Daily Quiz (159)


The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health is a unit of what larger organization?


True or false: OSHA cannot issue a citation unless one of its regulations has not been violated.


What substance was being discussed when a PaintSquare reader wrote the following: “Abrasive blasting creates inhalation hazards for the blaster as well anyone within the zone of influence no matter what kind of media you use"?


True or false: According to the EPA, the national level of inhalable particles in the air, based upon monitoring at 121 sites, has decreased 26% between 1990 and 2018.


True or false: With respirator use during abrasive blasting, the approved air hose from the respirator manufacturer must be used.


True or false: For work in hazardous environments, OSHA requires work practice and engineering controls to mitigate the hazards before respiratory protection is employed.


What organization offers the Spanish-language manual, Manual De Seguridad Y Campo De Salud?


True or false: The breathing air of a supplied air respirator can be a potential inhalation hazard to abrasive blasters.


True or false: Recently, the European Commission officially decided to classify titanium dioxide in its powder form as not suspected of causing cancer to humans.


True or false: Particles of concrete dislodged from a concrete substrate by abrasive blasting do not pose any inhalation hazards.


Among these workplace hazards, which one is not one of OSHA’s “Fatal Four?”


Of 8,400 classrooms for 3-K through first grade in New York City, how many were found to be contaminated with lead paint during inspections in 2019?


What organization conducts research on safety and health issues and provides technical assistance to OSHA?


True or false: In fiscal year 2018, OSHA investigations of whistleblower complaints decreased from complaints investigated in the previous year.


True or false: Some of the toxic health effects of methylene chloride can occur after a very short, acute exposure.


True or false: Abrasive blast workers are not regularly exposed to noise in excess of 120 dBA.


True or false: Bitrex can be used for respirator fit testing.


In a private survey of architects and hospital administrators, what was the least important attribute of wall coatings for hospitals?


Who said: “There was some pining for the old, forgiving lead-based paints, but the data clearly shows that modern coatings outclass the old technology and certainly have achieved and even exceeded environmental and worker-safety goals that initially seemed so challenging.”?


True or false: European authorities are studying the possibility that titanium dioxide may be a carcinogen to humans.


Opacity observations of air pollution emissions are sometimes reported using what rating system?


True or false: While OSHA’s Construction Industry standards require that abrasive blasting respirators be worn during abrasive blasting operations, its General Industry standards do not have this requirement.


In a recently published guidance document, the American Industrial Hygiene Association named and described four, often chronic, construction site health hazards: high temperatures, air contaminants, noise and what fourth hazard?


True or false: NIOSH is the organization that defines the content of Grade D breathing air, required in CFR 1910.134 for supplied air respirators.


True or false: Saccharin is not accepted by OSHA as an agent for qualitative fit testing of respirators.


True or false: Abrasive blasting of concrete substrates can produce silica sand inhalation hazards.


True or false: OSHA's Construction Industry Fall Protection Standard requiring controls for fall hazards is not invoked until work is conducted at a height of 10 feet or higher.


True or false: All dust is dangerous to breathe and abrasive blasting, whether it is wet abrasive blasting or dry abrasive blasting, generates dust above the PEL recommended by NIOSH and enforced by OSHA, says a JPCL writer.


How are the number of OSHA’s field inspections expected to change in the next two years?


Ventilation is what form of control to mitigate the hazard of air pollutants in the workplace, according to NIOSH?


Among the top 10 violation types in 2018, where on the list did "personal protective and lifesaving equipment—eye and face protection” place, according to an OSHA announcement?


According to NIOSH, the hierarchy of hazard controls considers which one of the following to be the least desirable?


True or false: According to a PaintSquare blogger, respiratory protection plans are usually properly implemented.


True or false: According to OSHA, the “Fatal Four” leading causes of construction industry fatalities are falls, electrocution, being struck by an object and crushing.


True or false: According to OSHA, inhalation hazards that can be derived from a concrete substrate when abrasive blasting include asbestos and silicates but not silica sand.


True or false: OSHA has been petitioned to create a standard on worker exposure to high heat.


True or false: Abrasive blast cleaning workers are regularly exposed to noise in excess of 120 dBA.


True or false: OSHA can issue a citation even if one of its regulations has not been violated.


