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Friday, October 10, 2014

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Two covered bridges—unique pieces of Americana—will live out their third century with some additional protection.

The Brown Bridge, in Rutland County, VT, and the Duck Creek Aqueduct, in Metamora, IN, join seven other structures on a list of newly designated national historic landmarks.

“These nine sites add to a nationwide network of unique, historic places that represent the complex journey that we have taken as a nation,” U.S. Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell said in an announcement Sept. 30.

'Innovation, Vision and Diversity'

“By designating these new national landmarks, we ensure that America’s history of innovation, vision and diversity are celebrated today and for future generations.”

Duck Creeck Aqueduct
Photos: U.S. Department of the Interior / Photo by James W. Rosenthal, 2004

The Duck Creek Aqueduct in Metamora, IN, is the only surviving historic covered wood aqueduct in the U.S. The U.S. canal system was a significant mode of transportation in the early 19th century.

The new listings will be added to the 2,544 other sites in the National Historic Landmark Program, according to the National Park Service.

The program, established in 1935, provides states and local communities with technical assistance, recognition, and funding to help preserve historical structures and create recreation opportunities. The National Park Service administers the program on behalf of the Secretary of the Interior.

The newly designated landmarks follow, with descriptions by the National Park Service.

Baltusrol Golf Club, Springfield, NJ

Founded in 1895, Baltusrol Golf Club comprises arguably the most important and influential design of leading early-20th-century golf course architect Albert W. Tillinghast (1874–1942), one of the first American golf architects to integrate a golf course into nature.

Baltusrol Golf Club
James Lum, 2013

Baltsurol has hosted at least one major national championship in every decade of the 20th and 21st centuries, including five U.S. Opens, two U.S. Women’s Opens, and one PGA championship. Baltsurol will also host the 2016 PGA championship.

Brown Bridge, Rutland County, VT

Constructed in 1880, the Brown Bridge is one of the most outstanding surviving examples of a Town lattice truss, a widely popular construction method throughout the 19th century that could be erected inexpensively by local builders using machine-fabricated woodwork.

Brown Bridge
Jet Lowe, 2004

Brown Bridge was erected by Nichols M. Powers, who built more than 20 covered bridges throughout New England.

Duck Creek Aqueduct, Metamora, Franklin County, IN

Constructed around 1846, the Duck Creek Aqueduct is an exceptional example of 19th-century covered bridge construction and is the only surviving historic covered wood aqueduct in the U.S.

Built as a component of the Whitewater Canal in southeastern Indiana, the bridge represents a rare surviving component of an American canal system that was a significant mode of transportation in the first half of the 19th century.  

Eagle Island (Admiral Robert E. Peary Summer Home), Harpswell, ME

Eagle Island is the longtime residence of Arctic explorer Robert E. Peary, whose multiple expeditions to the North Pole brought international recognition to the United States at the turn of the 20th century and made him one of the most admired men in America.

Eagle Island
Brian Vanden Brink, 2001

Peary acquired Eagle Island in 1881 and built his house in 1904 on a prominent ledge facing north, toward the open sea. The rustic simplicity of the house and its island setting reflect the life and work of a man who spent 23 years exploring the North Pole and the coast of Greenland.

General Motors Technical Center, Warren, MI

The General Motors Technical Center (GM Tech Center) is one of the most significant works of architect Eero Saarinen, who was among the most important modernist designers of the post-World War II period in the United States.

GM Tech Center
John M. Evans, 2012

The GM Tech Center marked Saarinen’s emergence onto the national stage and was the first of four influential suburban corporate campuses that represented a sea change in American business facilities. The GM campus represents Saarinen’s work not just as a creator of buildings, but also as the planner/designer of total environments.

Frances Perkins Homestead, Newcastle, ME

As Secretary of Labor from 1933-1945, Frances Perkins was the first woman to serve in a presidential cabinet. The homestead is her ancestral home and lifelong summer residence, which she owned and maintained from 1927 until her death in 1965.

Perkins Home
Roger Reed, 2012

As Secretary of Labor, Perkins was the driving force behind New Deal programs such as Social Security, unemployment insurance, and minimum wage.

Lydia Pinkham House, Lynn, MA

Lydia Pinkham was the creator and marketer of Lydia Pinkhams’ Vegetable Compound, one of the most widely marketed patent medicines of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Pinkham was one of the best-known businesswomen of her era.

Roger Reed, 2012

The Pinkham Vegetable Compound served, in part, as an impetus for reform of the manufacture and sale of medications.

The Research Studio (Maitland Art Center), Maitland, FL

Founded in 1937 as an artist colony by architect and artist J. Andre Smith, The Research Studio is a nationally significant example of Art Deco-Mayan Revival architecture and decoration and is one of the most distinctively rendered sites of this style in the U.S.

The Research Studio
Christine M. French, 2013

More than 200 reliefs, carvings, and sculptures—incorporating hundreds of separate pieces—are integrated into the artists’ campus and surrounding tropical landscape.

Smith’s architectural and decorative interpretations of Mayan culture are exceptional examples of Art Deco fantasy and Mayan Revival art and architecture in the U.S.

The St. Charles Line, New Orleans, LA

The St. Charles Line is the nation’s oldest operational street railway, a transportation method that at its peak carried nearly 16 billion passengers nationwide each year.

The St. Charles Line is the only streetcar system from that period still in operation. The line is also significant for its 35 arch-roofed, steel-bodied Perley Thomas streetcars, which represent an evolution in the engineering of street railway technology.

St Charles Line
Charles E. Leche, 2013

The cars have continuously operated on the line’s tracks since 1923-24. Of the tens of thousands originally manufactured, the St. Charles Line’s cars are the only conventional streetcars to have remained in operation within their original system.


Tagged categories: Architecture; Bridges; Bridges; Government; Historic Preservation; Historic Structures; North America; Program/Project Management

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