PLA Signed for MD Purple Line Construction
Full-scale construction on the long-delayed Purple Line Light Rail Transit Project in Maryland is set to resume next month, after a new project labor agreement was signed by hundreds of construction workers.
The 16.2-mile, 21-station Purple Line that will link Prince George’s and Montgomery counties has faced numerous delays since its start, including when the original contracted team quit in 2020 over disputes. Earlier this year, it was announced that the project was delayed again to 2026 and that costs needed to complete construction are over $1 billion than originally anticipated.
Labor Agreement Protest
Back in May, Terry Gohde, project manager for Maryland Transit Solutions, said that while construction has never really stopped for the Maryland Transit Administration, major construction was initially anticipated to continue this month.
A “good portion of the underground work” has been completed, with an operations and maintenance facility already having been constructed. “Limited” track work is done, and a shaft that connects the station in Bethesda to the Metro Red Line is reportedly 75% complete.
The opening date remained in October 2026. The public could possibly see light-rail vehicles running on track work in testing in fall 2025. Gohde said that they’re “very confident” in the opening date, but the unexpected could happen.
Labor Pact Readies Delayed Maryland Purple Line for Sept. Restart | 2022-08-28 | Engineering News-Record https://t.co/KGjVEdZcHK— AGC of Metro Wash DC (@AGCDC) August 30, 2022
However, a dispute over a project labor agreement had led to more than 50 construction workers protesting the project that month. According to reports, the workers said the contractor hired to complete it has backed off a commitment to hire union labor and provide agreed-upon wages and benefits.
The protest, reportedly organized by the Laborers’ International Union of North America, said the new construction team led by Spanish firms Dragados and OHL used “misleading tactics” to win the contract without including a promised PLA.
The Washington Post reported that the labor protest occurred outside an evening open house where the MTA and its private concessionaire managing the project introduced the new construction team.
Steve Lanning, assistant business manager for LIUNA Local 11 in the Washington region, told reporters that a PLA had been “finalizing” that had been in discussion since last August. However, a couple weeks ago the construction team stopped returning the union negotiator’s calls, Lanning said.
“They didn’t raise any issues,” Lanning said. “Just to walk away after making a commitment like this is a terrible way to start a multibillion-dollar project.”
“We welcome the opportunity to meet directly with LIUNA and other unions to explore how we may work together in delivering the Purple Line to the people of Maryland in an on-time and on-budget manner,” wrote Doran Bosso, CEO of Purple Line Transit Partners in an emailed statement. “We’re also focused on maximizing the participation of the local workforce and small, minority, women-owned businesses.”
Agreement Reached, Construction Resuming
Now, with the originally anticipated restart date passed, Local 11 has signed a collective bargaining agreement with the contractor. The agreement will reportedly cover the remaining four years of construction.
Lanning said that the agreement “works for everyone,” adding that Maryland Transit Solutions "will be assured of having quality craft labor for a major, long-term project, and be able to budget accordingly.”
Local 11 will be the largest craft union involved on the project, with more than 200 members expected to be onsite. Completion of a tunnel for the underground western terminus station in Bethesda is among the restart’s priorities, Lanning explained, alongside above-ground excavation and foundation work at multiple locations on the 16.2-mile transit line across densely populated Washington suburbs in two counties.
Since mid-August, crews have begun reactivating several jobsites to install drainage and erosion control systems, erect retaining walls and complete utility relocations. Additionally, work has begun on the foundation for a traction power substation and completion of the partially complete light rail and adjacent pedestrian trail bridges in Rock Creek Park.
“You are seeing a little bit of ramp-up — still a lot of inspection and current sites getting things prepped,” said Lanning. “After Labor Day is when you really are going to start seeing the workforce grow and a lot more construction activity.”
Lanning said that this agreement may also help prevent delays in the future due to work shortages, pointing to a tight construction labor market. The agreement reportedly provided above-market compensation.
“Trying to recruit or retain the best workforce, you need to provide more than competitive wages; you need to need to make the project appealing. I think this agreement certainly has done that,” said Lanning. “I don’t see an issue with us providing the qualified workforce that Maryland Transit Solutions needs to get the job done on time and on budget.”