True or false: Workplace fatalities increased slightly in 2017.


True or false: Neither the irritant smoke test nor the banana oil test are quantitative fit test methods for air-purifying and supplied-air respirators.


True or false: OSHA requires the use of personal protective equipment before an employer can use administrative or engineering controls to eliminate or reduce the workplace hazard of contaminated air.


True or false: According to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, “occupational skin diseases are the second most common type of occupational disease.”


True or false: The maximum level of carbon monoxide allowed by OSHA for breathing air used in air-supplied respirators is 10 ppm.


Which of the following causes of construction worker fatalities is not among the top four, according to OSHA statistics for 2014?


True or false: According to a write-up on PaintSquare, failure to ensure that Grade D breathing air is supplying a blast hood is the top failing in implementing a respiratory protection plan.


True or false: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has indicated that male construction industry workers are the least likely to commit suicide among all industries.


True or false: Manufacturers of supplied air respirators must acquire approval for these products from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.


What is an example of an engineering control, according to OSHA, during cleaning or painting operations in an enclosed space?


True or false: For a supplied-air respirator, OSHA requires Grade D air with an oxygen content of 19.5 to 23.5 percent.


True or false: A recent Durability + Design poll found that 90 percent of respondents said the painting industry is properly educated on the potential of hearing loss caused by solvent exposure, as described by OSHA.


True or false: Threshold limit values on exposure to chemical substances are legally binding limits.


True or false: HAPS is an acronym for hazardous air particulates.


True or false: ANSI/NSF 61 addresses the health effects of coatings for potable water tanks but not coatings performance issues.


True or false: The anhydrous calcium chloride test for measuring moisture in concrete slabs is a quantitative rather than a qualitative test.


True or false: NIOSH announced on Aug. 22 that it posted on its website FAQs and training videos offering guidance on OSHA’s new silica rule.


True or false: Lyndon Johnson signed the Occupational Safety and Health Act, establishing OSHA.


True or false: Non-sparking tools can produce sparks.


A high-efficiency particulate air filter removes over 99 percent of particles larger than what size?


True or false: NIOSH conducts research on health and safety and provides assistance to OSHA.


True or false: UHP technology has been modified to create specialized firefighting equipment.


True or false: Opacity observations of air pollution emissions are sometimes reported using the Kasmirsky Scale.


True or false: Tests determined that the cladding panels—aluminum sheets with a polyethylene core—were the only possible cause of the rapid flame spread during the Grenfell Tower fire in London.


True or false: According to NIOSH, hearing loss is the most common work-related injury in the construction industry.


True or false: Exposure to solvents used in paints can cause hearing loss.


True or false: The maximum level of carbon monoxide allowed by OSHA in breathing air for supplied-air respirators is 50 ppm.


True or false: SHAPP is the abbreviation for the emission standard set by the EPA to cover exposure to hazardous air pollutants in steel fabrication and paint shops, among other facilities.


True or false: The number of worker fatalities declined by more than half from 1971, when OSHA was established, to 2016.


True or false: According to an EPA risk assessment, the dangers of methylene chloride exposure include death; certain cancers; and liver, kidney and reproductive toxicities as a result of both short, acute exposure and years of occupational exposure.


True or false: A recent NIOSH study concluded there is a definitive correlation between occupational noise exposure and heart disease.


True or false: In abrasive blasting work, 100-micron-sized dust particles are respirable and therefore dangerous to health.


Which of the following entities has filed a lawsuit against OSHA over the issuance of its beryllium rule?


True or false: NIOSH conducts research on safety and health issues and provides technical assistance to OSHA.


True or false: OSHA’s Construction Industry Fall Protection Standard is invoked when a worker operates at a height of 10 feet or greater.


True or false: Whether you are wet blasting or dry blasting, you must use a Type CE supplied-air respirator.


True or false: Of seven problems with air-fed respirator usage, the one listed first in a recent PaintSquare blog is not ensuring that the respirator is being supplied with Grade D breathing air.


What organization publishes the Supervisor’s Safety Manual for painting contractors?


True or false: There are three broad sources of potential inhalation hazards from abrasive blasting, according to a JPCL article.


