The Occupational Safety and Health Administration has fallen short on implementing its Enhanced Enforcement Program, aimed at workplaces with the highest risk of hazardous conditions, according to an audit by the Office of Inspector General that studied OSHA’s EEP records from October 2003 through March 2008. Lax oversight likely contributed to the deaths of 58 workers at 45 workplaces, auditors said.
OIG’s new Report Number 02-09-203-10-105 notes that auditors set out to determine how well OSHA was identifying and following EEP cases, in accordance with OSHA’s directives.
The audit focused on EEP designation, enhanced follow-up inspections, inspections of related worksites, enhanced settlement provisions, and National Office coordination activities. OSHA established EEP in 2003 for employers indifferent to their obligations under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, thereby placing their employees at risk. In 2008, OSHA revised the EEP criteria to focus the program on employers with qualifying OSHA history (for example, prior fatality and similar in-kind violations), which effectively reduced the number of EEP qualifying cases.
Auditors found that employers with reported fatalities were not always properly identified and inspected under the program.
“For EEP qualifying employers with fatalities, OSHA did not always properly identify and conduct cases according to EEP requirements. For 97 percent of sampled EEP qualifying cases, OSHA did not comply with EEP requirements for at least one of the following: designating EEP cases, inspections of related worksites, enhanced follow-up inspections, and enhanced settlement provisions.
“Moreover, OSHA designated 29 EEP cases but did not take any of the appropriate enhanced enforcement actions. Sixteen of the 29 employers subsequently had 20 fatalities, of which 14 fatalities were in cases that shared similar violations as the EEP qualifying cases.
“Furthermore, the qualifying history component of the 2008 revised directive reduced the number of cases; delayed designation; and increased the risk that employers with multiple EEP qualifying and/or fatality cases may not be properly designated due to the lack of quality history data.
“As a result, fewer employers may be subjected to EEP enhanced enforcement actions and may incur more fatalities before designation occurs.
“OSHA has not placed the appropriate management emphasis and resources on this program to ensure indifferent employers were properly designated for EEP and subject to enhanced enforcement actions. By more effectively utilizing the EEP program, OSHA could potentially reduce the risk of future injuries, illnesses, and fatalities.
“While we cannot conclude that enhanced enforcement would prevent subsequent fatalities, full and proper application of EEP procedures may have deterred and abated workplace hazards at the worksites of 45 employers where 58 subsequent fatalities occurred.”
The OIG made six recommendations to the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Occupational Safety and Health, including forming a task force to make recommendations to improve program efficiency and effectiveness, revise the EEP directive, and provide formal training.
In responding to the report, the OSHA official said he generally agreed with the recommendations and believed they would allow OSHA to make important improvements to the program.
To view the report and full agency response, visit http://www.oig.dol.gov/public/reports/oa/2009/02-09-203-10-105.pdf.