Purple Line Saga
According to the Maryland Department of Transportation and the Maryland Transit Administration, the Purple Line is a 16-mile light rail project that will run from Bethesda, in Montgomery County, to New Carrollton, in Prince George's County, eventually providing a direct connection for Metrorail Red, Green and Orange Lines at Bethesda, Silver Spring, College Park and New Carrollton. The project will also connect with MARC, Amtrak and local bus options. The Purple Line will be powered by a catenary system.
Owned by MDOT and the MTA, plans began with assessments in 2002-08, followed by a draft environmental impact study and light rail being selected as transportation. The FTA issued the final record of decision in 2014, followed by Purple Line Transit Constructors—a partnership consisting of Fluor (Irving, Texas), Lane Construction Corp. (Cheshire, Connecticut) and Traylor Bros Inc. (Evansville, Indiana)—being chosen in 2016 to assist with the project.
Through the public-private partnership, PLTC agreed to work on the design, build and operation, as well as maintenance of the system for 35 years. Other teams collaborating on the project at the time included: the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, Montgomery and Prince George's counties, the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission, the Maryland Department of Transportation State Highway Administration and local municipalities.
In March 2019, a judge cleared a lawsuit that might have brought construction to a halt. A few months later, in September, officials announced that the line would open in phases, starting in Prince George’s County, where the first stations would open. At the time, trains were being built in New York and planned to arrive for testing in 2021.
By October, WTOP News reported that issues with concrete at a Maryland Metro entrance shaft, labeled defective by the state, were just one of many issues plaguing the project after the outlet had requested documentation on the project.
According to the documents, in 2016 and 2017, there was more than one instance of 47 oversight reports where contractors were traversing private property without necessary permission and attention to traffic safety issues. While more minor issues were easily resolved, there were also instances where construction was commenced without the proper approvals, such as in July 2018, when designs were returned with a request for revisions, but construction still began two weeks later.
In December, problems identified with the concrete included: cracks in approach slabs, concrete out of tolerance, pockmarks and footprints. By October 2020, corrective work was slated for completion by the summer, with the interior build-out commencing by the end of 2021.
In April 2020, PLTC requested an additional $187.7 million and five extra months to complete work regarding a required “crash wall” slated to go between a portion of the Purple Line and CSX freight tracks.
The following month, PLTC announced that it planned to withdraw from the project as a result of a three-year ongoing dispute with MDOT and the MTA over extensive delays and cost overruns. However, PLTC reported that its other consortium, Purple Line Transit Partners (Meridiam, Fluor and Star America Infrastructure Partners) had agreed to take over the project.
According to reports, PLTP also held a public-private partnership with the state of Maryland for a larger design-build and operating contract, worth $5.6 billion. In its release, PLTC said it would be exercising a clause in the design-build agreement which allowed for withdrawal if total project delays reached 365 days. However, according to The Washington Post, the project was already approaching 1,000 days’ worth of delays from various legal battles, right-of-way acquisition and design changes.
In June, the PLTP formally notified state transportation agencies that it intended to terminate the partnership in 60 days, citing more than $800 million in cost overruns. Two months later in August, Baltimore Circuit Court Judge Jeffrey M. Geller filed a temporary restraining order that prevented PLTP from walking off the project.
At the beginning of September, Geller ruled that the joint venture could quit over the cost overrun dispute, though transit officials could attempt to salvage the partnership. By the end of the month, construction came to a halt, as PLTP proceeded with its decision to depart from the endeavor.
Following the court’s decision, Maryland transportation officials planned to take over day-to-day management of the project but were still making efforts to come to a settlement with PLTP. Should the JV stick with its plans to leave, state officials estimated the decision would add another one to two years of delays to the project, which is already two-and-a-half years behind schedule.
In November, MDOT announced that it had agreed to pay an additional $250 million to the remaining companies that have agreed to manage construction of the delayed and cost disputed Purple Line project in an effort to salvage the 36-year, $5.6 billion PLTP partnership. The settlement amount was reported to cover what PLTP and its associated construction team spent on a lawsuit filed by project opponents and the state’s delay in providing right of way.
Originally made up of primary construction contractor Fluor, and infrastructure investors Meridiam and Star America, despite the settlement, Flour announced that it would still be leaving the partnership, having quit last month over delays and cost escalations.