True or false: OSHA requires every supplied-air respirator user to understand the hazards the respirator protects him or her from, but it does not require the user to understand how to maintain the respirator.


In abrasive blasting work, how small do dust particles have to be to make them respirable and therefore dangerous to health?


True or false: Replacement parts for air-supplied respirators, if they are not from the original manufacturer, must be approved by NIOSH.


Which of the following alternatives is an engineering control for an air-contaminant workplace hazard?


True or false: According to a recent JPCL article, over 350 workers die each year as a result of falls when working at heights.


True or false: OSHA has extended the date of enforcement of its respirable silica exposure rule by six months.


What is an example of an engineering control, according to OSHA, during cleaning or painting operations in an enclosed space?


Respirators must be approved by what agency?


Where do many toxic and oxygen-displacing gases accumulate in confined spaces?


True or false: According to a recent D+D In Depth article, there are no standards for durable color performance of field-applied coatings with bright colors, such as Safety Red.


True or false: A recent decision by a state supreme court has established that companies are not liable if members of an employee’s household are sickened by secondhand asbestos exposure.


True or false: As of 2016, hazard communication lapses dominated the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's annual list of the most frequently cited federal workplace safety violations in the U.S. for five years in a row.


Which of the following types of contaminants, introduced in the vicinity of a person wearing a half-mask respirator to determine if it fits properly, are allowed by OSHA for quantitative fit testing?


Which of the following alternatives is an engineering control for an air-contaminant workplace hazard?


What is the leading cause of workers’ compensation claims, according to a safety association cited in a D+D article?


True or false: The health effects of exposure to titanium dioxide (TiO2) have recently come into question in a study carried out by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


True or false: Sick building syndrome is the same as “building-related illness.”


True or false: Accelerated testing of exterior coatings containing nanoparticles, conducted by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, has produced data about the release of nanoparticles into the environment that may help in assessing the health and environmental impacts from these releases.


True or false: A study published in The Lancet estimated that 4,600 deaths worldwide were caused by silicosis in 2013.


According to the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the hierarchy of hazard controls considers which one of the following to be the least desirable?


According to the EPA, what is the diameter of particles that are respirable?


True or false: Permissible exposure limits and threshold limit values are legally binding limits.


True or false: Abrasive blast workers are regularly exposed to noise levels of 90-100 decibels.


What instrument would you use to measure a floor's traction?


True or false: The new OSHA action level for exposure to crystalline silica has been reduced from 100 micrograms per cubic meter to 25 micrograms per cubic meter, time-weighted average in an 8-hour period.


In abrasive blasting work, how small do dust particles have to be to make them respirable?


True or false: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, a branch of the Department of Health and Human Services, is responsible for developing and enforcing mandatory job safety and health standards.


Recommendations in SSPC-Guide 12 on lighting of industrial coating projects, formerly derived from the now defunct ANSI/IES, Practice for Industrial Lighting, have been replaced with recommendations from what state’s specification on bridge construction?


What is the abbreviation for the emission standard set by EPA to cover exposure to hazardous air pollutants in steel fabrication and paint shops, among other facilities?


What is the name of the provision in OSHA standards that is used in inspections where there are no specific standards applicable to the particular hazard involved?


True or false: OSHA estimates that its new “Respirable Crystalline Silica in Construction” standard will save over 600 lives and prevent 900 new cases of silicosis each year.


True or false: OSHA’s new Construction Industry Standard on exposure to crystalline silica establishes a PEL of 100 micrograms of silica per-cubic-meter of air at an eight-hour time weighted average (TWA).


True or false: A body belt with a lifeline connected to a secure anchorage is accepted as a safe personal fall arrest system by OSHA.


What is the new permissible exposure limit for crystalline silica, in micrograms per cubic meter of air, averaged over an 8-hour shift?


True or false: A person hanging in a harness after a fall can die from suspension trauma if the rescue is delayed.


What organization conducts an annual assessment of structurally deficient bridges in the U.S.?


Five painters died and three were injured in a 2007 confined space accident in what type of facility?


According to OSHA's recent announcement, what was the most cited safety violation to date in 2015?


True or False: Federal agencies are not required to comply with the same health and safety standards as private-sector employers.


The National Floor Safety Institute makes what claim about slips and falls in the workplace?


