used as reflective coatings for maintenance of metal roofing.


Dried salt deposits on a brick exterior (see photo), resulting from moisture leakage through a wall, are called what?


True or false: Water beading on a new concrete floor indicates it is ready for application of a chemically reactive stain.


How can air abrasive blasting with sponge media create a profile on steel?


When did the South Coast Air Quality Management District (CA) issue its latest version of Rule 1113, which covers coatings for industrial structures in the field?


True or false: Hydrated lime is used as an antimicrobial agent in some coatings.


Which of the AAMA performance standards for coatings on aluminum extrusions and panels is the most stringent?


Sacrificial protection refers to which of the following?


How can paint be made conductive for electrostatic spraying?


Which of the following did a recently completed study by the Reflective Roof Coatings Institute (RRCI) determine does NOT have a significant effect on solar reflectance level with aging of the surface?


Corrosion of rebar is likely to cause which of the following conditions in concrete?


True or false: Non-film-forming coatings used as sealers on concrete and masonry cannot be pigmented to alter the appearance properties of substrates.


In a corrosion cell, where does the corrosion occur?


Which of the following characteristics of paint is easily tested in the field?


What is the most unique feature of a plural-component spray system?


What coating defect is likely to be caused by exceeding the recoat interval recommended for an epoxy?


In using 2-component coating materials, what is induction time?


What is the conventional wisdom about the amount of time required for concrete to cure before it can be coated?


True or false: Some waterborne floor coatings are cured by UV light.


On a coatings’ product data sheet, what does “theoretical coverage” mean?


True or false: Single-component polyurethane coatings are always waterborne.


True or false: Any kind of metal can be used in coatings for sacrificial protection of steel.


According to ASTM D 6083, what should be the minimum dry film thickness for elastomeric acrylic cool roof coatings?


True or false: Polyurea coatings tend to be slow-curing materials.


True or false: Novolac epoxies and polymer concretes are sometimes selected as flooring systems over concrete for resistance to chemicals.


What organization issued “Technical Bulletin # 16: Air Barriers” in April this year?


Cashew nut shells are the source of what coating ingredient?


Which of the following types of coatings are normally used on the faying surfaces of steel joints?


True or false: Silver is used in some antimicrobial coatings.


True or false: Weatherable fluoropolymer coatings for bridges and tanks are available only in solvent-borne formulations.


Pittsburgh's Birmingham Bridge has appeared on two JPCL covers: May 2011 and an earlier issue, after 10 years of service. What was the year of the original cover?

Clue: The coating system has never been replaced.


Why do some product data sheets for coatings require that the surface temperature of the substrate be at least 5 Fahrenheit degrees higher than the dew point temperature?


True or false: The SSPC standards SSPC-Paint 20 and SSPC-Paint 29 contain both performance and composition requirements for zinc-rich coatings.


True or false: Zero-VOC colorants are available in the marketplace, but most paint stores use conventional, VOC-containing colorants for tinting.


Which of the following polyurethane types tends to yellow in sunlight?


True or false: Paint can spoil in the can, decomposing and releasing foul odors.


True or false: Titanium dioxide is mainly an anti-corrosive pigment.


Which of the following surface preparation methods for concrete produces the largest surface profile?


ICRI recommends how much surface profile in its surface preparation requirements for polymer overlays on concrete?


What makes a polysiloxane a hybrid coating?


True or false: A universal primer has the same function as a wash primer.


Air barriers provide what benefit to buildings?


True or false: zinc and magnesium can be used as sacrificial metals for the galvanic protection of steel.


What is another name for a curing agent that aids and participates in the cure of a coating film by chemical reaction?


Some coatings are claimed to be HAPS-free. What are HAPS?


The most important requirements for exterior wall coatings on concrete include all but which one of the following, according to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers?


True or false: Anodize systems for architectural aluminum curtain wall elements provide more color options than coating systems.


Among fire-protective coatings, how are intumescents classified?


What type of coating contains an acid source, a carbon source, and a blowing agent?


True or false: Elastomeric coatings are generally able to bridge minor cracks in concrete.


True or false: Polyurethanes formulated with aromatic polyisocyanates tend to have very strong weathering capabilities.


Baked enamel coating systems based on acrylics or polyesters are most likely to fall short of fluoropolymer systems in what performance property?


