Daily Quiz (129)


What pigment did the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recently release a revised draft risk evaluation for?


True or False: Rutile titanium dioxide is often used to provide color (white) and opacity to coatings.


Optically active pigment (OAP) technology can help uncover all of the following coating mechanisms except:


This type of additive, used in petroleum and water storage tank linings, help make holidays and pinholes visible when illuminated with an eye-safe LED light.


True of False: Prime pigments possess colorant value and hiding power.


True or false: A sacrificial pigment is likely to be used as a midcoat.


What type of pigments possess colorant value and hiding power?


True or false: Prime pigments have lower refractive indexes than extender pigments.


True or false: Micaceous iron oxide pigment improves the barrier properties of a coating.


True or false: Complex Inorganic Color Pigments (CICP) combine extremely durable colorfastness, IR-reflective capability and vivid colors.


Ion exchange pigments would most likely be found in what type of coating?


In coating work, what are fines?


IR pigments are most likely to be used in what type of coating?


At what university is a collection of more than 2,500 pigments?


True or false: Epoxy coatings formulated for application over green concrete (less than 28 days of cure) must contain inhibitive pigments.


Pigments that overlap one another in a coating film and thereby create a tortuous path for the migration of moisture to the substrate beneath the coating have what name?


Which of the following words describing a characteristic of pigments does not fit with the other three?


Extender pigments are often classified into four groups: sulfates, carbonates, oxides and what other group?


True or false: Recently, the European Commission officially decided to classify titanium dioxide in its powder form as not suspected of causing cancer to humans.


True or false: Mixed metal oxide pigments produced at high temperatures are used for fire resistance in coatings.


True or false: Zinc phosphate pigments, when used in primers for steel substrates, provide sacrificial protection of the metal.


True or false: European authorities are studying the possibility that titanium dioxide may be a carcinogen to humans.


True or false: Prime pigments in coatings provide colorant value and hiding power.


True or false: Aluminum silicate can be used as an extender pigment.


True or false: ACI has a specification for pigments used to create integrally colored concrete.


Which of the following pigments is not classified as a prime pigment?


True or false: Extender pigments are classified by Clive Hare as functional pigments.


True or false: A collection of 2,500 pigments can be found at the National Institute of Science and Technology.


What is the pigment being discussed in the following quote? “The researchers say that, in addition to being an effective choice for cooling roofs and facades, the pigment also has potential for producing solar energy, and could be used to tint windows or photovoltaic cells.”


True or false: Talc is a widely used extender pigment in coatings.


True or false: Cavern Clay is an extender pigment with anti-corrosion properties.


True or false: Mixed metal oxide pigments produced at high temperatures are used to improve the corrosion resistance of coatings.


True or false: Ion exchange pigments would most likely be used in high-heat coatings.


Which of the following is not a lead- and chromate-free inhibitive pigment?


True or false: Titanium dioxide pigment is manufactured by either the American or the French process.


True or false: Cashew nut shells are used to create color pigments.


True or false: Red iron oxide pigments are stable at high temperatures (above 500°F).


True or false: High levels of cross-link density in coatings is achieved by pigment loading.


What do aluminum, mica and stainless steel pigments have in common?


One of the two main forms of titanium dioxide has what name?


Which of the pigments below provide additional barrier protection to a coating by overlapping and causing moisture to follow a long, roundabout path before reaching the substrate?


What is another name for natural calcium silicate pigment?


What organization has a specification for pigments used to create integrally colored concrete?


What is another name for a polyurethane characterized as Type I by ASTM?


What pigment type provides color, opacity and UV resistance to coatings?


What is the conventional coating term used to describe flake pigments aligning with or floating near the surface of a coating?


True or false: Two-component polyurethanes used as protective coatings are thermosetting coatings.


What pigment is made by both a French process and an American process?


True or false: Once flocculation has occurred with pigment particles, the condition is irreversible.


What type of pigments can provide corrosion resistance, mildew and bacterial resistance, fire retardance and anti-fouling properties?


True or false: Calcium borosilicate has been used as an anti-corrosive pigment in protective coatings.


True or false: Carbon blacks are prime pigments.


An oil-modified polyurethane is sometimes called by what name?


Which of the following is a prime pigment?


True or false: Inhibitive pigments provide cathodic protection to steel.


True or false: CICP (Complex Inorganic Color Pigments) combines extremely durable colorfastness with IR-reflective capability but cannot produce vivid colors.


SSPC is seeking nominations for a Board position in the category, “other product suppliers.” How is this supplier category defined?


What is the name of the process that causes a metal to become inert or unreactive?


True or false: Lamellar pigments are valuable in increasing the permeability of coatings.


True or false: The overlapping of platey pigments in a coating creates crevices that diminish the coating’s barrier properties.


True or false: Hare classifies pigments into four types according to their roles in coatings: functional pigments, extender pigments, prime pigments and pigmentary additives.


Ion exchange pigments would most likely be used in what application?


True or false: Red iron oxide pigment is stable at temperatures of 500 degrees Fahrenheit.


Which of the following pigment types are sometimes used as extenders?