True or false: The American Industrial Hygiene Association conducts research on safety and health issues and provides technical assistance to OSHA.


In what waters did an offshore platform disaster occur, resulting in the death of 167 men?


According to a study published in The Lancet, how many deaths worldwide were caused by silicosis in 2013?


True or false: Persons designated as Program Administrators of a company’s respiratory protection program must be trained and certified by OSHA.


True or false: OSHA’s General Duty Clause requires employees to comply with safety standards and regulations.


True or false: According to the American Chemistry Council, OSHA is regulating the permissible exposure limits of 99% of the 8,300 chemicals used in significant amounts in the workplace.


True or false: More than 95 percent of OSHA’s Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs) on hazardous chemicals in the workplace were updated in 2013-2014.


True or false: OSHA’s Fall Protection Standard is invoked when workers are at heights of 6 feet or greater.


True or false: If a coating has 50 grams per liter or less of VOCs, it is said to be HAPS-free.


All respiratory protection equipment used in the workplace must be approved by what organization?


True or false: According to a recent Applicator Training Bulletin in JPCL, the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 lists and describes the responsibilities of both employers and employees for safety in the workplace.


True or false: If ventilation is used on a worksite to mitigate safety hazards, it is classified by OSHA as personal protective equipment.


The approval of what agency is required for supplied-air respirators?


The revised OSHA Hazard Communication Standard, which went into effect in May 2012, requires training of employees on new label elements and safety data sheet formats by what date?


True or False: Polished concrete, when properly processed, will meet or exceed the slip-coefficient of friction requirements of ANSI/NFSI.


What is the name of the collection of northeastern states and the District of Columbia working together to reduce ground-level ozone?


LEED v4 makes its official debut at the Greenbuild Show in November. What was the previous version of LEED called?


Why is crystalline silica sand more likely to cause silicosis when it is used for abrasive blasting, as opposed to when it blows around on a beach?


True or false: OSHA’s 2008 National Emphasis Program on Crystalline Silica explicitly identified abrasive blast cleaning as a high-exposure activity.


What organization recently issued recommended exposure limits to carbon nanotubes and nanofibers?


Which of the following alternatives is an engineering control for an air-contaminant workplace hazard?


What agency is in charge of testing and certifying respirators?


True or false: Working at a height of 6 feet invokes OSHA’s Construction Industry Fall Protection Standard (29 CFR 1926 Subpart L).


What organization tests for the health effects of coatings in contact with potable water?


True or False: Federal agencies must comply with the same health and safety standards as private-sector employers.


Five painters died and three were injured in a 2007 confined space accident in what type of facility?


Breathing grade compressed air (Grade D, as specified by the Compressed Gas Association) must contain what percentage of oxygen by volume?


True or false: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, a branch of the Department of Health and Human Services, is responsible for developing and enforcing mandatory job safety and health standards.


What is the most important reason for a lanyard to be flexible when it is used with a lifeline and safety harness?


Manufacturers of supplied air respirators must acquire approval for these products from what agency?


Where are you most likely to find oxygen-deficient air?


True or false: The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health prepares and publishes standards on safety in the workplace.


According to OSHA, what is the primary problem with this marine scaffolding assembly?


In abrasive blasting work, how small do dust particles have to be to make them respirable and therefore dangerous to health?


What is the source of the specification for Grade D breathing air?


If you are using a supplied-air respirator for protection during abrasive blast cleaning, when is it OK to take it off?


True or false: Federal law requires that Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS), also know as a Product Safety Data Sheet, be published by coating manufacturers for their products, and that employers have these data sheets on hand in the workplace.


What is the minimum oxygen content of air suitable for breathing?


Skylights on roofs that do not meet OSHA regulatory requirements for hole covers need to have what OSHA-mandated safeguard?


What organization conducts research on safety and health issues and provides technical assistance to OSHA?


What safety precautions does OSHA require when work is conducted from swing stages 10 feet or more above the ground?


An individual using power tools to remove lead-containing paint is wearing a full face respirator with P100 (HEPA) filters and has been fit-tested using the banana oil method. What is the allowable lead exposure level for this worker, according to OSHA Standards?

Arnold Ferguson, CIH, CSP


 
 
   

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