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China Completes Prefab Hospital in 10 Days

Thursday, February 6, 2020

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Crews have completed the 10-day construction of the Huoshenshan Hospital in Wuhan, China, according to reports. The People’s Liberation Army of China took over the facility on Feb. 2 and began accepting patients to treat the coronavirus.

Construction was led by China Construction Third Engineering Bureau Co., a subsidiary of China State Construction Engineering Corp. The building and auxiliary facilities encompass 33,900 square meters (364,896 square feet) and include space for 1,000 beds.


The city of Wuhan began the ambitious task on Jan. 23 as the country also reportedly locked down several cities, isolating about 50 million people, as well as extending the Lunar New Year holiday in an attempt to keep people at home.

Chinese President Xi Jinping has called this a “grave situation.”

To build the hospital, Chinese officials took a page out of its 2003 book for reference, when 7,000 workers in Beijing constructed the Xiaotangshan hospital out of prefabricated materials to combat the Sars outbreak of that time.

Officials say that the Xiaotangshan project served as a template for the Wuhan facility, which used prefabricated pieces as the basis for the construction.

The prefabricated nature should help keep cost, waste and time down on the construction, and is being utilized in part because this structure doesn’t necessarily need all of the normal amenities that a full hospital would have, according to James Crispino, a Principal at Gensler, who noted that the main purpose is to isolate people and added that air flow and air pressure are key components for such a structure.

"Air must be introduced to the room from the ceiling above the patient and exhausted low along the wall around the perimeter of the room,” he said. “Air filtration in these systems is very important and they often employ HEPA filtration."

The Finished Product

During peak construction, it’s reported that more than 1,000 project managers and 5,000 workers were on site around the clock.

“Progress was measured in hours, not days” by adopting “cutting-edge prefabricated building technology that maximized the use of assembled industrial products and significantly reduced the workload of field operations,” according to a statement by China State Construction Engineering.

China’s National Development and Reform Commissions, the country’s state planning agency, is reportedly invested 300 million yuan ($43.5 million) for the construction.

A second hospital, Leishenshan, was reportedly 75% complete as of Feb. 2, which is also being constructed by Third Engineering.

At the time this article was written the death toll in China from the coronavirus was more than 420.


Tagged categories: AS; Asia Pacific; Completed projects; COVID-19; Good Technical Practice; Health Care/Hospitals; Prefabrication

Comment from Gregory Stoner, (2/6/2020, 3:06 PM)

I see the death toll but am interested in the survival rate.

Comment from Tom Schwerdt, (2/10/2020, 11:12 AM)

Best dashboard I've seen is here: Be aware that the most recent data point is typically incomplete and will be updated higher. - currently stands at 910 deaths, 3578 recovered. Note that these numbers are based on cases severe enough to go to the hospital and also be tested.

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