Reflectance and emittance are important performance properties of what type of coatings?


Which of the following coating types is used as a non-film-forming sealer for concrete substrates?


What is mica?


True or false: To be effective, a seal coat over a thermal-sprayed zinc coating must be applied after a significant amount of natural oxidation has occurred.


Which of the following coating types is not normally used as a permanent (non-sacrificial) anti-graffiti coating?


Cuprous oxide is sometimes used in what types of coatings?


True or false: Liquid-applied, reinforced polymeric membranes are sometimes used for waterproofing in a green (garden) roof system.


True or false: Coatings with a high degree of internal stress should be used for overcoating an existing coating to extend its lifetime.


What organization created the Energy Star Program?


True or false: UL will not approve an intumescent, fire-resistive coating material if it is topcoated.


Which of the following resin systems can be used to create an elastomeric coating?


True or False: ASHRAE's Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings (90.1-2010) requires use of an air barrier in the building envelope, with a few exceptions.


One of the main reasons for the use of infrared-reflecive (IR) pigments in roof coatings is


Chlorinated rubber coatings are no longer used in most applications. What is the main reason?


True or false: The Collaborative for High Performance Schools (CHPS) requires a declaration from the coatings manufacturer stipulating that a coating is a low-emitting material to qualify it for use in the CHPS program.


Vermiculite is sometimes used in what type of coating?


True or false: Delamination is not normally a significant risk when overcoating an existing coating material.


What organization publishes inspection manuals dealing with spray-applied, fire-resistive coating materials?


How are antimicrobial biocides used in paint?


Which of the following is most likely to be a disadvantage rather than an advantage of shop painting?


True or false: Liquid-applied air barrier systems often require the limited use of peel and stick materials.


Cross-link density, use of platey pigments, and thick films contribute to what mechanism of corrosion protection in a coating?


True or false: Silane and siloxane sealers prevent both water ingress into concrete and moisture vapor from escaping the concrete.


Lumiflon(R), Kynar(R), and Hylar(R) are brand names for what kind of resin used in coatings for architectural metal?


True or false: ANSI/NSF 61 addresses coatings performance issues as well as the health effects of coatings for potable water tanks.


Why is a polysiloxane classified as a hybrid coating?


Infrared reflective (IR) pigments are most likely to be used in what functional type of coating?


True or false: Organic zinc-rich coatings resist higher temperatures than inorganic zinc-rich coatings.


What name is sometimes given to a coating system comprised of galvanizing together with an organic coating?


True or false: Non-film-forming sealers, such as siloxanes, allow moisture to escape from within concrete substrates.


True or false: The green patina that forms when bronze weathers naturally without a coating is protective of the base metal.


True or false: Water-vapor pressure is normally lower than air pressure on a structure.


True or false: Powder coatings are 100% solids materials.


True or false: Anodizing of architectural aluminum is normally completed in a single-step process that produces both an oxide film and the desired color.


The term “mastic,” as in epoxy mastic, often refers to what characteristic?


What type of material is normally used to create a sacrificial anti-graffiti coating?


True or false: The “workhorse” coating for protecting sheet piling, specified by the US Army Corps of Engineers and other owners, is coal tar epoxy.


How are low-VOC coatings created?


True or false: An air barrier, in addition to improving the energy efficiency of a building, minimizes moisture transport through the building envelope.


Which of the following generic coating systems is used the most for high-end architectural metal roofing?


What kind of coatings are normally used on the faying surfaces of slip-critical joints?


True or false: The hiding power of a coating is significantly affected by the amount of titanium dioxide in the formulation.


What is the name given to the pressure caused by differences in concentration of solution on each side of a semi-permeable membrane?


Slip resistance of wood-floor finishes are influenced most by what characteristic?


True or false: Moisture-cured polyurethanes are single-component materials.


True or false: Paints with antimicrobial properties must be registered with EPA.


Which of the following binder types would normally not be specified as a liquid-applied air barrier?


In protective coatings work, which of the following might be called a dolly?


True or false: Some coatings are formulated for application to "green" concrete.


True or false: Aromatic polyurethanes tend to retain gloss and color better than aliphatic polyurethanes


Which of the following factors can influence the durability of barrier protection from a coating?


True or false: Acrylic-modified polysiloxane coatings generally have strong UV resistance and gloss retention properties.


