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Grenfell Tower Inquiry Panel Change Prompts Outcry

Wednesday, January 8, 2020

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Grenfell United—a group of survivors and relatives of victims of London’s 2017 Grenfell Tower fire—expressed outrage shortly before the holidays when a change was made to the panel that will be overseeing the second phase of the fire’s investigation.

Architect Nabeel Hamdi had been set to sit on the three-person panel, alongside inquiry chair Sir Martin Moore-Brick, a retired Court of Appeals judge, and Thouria Istephan, a partner and deputy head of technical design at Foster + Partners architectural firm.

Hamdi is an emeritus professor of housing at Oxford Brookes University, who qualified as an architect at the Architectural Association in 1968 and worked for the Greater London Council between 1969 and 1978.

A letter from Prime Minister Boris Johnson in late December, though, noted that Hamdi was “unable to proceed with the appointment” and proposed engineer Benita Mehra (who has 16 years of experience working with the British Airports Authority in areas such as risk assessment and property management) as a replacement, which Moore-Brick confirmed.

The move was criticized by Grenfell United mainly for the loss of Hamdi’s community work.

ChiralJon, CC-SA-BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Grenfell United—a group of survivors and relatives of victims of London’s 2017 Grenfell Tower fire—expressed outrage shortly before the holidays when a change was made to the panel that will be overseeing the second phase of the fire’s investigation.

“We have lost a panelist with community expertise—replaced with an engineer, which is not what is needed,” the group said on Twitter. “We have yet to get a proper explanation. With just weeks until phase two starts, yet again wishes of survivors and bereaved have been sidelined.”

A spokesperson for the inquiry has not responded to the organization’s concerns.

Some Background

On June 14, 2017, Grenfell Tower—a 24-story, 120-home apartment building—caught fire and resulted in the death of 72 people. While the fire started in a fridge-freezer in an apartment on the fourth floor, the blaze then spread to a nearby window. The building had recently undergone a $12.73 million renovation designed by Studio E Architects that was completed in the spring of 2016 and is largely believed to be responsible for why the fire spread so quickly.

At that time, the building was refurbished with a system of polyester powder-coated aluminum rain-screen panels, insulated exterior cladding and double-glazed windows, as well as a communal heating system.

A Guardian investigation in 2018 revealed that nonflammable aluminum panels had initially been proposed for the refurb but were switched out to save money.

The publication found that, at first, under the local government’s preferred contractor, Leadbitter, subcontractor D+B Facades had provided a 3.3 million-pound (roughly $4.1 million) quote to fit a system of aluminum panels backed with mineral wool insulation.

A few months later, the council decided that Leadbitter wanted to spend too much on the refurbishment, and put the contract out to tender to save about 1.3 million pounds. It went with a different contractor, Rydon, which provided a lower bid, but fitted the tower with the combustible cladding that authorities believe contributed to the number of fatalities in the fire.

The Guardian found that the council had originally wanted to spend 6 million pounds on Grenfell, but later set a different budget of 9.7 million pounds, because it realized it needed to replace the heating system. Leadbitter was on course to spend 11.3 million pounds, which is why council says it put the contract back out.

Manufacturer Omnis Exteriors confirmed that they supplied the Arconic Architectural Product to Harley Facades—the subcontractor that Rydon utilized for the cladding work.

Around the same time in 2018, BBC News uncovered that the Reynobond PE cladding was subjected to European tests in 2014 and 2015 for “reaction to fire,” in which products are typically given an A to F rating, with A being the highest.

(Many officials believed that the legal standard for such towers was a B rating. While that belief had been contested among industry professionals, the legal minimum rating now, post-Grenfell fire, has been upgraded to A.)

Natalie Oxford, CC-SA-BY 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

A letter from Prime Minister Boris Johnson in late December, though, noted that Hamdi was “unable to proceed with the appointment” and proposed engineer Benita Mehra (who has 16 years of experience working with the British Airports Authority in areas such as risk assessment and property management) as a replacement, which Moore-Brick confirmed.

The reports from the 2014-15 tests reveal that two types of the Reynobond, both of which were installed at Grenfell, had less than B ratings. One type, called “riveted,” received a C classification, while another, “cassette,” received an E classification.

The BBC obtained correspondence from Arconic to clients confirming the ratings.

The Inquiry

Phase One of the inquiry was completed last fall, with the findings published on Oct. 30. This phase was to look at what happened on the night of the fire itself, and the 1,000-page report criticized not only the response to the fire but the 2016 renovation as well.

Arguably of most importance, Moore-Brick said that it seems that the refurbishment did not comply with the building regulations requirement to adequately resist the spread of fire.

“There is compelling evidence that Requirement B4(1) was not met in this case,” he said. “It would be an affront to common sense to hold otherwise.”

In addition to the preliminary conclusions on the 2016 refurbishment, the report also accuses the fire brigade’s response to the fire as having “systematic failures” with no contingency plan to evacuate the tower. It also criticized the brigade’s decision to maintain the “stay-put policy” even when the stairs were passable.

After the report, Dany Cotton, the London Fire Commissioner who was in charge of the response, resigned.

Now, the second phase is set to begin Jan. 27, and it is to examine the refurbishment, including the installation of flammable cladding.

According to the Telegraph, this phase is said to be more complex than the first, which took 16 months to complete. Preparation for this phase has reportedly unearthed 200,000 documents and the phase will be split into eight “modules” with 21 companies and 600 individuals named as “core participants.”

Among the modules, the areas that will be investigated include the refurbishment itself, the testing of the cladding, complaints from residents prior to the fire, the management of the building and the aftermath of it all.

Some estimates say that it could take Moore-Brick until at least 2023 to publish a final report. Only then would police and prosecutors get a chance to review the findings and then pursue charges, if any.

That delay is causing its own frustrations, on top of the recent panel outcry.

“It is frustrating. Justice delayed is justice denied,” Shah Aghlani, a relative of two who died in the fire, told the Telegraph. “Quite a few of us think charges should come sooner rather than later but they [police] keep saying they don’t want to miss anything. We are worried this is going to fall into the long grass.”

   

Tagged categories: Building Envelope; Cladding; Condominiums/High-Rise Residential; EMEA (Europe, Middle East and Africa); EU; Fire; Government; Health and safety; Safety

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