According to The Washington Post, the deal revived one of Gov. Larry Hogan’s signature transportation projects and a public-private partnership that imploded in September following three years of cost disputes. The settlement was sent to the state’s Board of Public Works in December.
In January 2021, the Maryland Board of Public Works, comprised of Hogan, Comptroller Peter Franchot and Treasurer Nancy K. Kopp, unanimously approved a $250 million legal settlement to resume construction on the Purple Line project.
Regarding Flour, the prior contractor and its construction partners received $100 million before the end of 2020, with the state intending to pay the remaining $150 million within 12 months, after the contractor was replaced and a new agreement was signed between it, the state and PLTP. As part of the settlement, Meridiam and Star America agreed to spend up to an additional $50 million to keep construction moving until a new contractor was on board.
And in March, PLTP announced that three design-build contractors were short-listed to complete the project. The contractors include: Halmar International; Maryland Transit Solutions (a team of Dragados USA and OHL USA); and Tutor Perini and Lunda Construction Co., a joint venture.
In June, Maryland’s three-member Board of Public Works approved an agency request to add $183.5 million to cover expanded project responsibilities for the partially built Purple Line project.
The contract modification will reportedly bolster the budget for the project management consulting team (AECOM, RK&K and WSP USA), which has overseen a much scaled-back construction effort since the original Fluor-led design-build group quit the half-finished project last year in a dispute relating to cost overruns totaling $800 million.
Agency officials reported that the unanimously approved funds were driven by the costs associated with the unexpected need to assume temporary control. In addition, the modification of the “program management consultant services” contract would add four years to the original agreement.
The funds are noted to be unrelated to the $250 million settlement the state reached with PLTC last fall.
Later that year, Veronica Battisti, spokeswoman for the Maryland Transit Administration, reported that the agency's private team managing the project planned to select a new contractor in December and have a new construction contract finalized by Feb. 17.
In a submission to the state’s Board of Public Works, MDOT reported that a new opening date and cost to complete would be determined once the contractor was onboarded and the contract finalized. In its submission, MDOT also requested to the Board of Public Works that it would like to pay the private consortium an unspecified amount “to facilitate the restructuring of the project financing” that would occur after the new contractor is selected.
MDOT pointed out that the money wouldn’t be an additional cost, in that it would pay for completed work now, rather than via the future payments, thus reducing financing costs associated with the project’s risks.
In November last year, transit officials selected Maryland Transit Solutions (MTS), comprised of Dragados USA Inc. and OHL USA Inc., as the new design-build contractor to complete the Purple Line.
This year, in January, it was announced that the project was delayed to 2026, and that costs needed to complete construction are over $1 billion than originally anticipated. WTOP News reported that MDOT cited the rising cost of materials, a shrinking labor force, material shortages due to supply chain challenges, increases in the insurance market and other factors post-pandemic as reasons for the delay and rise in price.
Originally estimated to cost $2 billion to complete construction, officials estimated they would need $3.4 billion, also pushing the service opening back from March 2022 to fall 2026. This includes about $1.1 billion of construction costs already paid.
Additionally, the cost for the public-private partnership (P3) agreement increased from $5.6 billion to $9.3 billion. The new, proposed P3 agreement funding would go towards building, operating and maintaining the line for several decades. The additional $3.7 billion for the long-term financial agreement would include the additional construction costs, as well as a $250 million legal settlement previously paid to the original contractor after the team quit, state officials said.
State officials say that full-scale construction is currently scheduled to start later in the spring. Under the new contract, the entire line would open at once and not in two phases as previously planned.
In April, the U.S. Department of Transportation announced that its Build America Bureau has provided up to a $1.76 billion low-interest loan for the Purple Line Light Rail Transit Project in Maryland. The loan will reportedly finance up to 33% of the $5.9 billion in eligible project costs.
According to the DOT’s press release, the Build America Bureau provides Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act loans and other types of financing for infrastructure projects across the country. The new $1.76 TIFIA loan to the Purple Line project reportedly replaces a prior $874.6 million loan closed in June 2016.
A $2.3 billion contract with Maryland Transit Solutions, led by the U.S. subsidiaries of Spanish construction firms Dragados and OHL, went into effect the same day. The deal reportedly added $1.46 billion to the construction costs, bringing the total to $3.4 billion.