What is the coating term used to describe the action of flake metallic pigments, such as aluminum, and certain other pigments aligning with or floating near or at the coating surface when mixed with a suitable vehicle?


Which of the following is not a platey pigment?


True or false: Ion exchange pigments are normally used in intumescent coatings.


True or false: Coatings with inhibitive pigments are effective in protecting concrete substrates.


What paint pigment is manufactured either by the French process or by the American process?


Nanoparticles of what pigment can be incorporated into outdoor building materials, such as paint or concrete, to reduce smog?


A pigment with a lamellar structure would tend to provide what function in a coating on steel?


True or false: Zinc phosphate pigments, when used in primers for steel substrates, do not provide sacrificial protection of the metal.


True or false: The threat of mud cracking in highly pigmented paints applied at high film builds is likely to be diminished in coating films that employ spherical pigments.


Anatase and rutile are mineral forms of what pigment?


What does the IR stand for in IR pigments.


True or false: Titanium dioxide is used mainly as an anti-corrosive pigment.


Acicular, fibrous, and nodular are terms that describe what pigment property?


What paint pigment is manufactured by the American and the French process?


What is the term for the formation of clusters of pigment particles in a coating after dispersion has been carried out?


True or false: Extender pigments are used only to reduce the cost of manufacturing paint.


Leafing and non-leafing are descriptions of what paint pigment?


Which of the pigments below provide additional barrier protection to a coating by overlapping and causing moisture to follow a long, roundabout path before reaching the substrate?


True or false: The higher the refractive index of a pigment, the lower is its hiding power in a coating.


True or false: Leafing aluminum pigments are completely wetted by the binder and thus spread evenly throughout the coating film.


True or false: Breathable coatings often incorporate platey pigments.


Mixed metal oxide pigments produced at high temperatures are used for what purpose in coatings?


Which of the following is not an inhibitive pigment used in coatings for corrosion control?


Acicular, fibrous, and nodular are terms used to describe what property of pigments?


What coating company was awarded a research grant in 2014 by the Department of Energy to study cool pigment technology in collaboration with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory?


True or false: Complex inorganic color pigments (CICP) contribute to vivid and durable colors in coatings but lack the IR reflectivity needed for reflective roof coatings.


How is talc normally classified as a pigment in coatings?


What is the function of an inhibitive pigment?


What extender pigment is also known as calcite, marble flour, and whiting?


True or false: Titanium dioxide is a highly opaque pigment.


True or false: Inhibitive pigments provide solar reflectance to roof coatings.


True or false: The overlapping of platey pigments in a coating creates crevices that diminish the coating’s barrier properties.


True or false: The threat of mudcracking in thick, heavily pigmented coatings is more likely with spherical than with platey pigments.


Leafing action is characteristic of what paint constituent?


What pigment is made by both a French process and an American process?


True or False: Pigments used to make coatings must be spherical in shape.


Which of the following pigments is most stable at high temperatures (above 500°F)?


True or False: Flocculation increases pigment distribution within a paint material.


IR pigments are most likely to be used in what type of coating?


True or False? Ground mica is used in both joint compound for finishing drywall and as a pigment in paints.


The acronym TSP stands for “Total Suspended Particulate,” as well as for what well-known material in coating work?


True or false: The amount of chalking of a paint film can be affected by the choice of both pigment and binding medium.


True or false: Zinc phosphate pigments, when used in primers for steel substrates, provide sacrificial protection of the metal.


Anatase and rutile are mineral forms of what pigment?


Which of the following pigments is not classified as a prime pigment?


Platey pigments contribute to what mechanism of corrosion protection?


Nanoparticles of what pigment can be incorporated into outdoor building materials, such as paint or concrete, to reduce smog?


True or false: Henry Ford’s high gloss Japan black enamel used on early mass-produced Ford cars and trucks, relied on high levels of lampblack pigment for coloration.


Which of the following are platey pigments?


Acicular, fibrous, and nodular are terms used to describe what pigment property?


True or false: Even in dark colors, IR-pigmented coatings on metal roofs can meet Energy Star requirements for solar reflectance.


What pigment below gives the best hiding power to a coating?


Which pigment used in paints is white?


Ion exchange pigments would most likely be used in what application?


True or false: The addition of pigments is required to match the color of concrete repair materials with the color of the concrete matrix being repaired.


Prior to the widespread understanding of their negative health effects, what is the main reason that lead pigments were widely used in protective coatings?


True or false: The threat of mud cracking in highly pigmented paints applied at high film builds is likely to be diminished in coating films that employ spherical pigments.


Micaceous iron oxide is a pigment providing what kind of properties to protective coatings among the choices listed?


True or false: Titanium dioxide is mainly an anti-corrosive pigment.


Which of the following are lead- and chromate-free inhibitive pigments?


What is a prime pigment?


Which of the following pigments is used as an extender for paints?


Which of the following would not be considered an extender pigment in a coating?


Aluminum, mica, and glass flake are what type of pigments?


Which of the following pigment classes is normally not used as an extender pigment?


 
 
   

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