| Connect Follow us on Twitter Like us on Facebook
About | Subscribe | Advertise


Download our free ebook on Abrasive Blast Cleaning

Paint and Coatings Industry News

Main News Page

OSHA Heightens Scrutiny of Shipbreaking Hazards

Tuesday, November 9, 2010

Comment | More


Marine coatings exposures, coatings removal and confined-space safety during ship demolition are facing new federal scrutiny as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration implements a revised National Emphasis Program on Shipbreaking.

“OSHA has determined that this NEP is needed because of the continuing high incidence of injuries and illnesses related to shipbreaking operations,” according to the new program, issued and effective Nov. 4.

The program updates policies and procedures to reduce and eliminate the workplace hazards associated with shipbreaking operations.

‘Ongoing Effort’ Cited

“Shipbreaking of obsolete vessels presents many challenges, including the structural complexity of the ships themselves and environmental, safety, and health issues,” according to the NEP. “Although many recognized problems with past practices have been addressed, an ongoing effort is required to further improve the process and ensure continued success.”

The revisions override the last Shipbreaking NEP issued in March 2005. They are the latest in a program that began with a 1999 agreement involving OSHA, the Department of Defense, the federal Maritime Administration, and the Environmental Protection Agency.

The NEP provides a national reporting system for all OSHA shipbreaking inspections and updates guidance pertaining to IMIS recording of shipbreaking operations.

The program also supports OSHA’s ongoing effort to reduce injuries and illnesses among Latino workers, who make up a significant portion of the shipbreaking workforce. Those efforts include an OSHA enforcement memorandum directed at protecting non-English-speaking workers by, among other things, ensuring that they receive OSHA training in a language they understand.

Focus Areas

The NEP specifies comprehensive inspections, scheduled and unscheduled, that focus on hazards and activities in several areas.

Asbestos Exposure: This focus includes permissible exposure limits, exposure assessments and monitoring, respiratory protection, communication of hazard to workers, methods of compliance, protective clothing, hygiene facilities and practices, medical surveillance, training for workers and supervisors, housekeeping and recordkeeping.

Targeted exposures include asbestos insulation on pipes and hull, asbestos adhesives, and asbestos mastic under insulation. 

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) Exposure: This focus includes exposure limits, inhalation and dermal protection, and training of workers and supervisors.

Targeted areas include PCBs in silver paint, habitability paint and primary paint on hull steel, as well as PBCs in cables, plastic foam insulation and rubber products such as hoses and gaskets.

Lead: The focus includes burning through lead-coated surfaces, permissible exposure limits, exposure assessments and monitoring, respiratory protection, protective clothing, hygiene facilities and practices, medical surveillance, and training for workers and supervisors. Lead/chromate paint is a key targeted area.

Confined, enclosed and other dangerous atmospheres—all significant hazards—are targeted per 29 CFR Part 1915, Subpart B and the guidance detailed in OSHA’s Confined or Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres  and Shipyard Fatality Videos.

Personal protective equipment (PPE) is targeted per 29 CFR Part 1915, Subpart I and the OSHA eTool called Personal Protective Equipment.

Scaffolds, ladders and working surfaces are targeted per 29 CFR Part 1915, Subpart E and the eTools Scaffolds (Staging) and Ladders.

Paint Removal: Paint removal operations are covered by 29 CFR Part 1915, Subpart C and the eTool Surface Preparation for Removal of Hazardous Materials. (Although 1915 Subpart C does not apply to shipbreaking operations, OSHA recommends many of the precautions in the module as good work practices.)


Tagged categories: Asbestos; Confined space; Health and safety; Lead; Marine Coatings; OSHA; Paint and coatings removal; Scaffolding

Comment from Keith Charest, (11/10/2010, 8:33 AM)

It is unfortunate that the authorities in North America can not extend their reach globally to level the playing field.

Comment from Thomas Donovan, (11/10/2010, 8:48 PM)

More jobs going overseas. I guess we can all go work for the government!

Comment Join the Conversation:

Sign in to our community to add your comments.

US Minerals
US Minerals -
Black Magnum

With nationwide production and distribution capabilities, U.S. Minerals supplies a complete range of coal slag and other abrasives to meet all of your blasting needs.

Armakleen Company, The
ARMEX when nondestructive cleaning is critical

ARMEX the original baking soda blast abrasive is a brand of Church & Dwight Co., Inc. makers of ARM & HAMMER products since 1896.

Clemco Industries Corp.
Powerful Protection in a Small Package

Mounts inside blast helmet, alerts operator to dangerous breathing-air condition by audible, visual, and vibratory alarms. Easily calibrated, battery operated.

Modern Safety Techniques
Modern Safety Techniques

See our Low Temperature Catalyst for your CO removal needs. Help to provide your workers with safe, comfortable breathing air!

Abrasives Inc.
Check our Prices for Blast Abrasives

Faced with higher abrasive costs? We invite you to call & check our rates on Black Magic® coal slag and other quality blast materials. Abrasives Inc. 800-584-7524


Temporary climate control equipment. Dehumidifiers,
Heaters, A/C, Power, More…
Toll Free: 866-379-2600

CS Unitec
Surface Prep & Material Removal

CS Unitec’s Floor Planers remove coatings & corrosion from concrete & metal surfaces. Produce keyed profiles for waterproofing applications.

Atlantic Design, Inc.

We custom design.
We sell new & used.
We upgrade.
We retrofit.
We rent.
What are your equipment needs?
Cleverly simple. Clearly ADI. 866.Call.ADI

Hempel (USA) Inc.

Efficient systems and high quality products to reduce your maintenance costs. Visit Hempel Protective for more information.

Technology Publishing

The Technology Publishing Network

The Journal of Protective Coatings & Linings (JPCL) PaintSquare
Durability + Design Paint BidTracker

EXPLORE:      JPCL   |   PaintSquare News   |   Interact   |   Buying Guides   |   Webinars   |   Resources   |   Classifieds
REGISTER AND SUBSCRIBE:      Free PaintSquare Registration   |   Subscribe to JPCL   |   Subscribe to PaintSquare News
MORE:      About   |   Privacy policy   |   Terms & conditions   |   Site Map   |   Search   |   Contact Us

© Copyright 2000-2015, Technology Publishing / PaintSquare, All rights reserved
2100 Wharton Street, Suite 310, Pittsburgh PA 15203-1951; Tel 1-412-431-8300; Fax 1-412-431-5428; E-mail