Roofer Charged with Lying to OSHA


PHILADELPHIA--In a rare case, the owner of a small Pennsylvania roofing company is facing 25 years in prison for allegedly lying to federal safety authorities regarding the June 2013 falling death of a worker.

James J. McCullagh, 60, the owner of James J. McCullagh Roofing Inc., allegedly told Occupational Safety and Health Administration officials that he provided his employees with safety harnesses when he had not provided any form of fall protection, U.S. Attorney Zane David Memeger announced Thursday (June 11).

Further, prosecutors say the employer directed his employees to also lie to the investigators.

He is accused of four counts of making false statements, one count of obstruction of justice and one count of willfully violating an OSHA fall protection regulation causing death to an employee, according to the indictment.

McCullagh faces a maximum sentence of 25 years in prison and $1.5 million in fines, according to Memeger.

The Fatality

The case stems to June 21, 2013, when one of McCullagh’s employees was killed in a 45-foot-fall from a roof bracket scaffold at a repair job at a church in Philadelphia.

The victim was identified as Mark T. Smith, 52, and the church as the Old Zion Lutheran Church, according to

Investigators said Smith was working on the roof without fall protection equipment when he fell.

The fall occurred because the roof bracket scaffold Smith was standing on collapsed, according to OSHA. Two employees had been working on the scaffold, designed to hold one worker, according to the OSHA citation documents issued in January 2014.


The Occupational Safety and Health Administration cited the Jenkintown-based James J. McCullagh Roofing Inc. for 10 alleged safety violations. OSHA said the company improperly erected a roof bracket scaffold in the case.

"This tragic accident could have been prevented had the company provided the proper fall protection for employees," Jean Kulp, the former acting director of OSHA's Philadelphia area office, said at the time of the citations.


During the OSHA investigation, on four separate occasions, prosecutors say McCullagh told OSHA compliance officials that his employees had been wearing safety harnesses tied off to an anchor point when he saw them earlier in the day, prior to the fall.

Prosecutors say that McCullagh, however, knew that he had not provided the workers with safety harnesses or any other form of fall protection.

Further, prosecutors allege that the owner directed his other employees to lie to investigators about using fall protections systems on the day of the fall.

The indictment also states McCullagh willfully violated OSHA’s regulation with respect to roof bracket scaffolds more than 10 feet above a lower level, which requires that each employee be protected from falling by the use of personal fall arrest system or guardrail systems.

U.S. Attorney's Office

Only two criminal prosecutions related to worker deaths occurred in 2014, the National Council for Occupational Safety and Health recently reported.

That violation “caused the death of” Smith, according to the indictment.

McCullagh’s attorney, Michael McDermott, has declined to comment on the case.

OSHA Fines

McCullagh Roofing was cited by OSHA in January 2014 for 10 safety violations, including three willful, stemming from the incident.

In addition, OSHA hit McCullagh Roofing with seven alleged serious violations.

The company is currently contesting the $71,600 in proposed fines issued in the case.

The company has no other record of past violations with OSHA, according to a review of the agency’s database.

Rare Criminal Case

It is rare for an employer to be criminally charged in connection with a workplace death.

Only two criminal prosecutions related to worker deaths occurred in 2014, the National Council for Occupational Safety and Health recently reported.

However, "[e]mployers who fail to fulfill their legal responsibilities to provide safe and healthy workplaces, who provide false statements to OSHA, and who coerce their employees to provide false statements will be prosecuted," Robert D. Kulick, acting OSHA regional administrator in Philadelphia, told


Tagged categories: Access; Criminal acts; Ethics; Fall protection; Fatalities; Good Technical Practice; North America; Roofing contractors; Roofing materials; Scaffolding

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