True or false: Antimicrobial biocides are used for both in-can preservation of liquid paint and prevention of the growth of microorganisms on applied paint films.


True or false: If a zinc-rich coating has a silicate binder, it is classified as an organic zinc-rich.


True or false: Some field-applied fluoropolymer coatings can meet VOC requirements of 100 grams per liter.


What US organization has done preliminary research on developing a 100-year life coating?


What is CHPS?


Which of the following are lead- and chromate-free inhibitive pigments?


Why are fireproofing materials such as intumescent or cementitious coatings used on structural steel in buildings?


True or false: For metal substrates, infrared-reflective (IR) pigments make it possible to use dark colors on cool roofs.


A liquid-applied air barrier has what main advantage over a sheet-applied material?


True or false: Clear, non-film forming masonry sealers, such as silanes and siloxanes, have little effect on vapor permeability, thereby allowing water vapor to exit the masonry substrate.


True or false: Elastomeric coatings on masonry substrates can often bridge cracks and accommodate some crack movement.


True or false: Anti-graffiti coatings are loosely classified as either permanent or sacrificial.


A dry, white deposit on portions of the exterior of a brick walled building is called what?


What organization has developed a test method to determine air leakage of air barrier assemblies?


True or false: Primers and topcoats used with intumescent, fire-resistant coatings, as well as the intumescent coatings themselves, require the approval of Underwriters Laboratories.


What is the "conventional wisdom" regarding the amount of time that should elapse before newly poured concrete can be painted?


What characteristic of a coating allows it to “breathe”?


The first epoxy coatings were sold in what year?


True or false: A clear polyurethane used to seal a coated concrete surface should exhibit maximum turbidity.


Which of the following is not classified as an additive in a coating formulation?


What is a prime pigment?


Which of the following pigments is used as an extender for paints?


True or false: To assess the cure and recoatability of a multi-coat, thin-film intumescent coating, manufacturers sometimes specify use of a Durometer test.


True or false: On a maple, high performance athletic floor, gloss levels of the coating must be controlled to control slipperiness.


What is the difference between resistance requirements of a vapor barrier and an air barrier?


Commonly specified concrete floor coatings include all but which of the following choices?


True or false: Spray polyurethane foam is sometimes installed as a roof membrane over which an acrylic reflective roof coating is applied.


How is a sieve analysis used in protective coating work?


True or false: The fire-resistance ratings of intumescent coatings are expressed in terms of hours, indicating how long the coating can adequately protect the substrate in a fire.


True or false: The Society for Protective Coatings (SSPC) has a qualification procedure and certification program for painting contractors who apply architectural paints and coatings.


Why are fluorine-based polymers among the best permanent anti-graffiti coatings?


Which of the following is not an oxygenated solvent?


True or false: EIFS (exterior insulating and finishing system) often includes an air barrier, an insulation layer, a reinforced polymer cement basecoat, and a textured finish coat


What is the main reason that thin-film intumescent fire-resistant coatings are preferred in clean-room environments rather than cementitious fireproofing?


Which of the following would not be considered an extender pigment in a coating?


Liquid-applied air barriers are generally superior to self-adhering membranes in what way?


Elastomeric roof coatings can be based on which of the following resin chemistries:


True or false: Air leakage into a building can generate much more moisture than moisture vapor transmission can.


Which of the coatings below would you recommend for high heat service to 1000° F?


True or false: Biocides are used for in-can preservation of solvent-borne coatings.


Aluminum, mica, and glass flake are what type of pigments?


Bisphenol A is combined with which of the following to produce epoxy resins?


Methyl methacrylate, used in liquid-applied waterproofing and traffic-marking paints, is the primary raw material in what well-known product?


What function do surfactants not perform in coatings?


It is considered important for a concrete floor coating to be "breathable." What does this mean?


True or false: Reflective roof coatings do not have to be white to be effective.


Which of the following is a recently developed technology for antibacterial coatings?


The migration of ashpalt from a roof to the surface of a white roof coating applied over it is called what?


Which of the following is an anti-graffiti coating that functions by low "surface-free energy?"


Which of the following generic coating types is not an alternative to polyurethane topcoats on metal substrates in atmospheric service?


According to ASTM D 6083, how thick should an acrylic reflective roof coating be?


Which of the following pigment classes is normally not used as an extender pigment?


 
 
   

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