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January 31 - February 6, 2011

When SSPC-SP3 (Power Tool Cleaning) is specified, how should one decide when to apply the power tool to the entire surface and when to use it just where the coating appears to be defective or rusting?


Selected Answers

From Michael Beitzel of Modjeski & Masters inc on February 19, 2019:
One should not have to decide. The specification should inform what areas should be prepared. Further, it should also specify the type(s) of power tool (s) to be employed. In general., overcoating would likely require the entire surface be prepared, while spot painting would be limited to areas where the coating is defective or rusting.

From Joe Isbell of SAWS on February 7, 2011:
1) Follow project specificatons 2) Perform adhesison testing on other surface areas that do not look bad.

From Frank Rea of GPI - Greenman Pedersen, Inc. on February 4, 2011:

     A coatings condition assessment should be performed before writing the specification to determine if existing coatings may remain. Use a dry film thickness gage to measure the existing coating DFT. Also, make Tooke Gage observations to determine the number of coats of paint. Overcoating becomes risky when the existing coating is very thick or there are many layers. There is a limit to the number of times you can successfully overcoat existing paint.

     Second, evaluate the adhesion of the existing coating in accordance with ASTM D 3359. Use Method A for a DFT of greater than 5 mils or Method B for a DFT less than five mils. It is not recommend to paint over existing coatings with an adhesion rating of less than 3A or 3B. A conservative approach is to not overcoat paint with a rating of less than 4A or 4B. Lastly, determine the type of generic resin in the existing coating by Infrared Spectroscopy. Some generic types of coating are more difficult to overcoat than others, i.e. they require more surface preparation.

From Lee Edelman of Independant on January 30, 2011:
You would apply the power tool to the entire surface if the recoat window had expired, in order to achieve adhesion for the coating to be applied over the cleaned surface. If the existing coating has areas that are defective, power tool cleaning can be a choice of surface prep depending on the type of failure.

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Tagged categories: Power tool cleaning


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